Germany 1918-SEP-15 - ethnia.org -
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1918-SEP-15


GERMAN Realm [German Colonial Empire – Imperial Germany Second Reich]
(Berlin a)

GERMAN Realm
[German Colonial Empire – Imperial Germany Second Reich]

Flag or Logo since 1900-01-01
DEUTSCHES Reich (de) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol

Emperor William II
(ruler of GERMANY since 1900-01-01)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places: Berlin a
(Berlin)
a administrative, national or political capital (also ruler's residence)
Official & national languages: German (de) .

Mainland:


GERMANY GERMAN Empire  (Berlin)

24 Federated Divisions:

ANHALT Duchy of ANHALT  (Dessau)Local: Herzogtum ANHALT (de)  (Dessau)
BADEN Grand Duchy of BADEN  (Carlsruhe)Local: Großherzogtum BADEN (de)  (Karlsruhe)
BAVARIA Kingdom of BAVARIA  (Munich)Local: Königreich BAYERN (de)  (München)
BREMEN Free Hanseatic City of BREMEN  (Bremen)Local: Freie Hansestadt BREMEN (de)  (Bremen)
BRUNSWICK Duchy of BRUNSWICK  (Brunswick)Local: Herzogtum BRAUNSCHWEIG (de)  (Braunschweig)
HAMBURG Free and Hanseatic City of HAMBURG  (Hamburg)Local: Freie und Hansestadt HAMBURG (de)  (Hamburg)
HESSE AND BY RHINE Grand Duchy of HESSE AND BY RHINE  (Darmstadt)Local: Großherzogtum HESSEN UND BEI RHEIN (de)  (Darmstadt)
LIPPE Principality of LIPPE  (Detmold)Local: Fürstentum LIPPE (de)  (Detmold)
LUBECK Free and Hanseatic City of LUBECK  (Lubeck)Local: Freie und Hansestadt LÜBECK (de)  (Lübeck)
MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN Grand Duchy of MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN  (Schwerin in Mecklenburg)Local: Großherzogtum von MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN (de)  (Schwerin im Mecklenburg)
MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ Grand Duchy of MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ  (New Strelitz)Local: Großherzogtum von MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ (de)  (Neustrelitz)
OLDENBURG Grand Duchy of OLDENBURG [Grand Duchy of Holstein-Oldenburg]  (Oldenburg)Local: Großherzogtum OLDENBURG (de)  (Oldenburg)
PRUSSIA Kingdom of PRUSSIA  (Berlin)Local: Königreich PREUßEN (de)  (Berlin)
REUSS-GREIZ Principality of REUSS ELDER LINE  (Greiz)Local: Fürstentum REUß ÄLTERE LINIE (de)  (Greiz)
REUSS-SCHLEIZ-GERA Principality of REUSS YOUNGER LINE  (Gera)Local: Fürstentum REUß JÜNGERER LINIE (de)  (Gera)
SAXE-ALTENBURG Duchy of SAXE-ALTENBURG  (Altenburg)Local: Herzogtum SACHSEN-ALTENBURG (de)  (Altenburg)
SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA Union of the Duchy of SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA  (Coburg + Gotha)Local: Herzogtum SACHSEN-COBURG UND GOTHA (de)  (Coburg + Gotha)
SAXE-MEININGEN Duchy of SAXE-MEININGEN [Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen and Hildbourghausen]  (Meiningen a + Schloss Altenstein in Bad Liebenstein s + Heldburg r + (Villa Carlotta) r)Local: Herzogtum Sachsen-Meiningen und Hildburghausen : Herzogtum SACHSEN-MEININGEN (de)  (Meiningen + Schloss Altenstein in Bad Liebenstein + Heldburg + (Villa Carlotta))
SAXE-WEIMAR-EISENACH Grand Duchy of SAXONY [Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach]  (Weimar)Local: Großherzogtum SACHSEN : Großherzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (de)  (Weimar)
SAXONY Kingdom of SAXONY  (Dresden)Local: Königreich SACHSEN (de)  (Dresden)
SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE Principality of SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE  (Bueckeburg)Local: Fürstentum SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE (de)  (Bückeburg)
SCHWARZBURG Principality of SCHWARZBURG  (Rudolstadt)Local: Fürstentum SCHWARZBURG (de)  (Rudolstadt)
WALDECK AND PYRMONT Principality of WALDECK AND PYRMONT  (Arolsen)Local: Fürstentum WALDECK UND PYRMONT (de)  (Arolsen)
WURTTEMBERG Kingdom of WURTTEMBERG  (Stuttgart)Local: Königreich WÜRTTEMBERG (de)  (Stuttgart)


