.. or a geo zone >>

Crown of ETHIOPIA : ETHIOPIAN CROWN (London)  Crown Prince Asfa Wossen
People''s Democratic Republic of ETHIOPIA : ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa)  President Mengistu Haile Mariam

Other Entities with similar names

People''s Democratic Republic of ETHIOPIA
(Addis Ababa)

People''s Democratic Republic of ETHIOPIA UNO Member

Flag or logo since 1987-09-12
YE-ĪTYŌṗṗYĀ Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk : የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝባዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ (am)
Emblem or Symbol

President Mengistu Haile Mariam
(ruler of ETHIOPIA since 1977-02-03)
Capital:Addis Ababa(Addis Abeba)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


ETHIOPIA People''s Democratic Republic of ETHIOPIA  (Addis Ababa)

27 Mainland Divisions:

ADDIS ABABA ADDIS ABABA Region  (Addis Ababa)Local: ADDIS ABÄBA Kifile Hageri : አዲስ አበባ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Addis Abeba)
AGAWMEDER AGAW AWI Region : Agawmeder  (Injibara)Local: AGEW Kifile Hageri : አጋው አበባ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Enjebara)
ARSI ARSI Region  (Asela)Local: YeARSI Kifle Hager : የአርሲ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Asela)
ASOSA ASOSA Region  (Asosa)Local: ĀSOSA Kifile Hageri : አሶሳ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Āsosa)
BALE BALE Region  (Goba)Local: BALE Kifile Hageri : ባሌ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Goba)
BORANA BORANA Region  (Negele)Local: BORENA Kifile Hageri : ቦረና ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Negele Boran)
EAST GOJAM EAST GOJAM Region  (Debre Markos)Local: MISRAQI GOJJAM Kifile Hageri : ምስራቅ ጎጃም ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Debre Marqos)
EAST HARARGHE EAST HARARGHE Region  (Harar)Local: MISRAKI HĀRERGĒ Kifile Hageri : ምስራቅ ሀረርጌ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Hārer)
GAMBELA GAMBELA Region  (Gambela)Local: Ye-GAMBĒLA Kifile Hageri : የጋምቤላ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Gambëla)
GAMU-GOFA GAMU-GOFA Region  (Arba Minch)Local: GEMU GWEFA Kifile Hageri : ጋሙ ጎፋ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Arba Minch)
ILLUBABOR ILLUBABOR Region  (Metu)Local: ILUBABOR Kifile Hageri : ኢሉባቦር ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Metu)
KAFFA KAFFA Region  (Jimma)Local: KEFA  (Jima)
METEKEL METEKEL Region  (Gilgil Beles)Local: METEKKEL Kifile Hageri : መተከል ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Gilgil Beles)
NAZRET NAZRET Region  (Nazret)Local: NAZRËT Kifile Hageri : ሸዋ ሀረርጌ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Nazrët)
NORTH GONDAR NORTH GONDAR Region  (Gondar)Local: SEMIENI GONDER Kifle Hageri : ሰሜን ጎንደርጎንደር ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Gonder)
NORTH OMO NORTH OMO Region  (Gidole)Local: SEMIENI OMO Kifile Hageri : ሰሜን ኦሞ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Gidole)
NORTH SHOWA NORTH SHOWA Region  (Fiche)Local: SEMIENI SHEWA Kifile Hageri : ሰሜን ሸዋ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Fikke)
NORTH WOLLO NORTH WOLLO Region  (Lalibela)Local: SEMIENI WELO Kifile Hageri : ሰሜን ወሎ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Lalibela)
SIDAMO SIDAMO Region  (Awasa)Local: SIDAMO Kifile Hageri : ሲዳሞ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Hawassa)
SOUTH GONDAR SOUTH GONDAR Region  (Debre Tabor)Local: DEBUBI GONDER Kifile Hageri : ደቡብ ጎንደር ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Debre Tabor)
SOUTH OMO SOUTH OMO Region  (Jinka)Local: DEBUBI OMO Kifile Hageri : ደቡብ ኦሞ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Jinka)
SOUTH SHOWA SOUTH SHOWA Region  (Hosaina)Local: DEBUBI SHEWA Kifile Hageri : ደቡብ ሸዋ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Hosa''ina)
SOUTH WOLLO SOUTH WOLLO Region  (Desie)Local: DEBUBI WELO Kifile Hageri : ደቡብ ወሎ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Dese)
WEST GOJAM WEST GOJAM Region  (Burye)Local: MIRABI GOJJAM Kifile Hageri : ምእራብ ጎጃም ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Bure)
WEST HARARGHE WEST HARARGHE Region  (Asebe Teferi)Local: MIRABI HĀRERGĒ Kifile Hageri : ምዕራብ ሃረርጌ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Asebe Teferi)
WEST SHOWA WEST SHOWA Region  (Addis Alem)Local: MIRABI SHEWA Kifile Hageri : ምዕራብ ሸዋ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Addis Alem)
WOLEGA WOLEGA Region  (Nakamte)Local: WÄLÄGÄ Kifile Hageri : ወለጋ ክፍለ ሀገር (am)  (Nekemte)

