w.ethnia.org
 

1948-JAN-02



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED POLITIES  ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES
 ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


EGYPT
UNO Member
Kingdom of EGYPT  (Cairo)Al-Mamlakah al-MISRIYYAH - المملكة المصرية (ar)  (Al-Qahirah) King Farouk I
ETHIOPIA
UNO Member
Imperial State of ETHIOPIA  (Addis Ababa)Niguše Negešiti Menigišitī ze ĪTIYOP’IYA : ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥቲ ዘ ኢትዮጵያ (ti) + Al-Ambratwryt al-''ITHYUBIA : الامبراطورية الاثيوبية (ar)  (Addis Abeba) Emperor Ras Tafari Haile Selassie I
FRENCH TOGO
UNO Observer
United Nations Trusteeship of FRENCH TOGO Associated Territory  (Lome)Territoire associé du TOGO FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Lomé) President Vincent Auriol
HOGGAR
De facto Semi-Independent
KEL AHAGGAR Tuareg Confederation [under French Suzerainty]  (Abalessa)Confédération touarègue du HOGGAR (fr) + Kel UHAGGAR : ⴽⴻⵍ ⴰⵃⴰⴳⴳⴰⵔ (thv)  (Abalessa) Amenokal Meslar ag Amayas
LIBERIA
UNO Member
Republic of LIBERIA  (Monrovia)Republic of LIBERIA (en)  (Monrovia) President William Tubman
MOROCCO
De facto Semi-Independent
Protectorates in the Sharifi Empire of MOROCCO  (Rabat)Dawlat al-MAGHRIBIYA ash-Sharifi : شريفي المغربية دولة (ar) + Empire chérifien du MAROC (fr) + Protectorados de MARRUECOS (es)  (Rabat) Sultan Muhammad V
SOUTH AFRICA
UNO Member
Union of SOUTH AFRICA  (Pretoria + Cape Town)Unie van SUID-AFRIKA (af) + Union of SOUTH AFRICA (en)  (Pretoria + Kaapstad) King George VI
TANGIER
De facto Semi-Independent
TANGIER International Zone  (Tangier)TANGIER International Zone (en) + Zona Internacional de TÁNGER (es) + Zone internationale de TANGER (fr) + Mintaqat TANJA ad-Duwaliyya : منطقة طنجة الدولية (ar)  (Tanger) Sultan Muhammad V
TUNISIA
De facto Semi-Independent
French Protectorate of TUNISIA  (Tunis)Protectorat français de TUNISIE (fr) + Al-Ḥimāyah al-Fransiyyah fī TŪNIS : الحماية الفرنسية في تونس (ar)  (Tunis) Muhammad VIII Al-Amin Bey
ZANZIBAR
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of ZANZIBAR Sultanate  (Zanzibar Stone Town)Sultanate of ZANZIBAR (en) + Sultanat wa ZANZIBAR (sw) + Sultanat ZANZIBAR : سلطنة زنجبار (ar)  (Zanzibar Stone Town) Sultan Sidi Khalifa II bin Kharub

10 Polities


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


ARAB MAGHREB
Exile
Liberation Committee for THE ARAB MAGHREB  (Cairo)lajnat at-Tahrir lil-MAGHRIB AL-ARABI : لجنة التحرير للمغرب العربي (ar)  (Al-Qahirah) Muhammad Abd El-Krim
DANAKIL
Rebellion
DANAKIL Province in Rebellion  (Asaita)DANAKILI Gizati : ዳናክል ግዛት (am) (am)  (Assayita) Sultan Ali Mireh Hanfareh
EASTERN MADAGASCAR
Rebellion
Democratic Movement of the MALAGASY Revival  (Tsiazombazaha)Mouvement Démocratique de la Rénovation MALGACHE (fr) + Hetsika Demokratika ny MALAGASY Fanavaozana (mg)  (Tsiazombazaha) Joseph Ravoahangy
PAN-AFRICA
Exile
PAN-AFRICAN Federation  (Manchester)PAN-AFRICAN Federation (en)  (Manchester) Jomo Kenyatta
YEJU OROMO
Rebellion
YEJJU OROMO Rebellion in Wollo Province  ((Desie) + Woldia)YEJJU Oromo (om)  ((Dese) + Weldiya) Yejju Oromos

