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   w.ethnia.org
 

1992-APR-07



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED POLITIES  ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES
 ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


AMERICA
UNO Member
United States of America : USA  (Washington-District of Columbia)United States of America : USA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President George Herbert Walker Bush
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
UNO Member
Monarchy of ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA  (Saint John''s)Monarchy of ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (en)  (Saint John''s) Queen Elizabeth II
ARUBA
De facto Semi-Independent
ARUBA Autonomous Province  (Oranjestad)Land ARUBA (nl)  (Oranjestad) Queen Beatrix
BAHAMAS
UNO Member
Commonwealth of THE BAHAMAS  (Nassau)Commonwealth of THE BAHAMAS (en)  (Nassau) Queen Elizabeth II
BARBADOS
UNO Member
Monarchy of BARBADOS  (Bridgetown)Monarchy of BARBADOS (en)  (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BELIZE
UNO Member
Monarchy of BELIZE  (Belmopan)Monarchy of BELIZE (en)  (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA
UNO Member
Constitutional Monarchy of CANADA  (Ottawa)Constitutional Monarchy of CANADA (en) + Monarchie constitutionnelle du CANADA (fr)  (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
COSTA RICA
UNO Member
Republic of COSTA RICA  (San Jose)República de COSTA RICA (es)  (San José) President Rafael Angel Calderon Fournier
CUBA
UNO Member
Republic of CUBA  (Havana)República de CUBA (es)  (La Habana) Supreme Leader Fidel Castro
DOMINICA
UNO Member
Commonwealth of DOMINICA  (Roseau)Commonwealth of DOMINICA (en)  (Roseau) President Sir Clarence Augustus Seignoret
DOMINICAN
UNO Member
DOMINICAN Republic  (Santo Domingo de Guzman)República DOMINICANA (es)  (Santo Domingo de Guzmán) President Joaquin Balaguer
GREENLAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous Province of GREENLAND  (Nuuk)KALAALLIT Nunaat (kl) + Autonomt Provins GRØNLAND (da)  (Nuuk) Queen Margaret II
GRENADA
UNO Member
Monarchy of GRENADA  (Saint George''s)Monarchy of GRENADA (en)  (Saint George''s) Queen Elizabeth II
GUATEMALA
UNO Member
Republic of GUATEMALA  (Guatemala City)República de GUATEMALA (es)  (Ciudad de La Nueva Guatemala de La Asunción) President Jorge Serrano Elias
HAITI
UNO Member
Republic of HAITI  (Port Au Prince)Repiblik dAYTI (ht) + République d''HAÏTI (fr)  (Pòtoprens) Raoul Cedras
HONDURAS
UNO Member
Republic of HONDURAS  (Tegucigalpa)República de HONDURAS (es)  (Tegucigalpa) President Rafael Leonardo Callejas
ICELAND
UNO Member
Republic of ICELAND  (Reykjavik)Lýðveldið ÍSLAND (is)  (Reykjavík) President Vigdis Finnbogadottir
JAMAICA
UNO Member
Monarchy of JAMAICA  (Kingston)Monarchy of JAMAICA (en)  (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
MEXICO
UNO Member
United Mexican States : MEXICO  (Mexico City)Estados Unidos Méxicanos : MÉXICO (es)  (Ciudad de México) President Carlos Salinas de Gortari
NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous Province of NETHERLANDS ANTILLES : Dutch Antilles Federation  (Willemstad)Provincie van NEDERLANDSE ANTILLEN (nl) + DUTCH ANTILLES Federation (en)  (Willemstad) Queen Beatrix
NICARAGUA
UNO Member
Republic of NICARAGUA  (Managua)República de NICARAGUA (es)  (Managua) President Violeta Chamorro
PUERTO RICO
De facto Semi-Independent
Commonwealth of PUERTO RICO  (San Juan Puerto Rico)Estado Libre Asociado de PUERTO RICO (es) + Commonwealth of PUERTO RICO (en)  (San Juan Puerto Rico) President George Herbert Walker Bush
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS
UNO Member
Federation of SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS  (Basseterre)Federation of SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS (en)  (Basseterre) Queen Elizabeth II
SAINT LUCIA
UNO Member
Monarchy of SAINT LUCIA  (Castries)Monarchy of SAINT LUCIA (en)  (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
UNO Member
Monarchy of SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES  (Kingstown)Monarchy of SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (en)  (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
SALVADOR
UNO Member
Republic of EL SALVADOR [United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador-ONUSAL]  (San Salvador)República de EL SALVADOR (es)  (San Salvador) President Alfredo Felix Cristiani Burkard
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
UNO Member
Republic of TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO  (Port-of-Spain)Republic of TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (en)  (Port-of-Spain) President Noor Hassanali
ZAPATISTAS
Rebellion
Zapatista National Liberation Army : ZANL  (San Andres Larrainzar)Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional : EZLN (es)  (San Andrés Larráinzar) Fernando Yanez

