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1902-MAY-01



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED POLITIES  ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES
 ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


ABYSSINIA
De facto Independent
Ethiopian Empire : ABYSSINIA  (Addis Ababa + Addis Alem)Ye-ITYOP''P''YA Mängəstä : የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት (am) + Negusa Nagast Mengisti ye-ITIYOPIYA : ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥቲ ዘ ኢትዮጵያ (gez)  (Addis Abeba + Addis Alem) Emperor Menelik II
ADAMAWA
De facto Semi-Independent
Fulbe State of the Lamidate of ADAMAWA Vassal of Sokoto  (Adamawa Rebel Zone)Baban-Lamido ADAMAWA : اميدو أداماوا (fub)  (Adamawa) Lamido Zubeiru bi Adama
ADRAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Spanish Protectorate of ADRAR Emirate  (Atar)Emirat ADERER : إميرات آدرار (ar) + Emirato de ADRAR (es)  (Atar) Emir Shaykh al-Hasana
AGADEZ
De facto Semi-Independent
Tuareg Berber Confederation of the Sultanate of Air : Sultanate of AGADEZ Vassal of France  (Agades)Sultanat d''AGADEZ (fr) + Kel Ayr : KEL AYAR - ⵅⴻⵍ ⵄⵢⴰⵔ (thz)  (Agadès) Amenokal Muhammad al-Baqiri Sufu
AUSSA
De facto Semi-Independent
Afar Sultanate of AUSSA  (Aussa)Saltanat CANFARTA : سلطنة عفر (aa) + Saltanat AWSA : سلطنة عفر (ar)  (Awsa) Sultan Ali Mirah
BAROTZILAND
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND  (Mongu)British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND (en) + Mbumu wa Litunga ROZI (loz)  (Mongu) King Lubosi Lewanika I
BAURE
De facto Independent
Hausa State of the Daura Sultanate of BAURE  (Baure)Sarkin Daura na BAURE : ساركين باور (ha)  (Baure) Sultan Abdu dan Habu
BRAKNA
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of BRAKNA Confederation  (Aleg)Emirat AL-BRAKNA : الإمارة البراكنة (ar) + Confédération de BRAKNA (fr)  (Aleg) Emir Ahmad Wuld Sidi Ali II
BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA
De facto Semi-Independent
British South Africa Company : BSAC  (Salisbury)British South Africa Company : BSAC (en)  (Salisbury) King Edward VII
CONGO
De facto Semi-Independent
Independent State of The Congo : CONGO Free State  (Boma)État indépendant du Congo : État libre du CONGO (fr)  (Boma) King Leopold II
DAR GIMIR
De facto Semi-Independent
DAR GIMIR Sultanate Dependency of Dar Masalit  (Qanatir)Sultanat DAR KIMR : سولتانات دار كيمر (tma) + Sultanat DAR QIMR : سولتانات دار كيمر (ar)  (Qanâtir) Sultan Idris bin Abi Bakr
DAR MASALIT
De facto Semi-Independent
DAR MASALIT Sultanate [under Darfuri Suzerainty]  (Jebeil)Sultanat DAR MASALIT : سلطنة دار المساليت (mls) + Sultanat DAR AL-MASALIT : سلطنة دار المساليت (ar)  (Djebeil) Sultan Abbakar bin Ismail
DAR-KUTI
De facto Semi-Independent
Runga Sultanate of DAR AL-KUTI [French Protectorate]  (Ndele)Sultanat de DAR EL-KOUTI (fr) + Sultanat DAR AL-KUTI : سلطنة دار الكوتي (ar) + Sultanat DAR AL KOUTI : سلطنة دار الكوتي (rou)  (N''Délé) Sultan Muhammad al-Senussi
DAURA
De facto Independent
Hausa State of the Daura Emirate of DAURA  (Daura)Amirat DAURA : إمارة مصفى الدورة (ha)  (Daura) Emir Muhamman Mai Gurdo bin Muhamman Bello
DERVISHLAND
De facto Independent
DERVISH State  (Ilig)Dawlada DARAAWIISH (so) + Dawlat DARAWISH : دولة الدراويش (ar)  (Illig) Muhammad Abd Allah Al-Hasan the Mad Mullah
EGYPT
De facto Semi-Independent
Khediviate of EGYPT [British Occupation under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Cairo)Khedivate of EGYPT (en) + MISIR Hidiviyet-i : میصیر حیضیوییهتی (ota) + Khedivyat al-MISRIYYAH : الخديوية المصرية (ar)  (El Kâhire) Khedive Abbas II Hilmi Pasha
GANDO
De facto Independent
Fulbe State of GANDO Emirate  (Gando)Emirat GWANDU : إميرات غواندو (ff)  (Gwandu) Emir Bayaro Aliyu dan Aliyu
GELEDI
De facto Independent
Sultanate of THE GELEDI  (Geledi)Saldanadda GELEDI (so) + Saltanat JALADI : سلالة غوبرون (ar)  (Jaladi) Sultan Osman Ahmed
GOBAD
De facto Semi-Independent
Afar Sultanate of GOBAD [Tributary of Aussa]  (Debne)GOBAQAD Soltaana (aa) + Sultanat de GOBA''AD (fr) + Sultanat DEBNÉ (am)  (Debné) Sultan Hamad Lade
GOSHA
De facto Independent
Sultanate of GOSHA  (Mfudu)Sultanat GOSHA (xma)  (Mfudu) Sultan Nasib Bunda
HADEJIA
De facto Independent
Fulbe Hausa State of HADEJIA Emirate  (Hadeja)Sarkin HADEJIA : ايمارت هاديجيا (ha)  (Hadeja) Emir Muhammadu dan Haruna
HOGGAR
De facto Independent
KEL AHAGGAR Tuareg Confederation  (Abalessa)Kel UHAGGAR : ⴽⴻⵍ ⴰⵃⴰⴳⴳⴰⵔ (thv)  (Abalisa) Amenokal Attici ag Amellal
KASANZE
De facto Semi-Independent
Luba-Sanga State of KASANZE  (Kasanzi)Estado de KASSANJE (pt) + Yaka KASANZE (sng)  (Kasanye) King Kandumba Kapenda kwa Mbangu
KELAFO
De facto Semi-Independent
Ajuran Sultanate of KELAFO  (Au Calif)Suldaanadda QALAAFE (so) + Saltanat QALAFO : سلطنة كيلافو (ar)  (Qalaafe) Sultan Olol Dinle
KONG
De facto Semi-Independent
Wattara Empire of KONG  (Kong)Empire Ouatara de KONG (fr) + Fama KONG : کونگ بادشاہت (dyu) + Fama KONG (sef)  (Kong) Emperor Pinntie Ba
KONGO
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of CONGO Vassal of Portugal  (Saint Salvador of the Congo)Reino do CONGO (pt) + KONGO dya Ntotila (kwy)  (São Salvador do Congo) King Pedro VII Afonso Mbemba
