1911-OCT-23



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED & REGIONALIZED POLITIES
 ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES  ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


ANDORRA
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of ANDORRA  (Andorra The Old)Principat d´ANDORRA (ca)  (Andorra La Vella) Coprince Joan Baptista Benlloch i Vivo
AUSTRIA
PCA Member
Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council : AUSTRIAN Crownlands  (Vienna)Die im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreiche und Länder : ÖSTERREICH (de) + Imperium Austriacum : AUSTRIA (la)  (Wien) Emperor Francis Joseph I
AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
De facto Independent
Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen : AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN Monarchy  (Vienna + Budapest)Die im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreiche und Länder und die Länder der heiligen Ungarischen Stephanskrone : ÖSTERREICHISCH-UNGARISCHE Monarchie (de) + A birodalmi tanácsban képviselt királyságok és országok és a magyar szent korona országai : Császári és Királyi OSZTRÁK–MAGYAR Monarchia (hu) + Imperium Austro-Hungaricum : AUSTROHUNGARIA (la) + V Říšské radě zastoupená království a země a Země svaté Štěpánské koruny uherské : RAHOUSKO-UHERSKO (ces) + AUSTRO-UGARSKA Monarhija (hr) + AUSTRO-UGARSKA Monarhija : AУСТРО-УГАРСКА монархија (sr) + Monarchia Austro-Węgierska : AUSTRO-WĘGRY (pl) + AVSTRO-UHORSHCHYNA Monarkiy : Королівства і Землі представлені в Імперіальній Раді та Землі Святої Угорської Корони Святого Стефана : АВСТРО-УГОРЩИНА Монархія (uk) + Monarhia Dunăreană : AUSTRO-UNGARIA (ro) + I regni e le terre rappresentate nel concilio imperiale e le terre della corona di Santo Stefano : Impero AUSTRO-UNGARICO (it)  (Wien + Budapest) Emperor Francis Joseph I
BELGIUM
PCA Member
Kingdom of BELGIUM [Belgian Colonial Empire]  (Brussels)Koninkrijk BELGIË (nl) + Royaume de BELGIQUE (fr)  (Bruxelles) King Albert I
BOHEMIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Lands of the Bohemian Crown of Saint Wenceslas : Kingdom of BOHEMIA  (Prague)Země Koruny české svatováclavské : ČESKÉ království (cs) + Böhmische Kronländer : Königreich BÖHMEN (de) + Regnum BOHEMIAE (la)  (Prag) Emperor Francis Joseph I
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
De facto Semi-Independent
Condominium of the Provinces of BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA [in Personal Union with Austria-Hungary]  (Sarajevo)Kondominium Provinzen BOSNIEN UND DIE HERZEGOWINA (de) + Kondominijum u BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI (bs) + Kondominijum u BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI : Кондоминијум у БОСНИ И ХЕРЦЕГОВИНИ (sr) + Társasházi BOSZNIA ÉS HERCEGOVINA (hu)  (Sarajevo) Emperor Francis Joseph I
BUKOVINA
De facto Semi-Independent
Duchy of BUKOVINA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Chernovitz)Herzogtum BUKOWINA (de) + Ducatus BUCOVINA (la) + Ducatul BUCOVINE (ro) + Hertsohstvo BUKOVYNA : Герцогство БУКОВИНА (uk) + Księstwo BUKOWINY (pl)  (Czernowitz) Emperor Francis Joseph I
BULGARIA
PCA Member
Kingdom of BULGARIA : Bulgarian Empire  (Sofia)Tsartsvo BALGARIYA : Царство БЪЛГАРИЯ (bg)  (Sofiya) Tsar Ferdinand I
CARINTHIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Duchy of CARINTHIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Klagenfurt)Herzogtum KÄRNTEN (de) + Ducatum KARINTHIE (la) + Vojvodina KOROŠKA (sl)  (Klagenfurt) Emperor Francis Joseph I
CARNIOLA
De facto Semi-Independent
Duchy of CARNIOLA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Laibach)Herzogtum KRAIN (de) + Ducatus CARNIOLAE (la)  (Laybach) Emperor Francis Joseph I
CRACOW
De facto Semi-Independent
Grand Duchy of CRACOW [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Cracow)Großherzogtum KRAKAU (de) + Wielkie Księstwo KRAKOWSKIE (pl) + Magni Ducatus CRACOVIAE (la)  (Krakau) Emperor Francis Joseph I
CRETE
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
CRETAN State [International Council of the Independent Cretan State]  (Chania)KRITIKI Politia : ΚΡΗΤΙΚΗ Πολιτεία (el)  (Khania) Three Member Commissions
CROATIA-SLAVONIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of CROATIA-SLAVONIA [in Personal Union with Hungary]  (Zagreb)Kraljevina HRVATSKA I SLAVONIJA (hr) + Horvát-Szlavón Királyság : HORVÁT-SZLAVÓNORSZÁG (hu) + Königreich KROATIEN UND SLAWONIEN (de) + Regnum CHROATIE-SLAVONIA (la)  (Zágráb) Emperor Francis Joseph I
DALMATIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of DALMATIA  (Zara)Königreich DALMATIEN (de) + Kraljevina DALMACIJA (hr) + Regno di DALMAZIA (it) + Regnum DALMATIA (la)  (Zadar) Emperor Francis Joseph I
DENMARK
PCA Member
Kingdom of DENMARK [Danish Colonial Empire]  (Copenhagen)Kongeriget DANMARK (da)  (Kjöbenhaven) King Frederick VIII
FINLAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Grand Duchy of FINLAND [in Personal Union with Russia]  (Helsingfors)Velikoye Knyazhestvo FINLYANDSKOYE : Великое княжество ФИНЛЯНДСКОЕ (ru) + SUOMEN suuriruhtinaskunta (fi) + Storfurstendömet FINLAND (sv)  (Helsingfors) Tsar Nicholas II
FRANCE
PCA Member
French Republic : FR [French Colonial Empire]  (Paris)République française : RF (fr)  (Paris) President Armand Fallieres
GALICIA AND LODOMERIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of GALICIA AND LODOMERIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Lemberg)Königreich GALIZIEN UND LODOMERIEN (de) + Królestwo GALICJI I LODOMERII (pl) + CUMANIEQUE ET GALLAECIA Regnum (la)  (Lemberg) Emperor Francis Joseph I
GERMANY
PCA Member
GERMAN Realm [German Colonial Empire]  (Berlin)DEUTSCHES Reich (de)  (Berlin) Emperor William II
