People´s Democratic Algerian Republic : PDAR
(Algiers a + El Biar d + El Mouradia r)

Province of EL MEGHAIER

Flag or logo since 1962-07-03*
Wilaya EL M´GHAIR : ولاية المغير (ar) + Tamnaḍt n MHRAÏER : ⵜⴰⵎⵏⴰⴹⵜ ⵏ ⵎⵖⴰⵢⴻⵔ (ber) + Agezdu n LWAD : ⴰⴳⴻⵣⴷⵓ ⵏ ⵎⵖⴰⵢⴻⵔ (oua)
(Emblem or Symbol of ALGERIA)

Abdelkader Bensalah
(ruler of ALGERIA since 2019-04-09)
Capitals & administrative places*: El Meghaier
(El M´Ghair)
Official & national languages: Arabic (ar) . Berber (ber) . Wargla (oua) .

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ALGERIA People´s Democratic Algerian Republic : PDAR  (Algiers a + El Biar d + El Mouradia r)
ISLAMIC MAGHREB Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb : AQIM  (Jurjura Range gz)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ADRAR Province of ADRAR  (Adrar)
AIN DEFLA Province of AIN DEFLA  (Ain Defla)
AIN TEMOUCHENT Province of AIN TEMOUCHENT  (Ain Temouchent)
ALGIERS Province of ALGIERS  (Algiers)
AWSERD CAMP Polisario Refugee Camp of AWSERD [Enclave]  (Camp Awserd)
BATNA Province of BATNA  (Batna)
BAYADH Province of EL BAYADH  (El Bayadh)
BECHAR Province of BECHAR  (Bechar)
BEJAIA Province of BEJAIA : Province of Bougie  (Bejaia)
BENI ABBES Province of BENI ABBES  (Beni-Abbes)
BISKRA Province of BISKRA  (Biskra)
BLIDA Province of BLIDA  (Blida)
BONA Province of ANNABA : Province of Bone  (Bona)
BOUIRA Province of BOUIRA  (Bouira)
BOUMERDES Province of BOUMERDES  (Boumerdes)
CONSTANTINE Province of CONSTANTINE  (Constantine)
DAKHLA CAMP Polisario Refugee Camp of DAKHLA [Enclave]  (Dakhla)
DJANET Province of DJANET  (Djanet)
DJELFA Province of DJELFA  (Djelfa)
GHARDAIA Province of GHARDAIA  (Ghardaia)
GUELMA Province of GUELMA  (Guelma)
ILLIZI Province of ILLIZI  (Illizi)
IN GUEZZAM Province of IN GUEZZAM  (In Guezzam)
IN SALAH Province of IN SALAH  (In Salah)
JIJEL Province of JIJEL  (Jijel)
KHENCHELA Province of KHENCHELA  (Khenchela)
LAAYOUNE CAMP Polisario Refugee Camp of LAAYOUNE [Enclave]  (Camp Laayoune of Tindouf)
LAGHWAT Province of LAGHWAT  (Laghwat)
MASCARA Province of MASCARA  (Mascara)
MEDEA Province of MEDEA  (Medea)
MENIA Province of EL MENIA  (El Menea)
MILA Province of MILA  (Mila)
MOSTAGANEM Province of MOSTAGANEM  (Mostaganem)
MSILA Province of MSILA  (Msila)
NAAMA Province of NAAMA  (Naama)
ORAN Province of ORAN  (Oran)
OUED Province of EL OUED  (El Oued)
OULED DJELLAL Province of OULED DJELLAL  (Ouled Djellal)
RABOUNI CAMP Polisario Refugee Camp of RABOUNI [Enclave]  (Camp Rabouni)
RELIZANE Province of RELIZANE  (Relizane)
SAIDA Province of SAIDA  (Saida)
SETIF Province of SETIF  (Setif)
SHELIFF Province of CHELIFF  (Sheliff)
SIDI BEL ABBES Province of SIDI BEL ABBES  (Sidi Bel Abbes)
SKIKDA Province of SKIKDA  (Skikda)
SMARA CAMP Polisario Refugee Camp of SMARA [Enclave]  (Camp Smara)
SUK AHRAS Province of SUK AHRAS  (Suk Ahras)
TAMANRASSET Province of TAMANRASSET  (Tamanrasset)
TARF Province of EL TARF  (El Tarf)
TEBESSA Province of TEBESSA  (Tebessa)
TIARET Province of TIARET  (Tiaret)
TIMIMUN Province of TIMIMUN  (Timimun)
TINDOUF Province of TINDOUF  (Tindouf)
TIPAZA Province of TIPAZA  (Tipaza)
TISSEMSILT Province of TISSEMSILT  (Tissemsilt)
TIZI OUZOU Province of TIZI OUZOU  (Tizi Ouzou)
TLEMSEN Province of TLEMSEN  (Tlemsen)
TUGGURT Province of TUGGURT  (Tuggurt)
TWENTY SEVENTH OF FEBRUARY SCHOOL Polisario Refugee Camp of TWENTY SEVENTH OF FEBRUARY SCHOOL [Enclave]  (Twenty Seventh of February School)
UMM AL-BAWAKI Province of OUM EL BOUAGHI  (Umm Al-Bawaki)
WARGLA Province of WARGLA  (Wargla)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-APR-27 ~ .