LIBERIA
De facto Independent
Republic of LIBERIA  (Monrovia)Republic of LIBERIA (en)  (Monrovia) President Garretson Wilmot Gibson
MAJERTEENIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Protectorate of the Harti Sultanate of MAJERTEEN  (Bargal + Alula)Sultanato della MIGIURTINIA (it) + Saldanadda MAJEERTEEN (so) + Saltanat MAJERTAIN : سلطنة ماجرتين (ar)  (Baargaal + Aluula) Sultan Uthman III bin Mahamud
MASINA
De facto Independent
Fulbe State of MASINA  (Ke Macina)Ardo MASINA : عرضو ماسينا (ffm)  (Ké Macina) Ardo Muhammadu Ajibu bin Umar
MOGADISHU
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Leased Territory of MOGADISHU Sultanate under Suzerainty of Zanzibar  (Mogadishu)Territorio del Sultanato di MOGADISCIO (it) + Saldaanada MUQDISHO (so) + Sultanat MAQDISHU : سلطنة مقديشو (ar)  (Mogadiscio) Sultan Ahmad III
MOROCCO
De facto Independent
Sharifi Moroccan State : Alawite Sultanate of MOROCCO  (Rabat + Fez + Meknes + Marrakesh)Dawlat al-MAGHRIBIYA ash-Sharifi : شريفي المغربية دولة (ar)  (Ar-Ribat + Fas + Miknas + Marrakech) Sultan Mulay Abdelaziz IV
NGABU
De facto Independent
Fulani Empire of NGABU  (Quebu)Farim N''GABU : کابو الإمبراطورية (fuc) + KAABU Mansaba (mnk)  (Kaabu) Alpha Musa Molo
OBBIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Protectorate of the Sultanate of OBBIA  (Obbia)Sultanato di OBBIA (it) + Saldanadda HOBYAA (so) + Sultanat HOBYA : سلطنة هوبيو (ar)  (Hobyaa) Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid
ORANGE FREE STATE
De facto Independent
Republic of THE ORANGE FREE STATE  (Cypherfontein)Republiek van ORANJE-VRIJSTAAT (nl)  (Cypherfontein) State President Marthinus Steyn
SENUSSIA
De facto Semi-Independent
British Sphere of Influence of the Independent SENUSSI Sheikhdom of Cyrenaica  (Kufra)Mashaykat AS-SANUSIYA : مشيخة السنوسية (ar) + SIRENAYKA (ota)  (Al Kafrah) Sheikh Sidi Muhammad bin Sidi Muhammad al-Mahdi al-Senussi
SOKOTO
De facto Independent
Fulani Empire of the SOKOTO Caliphate  (Sokoto)Al-Khilafa al-BILAD AS-SUDAN : الخلافة البلاد السودان (ar) + Daular Khalifar SAKKAWATO : رثة الإمبراطورية سوكوتو (ha) + Saltanat SOKOTO : سلطنة سوكوتو (ff)  (Sokoto) Sultan Abd ar-Rahman dan Abi Bakar
SOUTH-AFRICA
De facto Independent
SOUTH-AFRICAN Republic : Transvaal Republic  (Nelspruit)Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek : Republiek van ZUID-AFRIKA (nl)  (Nelspruit) State President Schalk Willem Burger
SWAZILAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of SWAZILAND Protectorate of Transvaal  (Bremersdorf)Protektoraat van SWAZIELAND (nl) + Umbuso weSWATINI (ss)  (Bremersdorf) Queen Labotsibeni Mdluli
TAGANIT
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of TAGANIT Confederation  (Tijikja)Emirat TAGANT : إمرات تكانت (ar) + Confédération du TAGANIT (fr)  (Tidjikdja) Emir Bakkar bin Suwaydi Ahmad
TIBESTI
De facto Semi-Independent
French Zone of Influence in the Kingdom of the Teda Confederation of TIBESTI  (Zouar)Mai TIBESTI : تبستي (tuq) + TIBASTI : تبستي (ar)  (Zouar) Derdo Guetty I
TRARZA
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of TRARZA Confederation  (Rosso)Emirat TARARIZA : إمارة الترارزة (ar) + Confédération de TRARZA (fr)  (Rosso) Emir Ahmad Salum Wuld Ali
TRIPOLITANIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Vilayet of TRIPOLITANIA : Tripoli Regency under Ottoman Suzerainty  (Tripoli of Barbary)Vilâyet-i TRÂBLUS GÂRP : ولايت طرابلس غرب‎ (ota) + Wilayat TARABULUS AL-GHARB : ولاية طرابلس الغرب (ar)  (Trablus-i Garb) Hafiz Mehmed Pasha
TUNISIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous Regency of TUNIS : French Protectorate of the Tunisian Regency  (Tunis)Régence de TUNIS : Protectorat français de la Régence tunisienne (fr) + Al-Ḥimāyah al-Fransiyyah fī TŪNIS : الحماية الفرنسية في تونس (ar)  (Tunus) Ali III Muddat bin Al-Husayn Bey
ULUNDA
De facto Semi-Independent
ULUNDA Kingdom  (Musumba)Mwaanta Yava RUWUND (rnd) + Reino do ULUNDA (pt) + Royaume d''OULOUNDA (fr)  (Musumba) King Mushid I
UMBUNDU
De facto Semi-Independent
Ovimbundu States of UMBUNDU  (Bailundo)Estados MBUNDU DEL SUR (pt) + Ovimbundu : UMBUNDU (umb)  (Bailundo) King Kalandula
WADAI
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of WADAI  (Abesher)Kolak WADA''I : الوداي (mde) + Sultanat WADDĀY : سلطنة الواداي (ar)  (Abeshr) Sultan Muhammad Daud Murra bin Yusuf
WESTERN MAURITANIA
De facto Semi-Independent
French Protectorate of the Emirates of WESTERN MAURITANIA under Moor Suzerainty  (Rashid)Émirats de MAURITANIE OCCIDENTALE (fr) + Al-Amarat MURITANIYAH AL-GHARB : الإمارات غرب موريتانيا (ar)  (Rashid) Sheikh Sidiya Baba
ZANGO
De facto Independent
Hausa State of the Daura Emirate of ZANGO  (Zango)Sarkin Daura na ZANGO : ساركين زانغو (ha)  (Zango) Sultan Tafida dan Nuhu
ZANZIBAR
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of ZANZIBAR Sultanate  (Zanzibar Stone Town)Sultanate of ZANZIBAR (en) + Sultanat wa ZANZIBAR (sw) + Sultanat ZANZIBAR : سلطنة زنجبار (ar)  (Zanzibar Stone Town) Sultan Sidi Hamud bin Muhammad

