ethnia.org
 

2020-MAR-26



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED POLITIES  ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES
 ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


AMERICA
UNO Member
United States of America : USA  (Washington-District of Columbia)United States of America : USA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Donald Trump
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
UNO Member
Monarchy of ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA  (Saint John''s)Monarchy of ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (en)  (Saint John''s) Queen Elizabeth II
ARUBA
De facto Semi-Independent
Associated State of ARUBA  (Oranjestad)Land ARUBA (nl) + Estado di ARUBA (pap)  (Oranjestad) King Willem-Alexander
BAHAMAS
UNO Member
Commonwealth of THE BAHAMAS  (Nassau)Commonwealth of THE BAHAMAS (en)  (Nassau) Queen Elizabeth II
BARBADOS
UNO Member
Monarchy of BARBADOS  (Bridgetown)Monarchy of BARBADOS (en)  (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BELIZE
UNO Member
Monarchy of BELIZE  (Belmopan)Monarchy of BELIZE (en)  (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA
UNO Member
Constitutional Monarchy of CANADA  (Ottawa)Constitutional Monarchy of CANADA (en) + Monarchie constitutionnelle du CANADA (fr)  (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
COSTA RICA
UNO Member
Republic of COSTA RICA  (San Jose)República de COSTA RICA (es)  (San José) President Carlos Alvarado Quesada
CUBA
UNO Member
Republic of CUBA  (Havana)República de CUBA (es)  (La Habana) Raul Castro
CURACAO
De facto Semi-Independent
Country of CURACAO  (Willemstad)Land CURAÇAO (nl) + Pais KÒRSOU (pap)  (Willemstad) King Willem-Alexander
DOMINICA
UNO Member
Commonwealth of DOMINICA  (Roseau)Commonwealth of DOMINICA (en)  (Roseau) President Charles Savarin
DOMINICAN
UNO Member
DOMINICAN Republic  (Santo Domingo de Guzman)República DOMINICANA (es)  (Santo Domingo de Guzmán) President Danilo Medina
EL SALVADOR
UNO Member
Republic of EL SALVADOR  (San Salvador)República de EL SALVADOR (es)  (San Salvador) President Nayib Bukele
GREENLAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous Country of GREENLAND  (Nuuk)KALAALLIT Nunaat (kl)  (Nuuk) Queen Margaret II
GRENADA
UNO Member
Monarchy of GRENADA  (Saint George''s)Monarchy of GRENADA (en)  (Saint George''s) Queen Elizabeth II
GUATEMALA
UNO Member
Republic of GUATEMALA  (Guatemala City)República de GUATEMALA (es)  (Ciudad de La Nueva Guatemala de La Asunción) President Alejandro Giammattei
HAITI
UNO Member
Republic of HAITI [United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti-MINUJUSTH]  (Port Au Prince)Repiblik AYITI (ht) + République d''HAÏTI (fr)  (Pòtoprens) President Jovenel Moise
HONDURAS
UNO Member
Republic of HONDURAS  (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela)República de HONDURAS (es)  (Tegucigalpa + Comayagüela) President Juan Orlando Hernandez
ICELAND
UNO Member
Republic of ICELAND  (Reykjavik)Lýðveldið ÍSLAND (is)  (Reykjavík) President Gudhni Thorlacius Johannesson
JAMAICA
UNO Member
Monarchy of JAMAICA  (Kingston)Monarchy of JAMAICA (en)  (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
MEXICO
UNO Member
United Mexican States : MEXICO  (Mexico City)Estados Unidos Méxicanos : MÉXICO (es)  (Ciudad de México) President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
NICARAGUA
UNO Member
Republic of NICARAGUA  (Managua)República de NICARAGUA (es)  (Managua) President Daniel Ortega
PUERTO RICO
De facto Semi-Independent
Commonwealth of PUERTO RICO  (San Juan Puerto Rico)Estado Libre Asociado de PUERTO RICO (es) + Commonwealth of PUERTO RICO (en)  (San Juan Puerto Rico) President Donald Trump
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS
UNO Member
Federation of SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS  (Basseterre)Federation of SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS (en)  (Basseterre) Queen Elizabeth II
SAINT LUCIA
UNO Member
Monarchy of SAINT LUCIA  (Castries)Monarchy of SAINT LUCIA (en)  (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
SAINT MARTIN
De facto Semi-Independent
Country of SAINT MARTIN  (Philipsburg)Land SINT MAARTEN (nl) + Country of SINT MAARTEN (en)  (Philipsburg) King Willem-Alexander
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
UNO Member
Monarchy of SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES  (Kingstown)Monarchy of SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (en)  (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
UNO Member
Republic of TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO  (Port-of-Spain)Republic of TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (en)  (Port-of-Spain) President Paula-Mae Weeke

