.. or choose a geo zone >>

(Vienna + Budapest) - (Budapest) -

Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen : Kingdom of HUNGARY PCA Member

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
Szent István Koronájának Országai : MAGYAR Királyság (hu) + Die Länder der heiligen Ungarischen Stephanskrone : Königreich UNGARN (de) + Regnum Hungariae : HUNGARIA (la)
Emblem or Symbol

Emperor Francis Joseph I
(ruler of AUSTRIA-HUNGARY since 1900-01-01)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


TRANSLEITHANIA Lands of the Holy HUNGARIAN Crown of Saint Stephen  (Budapest)

7 Mainland Divisions:

BANAT OF TEMESCHWAR Region Between the Theiss and the Maros : Voivodeship of BANAT OF TEMESCHWAR : Partium Region  (Temeschburg)Local: Vajdaság a TEMESI BÁNSÁG : Részek (hu) + Woiwodschaft BANAT TEMESCHWAR (de) + Regio BANNATUS TEMESIENSIS (la)  (Temesvár)
CIS-DANUBIA Left Bank of the Danube Region : CIS-DANUBIA  (Pressburg)Local: Terület Bal Partján a Duna : FELDIVÉK Vármegyéi (hu) + Gebiet Linken Ufer Der Donau : OBERUNGARN (de) + Regio Cis-Danuvium : CIS-DANUBIA (la)  (Pozsony)
CIS-TYBISCAN Region on the Right Bank of the Theiss : CIS-TYBISCAN  (Kaschau)Local: Terület JOBB PARTJÁN A TISZA (hu) + Gebiet auf dem LINKEN UFER DES THEIß (de) + Regio Parte Sinistra Ripa Tysciam : TRANS-TYSCIA (la)  (Kassa)
TRANS-DANUBIA Region of the Right Bank of the Danube : TRANS-DANUBIA  (Raab)Local: Területet a jobb parton a Duna : DUNÁNTÚL Régió (hu) + Gebiet auf dem RECHTEN UFER DES DONAU (de) + Regio Parte Danubii Ripam Dextram : TRANS-DANUBIA (la)  (Győr)
TRANS-TIBYSCAN Region on the Left Bank of the Theiss : TRANS-TYBISCAN  (Debrecen)Local: Terület BAL PARTJÁN A TISZA (hu) + Gebiet auf dem LINKEN UFER DES THEIß (de) + Regio Parte Sinistra Ripa Tysciam : TRANS-TYSCIA (la)  (Debrecen)
TRANSYLVANIA Region Over The Royal Pass Through The Mountains : Principality of TRANSYLVANIA  (Klausenburg + Weissenburg)Local: Királyhágón túl : ERDÉLY Nagyhercegség (hu) + Gebiet jenseits der Wälder : SIEBENBÜRGEN (de) + Principatus Transylvaniae : TRANSYLVANIA (la)  (Kolozsvár + Gyulafehérvár)

1 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polity

CROATIA-SLAVONIA Kingdom of CROATIA-SLAVONIA  (Zagreb) Emperor Francis Joseph I

1 Territory in Europe:

FIUME FIUME Corpus Separatum of the Hungarian Crown : City of Fiume with Territory  (Fiume)Local: FIUME város és területe (hu) + Stadt FIUME mit Gebiet (de) + FLUMENISIS Corpus Separatum (la)  (Fiume)

6 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

HAGUE CONVENTION Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes : Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Convention : International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .

  Creative Commons License Licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License