w.ethnia.org
   w.ethnia.org
 

1902-MAY-01



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED POLITIES  ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES
 ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


AUSTRALIA
De facto Semi-Independent
British Dominion of the Commonwealth of AUSTRALIA  (Melbourne)British Dominion of the Commonwealth of AUSTRALIA (en)  (Melbourne) King Edward VII
BRITISH WESTERN PACIFIC
De facto Semi-Independent
WESTERN PACIFIC Territories : British Western Pacific High Commission  (Suva)WESTERN PACIFIC Territories : British Western Pacific High Commission (en)  (Suva) King Edward VII
FRIENDLY ISLANDS
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of TONGA : British Protected State of the Friendly Islands  (Nukualofa)Kingdom of TONGA (en) + Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo TONGA (to)  (Nukualofa) King George Tupou II
GERMAN SAMOA
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of SAMOA  (Apia)Königreiche SAMOA (de) + Malo o SAMOA (sm)  (Apia) Emperor William II
JENNINGS ISLAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Semi-Independent Proprietary Settlement of JENNINGS ISLAND  (Etena)Proprietary Settlement of JENNINGS ISLAND (en)  (Etena) King Jennings

5 Polities


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile



0 Rebel Entity


Protectorates & Mandates


BRITISH WESTERN PACIFIC
De facto Semi-Independent
WESTERN PACIFIC Territories : British Western Pacific High Commission  (Suva)WESTERN PACIFIC Territories : British Western Pacific High Commission (en)  (Suva)
FRIENDLY ISLANDS
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of TONGA : British Protected State of the Friendly Islands  (Nukualofa)Kingdom of TONGA (en) + Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo TONGA (to)  (Nukualofa)
GERMAN NEW GUINEA
Protectorate of GERMAN NEW GUINEA  (Herbertshohe)Schutzgebiet DEUTSCH NEU-GUINEA (de)  (Herbertshöhe)
GERMAN SOLOMON ISLANDS
Protectorate of GERMAN SOLOMON ISLANDS  (Sohano)Protektorat DEUTSCHEN SALOMON INSELN (de)  (Sohano)
GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS
British Protectorates of THE GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS  (Butaritari Village)British Protectorates of THE GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS (en)  (Butaritari Village)
JALUIT-MARSHALL ISLANDS
German Protectorate of Marshall Islands administered by JALUIT Company  (Jabor)Landeshauptmannschaft JALUIT-Marshall Inseln (de)  (Jabor)
NEW HEBRIDES
Anglo-French Naval Commissions of NEW HEBRIDES  (Port Vila)Anglo-French Naval Commissions of NEW HEBRIDES (en) + Commissions navales anglo-françaises des NOUVELLES-HÉBRIDES (fr)  (Port Vila)

7 Protected Entities


Federated or Constituent Polities


BRITISH SOLOMON ISLANDS
BRITISH SOLOMON ISLANDS Protectorate  (Tulagi)BRITISH SOLOMON ISLANDS Protectorate (en)  (Tulagi)
COCOS ISLANDS
Fiefdom of COCOS ISLANDS Governorate  (Bantam Village on West Island)Fiefdom of COCOS ISLANDS (en)  (Bantam Village on West Island)
ELLICE ISLANDS
British Protectorate of ELLICE ISLANDS  (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti)British Protectorate of ELLICE ISLANDS (en)  (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti)
FIJI
British Colony of FIJI  (Suva)British Colony of FIJI (en)  (Suva)
FRENCH OCEANIA
Settlements of OCEANIA  (Papeete)Établissements de l''OCÉANIE (fr)  (Pape''ete)
GILBERT ISLANDS
British Protectorate of GILBERT ISLANDS  (Butaritari Village)British Protectorate of GILBERT ISLANDS (en)  (Butaritari Village)
NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES
French Colony of NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES  (Numea)Colonie française de NOUVELLE-CALÉDONIE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Nouméa)
NEW SOUTH WALES
State of NEW SOUTH WALES  (Sydney)State of NEW SOUTH WALES (en)  (Sydney)
PHOENIX ISLANDS
British Protectorate of PHOENIX ISLANDS  (Sydney)British Protectorate of PHOENIX ISLANDS (en)  (Sydney)
QUEENSLAND
State of QUEENSLAND  (Brisbane)State of QUEENSLAND (en)  (Brisbane)
SOUTH AUSTRALIA
State of SOUTH AUSTRALIA  (Adelaide)State of SOUTH AUSTRALIA (en)  (Adelaide)
TASMANIA
State of TASMANIA  (Hobart)State of TASMANIA (en)  (Hobart)
TERNATE
Dutch Colony of Moluccas and New Guinea : Residency of TERNATE  (Ternate)Nederlandse Kolonie van Molukken en Nieuw-Guinea : Residentie TERNATE (nl)  (Ternate)
VICTORIA
State of VICTORIA  (Melbourne)State of VICTORIA (en)  (Melbourne)
WESTERN AUSTRALIA
State of WESTERN AUSTRALIA  (Perth)State of WESTERN AUSTRALIA (en)  (Perth)