5 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


BRITISH CAMEROONS
United Nations Trust Territory of the Cameroons under British Administration : BRITISH CAMEROONS administered from Nigeria  (Buea)United Nations Trust Territory of the CAMEROONS under British Administration (en)  (Buea)
BRITISH SOMALILAND
Military Governorate of BRITISH SOMALILAND Protectorate  (Hargeisa)BRITISH SOMALILAND Protectorate (en)  (Hargeisa)
COASTAL KENYA
Coastal Domains of Zanzibar : KENYA Protectorate  (Mombasa)KENYA Protectorate (en)  (Mombasa)
CYRENAICA
British Protectorate of the Senussi Emirate of CYRENAICA  (Benghazi)Emirate of CYRENAICA (en) + Amarah-i BARIQAH : إمارة برقة (ar)  (Benghazi)
ERITREA
British Military Administration of ERITREA [British Protectorate]  (Asmara)British Military Administration of ERITREA (en)  (Asmara)
FEZZAN
Protectorate of the French Military Territory of FEZZAN  (Sabha)Territoire militaire français du FEZZAN-GHADAMÈS (fr)  (Sebha)
FRENCH CAMEROON
United Nations Trust Territory of FRENCH CAMEROON  (Yaounde)Territoire du CAMEROUN (fr)  (Yaoundé)
FRENCH MOROCCO
French Protectorate in the Sharifi Empire : French Protectorate of MOROCCO  (Rabat)Protectorat français dans l''Empire chérifien : Protectorat français au MAROC (fr) + Himaïet Fransa fi el-MAGHREB : حماية فرنسا للمغرب (ar)  (Rabat)
FRENCH TOGO
UNO Observer
United Nations Trusteeship of FRENCH TOGO Associated Territory  (Lome)Territoire associé du TOGO FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Lomé)
GAMBIA
GAMBIA Colony and Protectorate  (Bathurst)GAMBIA Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Bathurst)
HOGGAR
De facto Semi-Independent
KEL AHAGGAR Tuareg Confederation [under French Suzerainty]  (Abalessa)Confédération touarègue du HOGGAR (fr) + Kel UHAGGAR : ⴽⴻⵍ ⴰⵃⴰⴳⴳⴰⵔ (thv)  (Abalessa)
KENYA
Colony and Protectorate of KENYA  (Nairobi)Colony of Kenya and Protectorate of KENYA (en)  (Nairobi)
MOROCCO
De facto Semi-Independent
Protectorates in the Sharifi Empire of MOROCCO  (Rabat)Dawlat al-MAGHRIBIYA ash-Sharifi : شريفي المغربية دولة (ar) + Empire chérifien du MAROC (fr) + Protectorados de MARRUECOS (es)  (Rabat)
NIGERIA
Colony and Protectorate of NIGERIA  (Lagos)Colony and Protectorate of NIGERIA (en)  (Lagos)
NORTHERN RHODESIA
British Protectorate of NORTHERN RHODESIA  (Lusaka)British Protectorate of NORTHERN RHODESIA (en)  (Lusaka)
NYASALAND
NYASALAND Protectorate  (Zomba)NYASALAND Protectorate (en)  (Zomba)
RUANDA-URUNDI
United Nations Trust Territory of RUANDA-URUNDI Province of Belgian Congo  (Usumbura)Territoire sous tutelle des Nations-Unies du RUANDA-URUNDI (fr) + Belgisch Mandaatgebied van ROEANDA-OEROENDI (nl)  (Usumbura)
SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate  (Freetown)SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Freetown)
SOUTH WEST AFRICA
Territory of SOUTH WEST AFRICA [Rejected United Nations Trusteeship of South West Africa]  (Windhoek)Gebied van SUIDWES-AFRIKA (af) + Territory of SOUTH WEST AFRICA (en) + Gebied van ZUIDWEST-AFRIKA (nl) + Gebiet SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhoek)
SPANISH MOROCCO
Spanish High Commission in Morocco : Spanish Protectorate of MOROCCO  (Tetuan)Alto Comisionado español en Marruecos : Protectorado español de MARRUECOS (es)  (Tetuán)
TANGANYIKA
United Nations Trust Territory of TANGANYIKA Territory  (Dar Es Salaam)Territory of TANGANYIKA (en)  (Dar Es Salaam)
TANGIER
De facto Semi-Independent
TANGIER International Zone  (Tangier)TANGIER International Zone (en) + Zona Internacional de TÁNGER (es) + Zone internationale de TANGER (fr) + Mintaqat TANJA ad-Duwaliyya : منطقة طنجة الدولية (ar)  (Tanger)
TRANS-VOLTA TOGO
United Nations Trust Territory of British Togoland administered from Gold Coast : TRANS-VOLTA TOGO  (Ho)United Nations Trust Territory of British Togoland: TRANS-VOLTA TOGO (en)  (Ho)
TRIPOLITANIA
British Administration of TRIPOLITANIA  (Tripoli)British Administration of TRIPOLITANIA (en) + Al-Adarhal Braitanih man TARĀBULUS : الإدارة البريطانية من طرابلس (ar)  (Tripoli)
TUNISIA
De facto Semi-Independent
French Protectorate of TUNISIA  (Tunis)Protectorat français de TUNISIE (fr) + Al-Ḥimāyah al-Fransiyyah fī TŪNIS : الحماية الفرنسية في تونس (ar)  (Tunis)
ZANZIBAR
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of ZANZIBAR Sultanate  (Zanzibar Stone Town)Sultanate of ZANZIBAR (en) + Sultanat wa ZANZIBAR (sw) + Sultanat ZANZIBAR : سلطنة زنجبار (ar)  (Zanzibar Stone Town)

