w.ethnia.org
   w.ethnia.org
 

1944-NOV-29



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED POLITIES  ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES
 ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


AMERICA
SDN Observer
United States of America : USA  (Washington-District of Columbia)United States of America : USA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
CANADA
SDN Member
Dominion of CANADA  (Ottawa)Dominion of CANADA (en) + Dominion du CANADA (fr)  (Ottawa) King George VI
COSTA RICA
Republic of COSTA RICA  (San Jose)República de COSTA RICA (es)  (San José) President Teodoro Picado Michalski
CUBA
SDN Member
Republic of CUBA  (Havana)República de CUBA (es)  (La Habana) President Ramon Grau San Martin
DOMINICAN
SDN Member
DOMINICAN Republic  (Ciudad Trujillo)República DOMINICANA (es)  (Ciudad Trujillo) President Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
EL SALVADOR
PCA Member
Republic of EL SALVADOR  (San Salvador)República de EL SALVADOR (es)  (San Salvador) Colonel Osmin Aguirre y Salinas
GUATEMALA
PCA Member
Revolutionary Government Junta of the Republic of GUATEMALA  (Guatemala City)Junta de Gobierno Revolucionaria de la República de GUATEMALA (es)  (Ciudad de La Nueva Guatemala de La Asunción) Revolutionary Government Junta
HAITI
PCA Member
Republic of HAITI  (Port Au Prince)Repiblik dAYTI (ht) + République d''HAÏTI (fr)  (Pòtoprens) President Elie Lescot
HONDURAS
Republic of HONDURAS  (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela)República de HONDURAS (es)  (Tegucigalpa + Comayagüela) President Tiburcio Carias Andino
ICELAND
SDN Observer
Republic of ICELAND  (Reykjavik)Lýðveldið ÍSLAND (is)  (Reykjavík) President Sveinn Bjornsson
MEXICO
SDN Member
United Mexican States : MEXICO  (Mexico City)Estados Unidos Méxicanos : MÉXICO (es)  (Ciudad de México) President Manuel Avila Camacho
NICARAGUA
PCA Member
Republic of NICARAGUA  (Managua)República de NICARAGUA (es)  (Managua) President Anastasio Somoza Garcia

12 Polities


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


MATAMOROS
Rebellion
Cartel of MATAMOROS  (Matamoros)Cártel de MATAMOROS (es)  (Matamoros) Juan Nepomuceno Guerra Cardenas
NATION OF ISLAM
Rebellion
Community of THE NATION OF ISLAM  (Detroit)Community of THE NATION OF ISLAM (en)  (Detroit) Elijah Muhammad

2 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
United States Protectorate of ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES  (Willemstad)United States Protectorate of ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES (en)  (Willemstad)
GREENLAND
United States Protectorate of GREENLAND  (Godthaab)Protectorate of GREENLAND (en) + Protektoratet GRØNLAND (da)  (Godthaab)

