w.ethnia.org
   1900.ethnia.org
 

2019-OCT-10



0 Members of the "International Community "(PCA 1900 to 1919, LON 1920 to 1945, UNO 1946 to 2019)



0 Member


PCA, LON or UNO Observers or Non-Member Countries under International Supervision



0 Observer


Other de facto Independent Polities (having control of a territory)



0 Non-Member Sovereign Country


Other Associated or Semi-Independent Countries



0 Non-Member Semi-Independent Country


Other Assisted Entities



0 Non-Member Assisted Country


Self-declared Entities or Areas controlled by a Rebellion



0 Self-declared entity or Area controlled by a Rebellion


Other Areas of Rebellion



0 Area of rebellion


Governments in Exile



0 Movement or Government in Exile


Micronations with land base



0 Micronation


LON or UNO Mandates, UN Assisted or Administered Entities



0 Internationally Administered Territory


Condominiums, Co-Administered Territories or Disputed Territories


ADELIE LAND District of ADELIE LAND part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands  (Dumont D''Urville Station)District de la TERRE ADÉLIE (fr)  (Base Antarctique Dumont d''Urville)
ANTARCTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS Disputed Sector of ANTARTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS  (Fossil Bluff + Carlini Station + General Bernardo O''Higgins Riquelme Base)Sector of ANTARTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS (en) + Sector del ANTÁRTICA Y LAS ISLAS DEL ATLÁNTICO SUR (es)  (Fossil Bluff + Base Carlini + Base General Bernardo O''Higgins Riquelme)
ARGENTINE ANTARCTICA Department of ARGENTINE ANTARCTICA  (Esperanza)Departamento de ANTÁRTIDA ARGENTINA (es)  (Esperanza)
AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTICA Australian Antarctic Territory : AAT  (Mawson Station + Davis Station + Casey Station)AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC Territory (en)  (Mawson Station + Davis Station + Casey Station)
BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY British Overseas Territory of BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY  (Halley + (Rothera Station))British Overseas Territory of BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY (en)  (Halley + (Rothera Station))
CHILEAN ANTARCTICA CHILEAN ANTARCTIC Territory in the Province of Chilean Antarctica : Commune of the Chilean Antarctica  (Antarctica)Territorio Chileno Antártico : Comuna de LA ANTÁRTICA CHILENA (es)  (Antártica)
FILCHNER-RONNE ICE-SHELF AND SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS Disputed British-Argentinian Zone of FILCHNER-RONNE ICE-SHELF AND SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS  (Orcadas + (Signy))Zone of FILCHNER-RONNE ICE-SHELF AND SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS (en) + Zona del BANCO DE HIELO FILCHNER-RONNE Y ISLAS ORCADAS DEL SUR (es)  (Orcadas + (Signy))
MARIE BYRD LAND Unclaimed Sector of MARIE BYRD LAND  (Byrd Surface Camp + Russkaya Station)Sector of MARIE BYRD LAND (en) + ZEMLI MERI BERD Sektor : ЗЕМЛИ МЭРИ БЭРД сектор (ru)  (Byrd Surface Camp + Russkaya Stancije)
PETER THE FIRST ISLAND Norwegian Dependency of PETER THE FIRST ISLAND  ((Oslo))Norsk avhengighet av Peter den Første øya : PETER EIN ØY (nb) + Norsk avhengighet av Peter den Første øya : PETER EIN ØY (nn)  ((Oslo))
QUEEN MAUD LAND Norwegian Dependency of QUEEN MAUD LAND  (Troll + Tor)Norsk DRONNING MAUDS LAND (nb) + Norsk DRONNING MAUDS LAND (nn)  (Troll + Tor)
ROSS New Zealand Antarctic Territory : ROSS Dependency  (Scott Base)ROSS Dependency (en) + ROSS Whakawhirinaki (mi) + ROSS Dependency (nzsl)  (Scott Base)
SOUTH POLE SOUTH POLE Overland  (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station)SOUTH POLE Overland (en)  (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station)
WESTERN COATS LAND AND WEDDELL SEA Disputed British-Argentinian Zone of WESTERN COATS LAND AND WEDDELL SEA : Brazilian Antarctica Zone of Interest  (Belgrano Two Base + Halley)Zone of WESTERN COATS LAND AND WEDDELL SEA (en) + Zona de la TIERRA DE BELGRANO Y MAR WEDDELL (es)  (Belgrano Dos + Halley)
WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND Chilean-British Sector in WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND  ((Stanley) + (Puerto Williams))Sector in WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND (en) + Sector en la TIERRA DE ELLSWORTH OCCIDENTAL (es)  ((Stanley) + (Puerto Williams))