28 Polities


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


AMERICAN INDIANS
Rebellion
American Indian Movements : AIM  (Minneapolis)American Indian Movement : AIM (en)  (Minneapolis) Clyde Bellecourt
CULPEPPER ISLAND
Rebellion
Guyanese Lokono-Arawaks Claimed Chiefdom of CULPEPPER ISLAND  (East Point Lighthouse)Dependency of CULPEPPER ISLAND (en)  (East Point Lighthouse) Chief Flying Harpy Eagle
LAKOTAH
Rebellion
Self-declared Republic of LAKOTAH  (Porcupine)LAKĤOṫIyapi (lkt) + Republic of LAKOTAH (en)  (Porcupine) Tegheya Kte-Gary Rowland
LUBICON LAKE CREES
Rebellion
Territory of the LUBICON LAKE Indian Nation  (Lubicon Lake + Little Buffalo Indian Settlement)Territory of the LUBICON LAKE Indian Nation (en) + LUBICON Āyapāskāwiyiniwak (cr)  (Lubicon Lake + Little Buffalo Indian Settlement) Chief Bernard Ominayak
NATION OF ISLAM
Rebellion
NATION OF ISLAM Community  (Chicago)NATION OF ISLAM Community (en)  (Chicago) Louis Farrakhan
POPULAR MEXICO
Rebellion
Popular Revolutionary Army : PRA  (Popular Revolutionary Army Guerrilla)Ejército Popular Revolucionario : EPR (es)  (Guerrilla Ejército Popular Revolucionario) Edmundo Reyes Amaya
SINALOA CARTEL
Rebellion
Pacific Cartel of Guzman-Loera Organization : SINALOA CARTEL  (Culiacan)Cártel de Sinaloa : CDS (es)  (Culiacán) (Joaquin Guzman-Loera El Chapo)
ZAPATISTAS
Rebellion
Rebel Autonomous Municipalties of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation : ZANL  (San Andres Larrainzar)Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional : EZLN (es)  (San Andrés Larráinzar) Subcomandante Marcos
ZETAS
Rebellion
Cartel of THE ZETAS  (New Laredo)Cártel de LOS ZETAS (es)  (Nuevo Laredo) (Ramiro Perez Moreno El Rana)

9 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


HAITI
UNO Member
Republic of HAITI [United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti-MINUJUSTH]  (Port Au Prince)Repiblik AYITI (ht) + République d''HAÏTI (fr)  (Pòtoprens)