1 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polity

BALTIC STATE BALTIC STATE Duchy [in Personal Union with Prussia – Military Administration of The Baltic Lands]  (Riga) Emperor William II


8 Territories:

ALSACE-LORRAINE Autonomous Territory of ALSACE-LORRAINE  (Strasbourg)Local: Reichsland ELSAß-LOTHRINGEN (de)  (Straßburg)
CRIMEA CRIMEAN Regional Government [German Protectorate]  (Bakhchisaray)Local: KRYMSKOE Kraevoe Pravitel´stvo : КРЫМСКОЕ краевое правительство (ru) + KRIM Regionalregierung (de)  (Bachtschyssaraj)
EASTERN FRONT Supreme Command of All German Forces in The East : OBER-OST  (Mariampol)Local: Oberbefehlshaber der gesamten Deutschen Streitkräfte im Osten : OBER-OST (de)  (Mariampol)
GERMAN BELGIUM German Imperial Government-General of BELGIUM  (Brussels)Local: Kaiserliches Deutsches Generalgouvernement BELGIEN (de)  (Brüssel)
GERMAN EAST AFRICA GERMAN EAST AFRICA Colony  (Liwale)Local: DEUTSCH OSTAFRIKA-Kolonie (de)  (Liwale)
KAISER WILHELM THE SECOND LAND KAISER WILHELM THE SECOND LAND Zone [Unclaimed]  (Gaussberg)Local: KAISER WILHELM DER ZWEITE LAND : Kaiser Wilhelm Der Zweite Küste (de)  (Gaussberg)
NORTHEASTERN FRANCE German Occupied Territories in NORTHEASTERN FRANCE  (Maubeuge)Local: Deutsch Miltärgebiet NORDOSTEN-FRANKREICH (de)  (Maubeuge)
SUKHUMI GUMA Section [German Occupation of Sukhumi]  (Sukhumi)Local: Gebiet SOCHUMI (de)  (Sochumi)

9 Condominiums:

EASTERN UKRAINE Austro-Hungarian Protectorate of EASTERN UKRAINE  (Odessa)Local: Protektorat OST-UKRAINE (de) + Protektorat SKHIDNA-UKRAYINA : Протекторат СХІДНА УКРАЇНА (uk)  (Odessa)
GERMAN TIENTSIN Chinese Administration of TIENTSIN German Concession  (German Tientsin Concession)Local: Deutsch Konzession in TIENTSIN (de) + TIEN-CHIN TE-KUO Te-Hsü-Ch´üan : 天津德國特許權 (zh)  (Tien-Chin Te-Kuo Te-Hsü-Ch´üan)
KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU International Koncession (da) + Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU (de) + KULANGSU International Concession (en) + Concesión Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU no Kokusai Sokai : コロンスの国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU (nl) + KULANGSU Internasjonale Konsesjon (no) + Concessão Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KULANGSU International Koncession (sv) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T´e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
NORTHERN DOBRUJA Joint Central Powers Condominium of NORTHERN DOBRUJA  (Constantsa)Local: Teritoriya na SEVERNA DOBRUDŽA : Територия на СЕВЕРНА ДОБРУДЖА (bg) + NORD-DOBRUDSCHA Gebiet (de) + KUZEY DOBRUCA Bölgesi (ota)  (Konstantsa)
NYLAND NYLAND Province  (Helsinki)Local: Uudenmaan Lääni : UUSIMAA (fi) + NYLANDS Landskap (sv)  (Helsinki)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)Local: Ausländische Siedlungen von PAKHOI (de) + Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI (en) + Établissements étrangers de PAK-HOI (fr) + Insediamenti Stranieri di PAKHOI (it) + Assentamentos Estrangeiros de PAKHOI (pt) + PEI-HAI-te Tìng-Chü Tien : 北海的定居點 (zh)  (Pak-Hoi)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)
TESCHEN Polish Provisional Council of the Duchy of TESCHEN  (Teschen)Local: Księstwo CIESZYŃSKIE (pl) + Herzogtum von TESCHEN (de)  (Cieszyn)
VILLA CARLOTTA Italian Administration of VILLA CARLOTTA Residency of Saxe-Meiningen  (Villa Carlotta)Local: Amministrazione di VILLA CARLOTTA (it) + Residenz VILLA CARLOTTA (de)  (Villa Carlotta)

