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1946-OCT-27

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FRENCH UNION  FRANCE 
  
(Paris) - (Paris) -

French Republic : FR

Flag or logo since 1945-04-23*
République française : RF (fr) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Georges Bidault
(ruler of FRENCH UNION since 1946-06-24)
Capital:Paris - (Paris)
Official languages: French (fr) .

Mainland:


FRANCE FRENCH Republic  (Paris)

86 Mainland Divisions:

AIN Department of AIN  (Bourg)Local: Département de l''AIN (fr)  (Bourg)
AISNE Department of AISNE  (Laon)Local: Département de l''AISNE (fr)  (Laon)
ALLIER Department of ALLIER  (Moulins)Local: Département de l''ALLIER (fr)  (Moulins)
ALSACE-MOSELLE Departments of ALSACE-MOSELLE  (Colmar + Metz + Strasbourg)Local: Départements d''ALSACE-MOSELLE (fr)  (Colmar + Metz + Strasbourg)
ARDECHE Department of ARDECHE  (Privas)Local: Département de l''ARDÈCHE (fr)  (Privas)
ARDENNES Department of ARDENNES  (Mezieres)Local: Département des ARDENNES (fr)  (Mézières)
ARIEGE Department of ARIEGE  (Foix)Local: Département de l''ARIÈGE (fr)  (Foix)
AUBE Department of AUBE  (Troyes)Local: Département de l''AUBE (fr)  (Troyes)
AUDE Department of AUDE  (Carcassonne)Local: Département de l''AUDE (fr)  (Carcassonne)
AVEYRON Department of AVEYRON  (Rodez)Local: Département de l''AVEYRON (fr)  (Rodez)
CALVADOS Department of CALVADOS  (Caen)Local: Département du CALVADOS (fr)  (Caen)
CANTAL Department of CANTAL  (Aurillac)Local: Département du CANTAL (fr)  (Aurillac)
CHARENTE Department of CHARENTE  (Angouleme)Local: Département de la CHARENTE (fr)  (Angoulême)
CHER Department of CHER  (Bourges)Local: Département du CHER (fr)  (Bourges)
COASTS OF THE NORTH Department of COASTS OF THE NORTH  (Saint Brieuc)Local: Département des CÔTES-DU-NORD (fr)  (Saint-Brieuc)
CORREZE Department of CORREZE  (Tulle)Local: Département de la CORRÈZE (fr)  (Tulle)
CORSICA Department of CORSICA  (Ajaccio)Local: Département de la CORSE (fr)  (Ajaccio)
CREUSE Department of CREUSE  (Gueret)Local: Département de la CREUSE (fr)  (Guéret)
DORDOGNE Department of DORDOGNE  (Perigueux)Local: Département de la DORDOGNE (fr)  (Périgueux)
DOUBS Department of DOUBS  (Besancon)Local: Département du DOUBS (fr)  (Besançon)
DROME Department of DROME  (Valence)Local: Département de la DRÔME (fr)  (Valence)
EASTERN PYRENEES Department of EASTERN PYRENEES  (Perpignan)Local: Département des PYRÉNÉES-ORIENTALES (fr)  (Perpignan)
EURE AND LOIR Department of EURE AND LOIR  (Chartres)Local: Département d''EURE-ET-LOIR (fr)  (Chartres)
FINISTERE Department of FINISTERE  (Quimper)Local: Département du FINISTÈRE (fr)  (Quimper)
GARD Department of GARD  (Nimes)Local: Département du GARD (fr)  (Nîmes)
GERS Department of GERS  (Auch)Local: Département du GERS (fr)  (Auch)