2 Protected Entities


Federated or Constituent Polities


AGUASCALIENTES
Free and Sovereign State of AGUASCALIENTES  (Aguascalientes City)Estado Libre y Soberano de AGUASCALIENTES (es)  (Ciudad de Aguascalientes)
ALABAMA
State of ALABAMA  (Montgomery)State of ALABAMA (en)  (Montgomery)
ALBERTA
Province of ALBERTA  (Edmonton)Province of ALBERTA (en)  (Edmonton)
ARIZONA
State of ARIZONA  (Phoenix)State of ARIZONA (en)  (Phoenix)
ARKANSAS
State of ARKANSAS  (Little Rock)State of ARKANSAS (en)  (Little Rock)
ARUBA
United States Protectorate of ARUBA  (Oranjestad)United States Protectorate of ARUBA (en)  (Oranjestad)
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Province of BRITISH COLUMBIA  (City of Victoria)Province of BRITISH COLUMBIA (en)  (City of Victoria)
BRITISH LEEWARD ISLANDS
Federal Colony of THE LEEWARD ISLANDS  (Saint John''s)Federal Colony of THE LEEWARD ISLANDS (en)  (Saint John''s)
BRITISH WINDWARD ISLANDS
Federal Colony of THE WINDWARD ISLANDS  (Saint George''s)Federal Colony of THE WINDWARD ISLANDS (en)  (Saint George''s)
CALIFORNIA
State of CALIFORNIA  (Sacramento)State of CALIFORNIA (en)  (Sacramento)
CAMPECHE
Free and Sovereign State of CAMPECHE  (San Francisco of Campeche)Estado Libre y Soberano de CAMPECHE (es)  (San Francisco de Campeche)
CHIAPAS
Free and Sovereign State of CHIAPAS  (Tuxtla Gutierrez)Estado Libre y Soberano de CHIAPAS (es)  (Tuxtla Gutiérrez)
CHIHUAHUA
Free and Sovereign State of CHIHUAHUA  (Chihuahua)Estado Libre y Soberano de CHIHUAHUA (es)  (Chihuahua)
COAHUILA OF ZARAGOZA
Free and Sovereign State of COAHUILA OF ZARAGOZA  (Saltillo)Estado Libre y Soberano de COAHUILA DE ZARAGOZA (es)  (Saltillo)
COLIMA
Free and Sovereign State of COLIMA  (Colima)Estado Libre y Soberano de COLIMA (es)  (Colima)
COLORADO
State of COLORADO  (Denver)State of COLORADO (en)  (Denver)
CONNECTICUT
State of CONNECTICUT  (Hartford)State of CONNECTICUT (en)  (Hartford)
CURACAO AND DEPENDENCIES
United States Protectorate of CURACAO AND DEPENDENCIES  (Willemstad)United States Protectorate of CURAÇAO AND DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Willemstad)
DELAWARE
State of DELAWARE  (Dover)State of DELAWARE (en)  (Dover)
DURANGO
Free and Sovereign State of DURANGO  (Victoria of Durango)Estado Libre y Soberano de DURANGO (es)  (Victoria de Durango)
FLORIDA
State of FLORIDA  (Tallahassee)State of FLORIDA (en)  (Tallahassee)
GEORGIA
State of GEORGIA  (Atlanta)State of GEORGIA (en)  (Atlanta)
GUANAJUATO
Free and Sovereign State of GUANAJUATO  (Guanajuato)Estado Libre y Soberano de GUANAJUATO (es)  (Guanajuato)
GUERRERO
Free and Sovereign State of GUERRERO  (Chilpancingo of the Bravo)Estado Libre y Soberano de GUERRERO (es)  (Chilpancingo de Los Bravo)
HIDALGO
Free and Sovereign State of HIDALGO  (Pachuca)Estado Libre y Soberano de HIDALGO (es)  (Pachuca)
IDAHO
State of IDAHO  (Boise)State of IDAHO (en)  (Boise)
ILLINOIS
State of ILLINOIS  (Springfield)State of ILLINOIS (en)  (Springfield)
INDIANA
State of INDIANA  (Indianapolis)State of INDIANA (en)  (Indianapolis)
INDIANS OF AMERICA AND ALASKA
Office for Native Americans in the United States Native American Tribes and Alaska Natives : INDIANS OF AMERICA AND ALASKA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Office for Native Americans in the United States Native American Tribes and Alaska Natives : INDIANS OF AMERICA AND ALASKA  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IOWA
State of IOWA  (Des Moines)State of IOWA (en)  (Des Moines)
