w.ethnia.org
 

2019-OCT-10

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ANTARCTICA  ARGENTINE  CHILE  GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND  UNITED KINGDOM 
     
(Buenos Aires) - (Buenos Aires) - (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) - (London) - (London + Westminster) -

Disputed Sector of ANTARTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS

Flag or logo since 2002-09-20
Sector of ANTARTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS (en) + Sector del ANTÁRTICA Y LAS ISLAS DEL ATLÁNTICO SUR (es)
Emblem or Symbol

Secretary Albert Lluberas Bonaba (uy)
(ruler of ANTARCTICA since 2017-09-01)

President Mauricio Macri
(ruler of ARGENTINE since 2015-12-11)

President Sebastian Pinera
(ruler of CHILE since 2018-03-11)

Queen Elizabeth II
(ruler of UNITED KINGDOM since 1952-02-06)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Fossil Bluff + Carlini Station + General Bernardo O''Higgins Riquelme Base(Fossil Bluff + Base Carlini + Base General Bernardo O''Higgins Riquelme)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Mainland:


ANTARCTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS Disputed Sector of ANTARTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS  (Fossil Bluff + Carlini Station + General Bernardo O''Higgins Riquelme Base)

4 Mainland Divisions:

ALEXANDER THE FIRST ARCHIPELAGO ALEXANDER THE FIRST ARCHIPELAGO Group  (Fossil Bluff + Primavera Base)Local: ALEXANDER THE FIRST ARCHIPELAGO Group (en) + Grupo del ARCHIPIÉLAGO ALEJANDRO PRIMERO (es)  (Fossil Bluff + Base Primavera)
ANTARCTIC PENINSULA Territories of ANTARCTIC PENINSULA  (San Martin Base + General Bernardo O''Higgins Riquelme Base)Local: Territories of ANTARCTIC PENINSULA (en) + Territorios de la PENÍNSULA ANTÁRTICA (es)  (Base San Martín + Base General Bernardo O''Higgins Riquelme)
EASTERN ELLSWORTH LAND EASTERN ELLSWORTH LAND Territory  (Sky Blu)Local: EASTERN ELLSWORTH LAND Territory (en) + Territorio de la TIERRA DE ELLSWORTH ORIENTAL (es)  (Sky Blu)
SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS Group  (Carlini Station + Base President Eduardo Frei Montalva + Bellingshausen Station + Commandant Ferraz Antarctic Base + Machu Picchu Base)Local: SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS Group (en) + Grupo de las ISLAS SHETLAND DEL SUR (es) + YUZHNYE SHETLANDSKIE OSTROVA Gruppy : ЮЖНЫЕ ШЕТЛАНДСКИЕ ОСТРОВА группы (ru)  (Base Carlini + Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva + Bellingshausen Stancije + Estação Antártica Comandante Ferraz + Base Machu Picchu)








Other Current Entities within the 2019's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS Group  (Orcadas + Signy)
ARGENTINE ANTARCTICA Department of ARGENTINE ANTARCTICA  (Esperanza)
BALLENY ISLANDS BALLENY ISLANDS Group  (Swan Base)
BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY British Overseas Territory of BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY  (Halley + (Rothera Station))
CHILEAN ANTARCTICA CHILEAN ANTARCTIC Territory in the Province of Chilean Antarctica : Commune of the Chilean Antarctica  (Antarctica)
MARIE BYRD LAND Unclaimed Sector of MARIE BYRD LAND  (Byrd Surface Camp + Russkaya Station)
PETER THE FIRST ISLAND Norwegian Dependency of PETER THE FIRST ISLAND  ((Oslo))
QUEEN MAUD LAND Norwegian Dependency of QUEEN MAUD LAND  (Troll + Tor)
ROSS New Zealand Antarctic Territory : ROSS Dependency  (Scott Base)
SCOTT ISLAND SCOTT ISLAND Area  ((Wellington))
SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS Disputed British-Argentinian Zone of FILCHNER-RONNE ICE-SHELF AND SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS  (Orcadas + (Signy))
SOUTH POLE SOUTH POLE Overland  (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station)
WESTERN COATS LAND Disputed British-Argentinian Zone of WESTERN COATS LAND AND WEDDELL SEA : Brazilian Antarctica Zone of Interest  (Belgrano Two Base + Halley)
WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND Chilean-British Sector in WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND  ((Stanley) + (Puerto Williams))

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.