1 Protected Entity


Territories & Dependencies


ANGUILLA
British Overseas Territory of ANGUILLA  (The Valley)British Overseas Territory of ANGUILLA (en)  (The Valley)
BAJO NUEVO BANK
Joint Regime Area of the Disputed Territory of BAJO NUEVO BANK  (Bajo Nuevo)Joint Regime Area of BAJO NUEVO BANK (en) + Territorios del BANCO BAJO NUEVO (es)  (Bajo Nuevo)
BERMUDA ISLANDS
British Overseas Territory of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS  (Hamilton)British Overseas Territory of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS (en)  (Hamilton)
BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
British Overseas Territory of BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS  (Road Town)British Overseas Territory of BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS (en)  (Road Town)
CARIBBEAN NETHERLANDS
Special Municipalities of Bonaire Saint Eustatius and Saba : Public Bodies of THE CARIBBEAN NETHERLANDS  (Kralendyk + Oranjestad + The Bottom)Bonaire Sint Eustatius en Saba : Openbare Lichamen CARIBISCH NEDERLAND (nl) + Islas di HULANDA KARIBE (pap) + Special Municipalities of Bonaire Sint Eustatius and Saba : Public Bodies of THE CARIBBEAN NETHERLANDS (en)  (Kralendijk + Oranjestad + The Bottom)
CARRIACOU AND LITTLE MARTINIQUE
Dependency of CARRIACOU AND LITTLE MARTINIQUE  (Hillsborough)Dependency of CARRIACOU AND PETIT MARTINIQUE (en)  (Hillsborough)
CAYMAN ISLANDS
British Overseas Territory of CAYMAN ISLANDS  (George Town)British Overseas Territory of CAYMAN ISLANDS (en)  (George Town)
COLUMBIA
Autonomous District of COLUMBIA : New Columbia  (Washington-District of Columbia)District of COLUMBIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
CONCH
Micronation
CONCH Republic  (Key West)CONCH Republic (en)  (Key West)
FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES
FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES of Venezuela : High Sea  (Gran Roque)DEPENDENCIAS FEDERALES Venezolanas (es)  (Gran Roque)
FIRST NATIONS OF CANADA
Assembly of FIRST NATIONS OF CANADA : Department of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada  (Terrasses de la Chaudiere)Assembly of FIRST NATIONS OF CANADA : Department of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (en) + Assemblée des PREMIÈRES NATIONS DU CANADA : Ministère des Affaires Indiennes et du Nord-Canada (fr)  (Terrasses de la Chaudière)
FREMONT
Micronation
Artists'' Republic of FREMONT  (Fremont)Artists'' Republic of FREMONT (en)  (Fremont)
FRENCH SAINT MARTIN
French Overseas Collectivity of SAINT MARTIN  (Marigot)Collectivité d''outre-mer française de SAINT-MARTIN (fr)  (Marigot)
GREEN ISLAND
Micronation
Principality of GREEN ISLAND  (Green Island)Principality of GREEN ISLAND (en) + Principauté de l''ÎLE VERTE (fr)  (Île Verte)
GUADELOUPE
French Overseas Region of GUADELOUPE  (Basse-Terre)Région d''outre-mer française de la GUADELOUPE (fr) + Region GWADLOUP (gcf)  (Basse-Terre)
GUANTANAMO BAY
United States Naval Station GUANTANAMO BAY  (Guantanamo Bay)United States Naval Station GUANTANAMO BAY (en)  (Guantanamo Bay)
HANS ISLAND
Station of HANS ISLAND  (Hans Island)Station HANS Ø (da) + Station of HANS ISLAND (en) + Station de l''ÎLE HANS (fr) + TARTUPALUK : ᑕᕐᑐᐸᓗᒃ (kl)  (Hans Island)
ISLE OF YOUTH
Special Municipality of ISLE OF YOUTH  (New Gerona)Municipio Especial de las ISLA DE LA JUVENTUD (es)  (Nueva Gerona)
KALINAGO
Autonomous Chiefdom of the KALINAGO Territory  (Salibia)KALINAGO Territory (en)  (Salybia)