JALISCO
Free and Sovereign State of JALISCO  (Guadalajara)Estado Libre y Soberano de JALISCO (es)  (Guadalajara)
KANSAS
State of KANSAS  (Topeka)State of KANSAS (en)  (Topeka)
KENTUCKY
Commonwealth of KENTUCKY  (Frankfort)Commonwealth of KENTUCKY (en)  (Frankfort)
LOUISIANA
State of LOUISIANA  (Baton Rouge)State of LOUISIANA (en) + État de LOUISIANE (fr)  (Baton Rouge)
MAINE
State of MAINE  (Augusta)State of MAINE (en) + État du MAINE (fr)  (Augusta)
MANITOBA
Province of MANITOBA  (Winnipeg)Province of MANITOBA (en)  (Winnipeg)
MARYLAND
State of MARYLAND  (Annapolis)State of MARYLAND (en)  (Annapolis)
MASSACHUSETTS
Commonwealth of MASSACHUSETTS  (Boston)Commonwealth of MASSACHUSETTS (en)  (Boston)
MEXICO STATE
Free and Sovereign State of MEXICO : Edomex  (Toluca of Lerdo)Estado Libre y Soberano de MÉXICO : Edoméx (es)  (Toluca de Lerdo)
MICHIGAN
State of MICHIGAN  (Lansing)State of MICHIGAN (en)  (Lansing)
MICHOACAN OF OCAMPO
Free and Sovereign State of MICHOACAN OF OCAMPO  (Morelia)Estado Libre y Soberano de MICHOACÁN DE OCAMPO (es)  (Morelia)
MINNESOTA
State of MINNESOTA  (Saint Paul)State of MINNESOTA (en)  (Saint Paul)
MISSISSIPPI
State of MISSISSIPPI  (Jackson)State of MISSISSIPPI (en)  (Jackson)
MISSOURI
State of MISSOURI  (Jefferson City)State of MISSOURI (en)  (Jefferson City)
MONTANA
State of MONTANA  (Helena)State of MONTANA (en)  (Helena)
MORELOS
Free and Sovereign State of MORELOS  (Cuernavaca)Estado Libre y Soberano de MORELOS (es)  (Cuernavaca)
NAYARIT
Free and Sovereign State of NAYARIT  (Tepic)Estado Libre y Soberano de NAYARIT (es)  (Tepic)
NEBRASKA
State of NEBRASKA  (Lincoln)State of NEBRASKA (en)  (Lincoln)
NETHERLANDS LEEWARD ISLANDS
Union of NETHERLANDS LEEDWARD ISLANDS Island Area  (Philipsburg)Eilandgebied BOVENWINDSE EILANDEN (nl) + Union of NETHERLANDS LEEDWARD ISLANDS Island Area (en)  (Philipsburg)
NEVADA
State of NEVADA  (Carson City)State of NEVADA (en)  (Carson City)
NEW BRUNSWICK
Province of NEW BRUNSWICK  (Fredericton)Province of NEW BRUNSWICK (en)  (Fredericton)
NEW HAMPSHIRE
State of NEW HAMPSHIRE  (Concord)State of NEW HAMPSHIRE (en)  (Concord)
NEW JERSEY
State of NEW JERSEY  (Trenton)State of NEW JERSEY (en)  (Trenton)
NEW LEON
Free and Sovereign State of NEW LEON  (Monterrey)Estado Libre y Soberano de NUEVO LEÓN (es)  (Monterrey)
NEW MEXICO
State of NEW MEXICO  (Santa Fe New Mexico)State of NEW MEXICO (en) + Estado de NUEVO MÉXICO (es)  (Santa Fe New Mexico)
NEW SPARTA
NEW SPARTA State  (La Asuncion)Estado NUEVA ESPARTA (es)  (La Asunción)
NEW YORK
State of NEW YORK  (Albany)State of NEW YORK (en)  (Albany)
NORTH CAROLINA
State of NORTH CAROLINA  (Raleigh)State of NORTH CAROLINA (en)  (Raleigh)
NORTH DAKOTA
State of NORTH DAKOTA  (Bismarck)State of NORTH DAKOTA (en)  (Bismarck)
NORTH GREENLAND
Governorate of NORTH GREENLAND  (Guthaven)Territory of NORTH GREENLAND (en) + Landsdele NORDGRØNLAND (da)  (Godhavn)
NOVA SCOTIA
Province of NOVA SCOTIA  (Halifax)Province of NOVA SCOTIA (en)  (Halifax)
OAXACA
Free and Sovereign State of OAXACA  (Oaxaca of Juarez)Estado Libre y Soberano de OAXACA (es)  (Oaxaca de Juárez)
OHIO
State of OHIO  (Columbus)State of OHIO (en)  (Columbus)
OKLAHOMA
State of OKLAHOMA  (Oklahoma City)State of OKLAHOMA (en)  (Oklahoma City)
ONTARIO
Province of ONTARIO  (Toronto)Province of ONTARIO (en)  (Toronto)
OREGON
State of OREGON  (Salem)State of OREGON (en)  (Salem)
PENNSYLVANIA
Commonwealth of PENNSYLVANIA  (Harrisburg)Commonwealth of PENNSYLVANIA (en)  (Harrisburg)