15 Federated or Constituent Polities


Territories & Dependencies


AMERICAN SAMOA
United States Naval Station of TUTUILA AND AUNUU ISLANDS : American Samoa Zone  (Pago Pago)United States Naval Station of TUTUILA AND AUNU''U ISLANDS : American Samoa Zone (en)  (Pago Pago)
ASHMORE ISLAND
British Territory of ASHMORE ISLAND  (Ashmore)British Territory of ASHMORE ISLAND (en)  (Ashmore)
BRITISH NEW GUINEA
British Colony of NEW GUINEA  (Port Moresby)British Colony of NEW GUINEA (en)  (Port Moresby)
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK MONUMENT
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK MONUMENT on Kealakekua Bay  (Captain James Cook Monument)CAPTAIN JAMES COOK MONUMENT on Kealakekua Bay (en)  (Captain James Cook Monument)
CARTIER ISLAND
British CARTIER ISLAND  (Cartier)British CARTIER ISLAND (en)  (Cartier)
CHRISTMAS
United States Lever Pacific Plantations Lease on CHRISTMAS ISLAND  (London Village on Christmas)United States Lever Pacific Plantations Lease on CHRISTMAS ISLAND (en)  (London Village on Christmas)
DUCIE
Unclaimed Island of DUCIE  (Ducie)Island of DUCIE (en)  (Ducie)
ENDERBURY ISLAND
British Claimed Zone of ENDERBURY ISLAND  (Enderbury)British Zone of ENDERBURY ISLAND (en)  (Enderbury)
FANNING ISLAND
British annexed FANNING ISLAND  (English Harbour)British FANNING ISLAND (en)  (English Harbour)
FLINT ISLAND
British Claimed Zone of FLINT ISLAND  (Flint)FLINT ISLAND Zone (en)  (Flint)
GERMAN NEW GUINEA
Protectorate of GERMAN NEW GUINEA  (Herbertshohe)Schutzgebiet DEUTSCH NEU-GUINEA (de)  (Herbertshöhe)
GERMAN SOLOMON ISLANDS
Protectorate of GERMAN SOLOMON ISLANDS  (Sohano)Protektorat DEUTSCHEN SALOMON INSELN (de)  (Sohano)
GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS
British Protectorates of THE GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS  (Butaritari Village)British Protectorates of THE GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS (en)  (Butaritari Village)
GUAM
United States Territory of GUAM  (Agana)United States Territory of GUAM (en)  (Agana)
GUANO ISLANDS
GUANO ISLANDS United States Unincorporated Possessions  ((Washington-District of Columbia))GUANO ISLANDS United States Unincorporated Possessions (en)  ((Washington-District of Columbia))
HAWAII
Territory of HAWAII  (Honolulu)Territory of HAWAII (en)  (Honolulu)
HOWLAND BAKER AND JARVIS ISLANDS
HOWLAND BAKER AND JARVIS ISLANDS Group  (Bakerton Harbor)HOWLAND BAKER AND JARVIS ISLANDS Group (en)  (Bakerton Harbor)
JALUIT-MARSHALL ISLANDS
German Protectorate of Marshall Islands administered by JALUIT Company  (Jabor)Landeshauptmannschaft JALUIT-Marshall Inseln (de)  (Jabor)
MALDEN ISLAND
British Australian Company of MALDEN ISLAND  (Malden)MALDEN ISLAND Company (en)  (Malden)
MANUA ISLANDS
Chiefdom of MANUA ISLANDS Group  (Ta''u)Chiefdom of MANUA ISLANDS (en) + Tui MANU''A TELE (sm)  (Taʻū)
MARIANA ISLANDS
German District of MARIANA ISLANDS  (Saipan)Bezirk MARIANEN (de)  (Saipan)
MINOR ISLANDS
New Zealand MINOR ISLANDS  ((Wellington))New Zealand MINOR ISLANDS (en)  ((Wellington))
NEW HEBRIDES
Anglo-French Naval Commissions of NEW HEBRIDES  (Port Vila)Anglo-French Naval Commissions of NEW HEBRIDES (en) + Commissions navales anglo-françaises des NOUVELLES-HÉBRIDES (fr)  (Port Vila)
NEW ZEALAND
British Colony of NEW ZEALAND  (Wellington)British Colony of NEW ZEALAND (en)  (Wellington)
PACIFIC OCEAN
General Commission of the Republic in THE PACIFIC OCEAN  (Numea)Commissariat général de la République dans l''OCÉAN PACIFIQUE (fr)  (Nouméa)
PARECE VELA ISLANDS
Distant Bird Island : PARECE VELA ISLANDS  (Parece Vela)Okinotori-Shima : OKINOTORISHIMA - 沖ノ鳥島 (ja)  (Okinotorishima)
PASSION ISLAND
American Concession on Mexican Dependency of PASSION ISLAND  (Clipperton)Dependencia mexicana de la ISLA DE LA PASIÓN (es) + Mexican Dependency of CLIPPERTON ISLAND (en)  (Cliporton)
STARBUCK ISLAND
British STARBUCK ISLAND  (Starbuck)British STARBUCK ISLAND (en)  (Starbuck)
UNION ISLANDS
British Protectorate of UNION ISLANDS  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo + Nukunonu + Fale on Atafu)British Protectorate of UNION GROUP (en) + TOKELAU (tkl)  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo + Nukunonu + Fale on Atafu)
VOLCANO ISLANDS
VOLCANO ISLANDS Settlements  (East Iwo Jima)KAZAN Rettō : 火山列島 (ja)  (Higashi Iōjima)
WASHINGTON ISLAND
British WASHINGTON ISLAND  (Tengkore)British WASHINGTON ISLAND (en)  (Tangkore)

31 Territories & Dependencies



International Organizations or Groupings (selective list)



0 Organisation ou Grouping (selective list)


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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.