49 Polities


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


ANTANDROY
Rebellion
ANTANDROY Kingdom in rebellion  (Faralambo)Fanjakan ANTANDROY (mg)  (Faralambo) King Rahosinta
BIJAGOS
Rebellion
Autonomous Islands of BIJAGOS  (Bubaque)Ilhas dos BIJAGÓS (pt)  (Bubaque) Chief of Bijagos
BUNDALAND
Rebellion
Kingdom of BUNDALAND [Anglo-Portuguese Zone of Influence]  (Kangamba)Chuundi ca MBUNDA (mck) + Reino dos BUNDAS (pt) + Kingdom of BUNDALAND (en)  (Kalyamba) King Mwene Mbandu I Lyondthzi Kapova
BURUNDI
Rebellion
Chiefdoms of BURUNDI  ((Usumbura))Staaten BURUNDI (de) + BURUNDI (rn)  ((Usumbura)) Chiefs Macoonco and Cyilima
DAR-FOR
Rebellion
Rebellious Sultanate of DARFUR  (Reheid El Berdi)Sultanat DARFOR : سلطنت دارفور (ar) + Sultanat DAR FÒÒR : سلطنت دارفور (fvr)  (Reheid El Berdi) Sultan Sanin al-Husayn
DARFUR
Rebellion
Emirate of DARFUR : Sultanate of Dar Fur  (El Fasher)Imarat DAR FOR : الإمارات للدار الفراء (fvr) + Imarat DAR FUR : الإمارات للدار الفراء (ar)  (Al-Fashar) Sultan Ali Dinar bin Zakariya
NANDI
Rebellion
Chiefdom of the United Nandi Clans : NANDI District  (Kapsabet)Chiefdom of the United Nandi Clans : NANDI District (en)  (Kapsabet) Chief Koitalel Arap Samoei
OUSSOUYE
Rebellion
OUSSOUYE Kingdom  (Oussouye)Royaume d''OUSSOUYE (fr) + USUY (eja) + USUY (csk)  (Oussouye) King Sihalebe
URUNDI
Rebellion
Kingdom of URUNDI  (Usumbura)Ufaime wa URUNDI (rn) + Koningreich URUNDI (de)  (Usumbura) King Mwezi IV Gisabo

9 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


ADAMAWA
De facto Semi-Independent
Fulbe State of the Lamidate of ADAMAWA Vassal of Sokoto  (Adamawa Rebel Zone)Baban-Lamido ADAMAWA : اميدو أداماوا (fub)  (Adamawa)
ADRAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Spanish Protectorate of ADRAR Emirate  (Atar)Emirat ADERER : إميرات آدرار (ar) + Emirato de ADRAR (es)  (Atar)
AGADEZ
De facto Semi-Independent
Tuareg Berber Confederation of the Sultanate of Air : Sultanate of AGADEZ Vassal of France  (Agades)Sultanat d''AGADEZ (fr) + Kel Ayr : KEL AYAR - ⵅⴻⵍ ⵄⵢⴰⵔ (thz)  (Agadès)
BAROTZILAND
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND  (Mongu)British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND (en) + Mbumu wa Litunga ROZI (loz)  (Mongu)
BRITISH EAST AFRICA
BRITISH EAST AFRICA Protectorate  (Nairobi)BRITISH EAST AFRICA Protectorate (en)  (Nairobi)
CHAD
Military Territory of the Lands and Protectorates of CHAD  (Fort Lamy)Territoire militaire des Terres et Protectorats du TCHAD (fr)  (Fort Lamy)
COASTAL KENYA
Coastal Domains of Zanzibar : KENYA Protectorate  (Mombasa)KENYA Protectorate (en)  (Mombasa)
DAR MASALIT
De facto Semi-Independent
DAR MASALIT Sultanate [under Darfuri Suzerainty]  (Jebeil)Sultanat DAR MASALIT : سلطنة دار المساليت (mls) + Sultanat DAR AL-MASALIT : سلطنة دار المساليت (ar)  (Djebeil)
DAR-KUTI
De facto Semi-Independent
Runga Sultanate of DAR AL-KUTI [French Protectorate]  (Ndele)Sultanat de DAR EL-KOUTI (fr) + Sultanat DAR AL-KUTI : سلطنة دار الكوتي (ar) + Sultanat DAR AL KOUTI : سلطنة دار الكوتي (rou)  (N''Délé)
EGYPT
De facto Semi-Independent
Khediviate of EGYPT [British Occupation under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Cairo)Khedivate of EGYPT (en) + MISIR Hidiviyet-i : میصیر حیضیوییهتی (ota) + Khedivyat al-MISRIYYAH : الخديوية المصرية (ar)  (El Kâhire)
FRENCH SAHARA
Protectorate of the Military Territories of FRENCH SAHARA  (Beni-Abbes)Territoires militaires du SAHARA FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Béni-Abbès)
GAMBIA
GAMBIA Colony and Protectorate  (Bathurst)GAMBIA Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Bathurst)
GERMAN CAMEROON
German Crown Land of CAMEROON : German Protectorate of Cameroon  (Buea)Deutsche Kolonie KAMERUN : Schutzgebiet Kamerun (de)  (Buea)
GOBAD
De facto Semi-Independent
Afar Sultanate of GOBAD [Tributary of Aussa]  (Debne)GOBAQAD Soltaana (aa) + Sultanat de GOBA''AD (fr) + Sultanat DEBNÉ (am)  (Debné)
KAZEMBE
British South Africa Company Protectorate on the Luba-Lunda State of KAZEMBE  (Fort Rosebery)British South Africa Company Protectorate on KAZEMBE State (en) + Mwata KAZEMBE (sw)  (Fort Rosebery)
KONGO
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of CONGO Vassal of Portugal  (Saint Salvador of the Congo)Reino do CONGO (pt) + KONGO dya Ntotila (kwy)  (São Salvador do Congo)
MAJERTEENIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Protectorate of the Harti Sultanate of MAJERTEEN  (Bargal + Alula)Sultanato della MIGIURTINIA (it) + Saldanadda MAJEERTEEN (so) + Saltanat MAJERTAIN : سلطنة ماجرتين (ar)  (Baargaal + Aluula)
MAYOTTE AND DEPENDENCIES
French Colony of MAYOTTE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Dzaoudzi)Colonie française de MAYOTTE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Dzaoudzi)
MOGADISHU
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Leased Territory of MOGADISHU Sultanate under Suzerainty of Zanzibar  (Mogadishu)Territorio del Sultanato di MOGADISCIO (it) + Saldaanada MUQDISHO (so) + Sultanat MAQDISHU : سلطنة مقديشو (ar)  (Mogadiscio)
NIGERIA
BRITISH NIGERIAN Colonies : Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria  (Old Calabar + Lagos + Lokoja)BRITISH NIGERIAN Colonies : Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria (en)  (Old Calabar + Lagos + Lokoja)
OBBIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Protectorate of the Sultanate of OBBIA  (Obbia)Sultanato di OBBIA (it) + Saldanadda HOBYAA (so) + Sultanat HOBYA : سلطنة هوبيو (ar)  (Hobyaa)
SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate  (Freetown)SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Freetown)
SWAZILAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of SWAZILAND Protectorate of Transvaal  (Bremersdorf)Protektoraat van SWAZIELAND (nl) + Umbuso weSWATINI (ss)  (Bremersdorf)
TOGOLAND
German Protectorate of TOGOLAND  (Lome)Schutzgebiet TOGOLAND (de)  (Lome)
TRIPOLITANIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Vilayet of TRIPOLITANIA : Tripoli Regency under Ottoman Suzerainty  (Tripoli of Barbary)Vilâyet-i TRÂBLUS GÂRP : ولايت طرابلس غرب‎ (ota) + Wilayat TARABULUS AL-GHARB : ولاية طرابلس الغرب (ar)  (Trablus-i Garb)
TUNISIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous Regency of TUNIS : French Protectorate of the Tunisian Regency  (Tunis)Régence de TUNIS : Protectorat français de la Régence tunisienne (fr) + Al-Ḥimāyah al-Fransiyyah fī TŪNIS : الحماية الفرنسية في تونس (ar)  (Tunus)
UGANDA
British Protectorate of UGANDA  (Kampala)British Protectorate of UGANDA (en)  (Kampala)
UPPER VOLTA
French Protectorate of UPPER VOLTA  (Waghadugu)Protectorat français de la HAUTE-VOLTA (fr)  (Woghodogo)
WESTERN MAURITANIA
De facto Semi-Independent
French Protectorate of the Emirates of WESTERN MAURITANIA under Moor Suzerainty  (Rashid)Émirats de MAURITANIE OCCIDENTALE (fr) + Al-Amarat MURITANIYAH AL-GHARB : الإمارات غرب موريتانيا (ar)  (Rashid)
ZANZIBAR
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of ZANZIBAR Sultanate  (Zanzibar Stone Town)Sultanate of ZANZIBAR (en) + Sultanat wa ZANZIBAR (sw) + Sultanat ZANZIBAR : سلطنة زنجبار (ar)  (Zanzibar Stone Town)