28 Polities


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


AMERICAN INDIANS
Rebellion
American Indian Movement : AIM  (Minneapolis)American Indian Movement : AIM (en)  (Minneapolis) Dennis Banks
GOLFOS
Rebellion
GULF Cartel  (Matamoros)Cártel del GOLFO (es)  (Matamoros) Juan Garcia Abrego
LUBICON LAKE CREES
Rebellion
Territory of the LUBICON LAKE Nation  (Lubicon Lake + Little Buffalo Indian Settlement)Territory of the LUBICON LAKE Nation (en) + LUBICON Āyapāskāwiyiniwak (cr)  (Lubicon Lake + Little Buffalo Indian Settlement) Chief Bernard Ominayak
MORZANISTS
Rebellion
MORZANIST Patriotic Front  (Morazanist Guerilla)Frente Patriótico MORAZANISTA (es)  (Guerilla Morazanista) Morazanists
NAHUAS OF THE UPPER BALSAS
Rebellion
NAHUAS OF THE UPPER BALSAS Peoples Council  (Tepecoacuilco of Trujano)El Consejo de Pueblos NAHUAS DEL ALTO BALSAS (es)  (Tepecoacuilco de Trujano) Sabino Estrada Guadalupe
NATION OF ISLAM
Rebellion
NATION OF ISLAM Community  (Chicago)NATION OF ISLAM Community (en)  (Chicago) Louis Farrakhan
SINALOA CARTEL
Rebellion
Blood Alliance Federation : SINALOA CARTEL  (Culiacan)Federación de La Alianza de Sangre : CÁRTEL DE SINALOA (es)  (Culiacán) Hector Luis Palma Salazar El Guero
ZAPATISTAS
Rebellion
Zapatista National Liberation Army : ZANL  (San Andres Larrainzar)Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional : EZLN (es)  (San Andrés Larráinzar) Fernando Yanez

8 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


SALVADOR
UNO Member
Republic of EL SALVADOR [United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador-ONUSAL]  (San Salvador)República de EL SALVADOR (es)  (San Salvador)

