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1993-JAN-01


International Organization ARGENTINE  AUSTRIA  AUSTRALIA  BELGIUM  BULGARIA  BRAZIL  CANADA  SWITZERLAND  CHILE  CHINA  COLOMBIA  CUBA  CZECHIA  GERMANY  DENMARK  ECUADOR  SPAIN  FINLAND  FRANCE  GREECE  GUATEMALA  HUNGARY  INDIA  ITALY  JAPAN  NORTH KOREA  SOUTH KOREA  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  NEW ZEALAND  PERU  PAPUA NEW GUINEA  POLAND  ROMANIA  RUSSIA  SWEDEN  SLOVAKIA  UKRAINE  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA  URUGUAY  SOUTH AFRICA 

Antarctic Treaty System : ATS

Flag or Logo since 1978-10-07
Antarctic Treaty System : ATS (en) + Sistema del Tratado Antártico : STA (es) + Système du Traité Antarctique : STA (fr) + Dogovor ob Antarktike : DA ­ Договор об Антарктике : ДA (ru) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol

Consultative Meetings
(since 1959-12-01)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places: (Washington-District of Columbia)
((Washington-District of Columbia))
() capital or HQ de facto partially ou totally outside of the territory
Official & national languages: English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) . Russian (ru) .

Organisation:


ANTARCTICA ANTARCTIC Treaty System  ((Washington-District of Columbia))



13 Condominiums:

ADELIE LAND French Antarctic Sector of ADELIE LAND  (Dumont D´Urville Station)Local: Secteur antarctique français de la TERRE ADÉLIE (fr)  (Base Antarctique Dumont d´Urville)
ANTARCTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS Sector of ANTARTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS [Argentinian British and Chilean Claim]  (Fossil Bluff + Jubany Station + General Bernardo O´Higgins Riquelme Base)Local: Sector of ANTARTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS (en) + Sector del ANTÁRTICA Y LAS ISLAS DEL ATLÁNTICO SUR (es)  (Fossil Bluff + Base Jubany + Base General Bernardo O´Higgins Riquelme)
ARGENTINE ANTARCTICA Department of ARGENTINE ANTARCTICA [nominally part of the Province of Fireland Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands]  (Esperanza)Local: Departamento de ANTÁRTIDA ARGENTINA (es)  (Esperanza)
AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC TERRITORY Australian Antarctic Territory : AAT  (Mawson Station + Davis Station + Casey Station)Local: Australian Antarctic Territory : AAT (en)  (Mawson Station + Davis Station + Casey Station)
BRITISH ANTARCTICA British Antarctic Territory : BAT  (Halley + (Signy) + (Rothera Station))Local: British Antarctc Territory : BAT (en)  (Halley + (Signy) + (Rothera Station))
CHILEAN ANTARCTICA Chilean Antarctic Territory : CAT [in the Province of Chilean Antarctica]  (Antarctica)Local: Territorio Chileno Antártico : TCA (es)  (Antártica)
MARIE BYRD LAND Sector of MARIE BYRD LAND [Unclaimed]  (Byrd Surface Camp)Local: Sector of MARIE BYRD LAND (en) + ZEMLI MERI BERD Sektor : ЗЕМЛИ МЭРИ БЭРД сектор (ru)  (Byrd Surface Camp)
PETER THE FIRST ISLAND Norwegian Dependency of PETER THE FIRST ISLAND  ((Oslo))Local: Norsk avhengighet av Peter den Første øya : PETER EIN ØY (nb) + Norsk avhengighet av Peter den Første øya : PETER EIN ØY (nn)  ((Oslo))
QUEEN MAUD LAND Norwegian Dependency of QUEEN MAUD LAND  (Troll + Tor)Local: Norsk DRONNING MAUDS LAND (nb) + Norsk DRONNING MAUDS LAND (nn)  (Troll + Tor)
ROSS DEPENDENCY New Zealand Antarctic Sector of ROSS DEPENDENCY  (Scott Base)Local: ROSS Dependency (en) + ROSS Whakawhirinaki (mi)  (Scott Base)
SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS Zone of SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS [British and Argentinian Claim]  (Orcadas + (Signy))Local: Zone of SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS (en) + Zona de las ISLAS ORCADAS DEL SUR (es)  (Orcadas + (Signy))
SOUTH POLE SOUTH POLE Overland  (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station)Local: SOUTH POLE Overland (en)  (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station)
WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND Sector in WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND [British and Chilean Claim]  ((Port Stanley) + (Puerto Williams))Local: Sector in WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND (en) + Sector en la TIERRA DE ELLSWORTH OCCIDENTAL (es)  ((Stanley) + (Puerto Williams))





42 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organisation. ] :

ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires a + Olivos r) President Carlos Menem
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Thomas Klestil
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Bill Hayden
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Baudoin I
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Zhelyu Zhelev
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Itamar Franco
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
SWITZERLAND (Berne lq + Lausanne j) President Adolf Ogi
CHILE (Santiago of Chile a + Valparaiso l + Vina del Mar s) President Patricio Aylwin
CHINA (Beijing) Jiang Zemin
COLOMBIA (Santafe of Bogota) President Cesar Gaviria
CUBA (Havana) Supreme Leader Fidel Castro
CZECHIA (Prague elr + Brno dj + Lany r) Vaclav Klaus
GERMANY (Berlin a + Bonn lr + Karlsruhe d) Bundespresident Richard von Weizsaecker
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Sixto Duran Ballen
SPAIN (Madrid) King Juan Carlos I
FINLAND (Helsinki a + Kultaranta s) President Mauno Koivisto
FRANCE (Paris) President Francois Mitterrand
GREECE (Athens a) President Constantine Karamanlis
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Jorge Serrano Elias
HUNGARY (Budapest a) President Arpad Goncz
INDIA (New Delhi a + Simla s + Bolarum w) President Shankar Dayal Sharma
ITALY (Rome a) President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Akihito
NORTH KOREA (Pyongyang a) Kim Il-Sung
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul a) President Roh Tae-Woo
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam a + The Hague jlr + Wassenaar r) Queen Beatrix
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
PERU (Lima a + Arequipa d) President Alberto Fujimori
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
POLAND (Warsaw a) President Lech Walesa
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Ion Iliescu
RUSSIA (Moscow) President Boris Yeltsin
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SLOVAKIA (Bratislava a + Kosice d) Vladimir Meciar
UKRAINE (Kiev) President Leonid Kravchuk
UNITED KINGDOM (London a + Westminster lr + Edinburgh s + Windsor r) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President George Herbert Walker Bush
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Luis Alberto Lacalle
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria ae + Cape Town l + Bloemfontein j) State President Frederik Willem de Klerk


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2024-JUN-09 ~ .