26 Protected Entities


Federated or Constituent Polities


ANGRA
Autonomous District of ANGRA DO HEROISMO : Central Azores Group  (Angra)Distrito Autónomo de ANGRA DO HEROÍSMO (pt)  (Angra do Heroísmo)
BAHR EL GHAZAL
BAHR EL GHAZAL Province : Directorate of Bahr El Ghazal  (Wow)Mudiriyah BAHR EL-GHAZAL : مديرية بحر الغزال (ar) + Mudirate of BAHR EL GHAZAL (en)  (Waw)
BASUTOLAND
Colony of BASUTOLAND : British Residency Commission for Basutoland  (Maseru)Colony of BASUTOLAND : British Residency Commission for Basutoland (en)  (Maseru)
BECHUANALAND
British Protectorate of BECHUANALAND  ((Mafeking))BECHUANALAND Protectorate (en)  ((Mafeking))
BLUE NILE
BLUE NILE Province : Blue Nile Directorate  (Wad Medani)Mudiriyah AN-NIL AL-AZRAQ : مديرية النيل الأزرق (ar) + Mudirate of BLUE NILE (en)  (Wad Medani)
BRITISH GAMBIA
BRITISH GAMBIA Colony  (Bathurst)BRITISH GAMBIA Colony (en)  (Bathurst)
BRITISH SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE Protectorate  ((Freetown))SIERRA LEONE Protectorate (en)  ((Freetown))
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE Province  (Cape Town)CAPE OF GOOD HOPE Province (en) + KAAPprovinsie (af)  (Kaapstad)
CEUTA
Comandment of CEUTA  (Ceuta)Comandáncia de CEUTA (es)  (Ceuta)
CHAD
French Overseas Territory of CHAD  (Fort Lamy)Territoire français d''outre-mer du TCHAD (fr)  (Fort Lamy)
CONTINENTAL GUINEA
District of CONTINENTAL GUINEA : Rio Muni District  (Bata)Distrito de GUINEA CONTINENTAL (es)  (Bata)
DAHOMEY
French Overseas Territory of DAHOMEY  (Porto Novo)Territoire français d''outre-mer du DAHOMEY (fr)  (Porto Novo)
DAKAR AND DEPENDENCIES
Circumsciption of DAKAR AND DEPENDENCIES  (Dakar)Circonscription de DAKAR ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Dakar)
DARFUR
DARFUR Province : Directorate of Darfur  (El Fasher)Mudiriyah DAR FUR : دار فور‎ مديرية‎ (ar) + Mudirate of DAR-FUR (en)  (El Fashir)
EASTERN NIGERIA
EASTERN Region of Nigeria  (Enugu)EASTERN Region of Nigeria (en)  (Enugu)
EQUATORIA
EQUATORIA Province : Equatoria Directorate  (Juba)Mudiriyah AL-ISTIWA''IYAH : الاستوائية (ar) + Mudirate of EQUATORIA (en)  (Juba)
FERNANDO POO
District of FERNANDO POO  (Santa Isabel)Distrito de FERNANDO PÓO (es)  (Santa Isabel)
FREETOWN
SIERRA LEONE Colony  (Freetown)SIERRA LEONE Colony (en)  (Freetown)
FRENCH SUDAN
French Overseas Territory of FRENCH SUDAN  (Bamako)Territoire français d''outre-mer du SOUDAN FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Bamako)
GABON
French Overseas Territory of GABON  (Libreville)Territoire français d''outre-mer du GABON (fr)  (Libreville)
GUINEA
French Overseas Territory of GUINEA  (Conakry)Territoire français d''outre-mer de GUINÉE (fr)  (Conakry)
HORTA
Autonomous District of HORTA : Western Azores Group  (Horta)Distrito Autónomo da HORTA (pt)  (Horta)
INNER GAMBIA
GAMBIA Protectorate  (Brikama)GAMBIA Protectorate (en)  (Brikama)
IVORY COAST