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND
PCA Member
United Kingdom of GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND  (London)United Kingdom of GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND (en)  (London) King George V
GREECE
PCA Member
Kingdom of GREECE  (Athens)Vasílion tis ELLÁDOS : Βασίλειον τῆς ἙΛΛΑΔΟΣ (el)  (Athinai) King George I
GUERNSEY
De facto Semi-Independent
Bailiwick of GUERNSEY  (Saint Peter Port)Bailliage de GUERNESEY (fr) + Bailiwick of GUERNSEY (en) + Bailliage dé GUERNÉSI (xno)  (Saint Pierre Port) King George V
HOLY SEE
De facto Semi-Independent
Roman Catholic Church : HOLY SEE  (Vatican)Chiesa Cattolica Romana : SANTA SEDE (it) + Ecclesia Catholica Romana : SANCTA SEDES (la) + Église Catholique Romaine : SAINT-SIÈGE (fr)  (Vaticano) Pope Pius X
HUNGARY
PCA Member
Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen : Kingdom of HUNGARY  (Budapest)Magyar Szent Korona Országai : MAGYAR Királyság (hu) + Die Länder der heiligen Ungarischen Stephanskrone : Königreich UNGARN (de) + Regnum Hungariae : HUNGARIA (la)  (Budapest) Emperor Francis Joseph I
ISLE OF MAN
De facto Semi-Independent
ISLE OF MAN Crown Dependency  (Douglas)ISLE OF MAN Crown Dependency (en) + Ellan Vannin : MANNIN (gv)  (Douglas) King George V
ITALY
PCA Member
Kingdom of ITALY  (Rome)Regno d´ITALIA (it)  (Roma) King Victor Emmanuel III
JERSEY
De facto Semi-Independent
Bailiwick of JERSEY  (Saint Helier)Bailiwick of JERSEY (en) + Bailliage de JERSEY (fr) + Bailliage dé JÈRRI (xno)  (Saint Hélyi) King George V
LIECHTENSTEIN
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of LIECHTENSTEIN  (Vaduz)Fürstentum LIECHTENSTEIN (de)  (Vaduz) Prince Johann II the Good
LUXEMBURG
PCA Member
Grand Duchy of LUXEMBURG  (Luxemburg)Groussherzogtum LËTZEBUERG (lb) + Grand-Duché de LUXEMBOURG (fr) + Großherzogtum LUXEMBURG (de)  (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Guillaume IV
MONACO
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of MONACO [French Protected State]  (Monaco)Principauté de MONACO (fr)  (Monaco) Prince Albert I
MONTENEGRO
PCA Member
Kingdom of MONTENEGRO  (Cetinje)Kraljevina CRNA GORA : Краљевина ЦРНА ГОРА (srp)  (Cetině) King Nicholas I Petrovich-Njegosh
MOUNT ATHOS
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous State of THE HOLY MOUNTAIN OF ATHOS [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Karyes)Aftónomi Monastikí Politía AYÍOU ÓROUS : Αυτόνομη Μοναστικὴ Πολιτεία ἉΓΙΟΥ ὌΡΟΥΣ (el) + KUTSAL DAĞ Özerk Manastır Devleti (ota)  (Karyai) Patriarch Joachim III the Magnificent
NETHERLANDS
PCA Member
Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS [Dutch Colonial Empire]  (Amsterdam + The Hague)Koninkrijk der NEDERLANDEN (nl)  (Amsterdam + ´s-Gravenhage) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY
PCA Member
Kingdom of NORWAY  (Christiania)Kongeriket NORGE (no) + Kongeriket NOREG (nn)  (Kristiania) King Haakon VII
OTTOMAN TURKEY
PCA Member
The Exalted Ottoman State : Turkish OTTOMAN Empire  (Constantinople)Devlet-i Âliye-i OSMÂNIYYE : دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه (ota)  (Konstantiniyye) Sultan Mehmet V Reshat Gazi
PORTUGAL
PCA Member
PORTUGUESE Republic [Portuguese Empire]  (Lisbon)República PORTUGUESA : Império Português (pt)  (Lisboa) President Manuel de Arriaga
RUMANIA
PCA Member
Kingdom of RUMANIA  (Bucharest)Regatul ROMÂNIEI (ro)  (București) King Carol I
RUSSIA
PCA Member
RUSSIAN Empire  (Saint Petersburg)ROSSIYSKAYA Imperiya : РОССІЙСКАЯ Имперія (ru)  (Sankt-Peterburg) Tsar Nicholas II
SAMOS
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous Principality of SAMOS [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Samos City)Hyemonia tis SÁMOU : Ηγεμονία της ΣΑΜΟΥ (el) + Beyliği SISAM : بييليğءي صيسام (ota)  (Sámos-Khora) Prince Andreas Kopasis Omoudopoulos
SAN MARINO
De facto Semi-Independent
Republic of SAN MARINO [Italian Protectorate]  (San Marino)Repubblica di SAN MARINO (it)  (San Marino) Captains-Regent
SERVIA
PCA Member
Kingdom of SERVIA  (Belgrade)Kraljevina SRBIJA : Краљевина СРБИЈА (sr)  (Beograd) King Peter I Karageorgevich
SPAIN
PCA Member
Kingdom of SPAIN [Spanish Colonial Empire]  (Madrid)Reino de ESPAÑA : Imperio Español (es)  (Madrid) King Alfonso XII
STYRIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Duchy of STYRIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Graz)Herzogtum STEIERMARK (de) + Ducatus STYRIA (la)  (Graz) Emperor Francis Joseph I
SWEDEN
PCA Member
Kingdom of SWEDEN  (Stockholm)Konungariket SVERIGE (sv)  (Stockholm) King Gustav V
SWITZERLAND
PCA Member
SWISS Confederation  (Berne + Lausanne)SCHWEIZERISCHE Eidgenossenschaft (de) + Confédération SUISSE (fr) + Confederazione SVIZZERA (it) + Confœderatio HELVETICA -(la)  (Bern + Lausanne) President Marc-Emile Ruchet
TYROL AND THE VORARLBERG LAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Princely County of TYROL AND THE VORARLBERG LAND [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Innsbruck)Gefürstete Grafschaft TIROL UND DAS LAND VORARLBERG (de) + Comitatus TYROLIS ET TERRA CISARULANA (la)  (Innsbruck) Emperor Francis Joseph I
UNITED KINGDOM
De facto Independent
BRITISH Empire  (London + Westminster)BRITISH Empire (en)  (London + Westminster) King George V
WARSAW
De facto Semi-Independent
Governorate-General of Warsaw : Provinces of the VISTULA COUNTRY Territory [Polish Kingdom in Personal Union with Russia]  (Warsaw)General-Gubernatorstvo Varshavy - PRIVISLYANSKY Kray - Privislinskiye Gubernii - Tsarstvo Polskoye : Генерал-губернаторство Варшавы - ПРИВИСЛИНСКИЙ Край - Привислинские губернии - Царство Польское (ru) + Kraj NADWIŚLAŃSKI : Królestwo Polskie (pl)  (Varshava) Tsar Nicholas II

