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1944-JAN-01

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Military Administration of BELGIUM AND NORTHERN FRANCE : BELGIUM AND NORTHERN FRANCE (Brussels) 
FRENCH Comity of the National Liberation : FREE FRANCE (Algiers + London)  General Charles de Gaulle
German Military Administration for France : OCCUPIED ZONES : OCCUPIED ZONES (Paris) 
German Occupied FRENCH State : Government of Vichy : FRENCH STATE (Vichy)  Marshal Philippe Petain

Alternate Entities with similar names

FRENCH Comity of the National Liberation
(Algiers + London)

FRENCH Comity of the National Liberation

Flag or logo since 1941-06-05
Comité FRANÇAIS de la Libération nationale (fr)
Emblem or Symbol

General Charles de Gaulle
(ruler of FREE FRANCE since 1940-06-22)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Algiers + London(Alger + London)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Mainland:


FIGHTING FRANCE FRENCH Comity of the National Liberation  (London)



4 Assisted Entities

HOGGAR KEL AHAGGAR Tuareg Confederation under French Suzerainty  (Abalessa) Amenokal Meslar ag Amayas
LEBANON LEBANESE Republic  (Beirut) President Bechara El-Khoury
MOROCCO Protectorates in the Sharifi Empire of MOROCCO  (Rabat) Sultan Muhammad V
TUNISIA Free French Administration of the Protectorate of TUNISIA  (Tunis) Muhammad VIII Al-Amin Bey



5 Territories in Africa:

FEZZAN Free French Military Territory of FEZZAN : Fezzan Territory Protectorate  (Sabha)Local: Territoire militaire français du FEZZAN (fr)  (Sebha)
FIGHTING FRENCH AFRICA FIGHTING FRENCH AFRICA Block : Free French Equatorial Africa  (Brazzaville)Local: Bloc de l''AFRIQUE FRANÇAISE COMBATTANTE : Afrique Équatoriale Française Libre (fr)  (Brazzaville)
FRENCH TUNISIA Free French Protectorate of FRENCH TUNISIA  (Foum Tatatouine)Local: Protectorat français de TUNISIE (fr) + Al-Ḥimāyah al-Fransiyyah fī TŪNIS : الحماية الفرنسية في تونس (ar)  (Foum Tatahouïne)
FRENCH WEST AFRICA Federation of Free FRENCH WEST AFRICA  (Dakar)Local: Fédération de l''AFRIQUE OCCIDENTALE FRANÇAISE libre (fr)  (Dakar)
SOUTHERN TERRITORIES Free French Protectorate of SOUTHERN TERRITORIES  (Ain Sefra + Ghardaia + Wargla + Tuggurt)Local: Protectorat français libre des TERRITOIRES DU SUD (fr)  (Aïn Séfra + Ghardaïa + Ouargla + Touggourt)

7 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Africa:

FRENCH ALGERIA Military and Civil Commandment of ALGIERS  (Algiers)Local: Commandement civil et militaire d''ALGER (fr) + Military and Civil Commandment of ALGIERS (en)  (Alger)
FRENCH MOROCCO French Protectorate in the Sharifi Empire : Free French Protectorate of MOROCCO  (Rabat)Local: Protectorat français dans l''Empire chérifien : Protectorat français au MAROC (fr) + Himaïet Fransa fi el-MAGHREB : حماية فرنسا للمغرب (ar)  (Rabat)
FRENCH SOMALI COAST FRENCH SOMALILAND Colony : Free French Somali Coast  (Jibuti)Local: Colonie de la CÔTE FRANÇAISE DES SOMALIS libre (fr) + Free FRENCH SOMALILAND Colony (en)  (Djibouti)
FRENCH TOGO Free FRENCH TOGO Territory  (Lome)Local: Territoire du TOGO FRANÇAIS libre (fr)  (Lomé)
MADAGASCAR AND DEPENDENCIES British Occupied Governorate-General of the Free FRENCH MADAGASCAR  (Tananarive)Local: Gouvernorat-général de MADAGASCAR FRANÇAISE libre (fr) + Governorate-General of Free FRENCH MADAGASCAR (en)  (Tananarive)
REUNION Free French Colony of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)Local: Colonie française libre de la RÉUNION (fr)  (Saint-Denis de La Réunion)
SAINT HELENA DOMAIN Free French National Domain on SAINT HELENA ISLAND : Longwood House and Valley of the Tomb  (Longwood House)Local: Domaines français libres de SAINTE-HÉLÈNE (fr)  (Longwood House)