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
Province of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND  (Charlottetown)Province of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND (en)  (Charlottetown)
PUEBLA
Free and Sovereign State of PUEBLA  (Puebla of Zaragoza)Estado Libre y Soberano de PUEBLA (es)  (Puebla de Zaragoza)
QUEBEC
Province of QUEBEC  (Quebec City)Province of QUEBEC (en)  (Quebec City)
QUERETARO ARTEAGA
Free and Sovereign State of QUERETARO ARTEAGA  (Santiago of Queretaro)Estado Libre y Soberano de QUERÉTARO DE ARTEAGA (es)  (Muy Noble y Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Querétaro)
RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS
State of RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS  (Providence)State of RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS (en)  (Providence)
SAINT LOUIS POTOSI
Free and Sovereign State of SAINT LOUIS POTOSI  (Saint Louis Potosi)Estado Libre y Soberano de SAN LUIS POTOSÍ (es)  (San Luis Potosí)
SASKATCHEWAN
Province of SASKATCHEWAN  (Regina)Province of SASKATCHEWAN (en)  (Regina)
SINALOA
Free and Sovereign State of SINALOA  (Culiacan)Estado Libre y Soberano de SINALOA (es)  (Culiacán)
SONORA
Free and Sovereign State of SONORA  (Hermosillo)Estado Libre y Soberano de SONORA (es)  (Hermosillo)
SOUTH CAROLINA
State of SOUTH CAROLINA  (Columbia)State of SOUTH CAROLINA (en)  (Columbia)
SOUTH DAKOTA
State of SOUTH DAKOTA  (Pierre)State of SOUTH DAKOTA (en)  (Pierre)
SOUTH GREENLAND
Governorate of SOUTH GREENLAND  (Godthaab)Territory of SOUTH GREENLAND (en) + Landsdele SYDGRØNLAND (da)  (Godthaab)
TABASCO
Free and Sovereign State of TABASCO  (Villahermosa)Estado Libre y Soberano de TABASCO (es)  (Villahermosa)
TAMAULIPAS
Free and Sovereign State of TAMAULIPAS  (Victoria City)Estado Libre y Soberano de TAMAULIPAS (es)  (Ciudad Victoria)
TENNESSEE
State of TENNESSEE  (Nashville)State of TENNESSEE (en)  (Nashville)
TEXAS
State of TEXAS  (Austin)State of TEXAS (en)  (Austin)
TLAXCALA
Free and Sovereign State of TLAXCALA  (Tlaxcala of Xicotencatl)Estado Libre y Soberano de TLAXCALA (es)  (Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl)
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
British Colony of TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO  (Port-of-Spain)British Colony of TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (en)  (Port-of-Spain)
UTAH
State of UTAH  (Salt Lake City)State of UTAH (en)  (Salt Lake City)
VERACRUZ OF IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE
Free and Sovereign State of VERACRUZ OF IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE  (Xalapa-Enriquez)Estado Libre y Soberano de VERACRUZ DE IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE (es)  (Xalapa-Enríquez)
VERMONT
State of VERMONT  (Montpelier)State of VERMONT (en)  (Montpelier)
VIRGINIA
Commonwealth of VIRGINIA  (Richmond)Commonwealth of VIRGINIA (en)  (Richmond)
WASHINGTON
State of WASHINGTON  (Olympia)State of WASHINGTON (en)  (Olympia)
WEST VIRGINIA
State of WEST VIRGINIA  (Charleston)State of WEST VIRGINIA (en)  (Charleston)
WISCONSIN
State of WISCONSIN  (Madison)State of WISCONSIN (en)  (Madison)
WYOMING
State of WYOMING  (Cheyenne)State of WYOMING (en)  (Cheyenne)
YUCATAN
Free and Sovereign State of YUCATAN  (Merida)Estado Libre y Soberano de YUCATÁN (es)  (Mérida)
ZACATECAS
Free and Sovereign State of ZACATECAS  (Zacatecas)Estado Libre y Soberano de ZACATECAS (es)  (Zacatecas)