48 Polities (22 members of the International Community)


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


ALBANIA
Rebellion
ALBANIAN Vilayets  (Prizren)Vilâyeti ARNAVUTLAR (ota)  (Prizren) Hasan Bej Prishtina
CRETE
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
CRETAN State [International Council of the Independent Cretan State]  (Chania)KRITIKI Politia : ΚΡΗΤΙΚΗ Πολιτεία (el)  (Khania) Three Member Commissions
GOUST
Micronation
Republic of GOUST  (Goust)République de GOUST (fr)  (Goust) President of Goust
HANOVER CROWN
Exile
Kingdom of HANOVER in Exile  (Vienna)Haus HANNOVER (de)  (Wien) Crown-Prince Ernest Augustus II
MACEDONIA-ADRIANOPLE
Rebellion
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization : IMRO Guerilla  (Imro Guerilla)Vŭtreshna Makedonska Revolyutsionna Organizatsiya : VMRO - Вътрешна Македонска Революционна Oрганизация : BMPO (bg) + Vnatrešna Makedonska Revolucionerna Organizacija : VMRO - Внатрешна Македонска Револуционерна Организација : BMPO (mk)  (Vmro) Yane Ivanov Sandanski
SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM
Exile
Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta + Via Condotti)Cavalieri dell´Ordine dell´Ospedale di SAN GIOVANNI DI GERUSALEMME (it)  (Palazzo Malta + Via dei Condotti) Grandmaster Count Galeas von Thun and Hohenstein
TAVOLARA
Micronation
Kingdom of TAVOLARA  (The Point of the Canon)Regno di TAVOLARA (it) + Rennu de TAULARA (sc)  (La Punta del Canone) King Carlo I Bertoleoni
TEUTONIC ORDER
Exile
Military Order of Brothers of the German House Saint Mary in Jerusalem : Autonomous Religious and Military Institute of the TEUTONIC ORDER under Habsburg Protection  (Vienna)Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus Sankt Mariens in Jerusalem : DEUTSCHER ORDEN (de)  (Wien) Grandmaster Archduke Eugen of Austria-Teschen