GIRONDE Department of GIRONDE  (Bordeaux)Local: Département de la GIRONDE (fr)  (Bordeaux)
GOLDEN HILLSIDE Department of GOLDEN HILLSIDE  (Dijon)Local: Département de la CÔTE-D''OR (fr)  (Dijon)
HERAULT Department of HERAULT  (Montpellier)Local: Département de l''HÉRAULT (fr)  (Montpellier)
ILLE AND VILAINE Department of ILLE AND VILAINE  (Rennes)Local: Département d''ILLE-ET-VILAINE (fr)  (Rennes)
INDRE Department of INDRE  (Chateauroux)Local: Département de l''INDRE (fr)  (Châteauroux)
INDRE AND LOIRE Department of INDRE AND LOIRE  (Tours)Local: Département d''INDRE-ET-LOIRE (fr)  (Tours)
ISERE Department of ISERE  (Grenoble)Local: Département de l''ISÈRE (fr)  (Grenoble)
JURA Department of JURA  (Lons Le Saulnier)Local: Département du JURA (fr)  (Lons-le-Saulnier)
LANDES Department of LANDES  (Mont-de-Marsan)Local: Département des LANDES (fr)  (Mont-de-Marsan)
LOIR AND CHER Department of LOIR AND CHER  (Blois)Local: Département du LOIR-ET-CHER (fr)  (Blois)
LOIRE Department of LOIRE  (Saint Etienne)Local: Département de la LOIRE (fr)  (Saint-Étienne)
LOIRE INFERIOR Department of LOIRE INFERIOR  (Nantes)Local: Département de la LOIRE-INFÉRIEURE (fr)  (Nantes)
LOIRET Department of LOIRET  (Orleans)Local: Département du LOIRET (fr)  (Orléans)
LOT Department of LOT  (Cahors)Local: Département du LOT (fr)  (Cahors)
LOT AND GARONNE Department of LOT AND GARONNE  (Agen)Local: Département de LOT-ET-GARONNE (fr)  (Agen)
LOWER ALPS Department of LOWER ALPS  (Digne)Local: Département des BASSES-ALPES (fr)  (Digne)
LOWER PYRENEES Department of LOWER PYRENEES  (Pau)Local: Département des BASSES-PYRÉNÉES (fr)  (Pau)
LOZERE Department of LOZERE  (Mende)Local: Département de la LOZÈRE (fr)  (Mende)
MAINE AND LOIRE Department of MAINE AND LOIRE  (Angers)Local: Département de MAINE-ET-LOIRE (fr)  (Angers)
MANCHE Department of MANCHE  (Saint Lo)Local: Département de la MANCHE (fr)  (Saint-Lô)
MARITIME ALPS Department of MARITIME ALPS  (Nice)Local: Département des ALPES-MARITIMES (fr)  (Nice)
MARITIME CHARENTE Department of MARITIME CHARENTE  (La Rochelle)Local: Département de CHARENTE-MARITIME (fr)  (La Rochelle)
MARNE Department of MARNE  (Chalons on Marne)Local: Département de la MARNE (fr)  (Châlons-sur-Marne)
MAYENNE Department of MAYENNE  (Laval)Local: Département de la MAYENNE (fr)  (Laval)
MEURTHE AND MOSELLE Department of MEURTHE AND MOSELLE  (Nancy)Local: Département de MEURTHE-ET-MOSELLE (fr)  (Nancy)
MEUSE Department of MEUSE  (Bar Le Duc)Local: Département de la MEUSE (fr)  (Bar-le-Duc)
MORBIHAN Department of MORBIHAN  (Vannes)Local: Département du MORBIHAN (fr)  (Vannes)
MOUTHS OF THE RHONE Department of MOUTHS OF THE RHONE  (Marseilles)Local: Département des BOUCHES-DU-RHÔNE (fr)  (Marseille)
NIEVRE Department of NIEVRE  (Nevers)Local: Département de la NIÈVRE (fr)  (Nevers)
NORD Department of NORD  (Lille)Local: Département du NORD (fr)  (Lille)