MACHIAS SEAL ISLAND
Disputed Zone of MACHIAS SEAL ISLAND  (Machias Seal Island)MACHIAS SEAL ISLAND Zone (en) + Zone de l''ÎLE MACHIAS SEAL (fr)  (Machias Seal Island)
MARTINIQUE
French Territorial Collectivity of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France)Collectivité territoriale de MARTINIQUE (fr) + Collectivité territoriale de MATINIK (gcf)  (Fort-de-France)
MONTSERRAT
British Overseas Territory of MONTSERRAT  (Brades + Plymouth)British Overseas Territory of MONTSERRAT (en)  (Brades + Plymouth)
NATIVE AMERICANS
Bureau of Indian Affairs : BIA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Bureau of Indian Affairs : BIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
NGOBE-BUGLE
Comarca NGOBE-BUGLE  (Llanotugri-Buabidi)Comarca NGÄBE-BUGLÉ (es) + Comarca NGÄBE-BUGLÉ (gym)  (Llano Tugrí-Buäbti)
NORTH CARIBBEAN COAST
NORTH CARIBBEAN COAST Autonomous Region  (Bilwi-Puerto Cabezas)Región Autónoma de la COSTA CARIBE NORTE (es)  (Bilwi-Puerto Cabezas)
NORTHEAST GREENLAND
Unorganized Territory of NORTHEAST GREENLAND National Park  (Mestersvig)KALAALLIT NUNAANNI nuna eqqissisimatitaq (kl)  (Mestersvig)
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES  (Yellowknife)Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES (en) + Territoire fédéral des TERRITOIRES DU NORD-OUEST (fr) + DENENDEH (chp) + DENENDEH (cr) + DENENDEH (gwi) + NUNATSIAQ (ikt) + NUNATSIAQ : ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ (iu) + NUNATSIAQ (iku) + DENENDEH (scs) + DENENDEH (xsl) + DENENDEH (dgr)  (Yellowknife)
NUNAVUT
NUNAVUT Territory  (Iqaluit-Frobisher Bay)NUNAVUT : ᓄᓇᕗᑦ (iu) + NUNAVUT Territory (en) + Territoire du NUNAVUT (fr)  (Iqaluit)
REDONDA
Dependency of the Kingdom of REDONDA  (Redonda)Dependency of REDONDA (en)  (Redonda)
ROSALIND BANK
Disputed Territory of ROSALIND BANK  (-)Territory of ROSALIND BANK (en) + Territorio del BANCO ROSA LINDA (es)  (-)
SAINT BARTHELEMY
French Overseas Collectivity of SAINT BARTHELEMY  (Gustavia)Collectivité d''outre-mer française de SAINT-BARTHÉLEMY (fr)  (Gustavia)
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON
Territorial Overseas Collectivity of SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON  (Saint Pierre)Collectivité d''outre-mer territoriale de SAINT-PIERRE-ET-MIQUELON (fr)  (Saint-Pierre)
SINALOA CARTEL
Rebellion
Pacific Cartel of Guzman-Loera Organization : SINALOA CARTEL  (Culiacan)Cártel de Sinaloa : CDS (es)  (Culiacán)
SOUTH CARIBBEAN COAST
SOUTH CARIBBEAN COAST Autonomous Region  (Bluefields)Región Autónoma de la COSTA CARIBE SUR (es)  (Bluefields)
TALOSSA
Micronation
Kingdom of TALOSSA  (Abbavilla)El Regipäts TALOSSÁN (tzl) + Kingdom of TALOSSA (en)  (Abbavilla)
TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS
British Overseas Territory of TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS  (Cockburn Town on Grand Turk)British Overseas Territory of TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS (en)  (Cockburn Town on Grand Turk)
UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS
Unincorporated Territory of THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS  (Charlotte Amalie)Unincorporated Territory of THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS (en)  (Charlotte Amalie)
YUKON
YUKON Territory  (Whitehorse)YUKON Territory (en) + Territoire du YUKON (fr)  (Whitehorse)
ZETAS
Rebellion
Cartel of THE ZETAS  (New Laredo)Cártel de LOS ZETAS (es)  (Nuevo Laredo)