French Overseas Territory of IVORY COAST  (Abidjan)Territoire français d''outre-mer de CÔTE D''IVOIRE (fr)  (Abidjan)
KASSALA
KASSALA Province : Kassala Directorate  (Kassala)Mudiriyah KASSALA : مديرية كسلا (ar) + Mudirate of KASSALA (en)  (Kassala)
KHARTOUM
KHARTOUM Province : Directorate of Khartoum  (Khartoum)Mudiriyah AL-KHARTUM : مديرية الخرطوم (ar) + Mudirate of KHARTOUM (en)  (Khartoum)
KORDOFAN
KORDOFAN Province : Kordofan Directorate  (El Obeid)Mudiriyah KURDUFAN : مديرية كردفان (ar) + Mudirate of KORDOFAN (en)  (El Obeid)
MADEIRA
MADEIRA Province  (Funchal)Província da MADEIRA (pt)  (Funchal)
MAURITANIA
French Overseas Territory of MAURITANIA  ((Saint Louis of Senegal))Territoire français d''outre-mer de MAURITANIE (fr)  ((Saint-Louis du Sénégal))
MELILLA
Comandment of MELILLA  (Melilla)Comandáncia de MELILLA (es)  (Melilla)
MIDDLE CONGO
French Overseas Territory of MIDDLE CONGO  (Brazzaville)Territoire d''outre-mer du MOYEN-CONGO (fr)  (Brazzaville)
NATAL
NATAL Province  (Pietermaritzburg)Province of NATAL (en) + Provinsie NATAL (af)  (Pietermaritzburg)
NIGER
French Overseas Territory of NIGER  (Niamey)Territoire français d''outre-mer du NIGER (fr)  (Niamey)
NORTHERN MOROCCO
Spanish Northern Protectorate of Morocco : NORTHERN MOROCCO  (Tetuan)Protectorado español de MARRUECOS (es)  (Tetuán)
NORTHERN NIGERIA
NORTHERN Region of Nigeria  (Kaduna)NORTHERN Region of Nigeria (en)  (Kaduna)
NORTHERN SUDAN
NORTHERN Province : Northern Sudan Directorate  (Donggola)Mudiriyah ASH SHAMALIYAH : مديرية الشمالية (ar) + Mudirate of ASH-SHAMALI (en)  (Dungula)
ORANGE FREE STATE
ORANGE FREE STATE Province  (Bloemfontein)ORANJE-VRYSTAAT Provinsie (af) + ORANGE FREE STATE Province (en)  (Bloemfontein)
PONTA DELGADA
Autonomous District of PONTA DELGADA : Eastern Azores Group  (Ponta Delgada)Distrito Autónomo de PONTA DELGADA (pt)  (Ponta Delgada)
RUANDA
Kingdom of RUANDA  (Kigali + Astrida)Royaume du RUANDA (fr) + Koninkrijk ROEANDA (nl)  (Kigali + Astrida)
SENEGAL
French Overseas Territory of SENEGAL  (Saint Louis of Senegal)Territoire français d''outre-mer du SÉNÉGAL (fr)  (Saint-Louis du Sénégal)
SWAZILAND
Protectorate of SWAZILAND  (Mbabane + Lobamba)Protectorate of SWAZILAND (en)  (Mbabane + Lobamba)
TRANSVAAL
TRANSVAAL Province  (Pretoria)TRANSVAAL Province (en) + Provinsie TRANSVAAL (af)  (Pretoria)
UBANGI-SHARI
French Overseas Territory of UBANGI-SHARI  (Bangui)Territoire d''outre-mer de l''OUBANGUI-CHARI (fr)  (Bangui)
UPPER NILE
UPPER NILE Province : Upper Nile Directorate  (Malakal)Mudiriyah A''ALI AN-NIL : مديرية أعالي النيل (ar) + Mudirate of UPPER NILE (en)  (Malakal)
UPPER VOLTA
French Overseas Territory of UPPER VOLTA  (Wagadugu)Territoire français d''outre-mer de la HAUTE-VOLTA (fr)  (Ouagadougou)
URUNDI
Kingdom of URUNDI  (Usumbura)Royaume de l''URUNDI (fr) + Koninkrijk OEROENDI (nl)  (Usumbura)
WESTERN NIGERIA
WESTERN Region of Nigeria  (Ibadan)WESTERN Region of Nigeria (en)  (Ibadan)