1 Protected Entity


Federated or Constituent Polities


AGUASCALIENTES
Free and Sovereign State of AGUASCALIENTES  (Aguascalientes)Estado Libre y Soberano de AGUASCALIENTES (es)  (Aguascalientes)
ALABAMA
State of ALABAMA  (Montgomery)State of ALABAMA (en)  (Montgomery)
ALASKA
State of ALASKA  (Juneau)State of ALASKA (en)  (Juneau)
ALBERTA
Province of ALBERTA  (Edmonton)Province of ALBERTA (en)  (Edmonton)
AMERICAN INDIANS
Rebellion
American Indian Movement : AIM  (Minneapolis)American Indian Movement : AIM (en)  (Minneapolis)
ARIZONA
State of ARIZONA  (Phoenix)State of ARIZONA (en)  (Phoenix)
ARKANSAS
State of ARKANSAS  (Little Rock)State of ARKANSAS (en)  (Little Rock)
BONAIRE
BONAIRE Island Region Government  (Kralendyk)Eilandgebied BONAIRE (nl) + BONAIRE Island Region (en)  (Kralendijk)
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Province of BRITISH COLUMBIA  (City of Victoria)Province of BRITISH COLUMBIA (en)  (City of Victoria)
CALIFORNIA
State of CALIFORNIA  (Sacramento)State of CALIFORNIA (en)  (Sacramento)
CAMPECHE
Free and Sovereign State of CAMPECHE  (San Francisco of Campeche)Estado Libre y Soberano de CAMPECHE (es)  (San Francisco de Campeche)
CHIAPAS
Free and Sovereign State of CHIAPAS  (Tuxtla Gutierrez)Estado Libre y Soberano de CHIAPAS (es)  (Tuxtla Gutiérrez)
CHIHUAHUA
Free and Sovereign State of CHIHUAHUA  (Chihuahua)Estado Libre y Soberano de CHIHUAHUA (es)  (Chihuahua)
COAHUILA OF ZARAGOZA
Free and Sovereign State of COAHUILA OF ZARAGOZA  (Saltillo)Estado Libre y Soberano de COAHUILA DE ZARAGOZA (es)  (Saltillo)
COLIMA
Free and Sovereign State of COLIMA  (Colima)Estado Libre y Soberano de COLIMA (es)  (Colima)
COLORADO
State of COLORADO  (Denver)State of COLORADO (en)  (Denver)
CONNECTICUT
State of CONNECTICUT  (Hartford)State of CONNECTICUT (en)  (Hartford)
CURACAO
CURACAO Island Region  (Willemstad)Eilandgebied CURAÇAO (nl) + CURAÇAO Island Region (en)  (Willemstad)
DELAWARE
State of DELAWARE  (Dover)State of DELAWARE (en)  (Dover)
DURANGO
Free and Sovereign State of DURANGO  (Victoria of Durango)Estado Libre y Soberano de DURANGO (es)  (Victoria de Durango)
DUTCH SAINT MARTIN
SAINT MARTIN Island Region  (Philipsburg)Eilandgebied SINT MAARTEN (nl) + SINT MAARTEN Island Region (en)  (Philipsburg)
FLORIDA
State of FLORIDA  (Tallahassee)State of FLORIDA (en)  (Tallahassee)
GEORGIA
State of GEORGIA  (Atlanta)State of GEORGIA (en)  (Atlanta)
GUANAJUATO
Free and Sovereign State of GUANAJUATO  (Guanajuato)Estado Libre y Soberano de GUANAJUATO (es)  (Guanajuato)
GUERRERO
Free and Sovereign State of GUERRERO  (Chilpancingo of the Bravo)Estado Libre y Soberano de GUERRERO (es)  (Chilpancingo de Los Bravo)
HIDALGO
Free and Sovereign State of HIDALGO  (Pachuca of Soto)Estado Libre y Soberano de HIDALGO (es)  (Pachuca de Soto)
IDAHO
State of IDAHO  (Boise)State of IDAHO (en)  (Boise)
ILLINOIS
State of ILLINOIS  (Springfield)State of ILLINOIS (en)  (Springfield)
INDIANA
State of INDIANA  (Indianapolis)State of INDIANA (en)  (Indianapolis)
INDIANS OF AMERICA AND ALASKA
Bureau for Native Americans in the United States Native American Tribes and Alaska Natives : INDIANS OF AMERICA AND ALASKA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Bureau for Native Americans in the United States Native American Tribes and Alaska Natives : INDIANS OF AMERICA AND ALASKA  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IOWA
State of IOWA  (Des Moines)State of IOWA (en)  (Des Moines)
JALISCO
Free and Sovereign State of JALISCO  (Guadalajara)Estado Libre y Soberano de JALISCO (es)  (Guadalajara)
KANSAS
State of KANSAS  (Topeka)State of KANSAS (en)  (Topeka)
KENTUCKY