39 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)


ABCA ARMIES
Organisation
American British Canadian Australian and New Zealand Armies'' Program : ABCA ARMIES  (Washington-District of Columbia + London)American British Canadian Australian and New Zealand Armies'' Program : ABCA ARMIES (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia + London) Five Eyes
AMERICAN STATES
OrganisationUNO Observer
Organization of American States : OAS  (Washington-District of Columbia)Organization of American States : OAS (en) + Organización de los Estados Americanos : OEA (es) + Organisation des États Américains : OÉA (fr) + Organização dos Estados Americanos : OEA (pt)  (Washington-District of Columbia) SG Luis Leonardo Almagro Lemes (uy)
ANPO
Organisation
Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan : ANPO Alliance  (San Francisco)Nippon-koku to Amerika-gasshūkoku to no Aida no Sōgo Kyōryoku oyobi Anzen Hoshō Jōyaku : ANPO - 日本国とアメリカ合衆国との間の相互協力及び安全保障条約 (ja) + Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan : ANPO (en)  (San Francisco) Rulers of Japan and United States
AOSIS
Organisation
Alliance of Small Island States : AOSIS  (New York City)Alliance of Small Island States : AOSIS (en)  (New York City) Ali Naseer Mohamed (mv)
BOUNDARY WATERS
Organisation
Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement - International Joint Commission : IJC  (Chicago + Sault Sainte Marie)International Joint Commission : IJC (en) + Commission Mixte Internationale : CMI (fr)  (Chicago + Sault Sainte Marie) Rulers of United States and Canada
CANADA-EUROPE
Organisation
Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement : CETA  (Ottawa)Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement : CETA (en) + Accord Économique et Commercial Global : AÉCG (fr) + Vseobkhvatno Ikonomichesko i Tŭrgovsko Sporazumenie : VITS - Всеобхватно Икономическо и Tърговско Cпоразумение : ВИТС (bg) + Komplexní Hospodářská a Obchodní Dohoda : KHOD (cs) + Omfattende Økonomisk og Handelsmæssig Aftale : OØHA (da) + Umfassendes Wirtschafts- und Handelsabkommen : CETA (de) + Periektikí Oikonomikí kai Emporikí Symfonía : POES - Περιεκτική Οικονομική και Εμπορική Συμφωνία : ΠΟΕΣ (el) + Acuerdo Integral de Economía y Comercio : CETA (es) + Terviklik Majandus- ja Kaubanduskokkulepe : TMK (et) + Laaja-Alainen Talous- ja Kauppasopimus : CETA (fi) + Comhaontú Cuimsitheach Eacnamaíoch agus Trádála : CCET (ga) + Sveobuhvatni Ekonomski i Trgovinski Sporazum : SETS (hr) + Átfogó Gazdasági és Kereskedelmi Megállapodás : ÁGKM (hu) + Accordo Economico e Commerciale Globale : AECG (it) + Ëmfaassend Wirtschafts- a Handelsofkommes : ËWH (lb) + Išsamus Ekonomikos ir Prekybos Susitarimas : IEPS (lt) + Visaptverošs Ekonomikas un Tirdzniecības Nolīgums : VETN (lv) + Ftehim Ekonomiku u Kummerċjali Komprensiv : FEKK (mt) + Brede Economische en Handelsovereenkomst : CETA (nl)   (Ottawa) Jean Charest (ca)
CARIBBEAN BANK
Organisation
Caribbean Development Bank : CDB  (Bridgetown)Caribbean Development Bank : CDB (en)  (Bridgetown) President William Warren Smith (jm)
CARIBBEAN STATES
OrganisationUNO Observer
Association of Caribbean States : ACS  (Port of Spain)Association of Caribbean States : ACS (en) + Asociación de Estados del Caribe : AEC (es) + Association des États de la Caraïbe : AÉC (fr)  (Port of Spain) SG June Soomer (lc)
CENTRAL AMERICA
OrganisationUNO Observer
Central American Integration System : CAIS  (Antiguo Cuscatlan)Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana : SICA (es)  (Antiguo Cuscatlán) SG Victoria Marina Velasquez de Aviles (sv)
DUTCH CARIBBEAN
Organisation
Dutch Caribbean Coast Guard : DCCG  (Willemstad)Kustwacht Caribisch Gebied : KWCARIB (nl) + Dutch Caribbean Coast Guard : DCCG (en)  (Willemstad) King Willem-Alexander
EASTERN CARIBBEAN REGION
Organisation
Regional Security System : RSS  (Paragon)Regional Security System : RSS (en)  (Paragon) Secretary Grantley Watson (bb)
EASTERN CARIBBEAN STATES
OrganisationUNO Observer