4 Territories in Americas:

FRENCH GUIANA AND ININI Free Territories of FRENCH GUIANA Colony and ININI Territory  (Cayenne)Local: Territoires libres de la Colonie de la GUYANE FRANÇAISE et du Territoire de l''ININI (fr)  (Cayenne)
GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES Free French General Council of GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Basse-Terre)Local: Conseil général français libre de la GUADELOUPE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Basse-Terre)
MARTINIQUE Free French Colony of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France)Local: Colonie française libre de la MARTINIQUE (fr)  (Fort-de-France)
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON Free French Colony of SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON  (Saint Pierre)Local: Colonie française libre de SAINT-PIERRE-ET-MIQUELON (fr)  (Saint-Pierre)

2 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Americas:

GREEN ISLAND GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)Local: GREEN ISLAND Archipelago (en) + Archipel de l''ÎLE VERTE (fr)  (Île Verte)
JACKSONVILLE STATION Naval Air Station JACKSONVILLE  (Jacksonville Station)Local: Naval Air Station JACKSONVILLE (en)  (Jacksonville Station)

2 Territories in Asia:

FRENCH INDIA Free French Settlements in INDIA  (Pondicherry)Local: Établissements français libres dans l''INDE (fr)  (Pondichéry)
HOLY LAND Free French Territories in Jerusalem : National Domain of France in THE HOLY LAND  (Eleona Monastery + Abbaye Saint Mary of the Resurrection of Abu Gosh + Church of Saint Anne)Local: Domaine national français libres en TERRE SAINTE (fr)  (Monastère d''Eléona + Abbaye Sainte-Marie de la Résurrection d''Abou Gosh + Église Sainte-Anne)

2 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Asia:

FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment of Odent in CHUNGKING  (Odent)Local: Établissement de la Marine française d''Odent à TCHONG-KING (fr)  (Odent)
FRENCH LEVANT Mandate for Syria and Lebanon : FRENCH LEVANT  ((Beirut))Local: Mandat pour la Syrie et le Liban : LEVANT FRANÇAIS (fr) + Residency for Lebanon and Syria : FRENCH LEVANT (en)  ((Beyrouth))

1 Condominium, co-administered or disputed territory in Europe:

CORSICA Free French Department of CORSICA  (Ajaccio)Local: Département de la CORSE française libre (fr)  (Ajaccio)

1 Territory in Oceania:

PACIFIC OCEAN High Commission of the Republic in THE PACIFIC OCEAN  (Papeete)Local: Haut-Commissariat de la République dans l''OCÉAN PACIFIQUE (fr)  (Pape''ete)

4 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Oceania:

BORA BORA American Base of BORA BORA  (Vaitape)Local: Base américaine de BORA-BORA (fr)  (Vaïtapé)
NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES Free French Colony of NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES  (Numea)Local: Colonie française libre de NOUVELLE-CALÉDONIE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Nouméa)
NEW HEBRIDES Anglo-Free French Condominium of NEW HEBRIDES  (Port Vila)Local: Anglo-Free French Condominium of NEW HEBRIDES (en) + Condominium anglo-français libre des NOUVELLES-HÉBRIDES (fr)  (Port Vila)
WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS Free French Colony of WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)Local: Colonie française libre des ÎLES WALLIS ET FUTUNA (fr)  (Mata-Utu sur Uvéa)




21 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ALLIED POWERS Military Defence Pact of THE ALLIED POWERS  (Washington-District of Columbia)
EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)
ENTENTE CORDIALE Agreements of ENTENTE CORDIALE  (London)
ICAN International Commission for Air Navigation : ICAN  (Paris)
IGCR High Commission for Refugees : Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees : IGCR  (Berne)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF NATIONS League of Nations Covenant : LON  (Geneva)
LNHO League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO  (Geneva)
MOROCCO-AMERICA MOROCCAN-AMERICAN Treaty of Friendship  (Rabat + Washington-District of Columbia)
OCT Organization for Communication and Transit : OCT  (Geneva)
OIC Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC  (Geneva)
OLD ALLIANCE Old Alliance : AULD ALLIANCE between France and Scotland  (Saint Germain in Laye)
PAN-AMERICAN HEALTH Pan-American Sanitary Bureau : PASB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PANEUROPA PANEUROPEAN Movement : Paneuropean Union in Exile  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PCOB Permanent Central Opium Board : PCOB  (Geneva)
STANDARDS International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations : ISA  (New York City + Geneva)
TOURISM International Union of National Tourist Propaganda Organizations : IUNTPO  (The Hague)
UNRRA United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA  (Washington-District of Columbia)