8 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


LIECHTENSTEIN
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of LIECHTENSTEIN  (Vaduz)Fürstentum LIECHTENSTEIN (de)  (Vaduz)
MONACO
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of MONACO [French Protected State]  (Monaco)Principauté de MONACO (fr)  (Monaco)
MOUNT ATHOS
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous State of THE HOLY MOUNTAIN OF ATHOS [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Karyes)Aftónomi Monastikí Politía AYÍOU ÓROUS : Αυτόνομη Μοναστικὴ Πολιτεία ἉΓΙΟΥ ὌΡΟΥΣ (el) + KUTSAL DAĞ Özerk Manastır Devleti (ota)  (Karyai)
SAMOS
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous Principality of SAMOS [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Samos City)Hyemonia tis SÁMOU : Ηγεμονία της ΣΑΜΟΥ (el) + Beyliği SISAM : بييليğءي صيسام (ota)  (Sámos-Khora)
SAN MARINO
De facto Semi-Independent
Republic of SAN MARINO [Italian Protectorate]  (San Marino)Repubblica di SAN MARINO (it)  (San Marino)

5 Protected Entities


Federated & Regionalised Polities


ABO AND BJORNEBORG
ABO AND BJORNEBORG Government  (Abo)ABO-B´YENEBORGSKAYA Guberniya : АБО-БЬЕРНЕБОРГСКАЯ Губерния (ru) + TURUN JA PORIN Lääni (fi) + ÅBO OCH BJÖRNEBORGS Län (sv)  (Abo)
ANHALT
Federated
Duchy of ANHALT  (Dessau)Herzogtum ANHALT (de)  (Dessau)
APPENZELL-INNER RHODES
Federated
Canton of APPENZELL-INNER RHODES  (Appenzell)Kanton APPENZELL-INNERRHODEN (de)  (Appenzell)
APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES
Federated
Canton of APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES  (Herisau + Trogen)Kanton APPENZELL-AUSSERRHODEN (de)  (Herisau + Trogen)
ARCHANGELSK
ARCHANGELSK Government  (Archangelsk)ARKHANGEL´SKAYA Guberniya : АРХАНГЕЛЬСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Arkhangel´sk)
ARGOVIA
Federated
Canton of ARGOVIA  (Aarau)Kanton AARGAU (de)  (Aarau)
ASTRAKHAN
ASTRAKHAN Government  (Astrakhan)ASTRAKHANSKAYA Guberniya : АСТРАХАНСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Astrakhan)
AUSTRIAN LITTORAL
Federated
AUSTRIAN LITTORAL Crownland : Austrian Coastland Crownland  (Trieste)ÖSTERREICHISCHES KÜSTENLAND Kronland (de) + Territorium LITORALE AUSTRIACUM (la)  (Triest)
AUSTRIAN SILESIA
Federated
Austrian Crownland of the Duchy of UPPER AND LOWER SILESIA  (Troppau)Vévodství HORNÍ A DOLNÍ SLEZSKO (cs) + Herzogtum OBER-UND NIEDERSCHLESIEN (de) + Ducatus SILESIA SUPERIORIS ET INFERIORIS (la)  (Troppau)
BADEN
Federated
Grand Duchy of BADEN  (Karlsruhe)Großherzogtum BADEN (de)  (Karlsruhe)
BASLE-CITY
Federated
Canton of BASLE-CITY  (Basle)Kanton BASEL-STADT (de)  (Basel)
BASLE-COUNTRY
Federated
Canton of BASLE-COUNTRY  (Liestal)Kanton BASEL-LANDSCHAFT (de)  (Liestal)
BAVARIA
Federated
Kingdom of BAVARIA  (Munich)Königreich BAYERN (de)  (München)
BERNE
Federated
Canton of BERNE  (Berne)Kanton BERN (de) + Canton de BERNE (fr)  (Bern)
BESSARABIA
BESSARABIA Government  (Kishinyov)BESSARABSKA Guberniya : БЕССАРАБСЬКА губернiя (ru)  (Kishinyov)
BLACK SEA
BLACK SEA Government  (Novorossiysk)CHERNOMORSKAYA Guberniya : ЧЕРНОМОРСКАЯ Губерния (ru)  (Novorossiysk)
BOHEMIA
Federated
Austrian Crownland of BOHEMIA  (Prague)Kraje ČECHY (cs) + Königreich BÖHMEN (de) + BOHEMIA Regnum (la)  (Prag)
BRANDENBURG
Federated
Province of BRANDENBURG  (Postdam)Provinz BRANDENBURG (de)  (Postdam)
BREMEN
Federated
Free Hanseatic City of BREMEN  (Bremen)Freie Hansestadt BREMEN (de)  (Bremen)
BRUNSWICK
Federated
Duchy of BRUNSWICK  (Brunswick)Herzogtum BRAUNSCHWEIG (de)  (Braunschweig)
CHERNIGOV
CHERNIGOV Government  (Chernigov)CHERNIGOVSKAYA Guberniya : ЧЕРНИГОВСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Chernigov)
COURLAND
COURLAND Government  (Mitau + Libau)KURLYANDSKAYA Guberniya : КУРЛЯНДСКАЯ Губернiя (ru) + Gouvernement KURLAND (de)  (Mitava + Liyepaya)
CROATIA
Federated
Kingdom of CROATIA  (Zagreb)Kraljevina HRVATSKA (hr) + HORVÁTORSZÁG Királyság (hu) + Königreich KROATIEN (de) + Regnum CROATIAE (la)  (Zágráb)
DAGHESTAN
DAGHESTAN Oblast  (Temir-Khan-Shura)DAGESTANSKAYA Oblast : ДАГЕСТАНСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Temir-Khan-Shura)
DON COSSACKS
Oblast of THE DON COSSACK Host  (Cherkassk)Oblast´ VOYSKA DONSKOGO : Область ВОЙСКА ДОНСКОГО (ru)  (Cherkassk)
EAST PRUSSIA
Federated
Province of EAST PRUSSIA  (Koenigsberg in Prussia)Provinz OSTPREUßEN (de)  (Königsberg in Preußen)
EKATERINOSLAV
EKATERINOSLAV Government  (Ekaterinoslav)YEKATERINOSLAVSKAYA Guberniya : ЕКАТЕРИНОСЛАВСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Yekaterinoslav)
ENGLAND
Country of ENGLAND  (London + Westminster)Country of ENGLAND (en)  (London + Westminster)
FRIBOURG
Federated
Canton of FRIBOURG  (Fribourg)Kanton FREIBURG (de) + Canton de FRIBOURG (fr)  (Freiburg)
GENEVA
Federated
Republic and Canton of GENEVA  (Geneva)République et Canton de GENÈVE (fr)  (Genève)
GLARUS
Federated
Canton of GLARUS  (Glarus)Kanton GLARUS (de)  (Glarus)
GRISONS
Federated
Canton of GRISONS  (Chur)Kanton GRAUBÜNDEN (de) + Chantun GRISCHUN (rm) + Cantone dei GRIGIONI (it)  (Cuira)
HAMBURG
Federated
Free and Hanseatic City of HAMBURG  (Hamburg)Freie und Hansestadt HAMBURG (de)  (Hamburg)
HANOVER
Federated
Province of HANOVER  (Hanover)Provinz HANNOVER (de)  (Hannover)
HESSE AND BY RHINE
Federated
Grand Duchy of HESSE AND BY RHINE  (Darmstadt)Großherzogtum HESSEN UND BEI RHEIN (de)  (Darmstadt)
HESSE-NASSAU
Federated
Province of HESSE-NASSAU  (Cassel)Provinz HESSEN-NASSAU (de)  (Cassel)
HOLSTEIN-OLDENBURG
Federated
Grand Duchy of Oldenburg : Grand Duchy of HOLSTEIN-OLDENBURG  (Oldenburg)Grossherzog von Oldenburg : Grossherzog zu HOLSTEIN-OLDENBURG (de)  (Oldenburg)
ISLANDS
ISLANDS Region  (Copenhagen)ØERNE Syssel (da)  (Kjöbenhaven)
JUTLAND
JUTLAND Region  (Aarhus)JYLLAND Syssel (da)  (Aarhus)
KALISH
KALISH Government  (Kalish)KALISHSKAYA Gubernia : КАЛИШСКАЯ Губерния (ru) + Gubernia KALISKA (pl)  (Kalish)
KALUGA
KALUGA Government  (Kaluga)KALUZHSKAYA Guberniya : КАЛУЖСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Kaluga)
KAZAN
KAZAN Government  (Kazan)KAZANSKAYA Guberniya : КАЗАНСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Kazan)
KELETS
KELETS Government  (Kelets)KELETSKAYA Guberniya : КЕЛЕЦКАЯ Губерния (ru) + Gubernia KIELECKA (pl)  (Kelets)
KHARKOV
KHARKOV Government  (Kharkov)KHARKOVSKAYA Guberniya : ХАРЬКОВСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Kharkov)
KHERSON
KHERSON Government  (Kherson)KHERSONSKAYA Guberniya : ХЕРСОНСКАЯ Губерния (ru)  (Kherson)
KIEVIA
Southwestern Territory : Government-General of KIEVIA  (Kiev)Yuzhno-Zapadniy Kray : Юго-западный край : KIEVSKOE General-Gubernatorstvo : КИЕВСКОЕ генерал-губернаторство (ru)  (Kiev)
KOSTROMA