Dependent Protectorates:

BIRKENFELD Principality of BIRKENFELD [in Personal Union with Oldenburg]  (Birkenfeld)Local: Fürstentum BIRKENFELD (de)  (Birkenfeld)
SAXE-GOTHA Duchy of SAXE-GOTHA [in Personal Union with Saxe-Coburg]  (Gotha)Local: Herzogtum SACHSEN-GOTHA (de)  (Gotha)
SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN Principality of SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN [in Personal Union with Schwarzburg]  (Sondershausen)Local: Fürstentum SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN (de)  (Sondershausen)

10 Assisted Countries

BIELORUSSIA Belorussian National Republic : BNR [White Ruthenian Democratic Republic]  (Minsk) Ivan Nikitich Syerada
DON-CAUCASUS DON-CAUCASUS Union  (New Cherkassk) Peter Krasnov
GERMAN GEORGIA German Protectorate of GEORGIA  (Tiflis) Emperor William II
KUBAN KUBAN People´s Republic  (Yekaterinodar) Nikolay Ryabovol
LITHUANIA Kingdom of LITHUANIA  (Wilna) King Mindaugas II
LUXEMBURG Grand Duchy of LUXEMBURG [German Occupation]  (Luxembourg a) Grand Duchess Marie-Adelaide
NORTH CAUCASUS Union of United Highlanders of NORTHERN CAUCASUS  (Nazran) PM Pshemakho Kotsev
POLAND Kingdom of POLAND [Council of Regency]  (Warsaw a) Archbishop Alexander Kakowski
RUMANIA Kingdom of RUMANIA [Central Powers´ Occupation]  (Jassy mr) King Ferdinand I
UKRAINIAN STATE Hetmanate of Ukraine : UKRAINIAN STATE  (Kiev) Hetman Pavlo Skoropadsky



1 Assisted Movement

ALAND ISLANDS District of ALAND ISLANDS [Pro-Swedish Movement]  (Mariehamn) Julius Sundblom





1 Government or Movement in Exile

ALBANIA-IN-EXILE Provisional Government of the Kingdom of ALBANIA-IN-EXILE  (Berlin + Paris) King William I of Wied-Skanderbeg II



Military entity abroad, special or locally shared:

RAYAK German-Ottoman Air Base of RAYAK  (Rayak)Local: RAYAK Luftstützpunkt (de) + RAYAK Hava Üssü (ota)  (Rayak)


23 Organisations or Groupings membership (selective)


AFRICAN WILDLIFE Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals Birds and Fish in Africa : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR LAW CODE Conference on International AIR LAW CODE  (Paris)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
CENTRAL POWERS Association of the CENTRAL POWERS  (Berlin)
ELECTROTECHNICAL International Electrotechnical Commission : IEC  (London)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Paris)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
INTERNATIONAL POLICE International Congress of POLICE  (Monaco)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
MOUTH OF THE DANUBE Commission of the MOUTH OF THE DANUBE  (Galatz)
NAVAL CONFERENCE London NAVAL Conference  (London)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPIUM International Opium Convention : IOC  (The Hague)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
RHINE Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Mannheim)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
TREATY OF BREST-LITOVSK Treaty of BREST-LITOVSK  (Brest-Litovsk)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2024's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMERICAN ZONE IN GERMANY American Allied Expeditionary Force in GERMANY  (American Forces in Germany)
SCHLOSS HOHENBURG Luxemburgian Residency of SCHLOSS HOHENBURG  (Schloss Hohenburg)

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UPDATED ON: ~ 2024-JUN-09 ~ .