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1963-MAR-04

Zones: Timeline


PEOPLE´S CHINA (Peking) De facto Independent People´s Republic of CHINA : Mao Tse-Tung the Great Helmsman
CHINA-FORMOSA (Taipeh tUNO Member Republic of CHINA [Nationalist Kuomintang Government] : President Chiang Kai-Shek

Other Entities with similar names

People´s Republic of CHINA
(Peking)

People´s Republic of CHINA

Flag or logo since 1949-09-27*
CHUNG-HUA Jen-Min Kung-He-Kuo : 中华人民共和国 (zh) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Mao Tse-Tung the Great Helmsman
(ruler of PEOPLE´S CHINA since 1943-03-20)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Peking
(Pei-Ching)
Official & national languages: Chinese (zh) .

Mainland:


POPULAR CHINA People´s Republic of CHINA  (Peking)

24 Regionalized Divisions:

ANHWEI AN-HWEI Province  (Hofei)Local: AN-HUEI Sheng : 安徽省 (zh)  (Ho-Fei)
CHEKIANG CHEKIANG Province  (Hangchow)Local: CHE-CHIANG Sheng : 浙江省 (zh)  (Hang-Chou)
FUKIEN FUKIEN Province  (Foochow)Local: FU-CHIEN Sheng : 福建省 (zh)  (Fu-Chou)
HEILUNGKIANG HEILUNGKIANG Province  (Kharbin)Local: HEI-LUNG-CHIANG Sheng : 黑龙江省 (zh)  (Ha´erh-Pin)
HONAN HONAN Province  (Chengchow)Local: HO-NAN Sheng : 河南省 (zh)  (Cheng-Chou)
HOPEH HOPEH Province  (Tientsin)Local: HO-PEI Sheng : 河北省 (zh)  (Tien-Chin)
HUNAN HUNAN Province  (Changsha)Local: HU-NAN Sheng : 湖南省 (zh)  (Ch´ang-Sha)
HUPEH HUPEH Province  (Wuhan)Local: HU-PEI Sheng : 湖北省 (zh)  (Wu-Han)
KANSU KANSU Province  (Lanchow)Local: KAN-SU Sheng : 甘肃省 (zh)  (Lan-Chou)
KIANGSI KIANGSI Province  (Nanchang)Local: CHIANG-HSI Sheng : 江西省 (zh)  (Nan-Ch´ang)
KIANGSU KIANGSU Province  (Nanking)Local: CHIANG-SU Sheng : 江苏 省 (zh)  (Nan-Ching)
KIRIN KIRIN Province  (Changchun)Local: CHI-LIN Sheng : 吉林省 (zh)  (Ch´ang-Ch´un)
KWANGTUNG KWANGTUNG Province  (Swatow)Local: KUANG-TUNG Sheng : 广东省 (zh)  (Shan-T´ou)
KWEICHOW KWEICHOW Province  (Kweiyang)Local: KUEI-CHOU Sheng : 贵州省 (zh)  (Kuei-Yang)
LIAONING LIAONING Province  (Shenyang)Local: LIAO-NING Sheng : 辽宁省 (zh)  (Shen-Yang)
PEKING PEKING Special Municipality  (Peking)Local: PEI-CHING Shih : 北京市 (zh)  (Pei-Ching)
SHANGHAI SHANGHAI Special Municipality  (Shanghai)Local: SHANG-HAI Shih : 上海市 (zh)  (Shang-Hai)
SHANSI SHANSI Province  (Taiyuan)Local: SHAN-SI Sheng : 山西省 (zh)  (T´ai-Yuan)
SHANTUNG SHANTUNG Province  (Tsinan)Local: SHAN-TUNG Sheng : 山东省 (zh)  (Chi-Nan)
SHENSI SHENSI Province  (Sian)Local: SHAN-HSI Sheng : 陕西省 (zh)  (Hsi´an)
SZECHWAN SZECHWAN Province  (Chengtu)Local: SZU-CH´UAN Sheng : 四川省 (zh)  (C´heng-Tu)
TIBET Province of TIBET  (Lhasa)Local: HSI-TSANG Sheng : 西藏省 (zh)  (La-Sa)
TSINGHAI TSINGHAI Province  (Sining)Local: CH´ING-HAI Sheng : 青海省 (zh)  (Hsi-Ning)
YUNNAN YUNNAN Province  (Kunming)Local: YUN-NAN Sheng : 云南省 (zh)  (K´un-Ming)




