1900-JAN-01



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED & REGIONALISED POLITIES
 ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES  ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


ARGENTINE
De facto Independent
THE ARGENTINE Nation : Argentine Republic  (Buenos Ayres)Republica ARGENTINA : Nación Argentina (es)  (Buenos Aires) President Julio Argentino Roca
BOLIVIA
De facto Independent
Republic of BOLIVIA  (Sucre + La Paz)República de BOLIVIA (es)  (Sucre + Nuestra Señora de La Paz) President Jose Manuel Pando
BRAZIL
De facto Independent
Republic of the United States of BRAZIL  (Rio of Janeiro)República dos Estados Unidos do BRASIL (pt)  (Rio de Janeiro) President Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales
CHILI
De facto Independent
Republic of CHILI  (Santiago of Chili + Valparaiso)República de CHILE (es)  (Santiago de Chile + Valparaiso) President Federico Errazuriz Echaurren
COLOMBIA
De facto Independent
Republic of COLOMBIA : Columbian Republic  (Bogota)República de COLOMBIA (es)  (Bogotá) President Manuel Antonio Sanclemente
CUNANI
De facto Semi-Independent
Republic of CUNANI  (Cunani)République de la COUNANI (fr)  (Counani) President Albert Franken
ECUADOR
De facto Independent
Republic of ECUADOR  (San Francisco of Quito)República del ECUADOR (es)  (San Francisco de Quito) President Eloy Alfaro
PARAGUAY
De facto Independent
Republic of PARAGUAY  (Assumption)República del PARAGUAY (es)  (La Muy Noble y Leal Ciudad de Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción) President Emilio Aceval
PERU
De facto Independent
PERUVIAN Republic  (Lima)República PERUANA (es)  (Lima) President Eduardo Lopez de Romana
URUGUAY
De facto Independent
Oriental Republic of URUGUAY  (Montevideo)República Oriental del URUGUAY (es)  (San Felipe y Santiago de Montevideo) President Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
VENEZUELA
De facto Independent
United States of VENEZUELA  (Caracas)Estados Unidos de VENEZUELA (es)  (Santiago de León de Caracas) Cipriano Castro

11 Polities (0 member of the International Community)


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


ACRE
De facto IndependentRebellion
Independent State of ACRE : Republic of Acre  (Porto Acre)Estado Independiente de ACRE : República de Acre (es) + Estado Independente do ACRE : República do ACRE (pt)  (Porto Acre) President Antonio de Sousa Braga
ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA
Exile
Kingdom of ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA in Exile  (Paris)Reino de la ARAUCANÍA Y LA PATAGONIA en el exilio (es) + Royaume d''ARAUCANIE ET PATAGONIE en Exil (fr)  (Paris) King Achiles I the Diplomat

2 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


CUNANI
De facto Semi-Independent
Republic of CUNANI  (Cunani)République de la COUNANI (fr)  (Counani)