KOSTROMA Government  (Kostroma)KOSTROMSKAYA Guberniya : КОСТРОМСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Kostroma)
KUBAN
KUBAN Oblast  (Yekaterinodar)KUBANSKAYA Oblast´ : КУБАНСКАЯ о́бласть (ru)  (Yekaterinodar)
KUOPIO
KUOPIO Government  (Kuopio)KUOPIOSKAYA Guberniya : КУОПИОСКАЯ губерния (ru) + KUOPION Lääni (fi) + KUOPIO Län (sv)  (Kuopio)
KURSK
KURSK Government  (Kursk)KURSKAYA Guberniya : КУРСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Kursk)
LIPPE
Federated
Principality of LIPPE  (Detmold)Fürstentum LIPPE (de)  (Detmold)
LITHUANIA
Government-General of LITHUANIA  (Vilna)LITOVSKOE General-Gubernatorstvo : ЛИТО́ВСКОЕ генерал-губернаторство (ru)  (Vilna)
LIVONIA
LIVONIA Government  (Riga)LIFLYANDSKAYA Guberniya : ЛИФЛЯНДСКАЯ Губернiя (ru) + Gouvernement LIVLAND (de)  (Riga)
LOMZHA
LOMZHA Government  (Lomzha)LOMZHINSKAYA Gubernia : ЛОМЖИНСКАЯ губерния (ru) + Gubernia ŁOMŻYŃSKA (pl)  (Lomzha)
LOWER AUSTRIA
Federated
Crownland of Austria below the Enns : LOWER AUSTRIA  (Vienna)Kronland Österreich Unter Der Enns : NIEDERÖSTERREICH (de) + Territorium AUSTRIAM INFERIOREM (la)  (Wien)
LOWER NOVGOROD
LOWER NOVGOROD Government  (Nizhni Novgorod)NIZHEGORODSKAYA Guberniya : НИЖЕГОРОДСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Nizhni Novgorod)
LUBECK
Federated
Free and Hanseatic City of LUBECK  (Lubeck)Freie und Hansestadt LÜBECK (de)  (Lübeck)
LUBLIN
LUBLIN Government  (Lublin)LUBLINSKAYA Gubernia : ЛЮБЛИНСКАЯ Губернія (ru) + Gubernia LUBELSKA (pl)  (Lublin)
LUCERNE
Federated
Canton of LUCERNE  (Lucerne)Kanton LUZERN (de)  (Luzern)
MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN
Federated
Grand Duchy of MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN  (Schwerin in Mecklenburg)Großherzogtum von MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN (de)  (Schwerin im Mecklenburg)
MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ
Federated
Grand Duchy of MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ  (New Strelitz)Großherzogtum von MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ (de)  (Neustrelitz)
MORAVIA
Federated
Austrian Crownland of the Margraviate of MORAVIA  (Bruenn)Markrabství MORAVSKÉ (cs) + Markgrafschaft MÄHREN (de) + MORAVIAE Marchionem (la)  (Brünn)
NEUCHATEL
Federated
Republic and Canton of NEUCHATEL  (Neuchatel)République et Canton de NEUCHÂTEL (fr)  (Neuchâtel)
NIKOLAISTAD
NIKOLAISTAD Government  (Nikolaistad)NIKOLAYSTADSKAYA Guberniya : НИКОЛАЙСТАДСКАЯ Губерния (ru) + VAASAN Lääni (fi) + VASA Län (sv)  (Nikolaystad)
NOVGOROD
NOVGOROD Government  (Novgorod)NOVGORODSKAYA Guberniya : НОВГОРОДСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Novgorod)
NYLAND
NYLAND Government  (Helsingfors)NYULANDSKOY Guberniyey : НЮЛАНДСКОЙ Губернией (ru) + Uudenmaan Lääni : UUSIMAA (fi) + NYLANDS Landskap (sv)  (Helsingfors)
OLONETZ
OLONETZ Government  (Petrozavodsk)OLONETSKAYA Guberniya : ОЛОНЕЦКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Petrozavodsk)
OREL
ORYOL Government  (Oryol)ORLOVSKAYA Guberniya : ОРЛОВСКАЯ Губерния (ru)  (Orël)
ORENBURG
ORENBURG Government  (Orenburg)ORENBURGSKAYA Guberniya : ОРЕНБУРГСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Orenburg)
PENZA
PENZA Government  (Penza)PENZENSKAYA Guberniya : ПЕНЗЕНСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Penza)
PERM
PERM Government  (Perm)PERMSKAYA Guberniya : ПЕРМСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Perm)
PETROKOV
PETROKOV Government  (Petrokov)PETROVSKAYA Gubernia : ПЕТРОКОВСКАЯ Губерния (ru) + Gubernia PIOTRKOWSKA (pl)  (Petrokov)
PLOTSK
PLOTSK Government  (Plotsk)PLOTSKAYA Gubernia : ПЛОЦКАЯ Губернияя (ru) + Gubernia PŁOCKA (pl)  (Plotsk)
PODOLIA
PODOLIA Government  (Kamenetz-Podolsk)PODOLSKAYA Guberniya : ПОДОЛЬСКАЯ Губерния (ru)  (Kamienets-Podolskyi)
POLTAVIA
Poltava Government : POLTAVIA  (Poltava)POLTAVSKAYA Guberniya : ПОЛТАВСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Poltava)
POSEN
Federated
Province of POSEN  (Posen)Provinz POSEN (de)  (Posen)
PRUSSIA
Federated
Kingdom of PRUSSIA  (Berlin)Königreich PREUßEN (de)  (Berlin)
PRUSSIAN POMERANIA
Federated
Prussian Province of POMERANIA  (Stettin)Preußische Provinz POMMERN (de)  (Stettin)
PRUSSIAN SAXONY
Federated
Province of SAXONY  (Magdeburg)Provinz SACHSEN (de)  (Magdeburg)
PSKOV
PSKOV Government  (Pskov)PSKOVSKAYA Guberniya : ПСКОВСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Pskov)
RADOM
RADOM Government  (Radom)RADOMSKAYA Gubernia : РАДОМСКАЯ Губерния (ru) + Gubernia RADOMSKA (pl)  (Radom)
REUSS-GREIZ
Federated
Principality of REUSS ELDER LINE  (Greiz)Fürstentum REUß ÄLTERE LINIE (de)  (Greiz)
REUSS-SCHLEIZ-GERA
Federated
Principality of REUSS YOUNGER LINE  (Gera)Fürstentum REUß JÜNGERER LINIE (de)  (Gera)
RHENISH PRUSSIA
Federated
Rhine Province : RHENISH PRUSSIA  (Coblenz)Rheinprovinz : RHEINPREUßEN (de)  (Coblenz)
RYAZAN
RYAZAN Government  (Ryazan)RYAZANSKAYA Guberniya : РЯЗАНСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Ryazan´)
SAINT GALL
Federated
Canton of SAINT GALL  (Saint Gall)Kanton SANKT GALLEN (de)  (Sankt Gallen)
SAINT MICHEL
SAINT MICHEL´S Government  (Saint Michel)SANKT-MIKHEL´SKAYA Guberniya : САНКТ-МИХЕЛЬСКАЯ Губерния (ru) + MIKKELIN Lääni (fi) + SANKT MICHELS Län (sv)  (Sankt-Mikhel´)
SAINT PETERSBURG
SAINT PETERSBURG Government  (Saint Petersburg)SANKT-PETERBURGSKAYA Guberniya : САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Sankt-Peterburg)
SALZBURG
Federated
State of SALZBURG  (Salzburg)Land SALZBURG (de) + Provincia SALISBURGI (la)  (Salzburg)
SAMARA
SAMARA Government  (Samara)SAMARSKAYA Guberniya : САМАРСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Samara)
SARATOV
SARATOV Government  (Saratov)SARATOVSKAYA Gubernia : САРАТОВСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Saratov)
SAXE-ALTENBURG
Federated
Duchy of SAXE-ALTENBURG  (Altenburg)Herzogtum SACHSEN-ALTENBURG (de)  (Altenburg)
SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA
Federated
Union of the Duchy of SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA  (Coburg + Gotha)Herzogtum SACHSEN-COBURG UND GOTHA (de)  (Coburg + Gotha)
SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD
Federated
Duchy of SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD  (Coburg)Herzogtum SACHSEN-COBURG-SAALFELD (de)  (Coburg)
SAXE-GOTHA
Federated
Duchy of SAXE-GOTHA [in Personal Union with Saxe-Coburg]  (Gotha)Herzogtum SACHSEN-GOTHA (de)  (Gotha)
SAXE-MEININGEN
Federated
Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen and Hildbourghausen : Duchy of SAXE-MEININGEN  (Meiningen)Herzogtum Sachsen-Meiningen und Hildburghausen : Herzogtum SACHSEN-MEININGEN (de)  (Meiningen)
SAXE-WEIMAR-EISENACH
Federated
Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach : Grand Duchy of SAXONY  (Weimar)Großherzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach : Großherzogtum SACHSEN (de)  (Weimar)