47 Federated or Constituent Polities


Territories & Dependencies


ADJACENT ISLANDS
Autonomous Districts of ADJACENT ISLANDS  (Ponta Delgada + Horta)Distritos Autónomos das ILHAS ADJACENTES (pt)  (Ponta Delgada + Horta)
ALEXANDRIA
Province of ALEXANDRIA  (Alexandria)Muhafazah AL-ISKANDARIYAH : محافظة الإسكندرية (ar) + Governorate of ALEXANDRIA (en)  (Alexandria)
ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN
Condominium of ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN  (Khartoum)Condominium of ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN (en) + AL-SUDAN AL-MUSR YAL-ANGELAZY : السودان المصرى الإنجليزى (ar)  (Khartoum)
BASUTOLAND BECHUANALAND AND SWAZILAND
High Commission for Basutoland the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Swaziland : BASUTOLAND BECHUANALAND AND SWAZILAND  (Maseru)High Commission for Basutoland the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Swaziland : BASUTOLAND BECHUANALAND AND SWAZILAND (en)  (Maseru)
BELGIAN CONGO
BELGIAN CONGO Colony  (Leopoldville)Colonie du CONGO BELGE (fr) + Kolonie van BELGISCH-CONGO (nl)  (Léopoldville)
BRITISH CAMEROONS
United Nations Trust Territory of the Cameroons under British Administration : BRITISH CAMEROONS administered from Nigeria  (Buea)United Nations Trust Territory of the CAMEROONS under British Administration (en)  (Buea)
BRITISH SOMALILAND
Military Governorate of BRITISH SOMALILAND Protectorate  (Hargeisa)BRITISH SOMALILAND Protectorate (en)  (Hargeisa)
CAPE VERDE ISLANDS
Portuguese Colony of CAPE VERDE ISLANDS  (Praia)Colônia das ILHAS DO CABO VERDE (pt)  (Vila da Praia)
COASTAL KENYA
Coastal Domains of Zanzibar : KENYA Protectorate  (Mombasa)KENYA Protectorate (en)  (Mombasa)
COMORO ARCHIPELAGO
French Overseas Territory of THE COMORO ARCHIPELAGO  (Dzaoudzi)Territoire d''outre-mer français de l''ARCHIPEL DES COMORES (fr)  (Dzaoudzi)
CYRENAICA
British Protectorate of the Senussi Emirate of CYRENAICA  (Benghazi)Emirate of CYRENAICA (en) + Amarah-i BARIQAH : إمارة برقة (ar)  (Benghazi)
ELEMI TRIANGLE
Kenyan Administration of Sudanese ELEMI TRIANGLE Zone  (Kamachia)ELEMI TRIANGLE Zone (en) + Eradi ILEMI : أراضي يليمي (ar)  (Kamachia)
ERITREA
British Military Administration of ERITREA [British Protectorate]  (Asmara)British Military Administration of ERITREA (en)  (Asmara)
FEZZAN
Protectorate of the French Military Territory of FEZZAN  (Sabha)Territoire militaire français du FEZZAN-GHADAMÈS (fr)  (Sebha)
FRENCH ALGERIA
Governorate-General of ALGERIA  (Algiers)Gouvernorat-général de l''ALGÉRIE (fr)  (Alger)
FRENCH CAMEROON
United Nations Trust Territory of FRENCH CAMEROON  (Yaounde)Territoire du CAMEROUN (fr)  (Yaoundé)
FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA
FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA Federation  (Brazzaville)Fédération d''AFRIQUE-ÉQUATORIALE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Brazzaville)
FRENCH MADAGASCAR
French Overseas Territory of MADAGASCAR  (Tananarive)Territoire français d''outre-mer de MADAGASCAR (fr)  (Tananarive)
FRENCH MOROCCO
French Protectorate in the Sharifi Empire : French Protectorate of MOROCCO  (Rabat)Protectorat français dans l''Empire chérifien : Protectorat français au MAROC (fr) + Himaïet Fransa fi el-MAGHREB : حماية فرنسا للمغرب (ar)  (Rabat)
FRENCH SOMALI COAST
FRENCH SOMALILAND Overseas Territory : French Somali Coast  (Jibuti)Territoire d''outre-mer de la CÔTE FRANÇAISE DES SOMALIS (fr)  (Djibouti)
FRENCH WEST AFRICA
Federation of FRENCH WEST AFRICA  (Dakar)Fédération de l''AFRIQUE OCCIDENTALE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Dakar)
GAMBIA
GAMBIA Colony and Protectorate  (Bathurst)GAMBIA Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Bathurst)
GHADAMES
Military Territory of GHADAMES  (Ghadames)Territoire militaire de GHADAMÈS (fr)  (Ghadamès)
GOLD COAST
GOLD COAST Colony  (Accra)GOLD COAST Colony (en)  (Accra)
ILLUBABOR
ILLUBABOR Province [British Zone of Influence]  (Gorie)ILUBABOR Tekilayi Ghizati : ኢሉባቦር ጠቅላይ ግዛት (am) + ILLUBABOR Province (en)  (Gore)
ITALIAN SOMALILAND