1 Protected Entity


Federated & Regionalised Polities


ALAGOAS
Federated
State of ALAGOAS  (Maceio)Estado do ALAGOAS (pt)  (Maceió)
AMAZONIA
Federated
State of AMAZON  (Manaos)Estado de AMAZONAS (pt)  (Manaus)
APURE
Federated
APURE State  (Guanare)Estado APURE (es)  (Guanare)
APURE STATE
Territory of APURE State  (San Fernando of Apure)Territorio del Estado APURE (es)  (San Fernando de Apure)
ARAGUA
Federated
ARAGUA State  (La Victoria)Estado ARAGUA (es)  (La Victoria)
BAY
Federated
State of BAY  (Saint Salvador of All Saints'' Bay)Estado de la BAĺA (pt)  (São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos)
BERMUDEZ
Federated
BERMUDEZ State  (New Barcelona)Estado BERMÚDEZ (es)  (Nueva Barcelona del Cerro Santo)
BOLIVAR
Federated
BOLIVAR State  (Angostura-Bolivar City)Estado BOLÍVAR (es)  (Angostura-Ciudad Bolívar)
BUENOS AYRES
Federated
BUENOS AYRES Province  (The Plate)Provincia de BUENOS AIRES (es)  (La Plata)
CARABOBO
Federated
CARABOBO State  (Valencia)Estado CARABOBO (es)  (Valencia)
CATAMARCA
Federated
CATAMARCA Province  (San Fernando of the Catamarca Valley)Provincia de CATAMARCA (es)  (San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca)
CEARA
Federated
State of CEARA  (Fortaleza)Estado do CEARÁ (pt)  (Fortaleza)
COJEDES
Federated
COJEDES State  (San Carlos)Estado COJEDES (es)  (San Carlos)
CORDOVA
Federated
CORDOBA Province : Province of Cordova  (Cordoba City)Provincia de CÓRDOBA (es)  (Ciudad de Córdoba)
CORRIENTES
Federated
CORRIENTES Province : Currents Province  (City of Saint John of Vera of the Seven Currents)Provincia de CORRIENTES (es)  (Ciudad de San Juan de Vera de las Siete Corrientes)
ENTRE RIOS
Federated
ENTRE RIOS Province  (Parana)Provincia de ENTRE RÍOS (es)  (Paraná)
ESPIRITO SANTO
Federated
State of ESPIRITO SANTO  (Vitoria)Estado do ESPÍRITO SANTO (pt)  (Vitória)
FALCON
Federated
FALCON State  (Santa Ana of Coro)Estado FALCÓN (es)  (Santa Ana de Coro)
GENERAL MINES
Federated
State of GENERAL MINES  (City of Mines)Estado de MINAS GERAES (pt)  (Cidade de Minas)
GOIAZ
Federated
State of GOIAZ  (Goiaz)Estado de GOIÁZ (pt)  (Goiáz)
GUARICO
Federated
GUARICO State  (Calabozo)Estado GUÁRICO (es)  (Calabozo)
JUJUY
Federated
JUJUY Province  (San Salvador of Jujuy)Provincia de JUJUY (es)  (San Salvador de Jujuy)
LARA
Federated
LARA State  (Barquisimeto)Estado LARA (es)  (Barquisimeto)
MARANHAO
Federated
State of MARANHAO  (Saint Louis of the Maranhao)Estado do MARANHÃO (pt)  (São Luís do Maranhão)
MATTO GROSSO
Federated
State of MATTO GROSSO  (Cuiaba)Estado de MATTO GROSSO (pt)  (Cuiabá)
MATURIN
Federated
MATURIN State  (Maturin)Estado MATURÍN (es)  (Maturín)
MENDOZA
Federated
MENDOZA Province  (Mendoza of the New Valley of The Rioja)Provincia de MENDOZA (es)  (Mendoza del Nuevo Valle de La Rioja)