30 Protected Entities


Federated or Constituent Polities


ABEOKUTA
City-State of ABEOKUTA  (Abeokuta)State of ABEOKUTA (en) + Alake ABEOKUTA (yor)  (Abeokuta)
ADO-ODO
ADO-ODO Area  (Igbesa)ADO-ODO Area  (Igbesa)
AGADES
Sultanate of AGADEZ  (Agades)Sultanat d''AGADEZ (fr) + Saltanat AGADES : ⵄⵖⵄⴹEⵚ (thz)  (Agadès)
AIR
AIR Region  (Arlit)Région de l''AÏR (fr)  (Arlit)
AL-BRAKNA
Emirate of BRAKNA  (Aleg)Emirat AL-BRAKNA : الإمارة البراكنة (ar) + Émirat de BRAKNA (fr)  (Aleg)
AMUKRUZ
AMUKRUZ Region  (Tiourourt)Mintaqah AMUKRUZ : مينتاقات آلموكوروض (ar) + Région de l''AMOUKROUZ (fr)  (Tiourourt)
ANGOLA
Portuguese Crown Colony of ANGOLA  (Saint Paul of Loanda)Colónia Portuguesa de ANGOLA (pt)  (São Paulo de Luanda)
ANGOSHE
Makua Sultanate of ANGOSHE  (Angoshe)Sultanato de ANGOXE (pt) + Sultanat ANGOSHE (eko)  (Angoxe)
ANGRA
Autonomous District of ANGRA DO HEROISMO : Overseas District of Central Azores Group  (Angra)Distrito Autónomo de ANGRA DO HEROÍSMO (pt)  (Angra do Heroísmo)
ANJOUAN
Sultanate of ANJOUAN [French Protectorate]  (Mutsamudu)Sultanat d''ANJOUAN (fr) + Sultani cha NDZUWANI (wni) + Sultanat N''ZUANI : سلطنة نزواني (ar)  (Moutsamoudou)
ASSABA
ASSABA Region  (Ehsseye Babou)Mintaqah EL-AÇABA : المنطقة العصابة (ar) + Région de l''AÇABA (fr)  (Hassi Babou)
BAGHIRMI
Sultanate of BAGHIRMI [French Protectorate of the Baghirmi Kingdom]  (Massenya)Sultanat du BAGUIRMI (fr) + Mbang TAR BAGRIMMA (bmi) + Sultanat BAQIRMI : سلطانات باقرمي (ar)  (Massenya)
BAHR EL GAZAL
BAHR EL GAZAL Province Division : Directorate of Bahr El Gazal  (Wow)Mudiria BAHR EL-GHAZAL : مديرية بحر الغزال (ar) + Mudirate of BAHR EL GAZAL (en)  (Waw)
BAILUNDO
Ovimbundu State of BAILUNDO  (Bailundo)Estado de BAILUNDO (pt) + MBAILUNDU (umb)  (Bailundo)
BAROTZILAND-NORTH-WESTERN RHODESIA
British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND-NORTH-WESTERN RHODESIA  (Kalomo)British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND-NORTH-WESTERN RHODESIA (en)  (Kalomo)
BASUTOLAND
Colony of BASUTOLAND : British Residency Commission for Basutoland  (Maseru)Colony of BASUTOLAND : British Residency Commission for Basutoland (en)  (Maseru)
BECHUANALAND
British Protectorate of BECHUANALAND  ((Mafeking))BECHUANALAND Protectorate (en)  ((Mafeking))
BERBER-SHENDI
BERBER SHENDI Province Division : Berber Directorate  (Berber + Shendi)Mudiria BERBER : مديرية بربر (ar) + Mudirate of BERBER SHENDI (en)  (Berber + Shendi)
BIHE
Ovimbundu State of BIHE  (Belmonte)Estado do BIHÉ (pt) + VIYE (umb)  (Belmonte)
BLUE NILE
BLUE NILE Province Division : Blue Nile Directorate  (Wad Medani)Mudiria AN-NYL AL-AZRAQ : مديرية النيل الأزرق (ar) + Mudirate of BLUE NILE (en)  (Wad Medani)
BORKU AND ENNEDI
Land and Protectorate of BORKU AND ENNEDI  (Faya)Pays et Protectorat du BORKOU ET ENNEDI (fr)  (Faya)
BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA
BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA Protectorate  (Zomba)BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA Protectorate (en)  (Zomba)
BRITISH GAMBIA
BRITISH GAMBIA Colony  (Bathurst)BRITISH GAMBIA Colony (en)  (Bathurst)
BRITISH SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE Protectorate  ((Freetown))SIERRA LEONE Protectorate (en)  ((Freetown))
BUSHONGO
Kuba Kingdom of BUSHONGO  (Kamonia)Nyim BUSHOONG (buf) + Reino dos KUBAS (pt) + Royaume des KUBA (fr)  (Kamonia)
CAPE
CAPE Colony  (Cape Town)CAPE Colony (en)  (Cape Town)
DAHOMEY
DAHOMEY Colony  (Abomey)Colonie du DAHOMEY (fr)  (Abomey)
DONGOLA
DONGOLA Province Division : Dongola Directorate  (Donggola)Mudiria DONGOLA : مديرية دنقلا (ar) + Mudirate of DONGOLA (en)  (Dongola)
EGBALAND
British Protectorate of the EGBA United Government  (Abeokuta)EGBA United Government (en) + Alake ABEOKUTA (yor)  (Abeokuta)
ELOBEY ANNOBON AND CORISCO
Spanish Colony of ELOBEY ANNOBON AND CORISCO administered from Santa Isabel  (San Antonio Palea)Colonia española de ELOBEY ANNOBÓN Y CORISCO (es)  (San Antonio de Palé)
FASHODA
FASHODA Province Division : Fashoda Directorate  (Fashoda)Mudiria FASHAWDA : مديرية فشودة (ar) + Mudirate of FASHODA (en)  (Fashoda)
FERNANDO POO
Spanish Colony of FERNANDO POO  (Santa Isabel)Colonia española de FERNANDO PÓO (es)  (Santa Isabel)
FREETOWN
SIERRA LEONE Colony  (Freetown)SIERRA LEONE Colony (en)  (Freetown)
FRENCH GUINEA
FRENCH GUINEA Colony  (Konakry)Colonie de GUINÉE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Konakry)
FUNCHAL
FUNCHAL Overseas District of Portugal : Madeira and Porto Santo  (Funchal)Distrito do FUNCHAL : Madeira e Porto Santo (pt)  (Funchal)
GEZEIRA
GEZEIRA Province Division : Gezira Directorate  (Wad Medani)Mudiria AL-GEZEIRA : مديرية الجزيرة (ar) + Mudirate of EL GEZIRA (en)  (Wad Medani)
GORGOL
GORGOL Region  (Kaeaedi)Mintaqah KARKUL : منطقة كركول (ar) + Région du GORGOL (fr)  (Kaéaédi)
GREAT COMORO
French Sultanate of GREAT COMORO  (Moroni)Sultanat de la GRANDE COMORE (fr) + Sultani Tibe wa NGAZIDJA (zdj) + Sultanat AL-QOMOR AL-KUBRAA : سلطنة القمر الكبرى (ar)  (Moroni)
GUMBA
Ovimbundu State of GUMBA  (Gamba)Estado de GUMBA (pt) + GUMBA (umb)  (Gamba)
GUMMEL
Hausa State of GUMMEL Emirate  (Gummel)Émirat de GOUMMEL (fr) + Masarautar na GUMEL : ماساروتار نا غوميل (ha)  (Goummel)
HALFA
HALFA Province Division : Halfa Directorate  (Wadi Halfa)Mudiria HALFA : مديرية حلفا (ar) + Mudirate of HALFA (en)  (Wadi Halfa)
HORTA
District of HORTA : Overseas District of Western Azores Group  (Horta)Distrito da HORTA (pt)  (Horta)
HUAMBO
Ovimbundu State of HUAMBO  (Wambo)Estado do HUAMBO (pt) + WAMBU (umb)  (Wambo)
HUMBE
HUMBE Region  (Vila Pereira de Eca)Região do HUMBE (pt)  (Vila Pereira de Eça)
INCHIRI
INCHIRI Region  (Akjoujt)Mintaqat INSHIRI : منطقة إينشيري (ar) + Région d''INCHIRI (fr)  (Akjoujt)
INNER GAMBIA
GAMBIA Protectorate  (Brikama)GAMBIA Protectorate (en)  (Brikama)
IVORY COAST
French Colony of IVORY COAST  (Bingerville)Colonie française de CÔTE D''IVOIRE (fr)  (Bingerville)
JAMAARE
Fulbe State of JAMAARE Emirate  (Jamaare)Amirat JAMA''ARE : أميرات جامعاري (ff)  (Jama''are)
KALEMBE
Ovimbundu State of KALEMBE  (Kalembe)Estado de CALEMBE (pt) + KALEMBE ka Njanja (umb)  (Calembe)