Commonwealth of KENTUCKY  (Frankfort)Commonwealth of KENTUCKY (en)  (Frankfort)
LOUISIANA
State of LOUISIANA  (Baton Rouge)State of LOUISIANA (en) + État de LOUISIANE (fr)  (Baton Rouge)
LOWER CALIFORNIA
Free and Sovereign State of LOWER CALIFORNIA  (Mexicali)Estado Libre y Soberano de BAJA CALIFORNIA (es)  (Mexicali)
LOWER CALIFORNIA SOUTH
Free and Sovereign State of LOWER CALIFORNIA SOUTH  (La Paz)Estado Libre y Soberano de BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR (es)  (La Paz)
MAINE
State of MAINE  (Augusta)State of MAINE (en) + État du MAINE (fr)  (Augusta)
MANITOBA
Province of MANITOBA  (Winnipeg)Province of MANITOBA (en)  (Winnipeg)
MARYLAND
State of MARYLAND  (Annapolis)State of MARYLAND (en)  (Annapolis)
MASSACHUSETTS
Commonwealth of MASSACHUSETTS  (Boston)Commonwealth of MASSACHUSETTS (en)  (Boston)
MEXICO STATE
Free and Sovereign State of MEXICO : Edomex  (Toluca of Lerdo)Estado Libre y Soberano de MÉXICO : Edoméx (es)  (Toluca de Lerdo)
MICHIGAN
State of MICHIGAN  (Lansing)State of MICHIGAN (en)  (Lansing)
MICHOACAN OF OCAMPO
Free and Sovereign State of MICHOACAN OF OCAMPO  (Morelia)Estado Libre y Soberano de MICHOACÁN DE OCAMPO (es)  (Morelia)
MINNESOTA
State of MINNESOTA  (Saint Paul)State of MINNESOTA (en)  (Saint Paul)
MISSISSIPPI
State of MISSISSIPPI  (Jackson)State of MISSISSIPPI (en)  (Jackson)
MISSOURI
State of MISSOURI  (Jefferson City)State of MISSOURI (en)  (Jefferson City)
MONTANA
State of MONTANA  (Helena)State of MONTANA (en)  (Helena)
MORELOS
Free and Sovereign State of MORELOS  (Cuernavaca)Estado Libre y Soberano de MORELOS (es)  (Cuernavaca)
NAYARIT
Free and Sovereign State of NAYARIT  (Tepic)Estado Libre y Soberano de NAYARIT (es)  (Tepic)
NEBRASKA
State of NEBRASKA  (Lincoln)State of NEBRASKA (en)  (Lincoln)
NEVADA
State of NEVADA  (Carson City)State of NEVADA (en)  (Carson City)
NEVIS
State of NEVIS  (Charlestown)State of NEVIS (en)  (Charlestown)
NEW BRUNSWICK
Province of NEW BRUNSWICK  (Fredericton)Province of NEW BRUNSWICK (en) + Province du NOUVEAU-BRUNSWICK (fr)  (Fredericton)
NEW HAMPSHIRE
State of NEW HAMPSHIRE  (Concord)State of NEW HAMPSHIRE (en)  (Concord)
NEW JERSEY
State of NEW JERSEY  (Trenton)State of NEW JERSEY (en)  (Trenton)
NEW LEON
Free and Sovereign State of NEW LEON  (Monterrey)Estado Libre y Soberano de NUEVO LEÓN (es)  (Monterrey)
NEW MEXICO
State of NEW MEXICO  (Santa Fe New Mexico)State of NEW MEXICO (en) + Estado de NUEVO MÉXICO (es)  (Santa Fe New Mexico)
NEW SPARTA
NEW SPARTA State  (La Asuncion)Estado NUEVA ESPARTA (es)  (La Asunción)
NEW YORK
State of NEW YORK  (Albany)State of NEW YORK (en)  (Albany)
NEWFOUNDLAND
Province of NEWFOUNDLAND  (Saint John''s)Province of NEWFOUNDLAND (en)  (Saint John''s)
NORTH ATLANTIC
NORTH ATLANTIC Autonomous Region  (Puerto Cabezas)Región Autónoma del ATLÁNTICO NORTE (es)  (Puerto Cabezas)
NORTH CAROLINA
State of NORTH CAROLINA  (Raleigh)State of NORTH CAROLINA (en)  (Raleigh)
NORTH DAKOTA
State of NORTH DAKOTA  (Bismarck)State of NORTH DAKOTA (en)  (Bismarck)
NOVA SCOTIA
Province of NOVA SCOTIA  (Halifax)Province of NOVA SCOTIA (en)  (Halifax)
OAXACA
Free and Sovereign State of OAXACA  (Oaxaca of Juarez)Estado Libre y Soberano de OAXACA (es)  (Oaxaca de Juárez)
OHIO
State of OHIO  (Columbus)State of OHIO (en)  (Columbus)
OKLAHOMA
State of OKLAHOMA  (Oklahoma City)State of OKLAHOMA (en)  (Oklahoma City)
ONTARIO
Province of ONTARIO  (Toronto)Province of ONTARIO (en)  (Toronto)
OREGON
State of OREGON  (Salem)State of OREGON (en)  (Salem)
PENNSYLVANIA
Commonwealth of PENNSYLVANIA  (Harrisburg)Commonwealth of PENNSYLVANIA (en)  (Harrisburg)
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