MERIDA
Federated
MERIDA State  (Merida)Estado MÉRIDA (es)  (Mérida)
MIRANDA
Federated
MIRANDA State  (Caracas)Estado MIRANDA (es)  (Santiago de León de Caracas)
NORTH RIO GRANDE
Federated
State of NORTH RIO GRANDE  (Natal)Estado do RIO GRANDE DO NORTE (pt)  (Natal)
PARA
Federated
State of PARA  (Belem)Estado do PARA (pt)  (Belém)
PARAHYBA
Federated
State of PARAHYBA  (Parahyba)Estado da PARAHYBA (pt)  (Parahyba)
PARANA
Federated
State of PARANA  (Curitiba)Estado do PARANÁ (pt)  (Curitiba)
PERNAMBUC
Federated
State of PERNAMBUC  (Recife)Estado de PERNAMBUCO (pt)  (Recife)
PIAUHY
Federated
State of PIAUHY  (Teresina)Estado do PIAUHY (pt)  (Teresina)
PORTUGUESA
Federated
PORTUGUESA State  (Acarigua)Estado PORTUGUESA (es)  (Acarigua)
RIO OF JANEIRO
Federated
State of RIO OF JANEIRO  (Niteroi)Estado do RIO DE JANEIRO (pt)  (Niterói)
RIOJA
Federated
THE RIOJA Province  (City of All Saints of The New Rioja)Provincia de LA RIOJA (es)  (Ciudad de Todos los Santos de la Nueva Rioja)
SAINT CATHERINE
Federated
State of SAINT CATHERINE  (Florianopolis)Estado de SANTA CATHARINA (pt)  (Florianópolis)
SALTA
Federated
SALTA Province  (Salta City)Provincia de SALTA (es)  (Ciudad de Salta)
SAN JUAN
Federated
SAN JUAN Province  (San Juan of the Frontier)Provincia de SAN JUAN (es)  (San Juan de la Frontera)
SAN LUIS
Federated
SAN LUIS Province  (San Luis de Loyola of the New Medina of Rio Seco)Provincia de SAN LUIS (es)  (San Luis de Loyola de la Nueva Medina de Río Seco)
SANTA FE
Federated
SANTA FE Province  (Santa Fe of the Vera Cruz City)Provincia de SANTA FE (es)  (Ciudad de Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz)
SANTIAGO OF THE ESTERO
Federated
SANTIAGO OF THE ESTERO Province : Saint-James-Upon-The-Lagoon Province  (Santiago of the Estero of the New Maestrazgo)Provincia de SANTIAGO DEL ESTERO (es)  (Santiago del Estero del Nuevo Maestrazgo)
SAO PAULO
Federated
State of SAO PAULO  (Sao Paulo)Estado de SÃO PAULO (pt)  (São Paulo)
SERGIPE
Federated
State of SERGIPE  (Aracaju)Estado de SERGIPE (pt)  (Aracaju)
SOUTH RIO GRANDE
Federated
State of SOUTH RIO GRANDE  (Porto Alegre)Estado do RIO GRANDE DO SUL (pt)  (Porto Alegre)
SUCRE
Federated
SUCRE State  (Cumana)Estado SUCRE (es)  (Cumaná)
TACHIRA
Federated
TACHIRA State  (San Cristobal)Estado TÁCHIRA (es)  (San Cristóbal)
TRUJILLO
Federated
TRUJILLO State  (Trujillo)Estado TRUJILLO (es)  (Trujillo)
TUCUMAN
Federated
TUCUMAN Province  (San Miguel of Tucuman)Provincia de TUCUMÁN (es)  (San Miguel de Tucumán)
YARACUY
Federated
YARACUY State  (San Felipe of Yaracuy)Estado YARACUY (es)  (San Felipe de Yaracuy)
ZAMORA
Territory of ZAMORA State  (Guanare)Territorio del Estado ZAMORA (es)  (Guanare)
ZULIA
Federated
ZULIA State  (Maracaibo)Estado ZULIA (es)  (Maracaibo)