KANEM
KANEM Territory  (Mao)Territoire du KANEM (fr)  (Mao)
KANO
Fulbe Hausa State of KANO Emirate  (Kano)KANO Emirat : كانو الإمارة (ha)  (Kano)
KARANGA
Portuguese Colonial Government of KARANGA  (Zvongombe)Governo Colônial de KARANGA (pt) + Mwene a MUTAPA (sn)  (Zvongombe)
KASONGE
Ovimbundu Chiefdom of KASONGE  (Kasonge)Estado de CASSONGUE (pt) + Kasonge : KASONGI (umb)  (Cassongue)
KASSALA
KASSALA Province Division : Kassala Directorate  (Kassala)Mudiria KESSALA : مديرية كسلا (ar) + Mudirate of KASSALA (en)  (Kessala)
KATAGUM
Fulbe State of KATAGUM Emirate  (Katagum)Sarkin KATAGUM : ساركين كاتاغوم (ff)  (Katagum)
KATSINA
Fulbe Hausa State of KATSINA Emirate  (Katsina)KATSINAT Emirat : كاتسينا الإمارة (ha)  (Katsina)
KAZAURE
Fulbe State of KAZAURE Emirate  (Kazaure)Sarkin Arewa KAZAURE : الكوازار (ff)  (Kazaure)
KHARTOUM
KHARTOUM Province Division : Directorate of Khartoum  (Khartoum)Mudiria AL-KHURTUM : مديرية الخرطوم (ar) + Mudirate of KHARTOUM (en)  (Khartoum)
KIBULA
Ovimbundu State of KIBULA  (Kibula)Estado de QUIBULA (pt) + CIVULA (umb)  (Quibula)
KINGOLO
Ovimbundu State of KINGOLO  (Kingolo)Estado de QUINGOLO (pt) + CINGOLO (umb)  (Cingolo)
KITANGONYA
KITANGONYA Sheikhdom  (Nacala)Jequedo QUITANGONHA (pt)  (Nacala)
KORDOFAN
KORDOFAN Province Division : Kordofan Directorate  (El Obeid)Mudiria KORDOFAN : مديرية كردفان (ar) + Mudirate of KORDOFAN (en)  (El Obeid)
KUBAS
KUBA Kingdom  (Tshikapa)Nyimi BUSHOONG (buf) + Reino KUBA (pt) + Royaume KOUBA (fr)  (Tchikapa)
LAGOS
LAGOS Colony and Protectorate  (Lagos)LAGOS Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Lagos)
LOGONE
LOGONE Territory  (Lai)Territoire du LOGONÉ (fr)  (Laï)
LOURENZO MARQUES
Portuguese Colony of LOURENZO MARQUES  (Lourenzo Marques)Colônia portuguesa de LOURENÇO MARQUES (pt)  (Lourenço Marques)
MANDARA
MANDARA Sultanate  (Mora)Saltanat WANDALA : سالتنات واندالا (mfi)  (Mora)
MAYOTTE
MAYOTTE Protectorate  (Dzaoudzi)Protectorat de MAYOTTE (fr) + Jezirah MAYUT : جزيرة مايوت (ar) + Kisiwa cha MAORÉ (swb)  (Dzaoudzi)
MIDDLE SHARI
MIDDLE SHARI Territory  (Kokaga)Territoire du MOYEN-CHARI (fr)  (Kokaga)
MISAU
Bornuan State of MISAU Emirate  (Misau)Sarkin Bornu ta GABAS : ساركين بورنو تا غاباس (fuv)  (Missau)
MOZAMBIQUE
MOZAMBIQUE Company''s Territories of Manica and Sofala  (Beira)Territorios de Manica e Sofála del Companhia de MOÇAMBIQUE (pt)  (Beira)
NATAL
Autonomous Colony of NATAL  (Pietermaritzburg)Colony of NATAL (en)  (Pietermaritzburg)
NDULU
Ovimbundu Kingdom of NDULU  (Andulo)Reino de ANDULO (pt) + Ondura : ONDULU (umb)  (Andulo)
NGALANGE
Ovimbundu State of NGALANGE  (Ngalange)Estado de GALANGUE (pt) + NGALANGI (umb)  (Galangue)
NORTH-EASTERN RHODESIA
Protectorate of NORTH-EASTERN RHODESIA  (Fort Jameson)Protectorate of NORTH-EASTERN RHODESIA (en)  (Fort Jameson)
NORTHERN NIGERIA
British NORTHERN NIGERIA Protectorate  (Lokoja)British NORTHERN NIGERIA Protectorate (en)  (Lokoja)
NYASSA
NYASSA Company  (Vila Cabral)Companhia do NIASSA (pt)  (Vila Cabral)
PONTA DELGADA
Autonomous District of PONTA DELGADA : Overseas District of Eastern Azores Group  (Ponta Delgada)Distrito Autónomo de PONTA DELGADA (pt)  (Ponta Delgada)
PORTUGUESE MOZAMBIQUE
MOZAMBIQUE Colony  (Nampula)Colônia de MOÇAMBIQUE (pt)  (Nampula)
PRINCE
Municipality of PRINCE  (Saint Anthony)Concelho de PRÍNCIPE (pt)  (Santo António)
QUIBANDA
Ovimbundu State of QUIBANDA  (Quibanda)Estado de QUIBANDA (pt) + CIVANDA (umb)  (Quibanda)
QUIYACA
Ovimbundu State of QUIYACA  (Quiyaca)Estado de QUIACA (pt) + CIYAKA (umb)  (Quiaca)
RED SEA
RED SEA Province Division : Red Sea Directorate  (Suakin)Mudiria AL-BAHR AL-AHMAR : موديريات دي لا مر روج (ar) + Mudirate of RED SEA (en)  (Suakin)
REGUEIBA
REGUEIBA Region  (Selibaby)Mintaqah AL-REGEIBAT : منطقة الرقيبة (ar) + Région de RÉGUEIBA (fr)  (Sélibaby)
RHODESIA
RHODESIA Protectorate  (Salisbury)RHODESIA Protectorate (en)  (Salisbury)
SAINT THOMAS
Municipality of SAINT THOMAS  (Saint Thomas)Concelho de SÃO THOMÉ (pt)  (São Thomé)
SAMBU
Ovimbundu State of SAMBU  (Samba)Estado de SAMBU (pt) + SAMBU (umb)  (Samba)
SANKUL
SANKUL Sheikhdom  (Mozambique Island)Jequedo SANCUL (pt)  (Ilha de Moçambique)
SENEGAL
SENEGAL Colony  (Saint Louis of Senegal)Colonie du SÉNÉGAL (fr)  (Saint-Louis du Sénégal)
SENNAR
SENNAR Province Division : Sennar Directorate  (Sennar)Mudiria SINNAR : مديرية سنار (ar) + Mudirate of SENNAR (en)  (Sinnar)
SOKKOTO
Fulani Empire of the Sultanate of SOKOTO  (Sokoto)Saltanat SUQUTU : سلطنة سوكوتو (ar) + Sultanat SAKKAWATO : سلطنة سوكوتو (ha) + Saltanat SOKOTO : سلطنة سوكوتو (ff)  (Sokoto)
SOUTHERN NIGERIA
British Protectorate of SOUTHERN NIGERIA  (Old Calabar)British Protectorate of SOUTHERN NIGERIA (en)  (Old Calabar)
SOUTHERN RHODESIA
Protectorate of SOUTHERN RHODESIA  (Salisbury)Protectorate of SOUTHERN RHODESIA (en)  (Salisbury)
SPANISH CONTINENTAL GUINEA
Spanish Colony of SPANISH CONTINENTAL GUINEA : Colony of Rio Muni administered from Santa Isabel  (Bata)Colonia de GUINEA CONTINENTAL ESPAÑOLA (es)  (Bata)
TAGANET
Emirate of TAGANET  (Tijikja)Emirat TAGANT : إمرات تكانت (ar) + Émirat du TAGANIT (fr)  (Tidjikdja)
TARARZA
Emirate of TRARZA  (Rosso)Emirat TARARIZA : إمارة الترارزة (ar) + Émirat de TRARZA (fr)  (Rosso)
TENERE
TENERE Zone  (Bilma)Zone du TÉNÉRÉ (fr)  (Bilma)
TIBESTI-CHAHI
Teda Kingdom of NORTH-EAST TIBESTI  (Bardai)Derdï TIBESTI CHAHÏ  (Bardaï)
TIBESTI-GUETTY
Teda Kingdom of SOUTH-WEST TIBESTI  (Zouar)Derdï TIBESTI GUETTY  (Zouar)
UPPER SENEGAL AND MIDDLE NIGER
UPPER SENEGAL AND MIDDLE NIGER Colony  (Kayes)Colonie du HAUT-SÉNÉGAL-ET-MOYEN-NIGER (fr)  (Kayes)
WHITE NILE
WHITE NILE Province Division : White Nile Directorate  (Duem)Mudiria AN-NIL AL-ABYAD : مديرية النيل الأبيض (ar) + Mudirate of WHITE NILE (en)  (Al Duem)
ZAMBESIA
ZAMBESIA Company  (Quilimane)Companhia de ZAMBÉSIA (pt)  (Quelimane)
ZANFARA
ZANFARA Emirate  (Zurmi)Sarkin SANFARA : زامفارا (ha) + Sarkin ZAMFARA : زامفارا (ff)  (Zurmi)
ZINDER
French Autonomous Military Territory of ZINDER  (Sorbo Hausa)Territoire militaire autonome français de ZINDER (fr)  (Sorbo Haoussa)