SAXONY
Federated
Kingdom of SAXONY  (Dresden)Königreich SACHSEN (de)  (Dresden)
SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE
Federated
Principality of SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE  (Bueckeburg)Fürstentum SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE (de)  (Bückeburg)
SCHELLENBERG
Federated
Imperial Fiefdom of SCHELLENBERG  (Schellenberg)Reichsherrschaft SCHELLENBERG (de)  (Schellenberg)
SCHWARZBURG
Federated
Principality of SCHWARZBURG  (Rudolstadt)Fürstentum SCHWARZBURG (de)  (Rudolstadt)
SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT
Federated
Principality of SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT  (Rudolstadt)Fürstentum SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT (de)  (Rudolstadt)
SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN
Federated
Principality of SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN [in Personal Union with Schwarzburg]  (Sondershausen)Fürstentum SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN (de)  (Sondershausen)
SCHWYZ
Federated
Canton of SCHWYZ  (Schwyz)Kanton SCHWYZ (de)  (Schwyz)
SCOTLAND
Country of SCOTLAND  (Edinburgh)Country of SCOTLAND (en)  (Edinburgh)
SEDILTSE
SEDILTSE Government  (Sediltse)SEDL´TSESKAYA Guberniya : СЕДЛЕЦКАЯ Губерния (ru) + Gubernia SIEDLECKA (pl)  (Sedl´tse)
SHAFFHOUSE
Federated
Canton of SHAFFHOUSE  (Shaffhouse)Kanton SCHAFFHAUSEN (de)  (Schaffhausen)
SILESIA
Federated
Province of SILESIA  (Breslau)Provinz SCHLESIEN (de)  (Breslau)
SIMBIRSK
SIMBIRSK Government  (Simbirsk)SIMBIRSKAYA Guberniya : СИМБИРСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Simbirsk)
SLAVONIA
Federated
Kingdom of SLAVONIA  (Esseg)Königreich SLAWONIEN (de) + Kraljevina SLAVONIJA (hr) + SZLAVÓN Királyság (hu) + Regnum SCLAVONIAE (la)  (Eszék)
SLESWICK-HOLSTEIN
Federated
Province of SLESWICK-HOLSATIA  (Sleswick)Provinz SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN (de)  (Schleswig)
SMOLENSK
SMOLENSK Government  (Smolensk)SMOLENSKAYA Guberniya : СМОЛЕНСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Smolensk)
SOLOTHURN
Federated
Canton of SOLOTHURN  (Solothurn)Kanton SOLOTHURN (de)  (Solothurn)
STAVROPOL
Caucasian Governement of STAVROPOL  (Stavropol)STAVROPOLSKAYA Guberniya : СТАВРОПОЛЬСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Stavropol´)
SUVALKIA
SUVALKIA Government  (Suwalki)SUVALSKAYA Guberniya : СУВАЛКСКАЯ Губернiя (ru) + Gubernia SUWALSKA (pl)  (Suvalki)
TAMBOV
TAMBOV Government  (Tambov)TAMBOVSKAYA Guberniya : ТАМБОВСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Tambov)
TAURIDA
TAURIDA Government  (Simferopol)TAVRICHESKAYA Guberniya : ТАВРИЧЕСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Simferopol)
TAVASTEHUS
TAVASTEHUS Government  (Tavastehus)TAVASTGUSSKAYA Guberniya : ТАВАСТГУССКАЯ Губерния (ru) + HÄMEEN Lääni (fi) + TAVASTEHUS Län (sv)  (Tavastgus)
TESCHEN
Federated
Duchy of TESCHEN  (Teschen)TĚŠÍNSKÉ Knížectví (ces) + Herzogtum von TESCHEN (de) + Ducatus TESSINENSIS (la) + Księstwo CIESZYŃSKIE (pl)  (Teschen)
THURGOVIA
Federated
Canton of THURGOVIA  (Frauenfeld)Kanton THURGAU (de)  (Frauenfeld)
TICINO
Federated
Republic and Canton of TICINO  (Bellenz)Repubblica e Cantone del TICINO (it)  (Bellinzona)
TULA
TULA Government  (Tula)TULSKAYA Guberniya : ТУЛЬСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Tula)
TVER
TVER Government  (Tver)TVERSKAYA Guberniya : ТВЕРСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Tver)
TYROL
Federated
Province of TYROL  (Innsbruck)Land TIROL (de) + Provincia Reatico : Provincia TYROLIS (la)  (Innsbruck)
UFA
UFA Government  (Ufa)UPHIMSKAYA Guberniya : УФИ́МСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Ufa)
ULEABORG
ULEABORG Government  (Uleaborg)ULEABORGSKAYA Guberniya : УЛЕАБОРГСКАЯ Губерния (ru) + OULUN Lääni (fi) + ULEÅBORGS Län (sv)  (Uleaborg)
UNTERWALD-NIDWALD
Federated
Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Nidwald : Canton of NIDWALD  (Stans)Halbkanton Unterwalden nid dem Wald : Kanton NIDWALDEN (de)  (Stans)
UNTERWALD-OBWALD
Federated
Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Obwald : Canton of OBWALD  (Sarnen)Halbkanton Unterwalden ob dem Wald : Kanton OBWALDEN (de)  (Sarnen)
UPPER AUSTRIA
Federated
State of UPPER AUSTRIA  (Linz)Kronland OBERÖSTERREICH (de) + Territorium AUSTRIAM SUPERIOREM (la)  (Linz)
URALSK
Centro-Asian Oblast of URALSK  (Uralsk)URAL´SKAYA Oblast´ : УРАЛЬСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Ural´sk)
URI
Federated
Canton of URI  (Altdorf)Kanton URI (de)  (Altdorf)
VADUZ
Federated
Imperial Fiefdom of VADUZ  (Vaduz)Reichsherrschaft VADUZ (de)  (Vaduz)
VALAIS
Federated
Republic and Canton of VALAIS  (Sitten)République et Canton du VALAIS (fr) + Staat und Kanton WALLIS (de)  (Sion)
VAUD
Federated
Republic and Canton of VAUD  (Lausanne)République et Canton de VAUD (fr)  (Lausanne)
VLADIMIR
VLADIMIR Government  (Vladimir)VLADIMIRSKAYA Guberniya : ВЛАДИМИРСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Vladimir)
VOLHYNIA
VOLHYNIAN Government  (Zhitomir)VOLYNSKAYA Guberniya : ВОЛЫНСКАЯ Губерния (ru)  (Zhitomir)
VOLOGDA
VOLOGDA Government  (Vologda)VOLOGODSKAYA Guberniya : ВОЛОГОДСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Vologda)
VORARLBERG
Federated
Crownland of VORARLBERG  (Bludenz + Bregenz + Feldkirch)Kronland VORARLBERG (de) + Territorium CISARULA (la)  (Bludenz + Bregenz + Feldkirch)
VORONEZH
VORONEZH Government  (Voronezh)VORONEZHSKAYA Guberniya : ВОРОНЕЖСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Voronezh)
VYATKA
VYATKA Government  (Vyatka)VYATSKAYA Guberniya : ВЯТСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Vyatka)
VYBORG
VYBORG Government  (Vyborg)VYBORGSKAYA Guberniya : ВЫБОРГСКАЯ Губерния (ru) + VIIPURIN Lääni (fi) + VIBORGS Län (sv)  (Vyborg)
WALDECK AND PYRMONT
Federated
Principality of WALDECK-PYRMONT  (Arolsen)Fürstentum WALDECK UND PYRMONT (de)  (Arolsen)
WARSAW
WARSAW Government  (Warsaw)VARSHAVSKAYA Gubernia : ВАРШАВСКАЯ Губерния (ru) + Gubernia WARSZAWSKA (pl)  (Varshava)
WEST PRUSSIA
Federated
Province of WEST PRUSSIA  (Danzig)Provinz WESTPREUßEN (de)  (Danzig)
WESTPHALIA
Federated
Province of WESTPHALIA  (Muenster)Provinz WESTFALEN (de)  (Münster)
WHITE RUSSIA
Northwestern Territory : WHITE RUSSIA  (Minsk)SEVEROZAPADNIY Kray : СЕВЕРОЗАПАДНЫЙ край (ru)  (Minsk)
WURTTEMBERG
Federated
Kingdom of WURTTEMBERG  (Stuttgart)Königreich WÜRTTEMBERG (de)  (Stuttgart)
YAROSLAV
YAROSLAV Government  (Yaroslav)YAROSLAVSKAYA Gubernia : ЯРОСЛАВСКАЯ Губернiя (ru)  (Yaroslav)
ZOUG
Federated
Canton of ZOUG  (Zoug)Kanton ZUG (de)  (Zug)
ZURICH
Federated
Stand and Canton of ZURICH  (Zurich)Stand und Kanton ZÜRICH (de)  (Zürich)