14 Condominiums


Protectorates, Protected or Assisted Entities



0 Protected Entity


Dependant Protectorates or Protected Entities



0 Dependant Protected Entity


Autonomous Territories


AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC Division  ((Kingston))AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC Division (en)  ((Kingston))
AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTICA Australian Antarctic Territory : AAT  (Mawson Station + Davis Station + Casey Station)AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC Territory (en)  (Mawson Station + Davis Station + Casey Station)
BOUVET ISLAND Norwegian Dependency of BOUVET ISLAND  (Nyroysa)Avhengighet Norske BOUVETØYA (nb) + Avhengighet Norske BOUVET-ØYA (nn)  (Nyrøysa)
BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY British Overseas Territory of BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY  (Halley + (Rothera Station))British Overseas Territory of BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY (en)  (Halley + (Rothera Station))
FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC LANDS Overseas Territory of FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC LANDS  (Port Aux Francais + (Saint Pierre of the Reunion))Territoire d''outre-mer des TERRES AUSTRALES ET ANTARCTIQUES FRANÇAISES (fr)  (Port-aux-Français + (Saint-Pierre de la Réunion))
MARIE BYRD LAND Unclaimed Sector of MARIE BYRD LAND  (Byrd Surface Camp + Russkaya Station)Sector of MARIE BYRD LAND (en) + ZEMLI MERI BERD Sektor : ЗЕМЛИ МЭРИ БЭРД сектор (ru)  (Byrd Surface Camp + Russkaya Stancije)
QUEEN MAUD LAND Norwegian Dependency of QUEEN MAUD LAND  (Troll + Tor)Norsk DRONNING MAUDS LAND (nb) + Norsk DRONNING MAUDS LAND (nn)  (Troll + Tor)
ROSS New Zealand Antarctic Territory : ROSS Dependency  (Scott Base)ROSS Dependency (en) + ROSS Whakawhirinaki (mi) + ROSS Dependency (nzsl)  (Scott Base)
SOUTH POLE SOUTH POLE Overland  (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station)SOUTH POLE Overland (en)  (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station)

9 Autonomous Territories


Federated or Constituent Territories of an independent ou semi-independent Country



0 Federated or Constituent Territory

Federated or Constituent Territories of a non-independent Country



0 Federated or Constituent Territory of a non-independent Country


Sub-Autonomous Territories or Traditional States



0 Sub-Autonomous Territory


Non-Autonomous Territories



0 Non-Autonomous Territory


Other Territories


ANTARCTICA AND ISLANDS South African Department of ANTARCTICA AND ISLANDS : Prince Edward and Marion Islands  (Marion)South African Department of ANTARCTICA AND ISLANDS (en) + Suid-Afrikaanse Departement van ANTARKTIKA EN EILANDE (af)  (Marion)
BALLENY ISLANDS BALLENY ISLANDS Group  (Swan Base)BALLENY ISLANDS Group (en) + BALLENY Motu Rōpū (mi) + BALLENY (nzsl)  (Swan Base)
CROZET ARCHIPELAGO District of CROZET ARCHIPELAGO  (Alfred Faure Station)District de l''ARCHIPEL CROZET (fr)  (Base Alfred Faure)
HEARD ISLAND HEARD ISLAND Territory  (Heard Island)HEARD ISLAND Territory (en)  (Heard Island)
HEARD ISLAND AND MACDONALD ISLANDS Territory of HEARD ISLAND AND MACDONALD ISLANDS : Heard Island and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve  (Heard Island)HEARD ISLAND AND MACDONALD ISLANDS Marine Reserve (en)  (Heard Island)
KERGUELEN ARCHIPELAGO District of KERGUELEN ARCHIPELAGO  (Port Aux Francais)District de l''ARCHIPEL DES KERGUELEN (fr)  (Port-aux-Français)
KING GEORGE THE FIFTH LAND District of KING GEORGE THE FIFTH LAND  ((Hobart))District of KING GEORGE THE FIFTH LAND (en)  ((Hobart))
MACDONALD ISLANDS MACDONALD ISLANDS Territory  ((Hobart))MACDONALD ISLANDS Territory (en)  ((Hobart))
NEW AMSTERDAM ISLAND French Possession of NEW AMSTERDAM ISLAND  (Camp Heurtin)Possession française de l''ÎLE AMSTERDAM (fr)  (Camp Heurtin)
SAINT PAUL AND NEW AMSTERDAM ISLANDS District of SAINT PAUL AND NEW AMSTERDAM ISLANDS  (Camp Heurtin)District des ÎLES AMSTERDAM ET SAINT-PAUL (fr)  (Camp Heurtin)
SAINT PAUL ISLAND French Possession of SAINT PAUL ISLAND  (Saint Paul)Possession française de l''ÎLE SAINT-PAUL (fr)  (Saint-Paul)
SCOTT ISLAND SCOTT ISLAND Area  ((Wellington))SCOTT ISLAND Area (en) + Motu SCOTT (mi) + SCOTT (nzsl)  ((Wellington))
SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS Group  (Carlini Station + Base President Eduardo Frei Montalva + Bellingshausen Station + Commandant Ferraz Antarctic Base + Machu Picchu Base)SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS Group (en) + Grupo de las ISLAS SHETLAND DEL SUR (es) + YUZHNYE SHETLANDSKIE OSTROVA Gruppy : ЮЖНЫЕ ШЕТЛАНДСКИЕ ОСТРОВА группы (ru)  (Base Carlini + Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva + Bellingshausen Stancije + Estação Antártica Comandante Ferraz + Base Machu Picchu)

13 Other Territories

International Organizations or Groupings (selective list)


ANTARCTICA Antarctic Treaty System : ATS  (Buenos Aires)Antarctic Treaty System : ATS (en) + Sistema del Tratado Antártico : STA (es) + Système du Traité Antarctique : STA (fr) + Dogovor ob Antarktike : DA ­ Договор об Антарктике : ДA (ru)  (Buenos Aires) Secretary Albert Lluberas Bonaba (uy)

1 Selected Organization


LON or UNO Specialized Agencies (or similar) :



0 Specialized Agency


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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some historical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages currently forgotten.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnologic data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-AUG-06.