95 Federated or Constituent Polities


Territories & Dependencies


ALASKA
Territory of ALASKA  (Juneau)Territory of ALASKA (en)  (Juneau)
AMERICAN BERMUDA
American Military Bases in BERMUDA  (Fort Bell)American Military Bases in BERMUDA (en)  (Fort Bell)
ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
United States Protectorate of ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES  (Willemstad)United States Protectorate of ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES (en)  (Willemstad)
BAHAMAS
British Crown Colony of THE BAHAMAS  (Nassau)British Crown Colony of THE BAHAMAS (en)  (Nassau)
BERMUDA ISLANDS
Crown Colony of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS : Crown Colony of The Somers Isles  (Hamilton)Crown Colony of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS : Crown Colony of The Somers Isles (en)  (Hamilton)
BRITISH HONDURAS
Crown Colony of BRITISH HONDURAS  (Belize City)Crown Colony of BRITISH HONDURAS (en)  (Belize City)
BRITISH WEST INDIES
BRITISH WEST INDIES Territories  (Port-of-Spain)BRITISH WEST INDIES Territories (en)  (Port-of-Spain)
CAPE GRACIAS A DIOS
Comarca of CAPE GRACIAS A DIOS : Comarca of Cape Thank God  (Rosita)Comarca del CABO GRACIAS A DIOS (es)  (Rosita)
COLUMBIA
District of COLUMBIA  (Washington-District of Columbia)District of COLUMBIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
CORN ISLANDS
Leased Territory of CORN ISLANDS  (Corn Island)Leased Territory of CORN ISLANDS (en) + Territorio de las ISLAS DEL MAÍZ (es)  (Corn Island)
FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES
FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES of Venezuela : High Sea  (Gran Roque)DEPENDENCIAS FEDERALES Venezolanas (es)  (Gran Roque)
GEORGES BANK
GEORGES BANK Area  (-)GEORGES BANK Area (en)  (-)
GREEN ISLAND
GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)GREEN ISLAND Archipelago (en) + Archipel de l''ÎLE VERTE (fr)  (Île Verte)
GREENLAND
United States Protectorate of GREENLAND  (Godthaab)Protectorate of GREENLAND (en) + Protektoratet GRØNLAND (da)  (Godthaab)
GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES
General Council of GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Basse-Terre)Conseil général de la GUADELOUPE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Basse-Terre)
GUANTANAMO BAY
GUANTANAMO BAY United States Naval Operating Base  (Guantanamo Bay)GUANTANAMO BAY United States Naval Operating Base (en)  (Guantanamo Bay)
HOKKAIDO
HOKKAIDO Agency  (Sapporo)HOKKAIDŌ-Chō : 北海道庁 (ja)  (Sapporo)
INDIANS OF AMERICA
Office of Indian Affairs : OIA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Office of Indian Affairs : OIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INDIANS OF CANADA
League of INDIANS OF CANADA  (Ottawa)Reserves of CANADIAN INDIAN Bands (en) + Réserves des Bandes INDIENNES CANADIENNES (fr)  (Ottawa)
JAMAICA
British Colony of JAMAICA  (Kingston)British Colony of JAMAICA (en)  (Kingston)
LOWER CALIFORNIA NORTH
Northern Territory of LOWER CALIFORNIA  (Mexicali)Territorio del NORTE DE LA BAJA CALIFORNIA (es)  (Mexicali)
LOWER CALIFORNIA SOUTH
Southern Territory of LOWER CALIFORNIA  (La Paz)Territorio del SUR DE LA BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR (es)  (La Paz)
MARTINIQUE
French Colony of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France)Colonie française de la MARTINIQUE (fr)  (Fort-de-France)
MEXICO CITY
FEDERAL DISTRICT of Mexico City  (Mexico City)DISTRITO FEDERAL de la Ciudad de México (es)  (Ciudad de México)
NEWFOUNDLAND
Crown Colony of NEWFOUNDLAND  (Saint John''s)Crown Colony of NEWFOUNDLAND (en)  (Saint John''s)
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES  (Fort Smith + Ottawa)Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES (en) + Territoire fédéral des TERRITOIRES DU NORD-OUEST (fr)  (Fort Smith + Ottawa)
OTTAWA CIVIC HOSPITAL
Extraterritorial Zone of OTTAWA CIVIC HOSPITAL  (Ottawa)Extraterritorial Zone of OTTAWA CIVIC HOSPITAL (en)  (Ottawa)
PUERTO RICO
United States Territory of PUERTO RICO  (San Juan Puerto Rico)United States Territory of PUERTO RICO (en)  (San Juan Puerto Rico)
QUINTANA ROO
Federal Territory of QUINTANA ROO  (Chetumal)Territorio Federal de QUINTANA ROO (es)  (Chetumal)
SAINT ANDREW AND PROVIDENCE
SAINT ANDREW AND PROVIDENCE Intendency  (Saint Andrew)Intendencia de SAN ANDRÉS Y PROVIDENCIA (es)  (San Andrés)
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON
French Colony of SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON  (Saint Pierre)Colonie française de SAINT-PIERRE-ET-MIQUELON (fr)  (Saint-Pierre)
UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS
Unincorporated Territory of THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS  (Charlotte Amalie)Unincorporated Territory of THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS (en)  (Charlotte Amalie)
YUKON
YUKON Territory  (Dawson City)YUKON Territory (en) + Territoire du YUKON (fr)  (Dawson City)