150 Federated or Regionalized Polities


Territories & Dependencies


ALSACE-LORRAINE
Autonomous Territory of ALSACE-LORRAINE  (Strasbourg)Reichsland ELSAß-LOTHRINGEN (de)  (Straßburg)
CHATALJA
Mutesarifate of CHATALJA : Autonomous Province of Chatalja  (Chatalja)Mutassarifiyet-i Çatalca - ÇATALCA Mutasarrıflığı : متصرفية چاتالجا (ota)  (Çatalca)
ECREHOUS
THE ECREHOUS Archipelago  (La Maitresse Ile)Archipel d´ÊCRÉHO (xno) + Archipel des ÉCRÉHOUS (fr) + THE ECREHOUS Archipelago (en)  (Maîtr´Île)
ESTHONIA
Government of ESTHONIA : Duchy of Esthonia  (Reval)ESTLYANDSKAYA Guberniya : ЭСТЛЯНДСКАЯ Губернiя (ru) + Gouvernement ESTHLAND (de)  (Revel)
EXTREMADURA
Independent Community of EXTREMADURA  (Merida)Comunidad Independiente de EXTREMADURA (es) + Comunidá d´ESTREMAÚRA (ext)  (Mérida)
FAEROE ISLANDS
Danish County of FAEROE ISLANDS  (Thorshavn)FÆRØERNE Amt (da)  (Thorshavn)
FELDSBERG
Liechtenstein Residency of FELDSBERG in Lower Austria  (Feldsberg)Schloss FELDSBERG (de)  (Feldsberg)
FIUME
FIUME Corpus Separatum of the Hungarian Crown : City of Fiume with Territory  (Fiume)FIUME város és területe (hu) + Stadt FIUME mit Gebiet (de) + FLUMENISIS Corpus Separatum (la)  (Fiume)
FRANCIS JOSEPH´S LAND
FRANCIS JOSEPH´S LAND Island Territory  (Northbrook Island)FRANS JOSEFS LAND Øygruppe (no)  (Northbrookøya)
GIBRALTAR
British Crown Colony of GIBRALTAR  (Gibraltar)British Crown Colony of GIBRALTAR (en)  (Gibraltar)
HERM
Tenantry of HERM  (Herm)Tenanterie dé HAERME (xno) + Tenanterie de HERM (fr) + Tenantry of HERM (en)  (Haerme)
JAN MAYEN
Island of JAN MAYEN  (Jan Mayen)Øya JAN MAYEN (no) + JAN MAYEN Øya (nn)  (Jan Mayen)
JETHOU
Tenantry of JETHOU  (Jethou)Tenanterie dé JETHAO (xno) + Tenanterie de JETHOU (fr) + Tenantry of JETHOU (en)  (Jethao)
KALGUYEV ISLAND
Unorganized Territory of KALGUYEV ISLAND  (Bugrino)Ostrov KALGUYEV : Остров КAЛГУЕВ (ru)  (Bugrino)
LIHOU
Tenantry of LIHOU  (Lihou)Tenanterie dé LIHAO (xno) + Tenanterie de LIHOU (fr) + Tenantry of LIHOU (en)  (Lihao)
MACEDONIA
Allied Administration of the Turkish Province of MACEDONIA  (Monastir)Administration alliée de la Province turque de MACÉDOINE (fr) + MAKEDONYA Ili : مقدونيا (ota)  (Manastır)
MINQUIERS
THE MINQUIERS Archipelago  (Maitresse-Ile)Archipel LES MINTCHIÈRS (xno) + Archipel des MINQUIERS (fr) + THE MINQUIERS Archipelago (en)  (Maîtr´ Île)
MORESNET
Belgo-Prussian Royal Commission of the Neutral Territory of MORESNET  (Moresnet)Territoire de MORESNET NEUTRE (fr) + Neutralen Territorium von NEUTRAL-MORESNET (de) + Terrein NEUTRAAL-MORESNET (nl) + Teritorio de Neŭtrala Moresnet : NEŬTRA MORESNETO (eo)  (Moresnet)
MUSCOVY
Government-General of MOSCOW  (Moscow)MOSKOVSKOYE General-Gubernatorstvo : МОСКОВСКОЕ Генерал-Губернаторство (ru)  (Moskva)
NEUTRAL TERRITORY
Gibraltar NEUTRAL TERRITORY  (Mill Tower)Gibraltar NEUTRAL TERRITORY (en) + ZONA NEUTRAL de Gibraltar (es)  (Torre del Molino)
NEW ZEMBLA
Russian Colony of the NEW ZEMBLA Territory  (Malye Karmakuly)NOVAYA ZEMLYA Territoriya : НОВАЯ ЗЕМЛЯ Территория (ru) + Matka : MATKA (yrk)  (Malye Karmakuly)
NORWAY-SWEDEN DEMILITARIZED ZONE
NORWAY-SWEDEN DEMILITARIZED ZONE Area  (Norway-Sweden Border)NORGE-SVERIGE DEMILITARISERADE ZONEN Området (sv) + NORGE-SVERIGE DEMILITARISERTE SONEN Område (no) + NOREG-SVERIGE DEMILITARISERTE SONEN Område (nn)  (Norge-Sverige)
NOVIPAZAR
Sanjak of NOVI PAZAR  (Novi Pazar)Sancağ-ı YENI PAZAR : سانجاك ينيبازار (ota)  (Yeni Pazar)
PALACE FARNESE
French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)Ambassade de France en Italie : PALAIS FARNÈSE (fr) + Ambasciata di Francia in Italia : PALAZZO FARNESE (it)  (Palazzo Farnese)
PHEASANTS´ ISLAND
Condominium of PHEASANTS´ ISLAND : Condominium of Conference Island  (Hospital Island)Condominio de la ISLA DE LOS FAISANES (es) + Condominium de l´ÎLE DES FAISANS (fr)  (Île de l´Hôpital)
PYRENEAN FACERIES
Trans-Borders Valleys of PYRENEAN FACERIES  (Baigorri + Baztan)Valles Transfronterizas de las FACERIAS PIRENAICAS (es) + Vallées transfrontalières des FACERIES PYRÉNÉENNES (fr)  (Baigorri + Baztan)
ROCKALL
Disputed Zone of ROCKALL  (-)Zone of ROCKALL (en)  (-)
ROME AND LORETO
Pious French Establishments in ROME AND LORETO  (Villa Bonaparte)Pieux Établissements français à ROME ET LORETTE (fr) + Pii Stabilimenti francesi a ROMA E LORETO (it)  (Villa Bonaparte)
SARK
Seigniory of SARK  (La Seigneurie)Seigneu d´CERQ (xno) + Seigneurie de SERCQ (fr) + Seigneury of SARK (en)  (La Seigneurie)
SCHLOSS HOHENBURG
Luxemburgian Residency of SCHLOSS HOHENBURG  (Schloss Hohenburg)Residenz SCHLOẞ HOHENBURG (de) + Résidence du SCHLOSS HOHENBOURG (fr) + Residenz SCHLOSS HOHENBURG (lb)  (Schloss Hohenburg)
SUVOROV MEMORIAL
Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)SUWOROW-DENKMAL in der Schöllenen-Schlucht (de) + Pamyatnik Suvorov : Памятник Суворов - SUVOROV MEMORIAL : СУВОРОВ МЕМОРИАЛ (ru)  (Suworow-Denkmal)
SVALBARD
Settlement of SVALBARD  (Longyear City)Bosetting av SVALBARD (no)  (Longyear City)
VICTORIA ISLAND
VICTORIA ISLAND Territory  (Victoria Island)VICTORIAØYA Territorium (no)  (Victoriaøya)
VILLA MEDICI
French Academy in Rome : French Possession of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)Académie de France à Rome : Domaine français de la VILLA MÉDICIS (fr)  (Villa Médicis)
WESTERN RUSSIA
WESTERN Territory  (Minsk)ZAPADNIY Kray : ЗАПАДНЫЙ край (ru)  (Minsk)