104 Federated or Constituent Polities


Territories & Dependencies


ADJACENT ISLANDS
Adjacent Islands of MADEIRA PORTO SANTO AND AZORES  (Funchal + Porto Santo + Ponta Delgada)Ilhas Adjacentes da MADEIRA PORTO SANTO E AÇORES (pt)  (Funchal + Porto Santo + Ponta Delgada)
AGWE
French-German Colonial Authority on the Ewe State of AGWE  (Agwe)État d''AGOUÉ (fr) + Staat AGOUÉ (de) + AGWE (ewe)  (Agoué)
ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN
Condominium of ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN  (Khartoum)Condominium of ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN (en) + AL-SUDAN AL-MUSR YAL-ANGELAZY : السودان المصرى الإنجليزى (ar)  (Khartoum)
ASCENSION ISLAND
British Territory of ASCENSION ISLAND  (Georgetown)British Territory of ASCENSION ISLAND (en)  (Georgetown)
BRITISH EAST AFRICA
BRITISH EAST AFRICA Protectorate  (Nairobi)BRITISH EAST AFRICA Protectorate (en)  (Nairobi)
BRITISH ORANGE RIVER
BRITISH ORANGE RIVER Colony  (Bloemfontein)BRITISH ORANGE RIVER Colony (en)  (Bloemfontein)
BUSONGORA
BUSONGORA Kingdom  (Muhokya)BUSONGORA Kingdom (en) + Omubiito bwa BUSONGORA (sod)  (Muhokya)
CAPE BLANC
Territory of CAPE BLANC  (Nouadhibou)Territoire du CAP BLANC (fr)  (Nouadhibou)
CAPE VERDE ISLANDS
Portuguese Colony of CAPE VERDE ISLANDS  (Praia)Colônia das ILHAS DO CABO VERDE (pt)  (Vila da Praia)
CHAD
Military Territory of the Lands and Protectorates of CHAD  (Fort Lamy)Territoire militaire des Terres et Protectorats du TCHAD (fr)  (Fort Lamy)
COASTAL KENYA
Coastal Domains of Zanzibar : KENYA Protectorate  (Mombasa)KENYA Protectorate (en)  (Mombasa)
ERITREA
Italian Colony of ERITREA  (Mitsiwa)Colonia italiana dell''ERITREA (it)  (Massaua)
FRENCH ALGERIA
Governorate-General of ALGERIA  (Algiers)Gouvernorat-général de l''ALGÉRIE (fr)  (Alger)
FRENCH CONGO AND DEPENDENCIES
Colony of FRENCH CONGO AND DEPENDENCIES  (Libreville)Colonie du CONGO FRANÇAIS ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Libreville)
FRENCH SAHARA
Protectorate of the Military Territories of FRENCH SAHARA  (Beni-Abbes)Territoires militaires du SAHARA FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Béni-Abbès)
FRENCH SOMALI COAST
FRENCH SOMALILAND Colony : French Somali Coast  (Jibuti)Colonie de la CÔTE FRANÇAISE DES SOMALIS (fr)  (Djibouti)
FRENCH WEST AFRICA
Federation of FRENCH WEST AFRICA  (Goree + Dakar)Fédération de l''AFRIQUE OCCIDENTALE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Gorée + Dakar)
GALLA LAND
Ethiopian Territory of GALLA LAND  ((Moyale))GALLE Mereti : ጋላ መሬት (am)  ((Moyaalee))
GAMBIA
GAMBIA Colony and Protectorate  (Bathurst)GAMBIA Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Bathurst)
GERMAN BAROTZILAND
GERMAN BAROTSELAND Territory  (Itenge)DEUTSCH-BAROTSELAND Gebiet (de)  (Itenge)
GERMAN CAMEROON
German Crown Land of CAMEROON : German Protectorate of Cameroon  (Buea)Deutsche Kolonie KAMERUN : Schutzgebiet Kamerun (de)  (Buea)
GERMAN EAST AFRICA
GERMAN EAST AFRICA Colony  (Daressalam)Schutzgebiet DEUTSCH-OSTAFRIKA (de)  (Daressalam)
GERMAN SOUTH WEST AFRICA
GERMAN SOUTH WEST AFRICA Crown Colony  (Windhuk)Kronkolonie von DEUTSCH-SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhuk)
GOLD COAST
GOLD COAST Colony  (Accra)GOLD COAST Colony (en)  (Accra)
GOZO AND COMINO
Dependencies of GOZO AND COMINO  (Victoria-Rabat)Dependencies of GOZO AND COMINO (en)  (Victoria-Rabat)
GULF OF GUINEA
Spanish Territories in THE GULF OF GUINEA  (Santa Isabel)Territorios españoles del GOLFO DE GUINEA (es)  (Santa Isabel)
ILLUBABOR
ILLUBABOR Province [Administered by Shoa]  (Gorie)ILLUBABER Kilili : ኢሉባቦር ክልል (am)  (Gore)
ISLAND OF MALTA AND DEPENDENCIES
British Crown Colony of the ISLAND OF MALTA AND ITS DEPENDENCIES  (Valletta)Crown Colony of the ISLAND OF MALTA AND ITS DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Valletta)
ITALIAN SOMALILAND
Governorate of ITALIAN SOMALILAND  (Mogadishu)Governatorato di SOMALIA ITALIANA (it)  (Mogadiscio)
JIMMA ABA JIFAR
Autonomous Giba Sultanate of JIMMA ABA JIFAR  (Jimma)Moti JIMA ''ABA JAFAR : ጅማ (am) + Moti JIMA ''ABA JAFAR : ጅማ (jnj)  (Jima)
JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND
French Leased Dependency of JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND  (Saint Christophe)Dépendance française de l''ÎLE JUAN DE NOVA (fr)  (Saint-Christophe)
KATANGA
Special Committee of KATANGA  (Kambove)Comité spécial du KATANGA (fr)  (Kambové)
KAZEMBE
British South Africa Company Protectorate on the Luba-Lunda State of KAZEMBE  (Fort Rosebery)British South Africa Company Protectorate on KAZEMBE State (en) + Mwata KAZEMBE (sw)  (Fort Rosebery)