33 Territories & Dependencies



International Organizations or Groupings (selective list)


ALLIED POWERS
Organisation
Military Defence Pact of THE ALLIED POWERS  (Washington-District of Columbia)Military Defence Pact of THE ALLIED POWERS (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Four Policemen
BOUNDARY WATERS
Organisation
International Joint Commission : IJC  (Chicago + Sault Sainte Marie)International Joint Commission : IJC (en) + Commission Mixte Internationale : CMI (fr)  (Chicago + Sault Sainte Marie) Rulers of United States and Canada
CIVIL AVIATION
Organisation
Convention on International CIVIL AVIATION  (Chicago)Convention on International CIVIL AVIATION (en) + Convention sur l''AVIATION CIVILE Internationale (fr)  (Chicago) SG Albert Roper (fr)
ILO
Organisation
International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Montréal) DG Edward Phelan (ie)
INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY
Organisation
Washington Conversations on INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY Organization  (Washington-District of Columbia)INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY Organization (en) + Organización de la PAZ Y LA SEGURIDAD INTERNACIONAL (es) + Organisation de la PAIX ET DE LA SÉCURITÉ INTERNATIONALE (fr) + Organizatsiya po MEZHDUNARODNOMU MIRU I BEZOPASNOSTI : Организация по МЕЖДУНАРОДНОМУ МИРУ И БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ (ru) + KUO-CHI HO-P''ING AN-CH''ÜAN Tsu-Chih : 國際和平與安全組織 (zh)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Allied Security Council
JEWISH PEOPLE
Organisation
World Jewish Congress : WJC  (New York City)Al-Mutamar al-Yahudiu al-Ealamiu - MYA : المؤتمر اليهودي العالمي (ar) + Jüdischer Weltkongress : JWK (de) + World Jewish Congress : WJC (en) + Congreso Judío Mundial : CJM (es) + WJC : کنگره جهانی یهودیان (fa) + Congrès Juif Mondial : CJM (fr) + WJC : הקונגרס היהודי העולמי (he) + Zsidó Világkongresszus : ZVK (hu) + Congresso Ebraico Mondiale : CEM (it) + Światowy Kongres Żydowski : ŚKŻ (pl) + Vsemirnyy Yevreyskiy Kongress : VYK - Всемирный Еврейский Конгресс : ВЕК (ru)  (New York City) President Rabbi Stephen Samuel Wise (us)
PACIFIC HALIBUT
Organisation
International Pacific Halibut Commission : IPHC  (Seattle)International Pacific Halibut Commission : IPHC (en)  (Seattle) Director Henry Dunlop (us)
PACIFIC SALMON
Organisation
International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission : IPSFC  (Vancouver)International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission : IPSFC (en)  (Vancouver) Representatives for Canada and the United States
PAN-AMERICAN HEALTH
Organisation
Pan-American Sanitary Bureau : PASB  (Washington-District of Columbia)Pan-American Sanitary Bureau : PASB (en) + Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana : OSP (es) + Bureau Sanitaire Panaméricain : BSP (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Director Hugh Smith Cumming (us)
PAN-AMERICAN UNION
Organisation
PAN-AMERICAN UNION Bureau  (Washington-District of Columbia)PAN-AMERICAN UNION Bureau (en) + Oficina de la UNIÓN PANAMERICANA (es) + Bureau de l''UNION PANAMÉRICAINE (fr) + Escritório de UNIÃO PAN-AMERICANA (pt)  (Washington-District of Columbia) DG Leo Rowe (us)
PANEUROPA
Organisation
PANEUROPEAN Movement : international Committees for the European Federation  (Washington-District of Columbia)PAN-EUROPA Einigungsbewegung (de) + PANEUROPEAN Movement : international Committees for the European Federation (en) + Mouvement PANEUROPÉEN : Comités internationaux pour la Fédération Européenne (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Count Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi (fr)
UNITED NATIONS
Organisation
UNITED NATIONS of The Allied Powers  (Washington-District of Columbia)UNITED NATIONS of The Allied Powers (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Four Policemen
UNRRA
Organisation
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA  (Washington-District of Columbia)United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) DG Herbert Lehman (us)

13 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)


Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ
   
Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .


  Creative Commons License Licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.