British Administration of Occupied ITALIAN SOMALILAND  (Mogadishu)British Administration of Occupied ITALIAN SOMALILAND (en) + SOMALIA ITALIANA Occupato (it)  (Mogadishu)
KENYA
Colony and Protectorate of KENYA  (Nairobi)Colony of Kenya and Protectorate of KENYA (en)  (Nairobi)
MALTA
Autonomous State of MALTA  (Valletta)Autonomous State of MALTA (en)  (Valletta)
MAURITIUS
British Colony of MAURITIUS  (Port Louis)British Colony of MAURITIUS (en)  (Port Louis)
NIGERIA
Colony and Protectorate of NIGERIA  (Lagos)Colony and Protectorate of NIGERIA (en)  (Lagos)
NORTHERN RHODESIA
British Protectorate of NORTHERN RHODESIA  (Lusaka)British Protectorate of NORTHERN RHODESIA (en)  (Lusaka)
NYASALAND
NYASALAND Protectorate  (Zomba)NYASALAND Protectorate (en)  (Zomba)
PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA
Governorate-General of the PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA Colony  (Lourenzo Marques)Colônia de ÁFRICA ORIENTAL PORTUGUESA (pt)  (Lourenço Marques)
PORTUGUESE GUINEA
Colony of PORTUGUESE GUINEA  (Bissau)Colônia da GUINÉ PORTUGUESA (pt)  (Bissau)
PORTUGUESE WEST AFRICA
Governorate-General of the PORTUGUESE WEST AFRICA Colony : Angola  (New Lisbon)Colônia de AFRICA DEL OESTE PORTUGUÊS (pt)  (Nova Lisboa)
REUNION
French Overseas Department of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)Département d''outre-mer français de la RÉUNION (fr)  (Saint-Denis de La Réunion)
RUANDA-URUNDI
United Nations Trust Territory of RUANDA-URUNDI Province of Belgian Congo  (Usumbura)Territoire sous tutelle des Nations-Unies du RUANDA-URUNDI (fr) + Belgisch Mandaatgebied van ROEANDA-OEROENDI (nl)  (Usumbura)
SAINT HELENA AND DEPENDENCIES
British Crown Colony of SAINT HELENA AND DEPENDENCIES  (Jamestown)British Crown Colony of SAINT HELENA AND DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Jamestown)
SAINT HELENA DOMAIN
French National Domain on SAINT HELENA ISLAND : Longwood House and Valley of the Tomb  (Longwood House)Domaine national de SAINTE-HÉLÈNE (fr)  (Longwood House)
SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE
Portuguese Colony of SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE  (Saint Thomas)Colônia portuguesa de SÃO TOMÉ E PRÍNCIPE (pt)  (São Tomé)
SEYCHELLES ISLANDS AND DEPENDENCIES
British Crown Colony of SEYCHELLES ISLANDS AND DEPENDENCIES  (Port Victoria)British Crown Colony of SEYCHELLE ISLAND AND DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Port Victoria)
SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate  (Freetown)SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Freetown)
SIMONSTOWN
British Naval Base of SIMON''S TOWN  (Simon''s Town)Naval Base SIMON''S TOWN (en)  (Simon''s Town)
SOUTH WEST AFRICA
Territory of SOUTH WEST AFRICA [Rejected United Nations Trusteeship of South West Africa]  (Windhoek)Gebied van SUIDWES-AFRIKA (af) + Territory of SOUTH WEST AFRICA (en) + Gebied van ZUIDWEST-AFRIKA (nl) + Gebiet SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhoek)
SOUTHERN RHODESIA
British Colony of SOUTHERN RHODESIA  (Salisbury)British Colony of SOUTHERN RHODESIA (en)  (Salisbury)
SPANISH GUINEA
United Colony of SPANISH GUINEA  (Santa Isabel)Colonia de GUINEA ESPAÑOLA (es)  (Santa Isabel)
SPANISH MOROCCO
Spanish High Commission in Morocco : Spanish Protectorate of MOROCCO  (Tetuan)Alto Comisionado español en Marruecos : Protectorado español de MARRUECOS (es)  (Tetuán)
SUEZ CANAL ZONE
British Governorate of SUEZ CANAL ZONE : Suez Canal Company  (Port Suez)Governorate of SUEZ CANAL ZONE : Suez Canal Company (en) + Muhafazah QANAT AS-SUWAIS : محافظة قناة السويس (ar)  (Port Suez)
TANGANYIKA
United Nations Trust Territory of TANGANYIKA Territory  (Dar Es Salaam)Territory of TANGANYIKA (en)  (Dar Es Salaam)
TRANS-VOLTA TOGO
United Nations Trust Territory of British Togoland administered from Gold Coast : TRANS-VOLTA TOGO  (Ho)United Nations Trust Territory of British Togoland: TRANS-VOLTA TOGO (en)  (Ho)
TRIPOLITANIA
British Administration of TRIPOLITANIA  (Tripoli)British Administration of TRIPOLITANIA (en) + Al-Adarhal Braitanih man TARĀBULUS : الإدارة البريطانية من طرابلس (ar)  (Tripoli)
UGANDA
UGANDA Colony  (Entebbe)UGANDA Colony (en)  (Entebbe)