5 Territories in Africa:

ASSAB Autonomous Region of ASSEB  (Assab)Local: ÄSEB Rasgez Akababibi : አዜብ አክአብቢብች (am)  (Äseb)
DIRE DAWA Autonomous Region of DIRE DAWA  (Dire Dawa)Local: DIRE DAWA Rasgez Akababibi : ድሬ ዳዋ አክአብቢብች (am)  (Dire Dawa)
ETHIOPIAN ERITREA Autonomous Region of ERITREA  (Asmara)Local: ERETRA Rasgez Akababibi : ኤርትራ አክአብቢብች (am)  (Asmera)
OGADEN Autonomous Region of OGADEN  (Kelafo)Local: Gobolka OGAADEEN (so) + Mintaqat ''AWJADIN : منطقة أوجادين (ar) + OGADËN Rasgez Akababibi : ኦጋዴን አክአብቢብች (am) + OGADEN Autonomous Region (en)  (Qelafo)
TIGRE TIGRE Autonomous Region  (Mekele)Local: Kilil TƏGRAY : ክልል ትግራይ (ti) + TIGRĀY Rasgez Akababibi : ትግራይ አክአብቢብች (am)  (Mek''elē)

1 Condominium, co-administered or disputed territory in Africa:

ILEMI CENTRAL AREA CENTRAL ILEMI Area  (Liwan)Local: CENTRAL ILEMI Area (en) + Eradhi ILEMI AL-WASTA : المنطقة الوسطى الابتدائية (ar)  (Liwan)

1 Government in Exile

SOUTH SUDAN SUDAN People''s Liberation Movement  (Bilpham) Colonel John Garang de Maboir

46 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AFRICAN BANK African Development Bank : AFDB  (Abidjan)
AFRICAN CARIBBEAN AND PACIFIC STATES African Caribbean and Pacific Group of States : ACP STATES  (Brussels)
AFRICAN NATURE African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources : CONVENTION ON CONSERVATION  (Algiers)
AFRICAN UNITY Organization of African Unity : OAU  (Addis Ababa)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
CUSTOMS Customs Cooperation Council : CCC  (Brussels)
EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA Preferential Trade Area for Eastern and Southern Africa : PTA  (Bujumbura)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development : GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
IGADD Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development : IGADD  (Jibuti)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
INTELSAT International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : INTELSAT  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Saint Cloud)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Jakarta + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TOURISM World Tourism Organization : WTOO  (Madrid)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDDA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Department for Disarmament Affairs : UNDDA  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

OGADENIA OGADEN National Liberation Front  (Kuwait City + Ogaden)
OROMO OROMO Liberation Front  (Khartoum + Gara Mulata)
TIGRAY Woyane Rebellion of the TIGRAYAN People''s Liberation Front  (Mount Asimba)


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .

  Creative Commons License Licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License