Organization of Eastern Caribbean States : OECS  (Castries)Organization of Eastern Caribbean States : OECS (en)  (Castries) DG Didacus Jules (lc)
GREAT LAKES
Organisation
Great Lakes Convention : GLC  (Ann Arbor)Great Lakes Convention : GLC (en) + Convention des Grands Lacs : CGL (fr)  (Ann Arbor) Board of Directors
GREAT LAKES FISHERY
Organisation
Great Lakes Fishery Commission : CLFC  (Ann Arbor)Great Lakes Fishery Commission : CLFC (en) + Commission des Pêcheries des Grands Lacs : CPGL (fr)  (Ann Arbor) Great Lakes Fishery Commission
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN
Organisation
Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN - G77 (en)  (New York City) Jeanine Anez
GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR
Organisation
Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development : GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR  (Washington-District of Columbia)Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development : GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR - G24 (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Mauricio Cardenas Santa Maria (co)
IBRD
Organisation
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD (en) + Banque Internationale de Reconstruction et de Développement : BIRD (fr) + Banco Internacional de Reconstrucción y Desarrollo : BIRD (es) + Mezhdunarodnyy Bank Rekonstruktsii i Razvitiya : Международный Банк Реконструкции и Развития : МБРР (ru) + Guoji Fuxing he Kaifa Yinhang : SHIJIE YINHANG - 国际复兴和开发银行 : 世界银行 (zh) + Al-Bank AL-PENNEKATA : البنك الدولي للإنشاء والتعمير (ar)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President David Robert Malpass (us)
ICAO
Organisation
International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO (en) + Organisation de l''Aviation Civile Internationale : OACI (fr) + المنظمة الدولية للطيران المدني : ICAO (ar) + Organización de Aviación Civil Internacional : OACI (es) + Mezhdunarodnaya Organizatsiya Grazhdanskoy Aviatsii : IKAO - Международная организация гражданской авиации : ИКАО (ru) + Guoji Min Hang Zuzhi : GMHZ - 国际民航组织 (zh)  (Montréal) President Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu (ng)
IMF
Organisation
International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)International Monetary Fund : IMF (en) + Fonds Monétaire International : FMI (fr) + Fondo Monetario Internacional : FMI (es)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Kristalina Georgieva (bg)
INTER-AMERICAN BANK
OrganisationUNO Observer
Inter-American Development Bank : IADB  (Washington-District of Columbia)Inter-American Development Bank : IADB (en) + Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo : BID (es) + Banque Inter-Américaine de Développement : BIAD (fr) + Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento : BID (pt)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Luis Alberto Moreno (co)
JEWISH PEOPLE
Organisation
World Jewish Congress : WJC  (New York City)Al-Mutamar al-Yahudiu al-Ealamiu - MYA : المؤتمر اليهودي العالمي (ar) + Jüdischer Weltkongress : JWK (de) + World Jewish Congress : WJC (en) + Congreso Judío Mundial : CJM (es) + WJC : کنگره جهانی یهودیان (fa) + Congrès Juif Mondial : CJM (fr) + WJC : הקונגרס היהודי העולמי (he) + Zsidó Világkongresszus : ZVK (hu) + Congresso Ebraico Mondiale : CEM (it) + Światowy Kongres Żydowski : ŚKŻ (pl) + Vsemirnyy Yevreyskiy Kongress : VYK - Всемирный Еврейский Конгресс : ВЕК (ru)  (New York City) President Ronald Steven Lauder (us)
KOREAN PENINSULA
Organisation
Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization : KEDO  (New York City)Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization : KEDO (en)  (New York City) Representatives
LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN STATES
Organisation
Community of Latin American and Caribbean States : CLACS  (San Salvador)Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños : CELAC (es) + Communauté d''États Latino-Américains et Caraïbes : CÉLAC (fr) + Comunidade dos Estados Latino-Americanos e Caribenhos : CELAC (pt)  (San Salvador) Jeanine Anez
