ethnia.org
 

1900-JAN-01

Zones:

SWISS Confederation
(Berne + Lausanne)

SWISS Confederation

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
SCHWEIZERISCHE Eidgenossenschaft (de) + Confédération SUISSE (fr) + Confederazione SVIZZERA (it) + Confœderatio HELVETICA (la) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol

President Walter Hauser
(ruler of SWITZERLAND since 1900-01-01)
Capital:Berne + Lausanne - (Bern + Lausanne)
Official languages: German (de) . French (fr) . Italian (it) . Latin (la) .

Mainland:


HELVETIA HELVETIAN Confederation  (Berne + Lausanne)

25 Federated or Constituent Mainland Divisions:

APPENZELL-INNER RHODES Canton of APPENZELL-INNER RHODES  (Appenzell)Local: Kanton APPENZELL-INNERRHODEN (de)  (Appenzell)
APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES Canton of APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES  (Herisau + Trogen)Local: Kanton APPENZELL-AUSSERRHODEN (de)  (Herisau + Trogen)
ARGOVIA Canton of ARGOVIA  (Aarau)Local: Kanton AARGAU (de)  (Aarau)
BASLE-CITY Canton of BASLE-CITY  (Basle)Local: Kanton BASEL-STADT (de)  (Basel)
BASLE-COUNTRY Canton of BASLE-COUNTRY  (Liestal)Local: Kanton BASEL-LANDSCHAFT (de)  (Liestal)
BERNE Canton of BERNE  (Berne)Local: Kanton BERN (de) + Canton de BERNE (fr)  (Bern)
FRIBOURG Canton of FRIBOURG  (Fribourg)Local: Kanton FREIBURG (de) + Canton de FRIBOURG (fr)  (Freiburg)
GENEVA Republic and Canton of GENEVA  (Geneva)Local: République et Canton de GENÈVE (fr)  (Genève)
GLARUS Canton of GLARUS  (Glarus)Local: Kanton GLARUS (de)  (Glarus)
GRISONS Canton of GRISONS  (Chur)Local: Kanton GRAUBÜNDEN (de) + Chantun GRISCHUN (rm) + Cantone dei GRIGIONI (it)  (Cuira)
LUCERNE Canton of LUCERNE  (Lucerne)Local: Kanton LUZERN (de)  (Luzern)
NEUCHATEL Republic and Canton of NEUCHATEL  (Neuchatel)Local: République et Canton de NEUCHÂTEL (fr)  (Neuchâtel)
SAINT GALL Canton of SAINT GALL  (Saint Gall)Local: Kanton SANKT GALLEN (de)  (Sankt Gallen)
SCHWYZ Canton of SCHWYZ  (Schwyz)Local: Kanton SCHWYZ (de)  (Schwyz)
SHAFFHOUSE Canton of SHAFFHOUSE  (Shaffhouse)Local: Kanton SCHAFFHAUSEN (de)  (Schaffhausen)
SOLOTHURN Canton of SOLOTHURN  (Solothurn)Local: Kanton SOLOTHURN (de)  (Solothurn)
THURGOVIA Canton of THURGOVIA  (Frauenfeld)Local: Kanton THURGAU (de)  (Frauenfeld)
TICINO Republic and Canton of TICINO  (Bellenz)Local: Repubblica e Cantone del TICINO (it)  (Bellinzona)
UNTERWALD-NIDWALD Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Nidwald : Canton of NIDWALD  (Stans)Local: Halbkanton Unterwalden nid dem Wald : Kanton NIDWALDEN (de)  (Stans)
UNTERWALD-OBWALD Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Obwald : Canton of OBWALD  (Sarnen)Local: Halbkanton Unterwalden ob dem Wald : Kanton OBWALDEN (de)  (Sarnen)
URI Canton of URI  (Altdorf)Local: Kanton URI (de)  (Altdorf)
VALAIS Republic and Canton of VALAIS  (Sitten)Local: République et Canton du VALAIS (fr) + Staat und Kanton WALLIS (de)  (Sion)
VAUD Republic and Canton of VAUD  (Lausanne)Local: République et Canton de VAUD (fr)  (Lausanne)
ZOUG Canton of ZOUG  (Zoug)Local: Kanton ZUG (de)  (Zug)
ZURICH Stand and Canton of ZURICH  (Zurich)Local: Stand und Kanton ZÜRICH (de)  (Zürich)


1 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polity

HOLY SEE Roman Catholic Church : HOLY SEE  (Vatican) Pope Leo XIII



1 Condominium:

SUVOROV MEMORIAL Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)Local: SUWOROW-DENKMAL in der Schöllenen-Schlucht (de) + Pamyatnik Suvorov : Памятник Суворов - SUVOROV MEMORIAL : СУВОРОВ МЕМОРИАЛ (ru)  (Suworow-Denkmal)



1 Government in Exile

SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta + Via Condotti) Grandmaster Johann Baptist Ceschi a Santa Croce



Military entity abroad or locally shared:

SUVOROV MEMORIAL Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)Local: SUWOROW-DENKMAL in der Schöllenen-Schlucht (de) + Pamyatnik Suvorov : Памятник Суворов - SUVOROV MEMORIAL : СУВОРОВ МЕМОРИАЛ (ru)  (Suworow-Denkmal)


13 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR International AERIAL Congress  (Paris)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Berne)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
LATIN UNION Latin Monetary Union : LMU  (Paris)
METEOROLOGY International Meteorological Organization : IMO  (Geneva)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RHINE Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Mannheim)
SANITARY International SANITARY Confererence  (Paris)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Convention : International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)



Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

SUVOROV MEMORIAL Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)
- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-SEP-24.