Province of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND  (Charlottetown)Province of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND (en)  (Charlottetown)
PUEBLA
Free and Sovereign State of PUEBLA  (Heroic Puebla of Zaragoza)Estado Libre y Soberano de PUEBLA (es)  (Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza)
QUEBEC
Province of QUEBEC  (Quebec City)Province du QUÉBEC (fr)  (Québec)
QUERETARO ARTEAGA
Free and Sovereign State of QUERETARO ARTEAGA  (Santiago of Queretaro)Estado Libre y Soberano de QUERÉTARO DE ARTEAGA (es)  (Muy Noble y Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Querétaro)
QUINTANA ROO
Free and Sovereign State of QUINTANA ROO  (Chetumal)Estado Libre y Soberano de QUINTANA ROO (es)  (Chetumal)
RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS
State of RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS  (Providence)State of RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS (en)  (Providence)
SABA
SABA Island Region Government  (The Bottom)Eilandgebied SABA (nl) + SABA Island Region (en)  (The Bottom)
SAINT CHRISTOPHER
State of SAINT CHRISTOPHER  (Basseterre)State of SAINT KITTS (en)  (Basseterre)
SAINT EUSTATIUS
SAINT EUSTATIUS Island Region  (Oranjestad)Eilandgebied SINT EUSTATIUS (nl) + SINT EUSTATIUS Island Region (en)  (Oranjestad)
SAINT LOUIS POTOSI
Free and Sovereign State of SAINT LOUIS POTOSI  (Saint Louis Potosi)Estado Libre y Soberano de SAN LUIS POTOSÍ (es)  (San Luis Potosí)
SASKATCHEWAN
Province of SASKATCHEWAN  (Regina)Province of SASKATCHEWAN (en) + Province de la SASKATCHEWAN (fr)  (Regina)
SINALOA
Free and Sovereign State of SINALOA  (Culiacan)Estado Libre y Soberano de SINALOA (es)  (Culiacán)
SONORA
Free and Sovereign State of SONORA  (Hermosillo)Estado Libre y Soberano de SONORA (es)  (Hermosillo)
SOUTH ATLANTIC
SOUTH ATLANTIC Region  (Bluefields)Región del ATLÁNTICO SUR (es)  (Bluefields)
SOUTH CAROLINA
State of SOUTH CAROLINA  (Columbia)State of SOUTH CAROLINA (en)  (Columbia)
SOUTH DAKOTA
State of SOUTH DAKOTA  (Pierre)State of SOUTH DAKOTA (en)  (Pierre)
TABASCO
Free and Sovereign State of TABASCO  (Villahermosa)Estado Libre y Soberano de TABASCO (es)  (Villahermosa)
TAMAULIPAS
Free and Sovereign State of TAMAULIPAS  (Victoria City)Estado Libre y Soberano de TAMAULIPAS (es)  (Ciudad Victoria)
TENNESSEE
State of TENNESSEE  (Nashville)State of TENNESSEE (en)  (Nashville)
TEXAS
State of TEXAS  (Austin)State of TEXAS (en)  (Austin)
TLAXCALA
Free and Sovereign State of TLAXCALA  (Tlaxcala of Xicotencatl)Estado Libre y Soberano de TLAXCALA (es)  (Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl)
UTAH
State of UTAH  (Salt Lake City)State of UTAH (en)  (Salt Lake City)
VERACRUZ OF IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE
Free and Sovereign State of VERACRUZ OF IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE  (Xalapa-Enriquez)Estado Libre y Soberano de VERACRUZ DE IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE (es)  (Xalapa-Enríquez)
VERMONT
State of VERMONT  (Montpelier)State of VERMONT (en)  (Montpelier)
VIRGINIA
Commonwealth of VIRGINIA  (Richmond)Commonwealth of VIRGINIA (en)  (Richmond)
WASHINGTON
State of WASHINGTON  (Olympia)State of WASHINGTON (en)  (Olympia)
WEST VIRGINIA
State of WEST VIRGINIA  (Charleston)State of WEST VIRGINIA (en)  (Charleston)
WISCONSIN
State of WISCONSIN  (Madison)State of WISCONSIN (en)  (Madison)
WYOMING
State of WYOMING  (Cheyenne)State of WYOMING (en)  (Cheyenne)
YUCATAN
Free and Sovereign State of YUCATAN  (Merida)Estado Libre y Soberano de YUCATÁN (es)  (Mérida)
ZACATECAS
Free and Sovereign State of ZACATECAS  (Zacatecas)Estado Libre y Soberano de ZACATECAS (es)  (Zacatecas)