OISE Department of OISE  (Beauvais)Local: Département de l''OISE (fr)  (Beauvais)
ORNE Department of ORNE  (Alencon)Local: Département de l''ORNE (fr)  (Alençon)
PUY OF DOME Department of PUY OF DOME  (Clermont-Ferrand)Local: Département du PUY-DE-DÔME (fr)  (Clermont-Ferrand)
RHONE Department of RHONE  (Lyons)Local: Département du RHÔNE (fr)  (Lyon)
SAONE AND LOIRE Department of SAONE AND LOIRE  (Macon)Local: Département de SAÔNE-ET-LOIRE (fr)  (Mâcon)
SARTHE Department of SARTHE  (Le Mans)Local: Département de la SARTHE (fr)  (Le Mans)
SAVOY Department of SAVOY  (Chambery)Local: Département de la SAVOIE (fr)  (Chambéry)
SEINE Department of SEINE  (Paris)Local: Département de la SEINE (fr)  (Paris)
SEINE AND MARNE Department of SEINE AND MARNE  (Melun)Local: Département de SEINE-ET-MARNE (fr)  (Melun)
SEINE AND OISE Department of SEINE AND OISE  (Versailles)Local: Département de SEINE-ET-OISE (fr)  (Versailles)
SEINE INFERIOR Department of SEINE INFERIOR  (Rouen)Local: Département de la SEINE-INFÉRIEURE (fr)  (Rouen)
SOMME Department of SOMME  (Amiens)Local: Département de la SOMME (fr)  (Amiens)
TARN Department of TARN  (Albi)Local: Département du TARN (fr)  (Albi)
TARN AND GARONNE Department of TARN AND GARONNE  (Montauban)Local: Département du TARN-ET-GARONNE (fr)  (Montauban)
TERRITORY OF BELFORT Department of THE TERRITORY OF BELFORT  (Belfort)Local: Département du TERRITOIRE-DE-BELFORT (fr)  (Belfort)
TWO SEVRES Department of TWO SEVRES  (Niort)Local: Département des DEUX-SÈVRES (fr)  (Niort)
UPPER ALPS Department of UPPER ALPS  (Gap)Local: Département des HAUTES-ALPES (fr)  (Gap)
UPPER GARONNE Department of UPPER GARONNE  (Toulouse)Local: Département de la HAUTE-GARONNE (fr)  (Toulouse)
UPPER LOIRE Department of UPPER LOIRE  (Le Puy)Local: Département de la HAUTE-LOIRE (fr)  (Le Puy)
UPPER MARNE Department of UPPER MARNE  (Chaumont in Bassigny)Local: Département de la HAUTE-MARNE (fr)  (Chaumont-en-Bassigny)
UPPER PYRENEES Department of UPPER PYRENEES  (Tarbes)Local: Département des HAUTES-PYRÉNÉES (fr)  (Tarbes)
UPPER SAONE Department of UPPER SAONE  (Vesoul)Local: Département de HAUTE-SAÔNE (fr)  (Vesoul)
UPPER SAVOY Department of UPPER SAVOY  (Annecy)Local: Département de la HAUTE-SAVOIE (fr)  (Annecy)
UPPER VIENNE Department of UPPER VIENNE  (Limoges)Local: Département de la HAUTE-VIENNE (fr)  (Limoges)
VAR Department of VAR  (Draguignan)Local: Département du VAR (fr)  (Draguignan)
VAUCLUSE Department of VAUCLUSE  (Avignon)Local: Département de VAUCLUSE (fr)  (Avignon)
VENDEE Department of VENDEE  (La Roche-sur-Yon)Local: Département de la VENDÉE (fr)  (La Roche-sur-Yon)
VIENNE Department of VIENNE  (Poitiers)Local: Département de la VIENNE (fr)  (Poitiers)
VOSGES Department of VOSGES  (Epinal)Local: Département des VOSGES (fr)  (Épinal)
YONNE Department of YONNE  (Auxerre)Local: Département de l''YONNE (fr)  (Auxerre)