MIKTA
Organisation
Partnership between Mexico Indonesia Republic of Korea Turkey and Australia : MIKTA  (New York City)Partnership between Mexico Indonesia Republic of Korea Turkey and Australia : MIKTA (en)  (New York City) Julie Bishop (au)
MOON
Organisation
Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY  (New York City)Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY (en) + Acuerdo que Gobierna las Actividades de los Estados en la Luna y Otros Cuerpos Celestiales : TRATADO DE LA LUNA (es) + Accord régissant les activités des États sur la Lune et les autres corps célestes : TRAITÉ SUR LA LUNE (fr) + Soglasheniye o deyatel''nosti gosudarstv na Lune i drugikh nebesnykh telakh : LUNA DOGOVOR - Соглашение о деятельности государств на Луне и других небесных телах : ЛУНА ДОГОВОР (ru) + YUÈQIÚ TIÁOYUĒ : 月球条约 (zh) + HILAL - اتفاقية تنظيم نشاط الدول على القمر أو الأجسام الفضائية الأخرى : إتفاقية القمر (ar)  (New York City) Director Simonetta Di Pippo (it)
NORAD
Organisation
North American Aerospace Defense Command : NORAD  (Peterson Air Force Base)North American Aerospace Defense Command : NORAD (en)  (Peterson Air Force Base) General Terrence John O''Shaughnessy (us)
NORTH AMERICA
Organisation
United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement : USMCA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement : CUSMA - United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement : USMCA (en) + Tratado entre México Estados Unidos y Canadá : T-MEC (es) + Accord Canada-États-Unis-Mexique : ACÉUM (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Donald Trump
NORTH ATLANTIC SALMON
Organisation
North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization : NASCO  (Edinburgh)North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization : NASCO (en)  (Edinburgh) Steinar Hermansen (no)
NORTH PACIFIC
Organisation
North Pacific Marine Science Organization : PICES  (Victoria)North Pacific Marine Science Organization : PICES (en)  (Victoria) Dr Chul Park (kr)
NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES
Organisation
Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization : NAFO  (Dartmouth)Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization : NAFO (en)  (Dartmouth) Secretariat
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION
Organisation
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT (en) + Tratado de No Proliferación Nuclear : TNP (es) + Traité de Non-Prolifération Nucléaire : TNP (fr) + Dogovor o Nerasprostraneniiy Adernogo Oruzhiya : NAO - Договор о Нераспространении Ядерного Оружия : НЯО (ru) + Hebukuosan Tiaoyue : HT - 核不扩散条约 (zh)  (New York City) Depositary Governments
OPANAL
OrganisationUNO Observer
Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean : OPANAL  (Mexico City)Organismo para la Proscripción de las Armas Nucleares en la América Latina y el Caribe : OPANAL (es)  (Ciudad de México) SG Flavio Roberto Bonzanini (br)
PACIFIC HALIBUT
Organisation
International Pacific Halibut Commission : IPHC  (Seattle-Interbay)International Pacific Halibut Commission : IPHC (en)  (Seattle-Interbay) Directeur David Wilson (us)
PACIFIC SALMON
Organisation
Pacific Salmon Commission : PSC  (Vancouver)Pacific Salmon Commission : PSC (en)  (Vancouver) Susan Farlinger (ca)
PAHO
Organisation
Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO  (Washington-District of Columbia)Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO (en) + Organización Panamericana de la Salud : OPS (es) + Organisation Panaméricaine de la Santé : OPS (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Director Carissa Etienne (dm)
PARLACEN
Organisation
Central American Parliament of the Central American Integration System : PARLACEN  (Guatemala City)Parlamento Centroamericano de la Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana : PARLACEN (es)  (Ciudad de La Nueva Guatemala de La Asunción) President Irma Segunda Amaya Echeverria (sv)