KUBA
Confederation of the KUBA Kingdom  (Kamonia)Nyimi BUSHOONG (buf) + Royaume KOUBA (fr) + Reino KUBA (pt)  (Kamonia)
LADO
Territory of LADO Enclave : Rejaf Enclave  (Rejaf)Territoire de l''Enclave de LADO (fr)  (Rédjaf)
LOMAMI
LOMAMI Company  (Opala)Compagnie du LOMAMI (fr)  (Opala)
LWIMBI
Chokwe State of LWIMBI  (Lwimbi)Luimbi : LWIMBI (lum) + Estado de LUIMBE (pt)  (Luimbe)
MADAGASCAR AND DEPENDENCIES
Governorate-General of the FRENCH MADAGASCAR Colony  (Tananarive)Colonie française de MADAGASCAR (fr)  (Tananarive)
MAURITIUS AND DEPENDENCIES
British Colony of THE MAURITIUS AND ITS DEPENDENCIES  (Port Louis)British Colony of THE MAURITIUS AND ITS DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Port Louis)
MAYOTTE AND DEPENDENCIES
French Colony of MAYOTTE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Dzaoudzi)Colonie française de MAYOTTE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Dzaoudzi)
NIGERIA
BRITISH NIGERIAN Colonies : Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria  (Old Calabar + Lagos + Lokoja)BRITISH NIGERIAN Colonies : Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria (en)  (Old Calabar + Lagos + Lokoja)
NORTH AFRICA
Spanish General Captaincy of NORTH AFRICA  (Ceuta + Melilla)Capitanía General de las Posesiones de ÁFRICA DEL NORTE (es)  (Ceuta + Melilla)
OGADEN
Ethiopian Territory of OGADEN  (Deghabur)Ye''OGADENI Kilili : የኦጋዴን ክልል (am)  (Degeh Bur)
PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA
Governorate-General of the PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA Colony  (Lourenzo Marques)Colônia de ÁFRICA ORIENTAL PORTUGUESA (pt)  (Lourenço Marques)
PORTUGUESE GUINEA
Colony of PORTUGUESE GUINEA  (Bolama)Colônia da GUINÉ PORTUGUESA (pt)  (Bolama)
PORTUGUESE WEST AFRICA
Governorate-General of the Crown Colony of PORTUGUESE WEST AFRICA  (Saint Paul of Loanda)Colônia de AFRICA DEL OESTE PORTUGUÊS (pt)  (São Paulo de Luanda)
REUNION
French Colony of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)Colonie française de la RÉUNION (fr)  (Saint-Denis de La Réunion)
SAINT HELENA
British Crown Colony of SAINT HELENA  (Jamestown)British Crown Colony of SAINT HELENA (en)  (Jamestown)
SAINT HELENA DOMAIN
French National Domain on SAINT HELENA ISLAND : Longwood House and Valley of the Tomb  (Longwood House)Domaine français de SAINTE-HÉLÈNE (fr)  (Longwood House)
SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE
United Portuguese Crown Colony of SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE  (Saint Thomas)Colônia da coroa portuguesa de SÃO THOMÉ E PRÍNCIPE (pt)  (São Thomé)
SARRA TRIANGLE
Anglo-Egyptian Territory of SARRA TRIANGLE  (Matan As-Sarra)Territory of SARRA TRIANGLE  (Ma''tan as-Sarra)
SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate  (Freetown)SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Freetown)
SINAI PENINSULA
Egyptian Administration of SINAI PENINSULA  (Arish)Mintaqah SINA : منطقة سيناء (ar) + Egyptian Administration of SINAI PENINSULA (en) + SINA Yarımadası : سيناء (ota)  (El Arish)
SMARA
Sheikhdom of SMARA  (Smara)Mashaykat ES-SMARA : المشيخة أسمرة (ar)  (Es-Smara)
SOUTHERN AFRICA
High Commission in and for South Africa : High Commission Territories of SOUTHERN AFRICA  (Cape Town)High Commission in and for South Africa : High Commission Territories of SOUTHERN AFRICA (en)  (Cape Town)
SOUTHERN LIBYAN DESERT
SOUTHERN LIBYAN DESERT Area  (-)SOUTHERN LIBYAN DESERT Area  (-)
SPANISH WEST AFRICA
Territories of SPANISH WEST AFRICA  (Las Palmas of Great Canary)Territorios del ÁFRICA OCCIDENTAL ESPAÑOLA (es)  (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)
SUEZ CANAL
Universal SUEZ SHIP CANAL Company  (Port Suez)Universal SUEZ SHIP CANAL Company (en)  (Port Suez)
TANGANYIKA
TANGANYIKA Concessions  (Pweto)TANGANYIKA Concessions (en)  (Pweto)
TIGRE
Province of the Principality of TIGRE  (Mekele)Gizati TƏGRAY : ግዛት ትግራይ (gez) + TIGRĀY Gizati : ትግራይ ግዛት (am)  (Mek''elē)
TOGOLAND
German Protectorate of TOGOLAND  (Lome)Schutzgebiet TOGOLAND (de)  (Lome)
TRANSVAAL
British Colony of TRANSVAAL  (Pretoria)British Colony of TRANSVAAL (en)  (Pretoria)
TRISTAN DA CUNHA
British Territory of TRISTAN DA CUNHA Group of Islands  (Edinburgh of The Seven Seas)British Territory of TRISTAN DA CUNHA Group of Islands (en)  (Edinburgh of The Seven Seas)
UGANDA
British Protectorate of UGANDA  (Kampala)British Protectorate of UGANDA (en)  (Kampala)
UPPER VOLTA
French Protectorate of UPPER VOLTA  (Waghadugu)Protectorat français de la HAUTE-VOLTA (fr)  (Woghodogo)