35 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)


AFRICAN WILDLIFE
Organisation
Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals Birds and Fish in Africa : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals Birds and Fish in Africa : LONDON CONVENTION (en) + Convention pour la Préservation des Animaux Sauvages des Oiseaux et des Poissons en Afrique : CONVENTION DE LONDRES (fr)  (London) Sir Clement Lloyd Hill (uk)
AIR LAW CODE
Organisation
Conference on International AIR LAW CODE  (Paris)Conférence pour déterminer les Règles applicables à l´ESPACE AÉRIEN (fr)  (Paris) Prince Roland Bonaparte (fr)
AIR SPORTS
Organisation
World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)Fédération Aéronautique Internationale : FAI (fr)  (Lausanne) Prince Roland Bonaparte (fr)
ANGLICANISM
Organisation
Church of England : ANGLICAN Church  (Canterbury)Church of England : ANGLICAN Church (en)  (Canterbury) Archbishop Randall Davidson (uk)
ANGLO-JAPANESE ALLIANCE
Organisation
ANGLO-JAPANESE Alliance  (London)ANGLO-JAPANESE Alliance (en) + NICHI-EI Doumei : 日英同盟 (ja)  (London) Representatives of Japan and United Kingdom
ANGLO-PORTUGUESE ALLIANCE
Organisation
ANGLO-PORTUGUESE Alliance  (Torres Vedras)ANGLO-PORTUGUESE Alliance (en) + ANGLO-PORTUGUÊS Aliança (pt)  (Torres Vedras) Rulers of Portugal and United Kingdom
ANGLO-RUSSIAN CONVENTION
Organisation
British-Russian Convention : ANGLO-RUSSIAN CONVENTION  (Saint Petersburg)British-Russian Convention : ANGLO-RUSSIAN CONVENTION (en) + ANGLO-RUSSKIY Konventsiya : АНГЛО-РУССКИЙ Конвенция (ru)  (Sankt-Peterburg) Foreign Affairs Ministers
BJORKO PACT
Organisation
Treaty of BJORKO  (Bjorko)BJÖRKÖ-Pakt (de) + BERKSKIY Dogovor : БЬЁРКСКИЙ договор (ru)  (Björkö) Emperors of Russia and Germany
BRITISH DOMINIONS
Organisation
BRITISH DOMINIONS of the British Empire : British Imperial Federation  (Westminster)BRITISH DOMINIONS of the British Empire (en)  (Westminster) Herbert Henry Asquith (uk)
BRUSSELS CONVENTION
Organisation
Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION (en) + Convention relative à la Traite des Esclaves et à l´importation en Afrique d´Armes à feu de Munitions et de Liqueurs : CONVENTION DE BRUXELLES (fr) + Aittifaqiat Tijarat al-Raqiq wal-Aistirad fi ´Afriqia al´Aslihat al-Nnariat wal-Dhakhayir wal-Murtabat : AITTIFAQIAT BRUKSIL - اتفاقية تجارة الرقيق والاستيراد في أفريقيا الأسلحة النارية والذخائر والمرطبات: اتفاقية بروكسل (ar)  (Bruxelles) King Albert I
CALVINISM
Organisation
Alliance of Reformed Churches in the World : ARCW  (Geneva)Alliance des Églises Réformées dans le Monde : AÉRM (fr)  (Genève) Abraham Kuyper (nl)
DANUBE
Organisation
European Commission of the Danube-ECD and International Danube Commission-IDB : DANUBE Commissions  (Galatz)Commission Européenne du Danube-CED et Commission Internationale du Danube-CID : Commissions du Danube (fr)  (Galați) SG Francis Rey (fr)
DUAL ALLIANCE
Organisation
DUAL ALLIANCE between German Empire and Austro-Hungary  (Vienna)ZWEIBUND Defensivvertag (de) + Kettős szövetség : KÖZPONTI HATALMAK (hu)  (Wien) Dual Alliance
EASTERN ORTHODOXISM
Organisation
Orthodox Catholic Church : EASTERN ORTHODOX Church  (Phanar)Orthodoxi Katholiki kai Apostoliki Ekklisia : ANATOLIKI ORTHODOXI Ekklisia - Ορθόδοξη Καθολική και Αποστολική Εκκλησία : ΑΝΑΤΟΛΙΚΗ ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΗ Εκκλησία : (el)  (Fener) Patriarch Joachim III the Magnificent (wo)
ELECTROTECHNICAL
Organisation
International Electrotechnical Commission : IEC  (London)International Electrotechnical Commission : IEC (en) + Commission Électrotechnique Internationale : CÉI (fr)  (London) Alexander Siemens (de)
ENTENTE CORDIALE
Organisation
Agreements of ENTENTE CORDIALE  (London)Agreements of ENTENTE CORDIALE (en) + Accords de l´ENTENTE CORDIALE (fr)  (London) Foreign Affairs Ministers
FRANCO-RUSSIAN ALLIANCE
Organisation
FRANCO-RUSSIAN Alliance  (Moscow + Paris)Alliance FRANCO-RUSSE (fr) + FRANKO-RUSSKIY Soyuz : ФРАНКО-РУССКИЙ Cоюз (ru)  (Moskva + Paris) Foreign Affairs Ministers
GENEVA CONVENTION
Organisation
GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)Convention de GENÈVE (fr)  (Genève) President Gustave Ador (ch)
GREAT POWERS
Organisation
General Act of the Conference of ALGECIRAS  (Algeciras)Acte général de la Conférence internationale d´ALGÉCIRAS (fr) + General Act of the Conference of ALGECIRAS relating to the Affairs of Morocco (en) + Acta General de la Conferencia Internacional de ALGECIRAS (es)  (Algeciras) Henry White (us)
HAGUE CONVENTION
Organisation
Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)Cour Permanente d´Arbitrage : CPA (fr) + Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA (en)  (´s-Gravenhage) SG Baron Louis Michiels van Verduynen (nl)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
Organisation
United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)Bureaux Internationaux Unis pour la Protection de la Propriété Intellectuelle : BIUPPI (fr) + United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP (en)  (Bern) Director Henri Morel (ch)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU
Organisation
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Brussels)BUREAU INTERPARLEMENTAIRE pour l´Arbitration Permanente (fr)  (Bruxelles) SG Christian Louis Lange (no)
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Organisation
Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)Institut de Droit International : IDI (fr)  (Gent) Tobias Asser (nl)
LATIN UNION
Organisation
Latin Monetary Union : LMU  (Paris)Union Monétaire Latine : UML (fr)  (Paris) Convention
LUTHERANISM
Organisation
LUTHERAN Evangelical Churches  (Augsburg)Evangelisch-LUTHERISCHE Kirchen (de)  (Augsburg) Lutheran Bishops
MARITIME LAW
Organisation
International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)Comité Maritime International : CMI (fr) + International Maritime Committee : IMC (en)  (Antwerpen) International Maritime Committee
METEOROLOGY
Organisation
International Meteorological Organization : IMO  (Geneva)Organisation Météorologique Internationale : OMI (fr) + International Meteorological Organization : IMO (en)  (Genève) President William Napier Shaw (uk)
NAVAL CONFERENCE
Organisation
London NAVAL Conference  (London)London NAVAL Conference (en) + Conférence NAVALE de Londres (fr)  (London) Delegates
NAVIGATION
Organisation
International Congress of Navigation : ICN  (Saint Petersburg)International Congress of Navigation : ICN (en) + Congrès international de la Navigation : CIN (fr)  (Sankt-Peterburg) Tsar Nicholas II
OLD ALLIANCE
Organisation
Old Alliance : FRANCO-SCOTTISH ALLIANCE  (Saint Germain in Laye)VIEILLE-ALLIANCE entre l´Écosse et la France (fr) + AULD ALLIANCE between France and Scotland (sco)  (Saint-Germain-en-Laye) Interregnum
OLYMPIC GAMES
Organisation
International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)Comité International Olympique : CIO (fr)  (Lausanne) President Baron Pierre de Coubertin (fr)
OPIUM
Organisation
International Opium Commission : IOC  (Shanghai International Settlement)International Opium Commission : IOC (en) + Commission internationale de l´Opium : CIO (fr)  (Shanghai International Settlement) Tong Kwoh On (zk)
OVERSEAS PORTUGAL
Organisation
PORTUGUESE OVERSEAS Possessions  (Lisbon)Possessões do ULTRAMARINO PORTUGUÊS (pt)  (Lisboa) President Manuel de Arriaga
PRESBYTERIANISM
Organisation
Church of Scotland : THE KIRK  (Edinburgh)Church of Scotland : THE KIRK (en) + Eaglais na h-Alba : KIRK (gd) + The Scots Kirk : THE KIRK (sco)  (Edinburgh) Ministers and Elders
PROTESTANTISM
Organisation
United and Uniting Churches : PROTESTANTISM  (Geneva)United and Uniting Churches : PROTESTANTISM (en) + Églises unies : PROTESTANTISME (fr)  (Genève) John Raleigh Mott (us)
PUBLIC HEALTH
Organisation
International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)Office international d´Hygiène Publique : OIHP (fr)  (Paris) President Camille Barrere (fr)
RACCONIGI BARGAIN
Organisation
RACCONIGI Bargain  (Racconigi)Accordo di RACCONIGI (it) + Russko-ital´yanskoye soglasheniye v RAKKONIDZHI : Русско-итальянское соглашение в РАККОНИДЖИ (ru)  (Racconigi) Monarches of Italy and Russia
RED CROSS
Organisation
International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)Comité international de la Croix-Rouge : CICR (fr)  (Genève) President Gustave Ador (ch)
REFRIGERATION
Organisation
International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)Association Internationale du Froid : AIF (fr) + International Association of Refrigeration : IAR (en)  (Paris) (unknown)
RHINE
Organisation
Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Mannheim)Zentralkommission für die Rheinschifffahrt : ZKR (de) + Commission Centrale pour la Navigation du Rhin : CCNR (fr) + Centrale Commissie voor de Rijnvaart : CCR (nl)  (Mannheim) Central Commission
ROMAN CATHOLICISM
Organisation
ROMAN CATHOLIC Church  (Vatican)Ecclesia CATHOLICA ROMANA (la)  (Vaticano) Pope Pius X
SCANDINAVIAN UNION
Organisation
Scandinavian Monetary Union : SMU  (Stockholm + Christiania + Copenhagen)SKANDINAVISKA Myntunionen (sv) + SKANDINAVISKE Møntunion (da) + SKANDINAVISKE Myntunion (no)  (Stockholm + Kritstiania + Kjöbenhaven) Rulers of Norway Sweden and Denmark
TELEGRAPH
Organisation
International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)Union Télégraphique Internationale : UTI (fr) + International Telegraph Union : ITU (en)  (Bern) Director Emil Frey (ch)
THURINGIAN STATES
Organisation
THURINGIAN States  (Weimar)THÜRINGISCHE Staaten (de)  (Weimar) Emperor William II
TRANS-PYRENEAN RAILWAYS
Organisation
Franco-Spanish International Convention on TRANS-PYRENEAN RAILWAYS  (Canfranc)Convención Franco-Española sobre FERROCARRILES TRANSPIRENAICOS (es) + Convention franco-espagnole relative aux CHEMINS DE FERS TRANSPYRÉNÉENS (fr)  (Canfranc) Governments of France and Spain
TRIPLE ENTENTE
Organisation
TRIPLE ENTENTE Agreement  (London)TRIPLE ENTENTE Agreement (en) + Accord de la TRIPLE ENTENTE (fr) + Soglasheniya ANTANTA : Cоглашения АНТАНТА (ru)  (London) Triple Entente
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION
Organisation
Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)Union Postale Universelle : UPU (fr)  (Bern) Director Eugene Ruffy (ch)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
Organisation
International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres) Bureau International des Poids et Mesures : BIPM (fr)  (Sèvres) Director Jean-Rene Benoit (fr)
ZIONISM
Organisation
ZIONIST Organization  (Basle)ZIONIST Organization (en) + Organisation SIONISTE (fr) + HaHistadrut HaTSIONIT : ההסתדרות הציונית (he)  (Basel) President Otto Heinrich Warburg (de)

49 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)

ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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