ethnia.org
 

2020-NOV-21

Zones:

EUROPEAN UNION  FRANCE  FRANCE METROPOLITAN  French Republic : FR
   
(Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg) - (Paris) - (Paris) - (Paris)

Region GREAT EAST

Flag or logo since 2017-08-01*
Région GRAND EST (fr) + Région GRAND EST (fre) + Region GRAND EST (gsw)
Emblem or Symbol*

President Charles Michel
(ruler of EUROPEAN UNION since 2019-12-01)

President Emmanuel Macron
(ruler of FRANCE since 2017-05-14)
Capital:Strasbourg - (Strasbourg)
Official languages: French (fr) . Oil French (fre) . Alemannic (gsw) .




9 Territories:

ALSACE Special Collectivity of ALSACE  (Strasbourg)Local: Collectivité d''ALSACE (fr) + Gebietskörperschaft ELSÀSS (gsw)  (Strasbourg)
ARDENNES Department of ARDENNES  (Charleville-Mezieres)Local: Département des ARDENNES (fr) + Département des ARDENNES (fre) + Dipårtumint des ÅRDENES (wa)  (Charleville-Mézières)
AUBE Department of AUBE  (Troyes)Local: Département de l''AUBE (fr)  (Troyes)
MARNE Department of MARNE  (Chalons in Champagne)Local: Département de la MARNE (fr)  (Châlons-en-Champagne)
MEURTHE AND MOSELLE Department of MEURTHE AND MOSELLE  (Nancy)Local: Département de MEURTHE-ET-MOSELLE (fr)  (Nancy)
MEUSE Department of MEUSE  (Bar Le Duc)Local: Département de la MEUSE (fr)  (Bar-le-Duc)
MOSELLE Department of MOSELLE  (Metz)Local: Département de la MOSELLE (fr) + Departement MOSELLE (ltz)  (Metz)
UPPER MARNE Department of UPPER MARNE  (Chaumont)Local: Département de la HAUTE-MARNE (fr)  (Chaumont)
VOSGES Department of VOSGES  (Epinal)Local: Département des VOSGES (fr)  (Épinal)




* The emblems shown for the sub-territories may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

FRANCE METROPOLITAN French Republic : FR  (Paris)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMERICAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the AMERICAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Colleville + Vierville)
ATLANTIC LOIRE Department of ATLANTIC LOIRE  (Nantes)
AUVERGNE-RHONE-ALPS Region AUVERGNE-RHONE-ALPS  (Lyons)
BRETON Association of the Circle of the Parliament of BRITTANY  (Fougeres)
BRITTANY Region BRITTANY  (Rennes)
BURGUNDY-FREE COUNTY Region BURGUNDY-FREE COUNTY  (Dijon + Besancon)
CENTRE-LOIRE VALLEY Region CENTRE-LOIRE VALLEY  (Orleans)
CHAUSEY ISLANDS Archipelago of CHAUSEY ISLANDS  (Grande Ile)
COMMONWEALTH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the COMMONWEALTH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Bayeux)
CORSICA Collectivity of CORSICA  (Ajaccio)
EUROAIRPORT International Airport of Basel Mulhouse Freiburg : EUROAIRPORT  (Euroairport)
FRENCH BASQUE COUNTRY Agglomeration Community of BASQUE COUNTRY  (Bayonne)
FRENCH WAR GRAVES FRENCH WAR GRAVES Abroad  (Paris)
GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Neuville-Saint-Vaast + Andilly)
HEIGHTS-OF-FRANCE Region HEIGHTS-OF-FRANCE  (Lille)
ISLE-OF-FRANCE Region ISLE-OF-FRANCE  (Paris)
LOIRE COUNTRIES Region LOIRE COUNTRIES  (Nantes)
NATO FRANCE Headquarters Rapid Reaction Corps-FRANCE  (Lille)
NEW AQUITAINE Region NEW AQUITAINE  (Bordeaux)
NORD Department of NORD  (Lille)
NORMANDY Region NORMANDY  (Rouen)
OCCITANIA Region OCCITANIA  (Toulouse + Montpellier)
PROVENCE-ALPS-AZUR COAST Region PROVENCE-ALPS-AZUR COAST  (Marseilles)
SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT Belgian Military Cemetery of SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT  (Saint Jean Cape Ferrat)
SARRAZINE TOWER Luxemburgian Residency of SARRAZINE TOWER  (Sarrazine Tower)
SAUGEAIS Free Republic of SAUGEAIS  (Montbenoit)
VIMY MEMORIAL Canadian National VIMY MEMORIAL  (Vimy)
- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-NOV-21.