102 Federated or Constituent Polities


Territories & Dependencies


AMERICAN BERMUDA
American Military Bases in BERMUDA  (Kindley)American Military Bases in BERMUDA (en)  (Kindley)
ANGUILLA
British Dependent Territory of ANGUILLA  (The Valley)British Dependent Territory of ANGUILLA (en)  (The Valley)
BAJO NUEVO AND SERRANILLA BANKS
Disputed Territories of BAJO NUEVO AND SERRANILLA BANKS  (Bajo Nuevo)Unorganized Unincorporated United States Territories of BAJO NUEVO AND SERRANILLA BANKS (en) + Territorios del BANCOS BAJO NUEVO Y SERRANILLA (es)  (Bajo Nuevo)
BERMUDA ISLANDS
Autonomous British Dependent Territory of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS  (Hamilton)British Dependent Territory of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS (en)  (Hamilton)
BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
British Dependent Territory of BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS  (Road Town)British Dependent Territory of BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS (en)  (Road Town)
CARIB
Autonomous Kalinago Chiefdom of the Carib Reserve : CARIB Territory  (Salibia)CARIB Territory (en)  (Salybia)
CARRIACOU AND LITTLE MARTINIQUE
Dependency of CARRIACOU AND LITTLE MARTINIQUE  (Hillsborough)Dependency of CARRIACOU AND PETIT MARTINIQUE (en)  (Hillsborough)
CAYMAN ISLANDS
British Dependent Territory of CAYMAN ISLANDS  (George Town)British Dependent Territory of CAYMAN ISLANDS (en)  (George Town)
CHUKOTKA
CHUKOTKA Autonomous District  (Anadyr)CHUKOTKSKIY Avtonomny Okrug : ЧУКО́ТСКИЙ Автоно́мный О́круг (ru) + CHUKOTKAKEN Avtonomnyken Okrug : ЧУКОТКАКЭН Автономныкэн Oкруг (ckt)  (Anadyr)
COLUMBIA
Autonomous District of COLUMBIA : New Columbia  (Washington-District of Columbia)District of COLUMBIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
CONCH
Micronation
CONCH Republic  (Key West)CONCH Republic (en)  (Key West)
FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES
FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES of Venezuela : High Sea  (Gran Roque)DEPENDENCIAS FEDERALES Venezolanas (es)  (Gran Roque)
FIRST NATIONS OF CANADA
Assembly of FIRST NATIONS OF CANADA : Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development  (Terrasses de la Chaudiere)Assembly of FIRST NATIONS OF CANADA : Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (en) + Assemblée des PREMIÈRES NATIONS DU CANADA : Ministère des Affaires Indiennes et du Nord-Canadien (fr)  (Terrasses de la Chaudière)
GREEN ISLAND
GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)GREEN ISLAND Archipelago (en) + Archipel de l''ÎLE VERTE (fr)  (Île Verte)
GUADELOUPE
Region of GUADELOUPE  (Basse-Terre)Région de la GUADELOUPE (fr)  (Basse-Terre)
GUANTANAMO BAY
United States Naval Station GUANTANAMO BAY  (Guantanamo Bay)United States Naval Station GUANTANAMO BAY (en)  (Guantanamo Bay)
HANS ISLAND
Danish Greenland Territory of HANS ISLAND  (Hans Island)Station HANS Ø (da) + TARTUPALUK : ᑕᕐᑐᐸᓗᒃ (kl)  (Hans Ø)
INDIANS OF AMERICA
Bureau of Indian Affairs : BIA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Bureau of Indian Affairs : BIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ISLE OF YOUTH
Special Municipality of ISLE OF YOUTH  (New Gerona)Municipio Especial de las ISLA DE LA JUVENTUD (es)  (Nueva Gerona)
MACHIAS SEAL ISLAND
Disputed Zone of MACHIAS SEAL ISLAND  (Machias Seal Island)MACHIAS SEAL ISLAND Zone (en) + Zone de l''ÎLE MACHIAS SEAL (fr)  (Machias Seal Island)
MARTINIQUE
Region of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France)Région de la MARTINIQUE (fr)  (Fort-de-France)
MEXICO CITY
FEDERAL DISTRICT of Mexico City  (Mexico City)DISTRITO FEDERAL de la Ciudad de México (es)  (Ciudad de México)
MONTSERRAT
British Dependent Territory of MONTSERRAT  (Plymouth)British Dependent Territory of MONTSERRAT (en)  (Plymouth)
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES  (Yellowknife)Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES (en) + Territoire fédéral des TERRITOIRES DU NORD-OUEST (fr) + DENENDEH (chp) + DENENDEH (cr) + DENENDEH (gwi) + NUNATSIAQ (ikt) + NUNATSIAQ : ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ (iu) + NUNATSIAQ (iku) + DENENDEH (scs) + DENENDEH (xsl) + DENENDEH (dgr)  (Yellowknife)
REDONDA
Dependency of the Kingdom of REDONDA  (Redonda)Dependency of REDONDA (en)  (Redonda)
ROSALIND BANK
Disputed Territory of ROSALIND BANK  (-)Territory of ROSALIND BANK (en) + Territorio del BANCO ROSA LINDA (es)  (-)
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON
French Territorial Collectivity of SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON  (Saint Pierre)Collectivité territoriale française de SAINT-PIERRE-ET-MIQUELON (fr)  (Saint-Pierre)
TALOSSA
Micronation
Kingdom of TALOSSA  (Abbavilla)El Regipäts TALOSSÁN (xxxx) + Kingdom of TALOSSA (en)  (Abbavilla)
TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS
British Dependent Territory of TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS  (Cockburn Town on Grand Turk)British Dependent Territory of TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS (en)  (Cockburn Town on Grand Turk)
UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS
Unincorporated Territory of THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS  (Charlotte Amalie)Unincorporated Territory of THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS (en)  (Charlotte Amalie)
YUKON
YUKON Territory  (Whitehorse)YUKON Territory (en) + Territoire du YUKON (fr)  (Whitehorse)
ZELAYA
Autonomous Regions of the Department of ZELAYA  (Bluefields)Departamento de ZELAYA (es)  (Bluefields)