65 Territories & Dependencies



International Organizations or Groupings (selective list)


BRITISH WEST AFRICA
Organisation
BRITISH WEST AFRICAN Territories  (Lagos + Freetown + Bathurst + Accra)BRITISH WEST AFRICAN Territories (en)  (Lagos + Freetown + Bathurst + Accra) King Edward VII
MOROCCO-AMERICA
Organisation
MOROCCAN-AMERICAN Treaty of Friendship  (Rabat + Washington-District of Columbia)MOROCCAN-AMERICAN Treaty of Friendship (en) + Mueahadat al-Sadaqat AL-MAGHRIBAT AL-''AMRIKIA : معاهدة الصداقة المغربية الأمريكية (ar)  (Ar-Ribat + Washington-District of Columbia) Chiefs of States
ORIENTAL ORTHODOXISM
Organisation
Old Oriental Churches : ORIENTAL ORTHODOX Churches  (Alexandria + Echmiadzin)AREVELYAN UGHGHAP’ARR yekeghets’iner : ԱՐևԵԼՅԱՆ ՈՒՂՂԱՓԱՌ եկեղեցիներ (hy) + Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ̀ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ (cop)  (Iskenderiye + Echmiadzin) Pope Cyril V (eg)
PAN-AFRICA
Organisation
PAN-AFRICAN Conference  (London)PAN-AFRICAN Conference (en)  (London) Henry Sylvester-Williams (uk)

4 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)


Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ
   
Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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