54 Federated or Regionalised Polities


Territories & Dependencies


AMAPA
Contested Territory of AMAPA  (Amapa)Território do AMAPÁ (pt)  (Amapá)
ANDES
Ceded Territory of THE ANDES  (Navarro)Territorio de LOS ANDES (es)  (Novarro)
BRITISH GUIANA
Colony of BRITISH GUIANA  (Georgetown)Colony of BRITISH GUIANA (en)  (Georgetown)
BUENOS AYRES CITY
Federal District of THE CITY OF BUENOS AYRES  (Buenos Ayres)Distrito Federal del CIUDAD DE BUENOS AIRES (es)  (Buenos Aires)
CARSEWENE
Republic of CARSEWENE  (Carsewene)République du CARSEVÈNE (fr) + Republic of CARSEWENE (en)  (Carsevène)
CHACO
Government of CHACO National Territory : Austral Chaco  (Resistencia)Gobernación del Territorio Nacional del CHACO (es)  (Resistencia)
CHUBUT
Government of CHUBUT National Territory  (Rawson)Gobernación del Territorio Nacional del CHUBUT (es)  (Rawson)
COLUMBUS ARCHIPELAGO
COLUMBUS ARCHIPELAGO Insular Territory  (Asylum of Peace + San Cristobal)Territorio Insular del ARCHIPIÉLAGO DE COLÓN (es)  (El Asilo de la Paz + San Cristóbal)
ENTRE RIOS ISLAND
Disputed Zone of ENTRE RIOS ISLAND  (Guazu)Zona de la ISLA ENTRE RÍOS (es)  (Guazú)
FALKLAND ISLANDS
British Crown Colony of FALKLAND ISLANDS  (Port Stanley)British Crown Colony of FALKLAND ISLANDS (en)  (Port Stanley)
FEDERAL DISTRICT
FEDERAL DISTRICT of Rio of Janeiro  (Rio of Janeiro)DISTRITO FEDERAL do Rio de Janeiro (pt)  (Rio de Janeiro)
FEDERAL DISTRICT OF VENEZUELA
FEDERAL DISTRICT of Venezuela : Caracas  (Caracas)DISTRITO FEDERAL de Venezuela (es)  (Santiago de León de Caracas)
FILOMENA ISLANDS
Disputed Zone of FILOMENA ISLANDS  (Isle Filomena Grande)Zona de las ISLAS FILOMENA (es)  (Isla Filomena Grande)
FIRELAND
Maritime Government of TIERRA DEL FUEGO National Territory : Fireland National Territory  (Port San Juan de Salvamento)Gobernación Marítimo del Territorio Nacional de la TIERRA DEL FUEGO (es)  (Puerto San Juan del Salvamento)
FORMOSA
Government of FORMOSA National Territory  (Formosa City)Gobernación del Territorio nacional de FORMOSA (es)  (Ciudad de Formosa)
FRENCH GUIANA
Colony of FRENCH GUIANA  (Cayenne)Colonie de la GUYANE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Cayenne)
GUAINIA
Special Commissariat of GUAINIA  (Puerto Limon)Comisaría Especial del GUAINÍA (es)  (Puerto Limón)
MISSIONS
Government of the National Territory of MISSIONS  (Posadas)Gobernación del Territorio Nacional de MISIONES (es)  (Posadas)
NEUQUEN
Government of NEUQUEN National Territory  (Chos Malal)Gobernación del Territorio Nacional del NEUQUÉN (es)  (Chos Malal)
PAMPA
Government of THE PAMPA National Territory : Central Pampa Territory  (General Acha)Gobernación del Territorio Nacional de LA PAMPA : Territorio de La Pampa Central (es)  (General Acha)
PANAMA ISTHMUS ZONE
New Company of the Panama Canal : ISTHMUS ZONE  (Ancon)Nouvelle Compagnie du CANAL DE PANAMA (fr) + Zona del ISTMO (es)  (Ancón)
RIO NEGRO
Government of RIO NEGRO National Territory  (Viedma)Gobernación del Territorio Nacional del RÍO NEGRO (es)  (Viedma)
SALA Y GOMEZ ISLAND
Chilean Navy administered SALA Y GOMEZ ISLAND  (-)ISLA SALA Y GÓMEZ Chilena (es)  (-)
SANTA CRUZ
Government of SANTA CRUZ National Territory  (Rio Gallegos + Puerto Santa Cruz)Gobernación del Territorio Nacional de SANTA CRUZ (es)  (Río Gallegos + Puerto Santa Cruz)
SURINAM
Colony of SURINAM [Colony of Dutch Guiana]  (Paramaribo)Kolonie SURINAME (nl)  (Paramaribo)
YURUARY
YURUARY Federal Territory  (Guasipati)Territorio Federal del YURUARY (es)  (Guasipati)

26 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)



0 Organisation ou Grouping (selective list)

ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




Please feel free to send your own informations or suggestions to .


 Drawn with Inkscape  Written with Notepad++  Powered by Apache  ethnia.org Creative Commons License CC-BY Archived since 2003 by Internet Archives
Thank you.
LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2021-APR-12.