Other Current States within the 2019's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

FRENCH STATE German Occupied FRENCH State : Government of Vichy  (Vichy)


Other Current Territories within the 2019's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

BASSAS DA INDIA Free French Dependency of BASSAS DA INDIA  (Bassas da India)
EUROPA ISLAND Free French Dependency of EUROPA ISLAND  (Europa)
GLORIOSO ISLANDS Free French Dependency of GLORIOSO ISLANDS  (Greater Glorioso)
JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND Free French Colony of JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND  (Juan de Nova)
REUNION Free French Colony of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)
TROMELIN ISLAND Leased Territory of TROMELIN ISLAND  (Tromelin)
GREEN ISLAND GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)
ADELIE LAND French Sector of ADELIE LAND  ((Port Couvreux))
AMSTERDAM ISLAND French Possession of AMSTERDAM ISLAND  (New Amsterdam)
AUSTRAL AND ANTARCTIC LANDS Territories of AUSTRAL AND ANTARCTIC LANDS  (Port Couvreux)
CROZET ISLANDS French Nature Reserve of CROZET ISLANDS  (Crozet)
KERGUELEN ARCHIPELAGO French Possession of KERGUELEN ARCHIPELAGO  (Port Couvreux)
SAINT PAUL AND AMSTERDAM ISLANDS French Colony of SAINT PAUL AND AMSTERDAM ISLANDS  (New Amsterdam)
SAINT PAUL ISLAND French Possession of SAINT PAUL ISLAND  (Saint Paul)
ALSACE Civil Territory of ALSACE  (Strasbourg)
ATLANTIC WALL Littotal Military Zone : ATLANTIC WALL  (Saint Nazaire)
CHAUSEY ISLANDS Archipelago of CHAUSEY ISLANDS  (Grande Ile)
CORSICA Free French Department of CORSICA  (Ajaccio)
FRENCH WAR GRAVES FRENCH WAR GRAVES Abroad  (Vichy)
GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Neuville-Saint-Vaast)
LITTORAL ZONE Forbidden LITTORAL Military Zone  (Toulon)
LORRAINE Civil Territory of LORRAINE  (Metz)
NORTHERN FRANCE German Occupied Territory of NORTHERN FRANCE  (Lille)
OCCUPIED ZONES German Military Administration for France : OCCUPIED ZONES  (Paris)
ROYASQUE COUNTRY Communes of ROYASQUE COUNTRY  (Tenda + Briga)
WESTLAND Zone of Intended German Settlement : WESTLAND Forbidden Zone  (Nancy)
ALO Tua Kingdom : Traditional Kingdom of ALO  (Malae)
BORA BORA American Base of BORA BORA  (Vaitape)
CLIPPERTON ISLAND British Occupied CLIPPERTON ISLAND  (Port Hueneme)
HORN ISLANDS HORN ISLANDS Group : Futuna  (Malae + Leava)
SIGAVE Traditional Kingdom of SIGAVE  (Leava)
UVEA Traditional Kingdom of UVEA  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)
WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS Free French Colony of WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)
WALLIS ARCHIPELAGO WALLIS ARCHIPELAGO Group  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)
CANAQUIA CANAQUE Chiefdoms  (Noumea)
CHESTERFIELD ISLANDS Dependencies of CHESTERFIELD ISLANDS  (Chesterfield)
DREHU DREHU Traditional Area  (We on Lifu)
HUNTER ISLAND Dependency of HUNTER ISLAND  (-)
HUON AND SURPRISE ISLANDS Dependencies of HUON AND SURPRISE ISLANDS : Atolls of D''Entrecasteaux Reefs  (Huon)
ISLE OF PINES French Possession of ISLE OF PINES : High Chiefdom of Kunie  (Gadji)
LOYALTY ISLANDS Dependencies of LOYALTY ISLANDS  (We on Lifu)
MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS Group  (-)
MATTHEW ISLAND Dependency of MATTHEW ISLAND  (-)
NENGONE NENGONE Traditional Area  (Tadin)
NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES Free French Colony of NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES  (Numea)
OUEN ISLAND OUEN ISLAND Chiefdom  (Ouara)
WALPOLE ISLAND Dependency of WALPOLE ISLAND  (Walpole)
WALPOLE MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS Dependencies of WALPOLE MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS  (Walpole)
YAI YAI Traditional Area  (Fayawe)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). From 2019, the maps use my presentation style of the country's short name within its long name.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages currently forgotten.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnologic data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-AUG-06.