5 Territories:

FRENCH GUIANA French Overseas Department of GUIANA  (Cayenne)Local: Département d''outre-mer français de la GUYANE (fr)  (Cayenne)
GUADELOUPE French Overseas Department of GUADELOUPE  (Basse-Terre)Local: Département d''outre-mer français de la GUADELOUPE (fr)  (Basse-Terre)
HAUTEVILLE HOUSE City of Paris Property of HAUTEVILLE HOUSE  (Victor Hugo Home)Local: Domaine de HAUTEVILLE HOUSE Propriété de la Ville de Paris (fr)  (Maison de Victor Hugo)
MARTINIQUE French Overseas Department of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France)Local: Département d''outre-mer français de la MARTINIQUE (fr)  (Fort-de-France)
REUNION French Overseas Department of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)Local: Département d''outre-mer français de la RÉUNION (fr)  (Saint-Denis de La Réunion)

3 Condominiums:

AIRPORT BASEL-MULHOUSE-FREIBURG Binational Territory of AIRPORT BASEL-MULHOUSE FREIBURG  (Airport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg)Local: Territoire binational de l''AÉROPORT DE BÂLE-MULHOUSE-FRIBOURG (fr) + FLUGHAFEN BASEL-MÜLHAUSEN-FREIBURG Gebiet (de)  (Aéroport de Bâle-Mulhouse-Fribourg)
PHEASANTS'' ISLAND Condominium of PHEASANTS'' ISLAND : Condominium of Conference Island  (Hospital Island)Local: Condominio de la ISLA DE LOS FAISANES (es) + Condominium de l''ÎLE DES FAISANS (fr)  (Île de l''Hôpital)
PYRENEAN FACERIES Trans-Borders Valleys of PYRENEAN FACERIES  (Baigorri + Baztan)Local: Valles Transfronterizas de las FACERIAS PIRENAICAS (es) + Vallées transfrontalières des FACERIES PYRÉNÉENNES (fr)  (Baigorri + Baztan)



8 Governments in Exile

ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA Kingdom of ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA in Exile  (Paris) King Antoine III
CATALONIA IN EXILE Catalan Government in Exile : Generality of CATALONIA  (Perpignan) Josep Irla
COSSACKIA COSSACK National Liberation Movement  (Paris) Ignat Arkhipovich Bilyi
EUZKADI BASQUE Government in Exile  (Paris) President Jose Antonio de Aguirre y Lecube
GALICIA IN EXILE GALICIAN Government in Exile : Council of Galicia  (Paris) President Alfonso Rodriguez Castelao
GEORGIA IN EXILE National Government of GEORGIA IN EXILE  (Leuville on Orge) Noe Zhordania
HABSBURG HABSBURG Monarchy  (Poecking + Lekitto + Bordeaux) Archduke Otto of Habsburg-Lorraine
SPAIN IN EXILE SPANISH Republican Government in Exile  (Paris) President Diego Martinez Barrio



Military entity abroad or locally shared:

SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT Belgian Military Cemetery of SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT  (Saint Jean Cape Ferrat)Local: Cimetière militaire belge de SAINT-JEAN-CAP-FERRAT (fr) + Belgische militaire begraafplaats van SAINT-JEAN-CAP-FERRAT (nl)  (Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.


Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AIRPORT BASEL-MULHOUSE-FREIBURG Binational Territory of AIRPORT BASEL-MULHOUSE FREIBURG  (Airport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg)
BRITISH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the BRITISH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Bayeux)
FRENCH WAR GRAVES FRENCH WAR GRAVES Abroad  (Paris)
OMAHA BEACH American Temporary Cemetery on European Soil : AMERICAN CEMETERY in Omaha Beach  (Vierville)
ROYASQUE COUNTRY Communes of ROYASQUE COUNTRY  (Tenda + Briga)
SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT Belgian Military Cemetery of SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT  (Saint Jean Cape Ferrat)
VIMY MEMORIAL Canadian National VIMY MEMORIAL  (Vimy)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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