32 Territories & Dependencies



International Organizations or Groupings (selective list)


ABCA ARMIES
Organisation
American British Canadian and Australian Armies'' Program : ABCA ARMIES  (Washington-District of Columbia + London)American British Canadian and Australian Armies'' Program : ABCA ARMIES (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia + London) Five Eyes
AMERICAN STATES
OrganisationUNO Observer
Organization of American States : OAS  (Washington-District of Columbia)Organization of American States : OAS (en) + Organización de los Estados Americanos : OEA (es) + Organisation des États Américains : OÉA (fr) + Organização dos Estados Americanos : OEA (pt)  (Washington-District of Columbia) SG Joao Clemente Baena Soares (br)
ANPO
Organisation
Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan : ANPO Alliance  (San Francisco)Nippon-koku to Amerika-gasshūkoku to no Aida no Sōgo Kyōryoku oyobi Anzen Hoshō Jōyaku : ANPO - 日本国とアメリカ合衆国との間の相互協力及び安全保障条約 (ja) + Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan : ANPO (en)  (San Francisco) Rulers of Japan and United States
AOSIS
Organisation
Alliance of Small Island States : AOSIS  (New York City)Alliance of Small Island States : AOSIS (en)  (New York City) Robert Van Lierop (vu)
BOUNDARY WATERS
Organisation
Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement - International Joint Commission : IJC  (Chicago + Sault Sainte Marie)International Joint Commission : IJC (en) + Commission Mixte Internationale : CMI (fr)  (Chicago + Sault Sainte Marie) Rulers of United States and Canada
CANADA-UNITED STATES
Organisation
Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement : FTA  (Ottawa + Washington-District of Columbia)Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement : FTA (en) + Accord de Libre-Échange canado-américain : ALÉ (fr)  (Ottawa + Washington-District of Columbia) Binational Secretariat
CAPTIVE NATIONS
Organisation
National Captive Nations Committee : NCNC  (Washington-District of Columbia)National Captive Nations Committee : NCNC (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Lev Dobriansky (us)
CARIBBEAN BANK
Organisation
Caribbean Development Bank : CDB  (Bridgetown)Caribbean Development Bank : CDB (en)  (Bridgetown) President Sir Neville Vernon Nicholls (bb)
CENTRAL AMERICA
Organisation
Central American Integration System : CAIS  (San Salvador)Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana : SICA (es)  (San Salvador) Roberto Vicente Carpio Nicolle (gt)
EASTERN CARIBBEAN REGION
Organisation
Memorandum of Understanding for a Regional Security System : MOU  (Seawell)Memorandum of Understanding : MOU (en)  (Seawell) DG Vaughan Lewis (lc)
EASTERN CARIBBEAN STATES
Organisation
Organization of Eastern Caribbean States : OECS  (Castries)Organization of Eastern Caribbean States : OECS (en)  (Castries) DG Vaughan Lewis (lc)
GREAT LAKES BASIN
Organisation
GREAT LAKES BASIN Compact  (Ann Arbor)GREAT LAKES BASIN Compact (en)  (Ann Arbor) Compact President
GREAT LAKES FISHERY
Organisation
Great Lakes Fishery Commission : CLFC  (Ann Arbor)Great Lakes Fishery Commission : CLFC (en) + Commission des Pêcheries des Grands Lacs : CPGL (fr)  (Ann Arbor) Great Lakes Fishery Commission
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN
Organisation
Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN - G77 (en)  (New York City) President Ghulam Ishaq Khan
GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR
Organisation
Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development : GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR  (Washington-District of Columbia)Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development : GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR - G24 (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Pranab Mukherjee (in)
IBRD
Organisation
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD (en) + Banque Internationale de Reconstruction et de Développement : BIRD (fr) + Banco Internacional de Reconstrucción y Desarrollo : BIRD (es) + Mezhdunarodnyy Bank Rekonstruktsii i Razvitiya : Международный Банк Реконструкции и Развития : МБРР (ru) + Guoji Fuxing he Kaifa Yinhang : SHIJIE YINHANG - 国际复兴和开发银行 : 世界银行 (zh) + Al-Bank AL-PENNEKATA : البنك الدولي للإنشاء والتعمير (ar)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Lewis Preston (us)
ICAO
Organisation
International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency (en) + Organisation de l''Aviation Civile Internationale : Agence spécialisée de l''OACI (fr)  (Montréal) President Assad Kotaite (lb)
IMF
Organisation
International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)International Monetary Fund : IMF (en) + Fonds Monétaire International : FMI (fr) + Fondo Monetario Internacional : FMI (es)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Michel Camdessus (fr)
INTELSAT
Organisation
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : INTELSAT  (Washington-District of Columbia)International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : INTELSAT (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) DG Irving Goldstein (us)
INTER-AMERICAN BANK
Organisation
Inter-American Development Bank : IADB  (Washington-District of Columbia)Inter-American Development Bank : IADB (en) + Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo : BID (es) + Banque Inter-Américaine de Développement : BIAD (fr) + Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento : BID (pt)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Enrique Valentin Iglesias (uy)
JEWISH PEOPLE
Organisation
World Jewish Congress : WJC  (New York City)Al-Mutamar al-Yahudiu al-Ealamiu - MYA : المؤتمر اليهودي العالمي (ar) + Jüdischer Weltkongress : JWK (de) + World Jewish Congress : WJC (en) + Congreso Judío Mundial : CJM (es) + WJC : کنگره جهانی یهودیان (fa) + Congrès Juif Mondial : CJM (fr) + WJC : הקונגרס היהודי העולמי (he) + Zsidó Világkongresszus : ZVK (hu) + Congresso Ebraico Mondiale : CEM (it) + Światowy Kongres Żydowski : ŚKŻ (pl) + Vsemirnyy Yevreyskiy Kongress : VYK - Всемирный Еврейский Конгресс : ВЕК (ru)  (New York City) President Edgar Miles Bronfman (ca)
MOON
Organisation
Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY  (New York City)Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY (en) + Acuerdo que Gobierna las Actividades de los Estados en la Luna y Otros Cuerpos Celestiales : TRATADO DE LA LUNA (es) + Accord régissant les activités des États sur la Lune et les autres corps célestes : TRAITÉ SUR LA LUNE (fr) + Soglasheniye o deyatel''nosti gosudarstv na Lune i drugikh nebesnykh telakh : LUNA DOGOVOR - Соглашение о деятельности государств на Луне и других небесных телах : ЛУНА ДОГОВОР (ru) + YUÈQIÚ TIÁOYUĒ : 月球条约 (zh) + HILAL - اتفاقية تنظيم نشاط الدول على القمر أو الأجسام الفضائية الأخرى : إتفاقية القمر (ar)  (New York City) SG Boutros Boutros-Ghali (eg)
NETHERLANDS ANTILLES AND ARUBA
Organisation
Netherlands Antilles and Aruba Coast Guard : NAACG  (Willemstad)Kustwacht voor de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba : KWNAA (nl) + Netherlands Antilles and Aruba Coast Guard : NA&ACG (en)  (Willemstad) Queen Beatrix
NORAD
Organisation
North American Aerospace Defense Command : NORAD  (Peterson Air Force Base)North American Aerospace Defense Command : NORAD (en)  (Peterson Air Force Base) General Donald Joseph Kutyna (us)
NORTH ATLANTIC SALMON
Organisation
North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization : NASCO  (Edinburgh)North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization : NASCO (en)  (Edinburgh) org
NORTH PACIFIC
Organisation
North Pacific Marine Science Organization : PICES  (Ottawa)North Pacific Marine Science Organization : PICES (en)  (Ottawa) Warren Wooster (us)
NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES
Organisation
Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization : NAFO  (Dartmouth)Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization : NAFO (en)  (Dartmouth) Secretariat
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION
Organisation
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT (en) + Tratado de No Proliferación Nuclear : TNP (es) + Traité de Non-Prolifération Nucléaire : TNP (fr) + Dogovor o Nerasprostraneniiy Adernogo Oruzhiya : NAO - Договор о Нераспространении Ядерного Оружия : НЯО (ru) + Hebukuosan Tiaoyue : HT - 核不扩散条约 (zh)  (New York City) Depositary Governments
OPANAL
Organisation
Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean : OPANAL  (Tlatelolco)Organismo para la Proscripción de las Armas Nucleares en la América Latina y el Caribe : OPANAL (es)  (Tlatelolco) SG Antonio Stempel Paris (ve)
PACIFIC HALIBUT
Organisation
International Pacific Halibut Commission : IPHC  (Seattle)International Pacific Halibut Commission : IPHC (en)  (Seattle) Director Donald McCaughran (us)
PACIFIC SALMON
Organisation
Pacific Salmon Commission : PSC  (Vancouver)Pacific Salmon Commission : PSC (en)  (Vancouver) Representatives for Canada and the United States
PAHO
Organisation
Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO  (Washington-District of Columbia)Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO (en) + Organización Panamericana de la Salud : OPS (es) + Organisation Panaméricaine de la Santé : OPS (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Director Carlyle Guerra de Macedo (br)
PARLACEN
Organisation
Central American Parliament of the Central American Integration System : PARLACEN  (Guatemala City)Parlamento Centroamericano de la Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana : PARLACEN (es)  (Ciudad de La Nueva Guatemala de La Asunción) President Roberto Vicente Carpio Nicolle (gt)
TECHNICAL COOPERATION
Organisation
The Technical Cooperation Program : TTCP  (Washington-District of Columbia)The Technical Cooperation Program : TTCP (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Secretariat of the Technical Cooperation Program
TROPICAL TUNA
Organisation
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : IATTC  (San Diego-La Jolla)Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : IATTC (en) + Comisión Interamericana del Atún Tropical : CIAT (es)  (San Diego-La Jolla) org
UNDP
Organisation
United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)United Nations Development Programme : UNDP (en) + Programme des Nations-Unies pour le Développement : PNUD (fr) + Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo : PNUD (es)  (New York City) William Henry Draper III (us)
UNICEF
Organisation
United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF (en) + Fonds des Nations-Unies pour l''Enfance : UNICEF (fr) + Fondo de Naciones Unidas para la Infancia : UNICEF (es) + Detskiy Fond Organizatsii Obedinennyh Natsiy : UNICEF - Детский фонд Организации Объединённых Наций : ЮНИСЕ (ru) + Lien-He-Guo Er-Tong Ji-Jin-Hui : 联合国儿童基金会 (zh) + صندوق الأمم المتحدة للطفولة (ar)  (New York City) James Grant (us)
UNITED NATIONS
Organisation
United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)United Nations Organization : UNO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies : ONU (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas : ONU (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy : OON - Организация Объединённых Наций : OOH (ru) + Lian He-Guo Zuzhi : LHZ - 联合国 组织 (zh) + Al-Manazemeh al-Umam al-Mutahidha : MUM - منظمة الأمم المتحدة لل (ar)  (New York City) SG Boutros Boutros-Ghali (eg)
UNITED STATES-HONDURAS ALLIANCE
Organisation
Military Assistance Agreement between the UNITED STATES AND HONDURAS  (Soto Cano Air Base)Military Assistance Agreement between the UNITED STATES AND HONDURAS (en) + Acuerdo de Asistencia Militar entre los ESTADOS UNIDOS Y HONDURAS (es)  (Soto Cano Air Base) Presidents
UNITED STATES-PHILIPPINES ALLIANCE
Organisation
Mutual Defense Treaty Between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America : UNITED STATES-PHILIPPINES Mutual Defense Treaty  (Washington-District of Columbia)Mutual Defense Treaty Between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America : UNITED STATES-PHILIPPINES Mutual Defense Treaty (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Presidents of Philippines and United States
UPEACE
OrganisationUNO Observer
University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)University for Peace : UPEACE (en) + Universidad para la Paz : UPAZ (es) + Université pour la Paix : UPAIX (fr)  (Ciudad Colón) SG Boutros Boutros-Ghali (eg)

41 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)


Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ
   
Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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