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1900-JAN-01

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AUSTRIA-HUNGARY  AUSTRIA 
  
(Vienna + Budapest) - (Vienna) -

Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council : AUSTRIAN Crownlands

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Die im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreiche und Länder : ÖSTERREICH (de) + Imperium Austriacum : AUSTRIA (la) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Emperor Francis Joseph I
(ruler of AUSTRIA-HUNGARY since 1900-01-01)
Capital:Vienna - (Wien)
Official languages: German (de) . Latin (la) .

Mainland:


CISLEITHANIA AUSTRIAN Crownlands  (Vienna)

4 Federated Divisions:

AUSTRIAN LITTORAL AUSTRIAN LITTORAL Crownland : Austrian Coastland Crownland  (Trieste)Local: ÖSTERREICHISCHES KÜSTENLAND Kronland (de) + Territorium LITORALE AUSTRIACUM (la)  (Triest)
LOWER AUSTRIA Crownland of Austria below the Enns : LOWER AUSTRIA  (Vienna)Local: Kronland Österreich Unter Der Enns : NIEDERÖSTERREICH (de) + Territorium AUSTRIAM INFERIOREM (la)  (Wien)
SALZBURG Crownland of SALZBURG  (Salzburg)Local: Kronland SALZBURG (de) + Territorium SALISBURGI (la)  (Salzburg)
UPPER AUSTRIA Crownland of Austria above the Enns : UPPER AUSTRIA  (Linz)Local: Kronland Österreich Ob Der Enns : OBERÖSTERREICH (de) + Territorium AUSTRIAM SUPERIOREM (la)  (Linz)


8 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polities

BUKOVINA Duchy of BUKOVINA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Chernovitz) Emperor Francis Joseph I
CARINTHIA Duchy of CARINTHIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Klagenfurt) Emperor Francis Joseph I
CARNIOLA Duchy of CARNIOLA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Laibach) Emperor Francis Joseph I
CRACOW Grand Duchy of CRACOW [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Cracow) Emperor Francis Joseph I
DALMATIA Kingdom of DALMATIA  (Zara) Emperor Francis Joseph I
GALICIA AND LODOMERIA Kingdom of GALICIA AND LODOMERIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Lemberg) Emperor Francis Joseph I
STYRIA Duchy of STYRIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Graz) Emperor Francis Joseph I
TYROL AND THE VORARLBERG LAND Princely County of TYROL AND THE VORARLBERG LAND [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Innsbruck) Emperor Francis Joseph I



2 Condominiums:

FELDSBERG Liechtenstein Residency of FELDSBERG in Lower Austria  (Feldsberg)Local: Schloss FELDSBERG (de)  (Feldsberg)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (no) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)



2 Governments in Exile

HANOVER CROWN Kingdom of HANOVER in Exile  (Vienna) Crown-Prince Ernest Augustus II
TEUTONIC ORDER Military Order of Brothers of the German House Saint Mary in Jerusalem : Autonomous Religious and Military Institute of the TEUTONIC ORDER under Habsburg Protection  (Vienna) Grandmaster Archduke Eugen of Austria-Teschen



6 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


HAGUE CONVENTION Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes : Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Berne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
ROMAN CATHOLICISM ROMAN CATHOLIC Church  (Vatican)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Convention : International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen : AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN Monarchy  (Vienna + Budapest)
CARINTHIA Duchy of CARINTHIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Klagenfurt)
STYRIA Duchy of STYRIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Graz)
TYROL AND THE VORARLBERG LAND Princely County of TYROL AND THE VORARLBERG LAND [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Innsbruck)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

HIANZENLAND HIANZEN Land  (Eisenstadt)
JUNGHOLZ Enclave of JUNGHOLZ Commune  (Jungholz)
KLEINWALSERTAL Mittelberg Commune : Territory of KLEINWALSERTAL  (Mittelberg)
TYROL Province of TYROL  (Innsbruck)
VORARLBERG Crownland of VORARLBERG  (Bludenz + Bregenz + Feldkirch)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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