SEABED
OrganisationUNO Observer
Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)International Seabed Authority : ISA (en) + Autoridad Internacional de los Fondos Marinos : AIFM (es) + Autorité Internationale des Fonds Marins : AIFM (fr)  (Kingston) SG Michael Lodge (uk)
TECHNICAL COOPERATION
Organisation
The Technical Cooperation Program : TTCP  (Washington-District of Columbia)The Technical Cooperation Program : TTCP (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Secretariat of the Technical Cooperation Program
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE
Organisation
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) DG Francis Patrick Masambu (ug)
TROPICAL TUNA
Organisation
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : IATTC  (San Diego-La Jolla)Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : IATTC (en) + Comisión Interamericana del Atún Tropical : CIAT (es)  (San Diego-La Jolla) org
UNDP
Organisation
United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)United Nations Development Programme : UNDP (en) + Programme des Nations-Unies pour le Développement : PNUD (fr) + Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo : PNUD (es)  (New York City) Achim Steiner (de)
UNFCCC
Organisation
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC (en) + Convention-Cadre des Nations-Unies sur les Changements Climatiques : CCNUCC (fr) + Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático : CMNUCC (es) + Ramochnaya Konventsiya Organizatsiya Obedinennyh Natsy ob i Zmenenii Klimata : RKOONZK - Рамочная Kонвенция Организация Объединенных Наций об Изменении Kлимата : RKOOHИK (ru) + Lian-He-Guo Qi-Hou-Bian-Hua Kuang-Jia Gong-Yue : 联合国气候变化框架公约 (zh) + اتفاقية الأمم المتحدة المبدئية بشأن التغير المناخي (ar)  (New York City) Christiana Figueres Olsen (cr)
UNICEF
Organisation
United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF (en) + Fonds des Nations-Unies pour l''Enfance : UNICEF (fr) + Fondo de Naciones Unidas para la Infancia : UNICEF (es) + Detskiy Fond Organizatsii Obedinennyh Natsiy : UNICEF - Детский фонд Организации Объединённых Наций : ЮНИСЕ (ru) + Lien-He-Guo Er-Tong Ji-Jin-Hui : 联合国儿童基金会 (zh) + صندوق الأمم المتحدة للطفولة (ar)  (New York City) Henrietta Holsman Fore (us)
UNITED NATIONS
Organisation
United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)United Nations Organization : UNO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies : ONU (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas : ONU (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy : OON - Организация Объединённых Наций : OOH (ru) + Lian He-Guo Zuzhi : LHZ - 联合国 组织 (zh) + Al-Manazemeh al-Umam al-Mutahidha : MUM - منظمة الأمم المتحدة لل (ar)  (New York City) SG Antonio Guterres (pt)
UNITED STATES-HONDURAS ALLIANCE
Organisation
Military Assistance Agreement between the UNITED STATES AND HONDURAS  (Soto Cano Air Base)Military Assistance Agreement between the UNITED STATES AND HONDURAS (en) + Acuerdo de Asistencia Militar entre los ESTADOS UNIDOS Y HONDURAS (es)  (Soto Cano Air Base) Presidents
UNITED STATES-PHILIPPINES ALLIANCE
Organisation
Mutual Defense Treaty Between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America : UNITED STATES-PHILIPPINES Mutual Defense Treaty  (Washington-District of Columbia)Mutual Defense Treaty Between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America : UNITED STATES-PHILIPPINES Mutual Defense Treaty (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Presidents of Philippines and United States
UPEACE
OrganisationUNO Observer
University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)University for Peace : UPEACE (en) + Universidad para la Paz : UPAZ (es) + Université pour la Paix : UPAIX (fr)  (Ciudad Colón) SG Antonio Guterres (pt)

47 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)

- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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