5 Territories:

CHAMDO CHAMDO Special Territory  (Chamdo)Local: CH´ANG-TU Ti-Ch´ü : 昌都地区 (zh)  (Ch´ang-Tu)
INNER MONGOLIA INNER MONGOLIA Autonomous Region  (Huhehot)Local: NEI MENG-KU Tzu-Chih-Ch´ü : 内蒙古自治区 (zh) + ÖVÖR MONGOL-un Öbertegen Zasaqu Orun : ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ (mn)  (Hu-He-Hao-Te)
KWANGSI KWANGSI Chuang Autonomous Region  (Nanning)Local: KUANG-HSI Chuang-Tzu Tse-Chih-Ch´ü : 广西壮族自治区 (zh) + GVANGJSIH Bouxcuengh Swcigih (za)  (Nan-Ning)
NINGSIA NINGSIA Huei Autonomous Region  (Yinchuan)Local: NING-HSIA Huei-Tzu Tze-Chih-Ch´ü : 宁夏回族自治区 (zh) + NING-HSIA Huei-Tzu Tze-Chih-Ch´ü : نٍ شيَا خُوِ ذُوْ ذِ جِ ثُوْ (chi)  (Yin-Ch´uan)
SINKIANG SINKIANG Uyghur Autonomous Region  (Urumchi)Local: HSIN-CHIANG Wei-Wu-Erh Tzu-Shi-Ch´ü : 新疆维吾尔自治区 (zh) + SHINJANG Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni : شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى‎ (ug)  (Wu-Lu-Mu-Ch´i)

1 Condominium:

TRANS-KARAKORAM TRANS-KARAKORAM Tract  (Karakunlun)Local: KA-LA-K´UN-LUN Tsou-Lang  (Ka-La-K´un-Lun)



2 Governments or Movements in Exile

CAMEROON PEOPLES Union of Peoples of CAMEROON  (Peking + Cameroon Guerilla) Ernest Ouandie
COMMUNIST MALAYA MALAYAN Communist Party-in-Exile  (Peking) SG Chin Peng



5 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
SINO-SOVIET ALLIANCE Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship Alliance and Mutual Assistance : SINO-SOVIET PACT  (Moscow)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CHINA-FORMOSA Republic of CHINA [Nationalist Kuomintang Government]  (Taipeh t)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CHUSHI GANGDRUK Tibetan Guerilla of CHUSHI GANGDRUK  (Mustang Base)
FUKIEN Miltary Province of FUKIEN [Quemoy and Matsu Islands]  (Hsintien)
HONG KONG British Crown Colony of HONG KONG  (Victoria City)
ISLANDS Dependencies of ISLANDS District  (Tai Pai + Colowan)
KAOSHAN Taiwan Aboriginal Peoples : KAOSHAN  (Taitung)
KOWLOON WALLED CITY KOWLOON WALLED CITY Territory [Triads Control]  (Kowloon Walled City)
MACAO AND DEPENDENCIES Portuguese Overseas Province of MACAO AND DEPENDENCIES  (Macao)
PRATAS ISLANDS Military Territory of PRATAS ISLANDS  (Tungsha)
TAIWAN Province of TAIWAN  (Chunghsing New Village)
TAIWAN BASE United States Armed Forces in the Republic of China : United States Taiwan Defense Command : USTDC  (Taipeh-Yuanshan)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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