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(Mogadishu-Villa Somalia) - (Hargeisa) -

Federated Somalian Autonomous ADAL State : Awdalland of Issa State

Flag or logo since 2014-08-20
Dowlad AWDALLAND (so) + Dawlat AWDAL : أرض أودال‎ (ar)
Emblem or Symbol

President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo
(ruler of SOMALIA since 2017-02-08)

President Musa Bihi Abdi
(ruler of SOMALILAND since 2017-12-14)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


ADALLAND Federated Somalian Autonomous ADAL State of Issas  (Borama)

1 Mainland Divisions:

ADAL ADAL Region  (Borama + Baki)Local: Gobolka AWDAL (so) + Muqataeat AWDAL : مقاطعة أودال (ar)  (Boorama + Baki)

Other Current States within the 2019's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

ISLAMIC SOMALIA Movement of Shabab Mujahideen : Emirate of SOMALIA  (Buale)
KHATUMO KHATUMO State of Somalia  (Buhoodle)
PUNTLAND PUNTLAND State of Somalia  (Garoe)
SOMALI COAST Somali Pirate Kingships : SOMALI COAST  ((Harardhere))
SOMALIA Federal Republic of SOMALIA (African Union Mission in Somalia-AMISOM)  (Mogadishu-Villa Somalia)
SOMALILAND Republic of SOMALILAND  (Hargeisa)
WESTLAND WESTLAND State  (Beledweyn)

Other Current Territories within the 2019's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

AZANIA AZANIA Regional State  (Garbahare)
BADHADHE Enclave of BADHADHE District  (Badhadhe)
BENADIR BENADIR Regional State of Somalia  (Mogadishu-Villa Somalia)
BERBERA PORT BERBERA Naval Airbase  (Berbera Port)
CENTRAL STATE CENTRAL REGIONS State : Central State  (Elbur)
EUTM SOMALIA European Union Training Mission in Somalia : EUTM SOMALIA  (Jazeera Camp in Mogadishu)
GALMUDUG GALMUDUG State  (South Galkayo)
HEEB HEEB Region  (Ammara)
HIMAN HIMAN Region  (Godinlabe)
HIMAN AND HEEB HIMAN AND HEEB State of Somalia  (Adado)
HIRAN HIRAN Region  (Bulobarde)
HIRSHABELE HIRAN AND SHABELE Administration : Hirshabelle State  (Johar)
JUBA Interim Administration of JUBA  (Kismayo)
JUBA VALLEY JUBA VALLEY Regional State  (Kismayo)
KANSAH DHERE Enclave of KANSAH DHERE District  (Kansah Dhere)
LUGHAYA LUGHAYA District  (Lughaya)
MAKHIR Disputed MAKHIR Region  (Barran)
MIDDLE SHABELE MIDDLE SHABELE Region : Central Shabele Region  (Johar)
MOGADISHU BASE Turkish Base in SOMALIA  (Mogadishu Base)
NORTHEAST SOMALIA Shabab Controlled Enclaves in NORTHEAST SOMALIA  (Anu)
SANAG Disputed SANAG Region  (Erigavo)
SARAR Disputed SARAR Region  (Aynabo)
SOL Disputed SOL Region  (Las Anod)
SOMAL Islamic Province of SOMALIA : Islamic State in Somalia : ISS  (Galgala Mountains)
SUNNA AND JAMMA Somali State of SUNNA AND JAMMA  (Dusa Marreb)
ZEILAH ZEILAH District  (Zeilah)


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some historical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages currently forgotten.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnologic data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .

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