52 Territories & Dependencies



International Organizations or Groupings (selective list)


ARAB LEAGUE
Organisation
League of Arab States : ARAB LEAGUE  (Cairo)Jāmiʻat AD-DUWAL AL-ʻARABIYYA : جامعة الدول العربية (ar)  (Al-Qahirah) SG Abdel Rahman Azzam Pasha (eg)
BRITISH WEST AFRICA
Organisation
BRITISH WEST AFRICAN Territories  (Lagos + Freetown + Bathurst + Accra + Kumasi)BRITISH WEST AFRICAN Territories (en)  (Lagos + Freetown + Bathurst + Accra + Kumasi) King George VI
KENYA-UGANDA TANGANYIKA
Organisation
British East African Territories : East African High Commssion of KENYA-UGANDA TANGANYIKA  (Arusha)British East African Territories : East African High Commssion of KENYA-UGANDA TANGANYIKA (en)  (Arusha) King George VI
MOROCCO-AMERICA
Organisation
MOROCCAN-AMERICAN Treaty of Friendship  (Rabat + Washington-District of Columbia)MOROCCAN-AMERICAN Treaty of Friendship (en) + Mueahadat al-Sadaqat AL-MAGHRIBAT AL-''AMRIKIA : معاهدة الصداقة المغربية الأمريكية (ar)  (Rabat + Washington-District of Columbia) Chiefs of States
ORIENTAL ORTHODOXISM
Organisation
Old Oriental Churches : ORIENTAL ORTHODOX Churches  (Alexandria + Echmiadzin)Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ̀ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ (cop)  (Alexandria + Echmiadzin) Pope Joseph II (eg)

5 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)


Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ
   
Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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