Republic of CHILE
(Santiago of Chile a + Valparaiso l + Vina del Mar s)

Republic of CHILE

Flag or logo since 1912-01-11*
República de CHILE (es) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Pedro Aguirre Cerda
(ruler of CHILE since 1938-12-24)
Capitals & administrative places*: Santiago of Chile a + Valparaiso l + Vina del Mar s
(Santiago de Chile + Valparaiso + Viña del Mar)
a administrative, national or political capital (also ruler's residence)
l legislative or parliamentary capital, seat of government
r summer capital
Official & national languages: Spanish (es) .


CHILE Republic of CHILE  (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso + Vina del Mar)

7 Divisions:

BIG NORTH Natural Unit of BIG NORTH  (Antofagasta)Local: Unidad Natural del NORTE GRANDE (es)  (Antofagasta)
BIO-BIO Natural Unit of BIO-BIO  (Concepcion)Local: Unidad Natural del BÍO-BÍO (es)  (Concepción)
BORDER Natural Unit of THE BORDER  (Temuco)Local: Unidad Natural de LA FRONTERA (es)  (Temuco)
CANALS Natural Unit of THE CANALS  (Punta Arenas + Coyhaique)Local: Unidad Natural de LAS CANALES (es)  (Punta Arenas + Coyhaique)
CENTRAL NUCLEUS Natural Unit of CENTRAL NUCLEUS  (Santiago of Chile)Local: Unidad Natural del NÚCLEO CENTRAL (es)  (Santiago de Chile)
LITTLE NORTH Natural Unit of LITTLE NORTH  (Copiapo)Local: Unidad Natural del NORTE CHICO (es)  (Copiapó)
LOS LAGOS Natural Unit of THE LAKES  (Puerto Montt)Local: Unidad Natural de LOS LAGOS (es)  (Puerto Montt)

2 Territories:

CHILEAN ANTARCTICA Zone of CHILEAN ANTARCTICA [Chilean Claim]  ((Puerto Williams))Local: Zona de la ANTÁRTICA CHILENA : Zona Sur (es)  ((Puerto Williams))
SALA Y GOMEZ ISLAND Chilean Navy administered SALA Y GOMEZ ISLAND  (Salas Y Gomez)Local: ISLA SALA Y GÓMEZ Chilena (es)  (Salas-y-Gómez)

1 Condominium:

WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND Sector in WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND  ((Port Stanley) + (Puerto Williams))Local: Sector in WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND (en) + Sector en la TIERRA DE ELLSWORTH OCCIDENTAL (es)  ((Port Stanley) + (Puerto Williams))

16 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
INTERNATIONAL POLICE International Criminal Police Commission : ICPC  (Vienna)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PAN-AMERICAN HEALTH Pan-American Sanitary Bureau : PASB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PAN-AMERICAN UNION PAN-AMERICAN UNION Bureau  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PCIJ Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ  (The Hague)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATION International Telecommunication Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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