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1900-JAN-01

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French Settlements in INDIA : FRENCH INDIA (Pondicherry) 
Governorate-General of the Portuguese State of INDIA : PORTUGUESE INDIA (New Goa) 
British Raj of INDIAN Empire : INDIA (Calcutta)  Viceroy George Curzon

Alternate Entities with similar names

INDIA  UNITED KINGDOM 
  
(Calcutta) - (London + Westminster) -

British Raj of INDIAN Empire

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
British Raj of INDIAN Empire (en)
Emblem or Symbol

Viceroy George Curzon
(ruler of INDIA since 1900-01-01)

Queen Victoria
(ruler of UNITED KINGDOM since 1900-01-01)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Calcutta(Calcutta)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Mainland:


BRITISH INDIA Presidencies and Provinces of BRITISH INDIA  (Calcutta)

13 Federated or Constituent Mainland Divisions:

AJMER-MERWARA-KEKRI AJMER-MERWARA-KEKRI Province  (Ajmer)Local: AJMER-MERWARA-KEKRI Province (en)  (Ajmer)
ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS Commission of THE ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS  (Port Blair)Local: Commission of THE ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS (en)  (Port Blair)
BENGAL BIHAR AND ORISSA BENGAL BIHAR AND ORISSA Province  (Calcutta)Local: BENGAL BIHAR AND ORISSA Province (en)  (Calcutta)
BERAR Hyderabad Assigned Districts of BERAR Province  (Amraoti)Local: Hyderabad Assigned Districts of BERAR Province (en)  (Amraoti)
BOMBAY BOMBAY Presidency  (Bombay)Local: BOMBAY Presidency (en)  (Bombay)
BRITISH BALUCHISTAN AND TRIBAL AREAS BRITISH BALUCHISTAN Province and Tribal Areas  (Quetta)Local: BRITISH BALUCHISTAN Province and Tribal Areas (en)  (Quetta)
BURMA Province of BURMA  (Rangoon)Local: Province of BURMA (en)  (Rangoon)
CENTRAL PROVINCES CENTRAL PROVINCES of British India  (Nagpur)Local: CENTRAL PROVINCES of British India (en)  (Nagpur)
MADRAS Presidency of MADRAS  (Madras)Local: Presidency of MADRAS (en)  (Madras)
NORTH-EAST FRONTIER NORTH-EAST FRONTIER Province  (Kamrup)Local: NORTH-EAST FRONTIER Province (en)  (Kamrup)
NORTH-WESTERN PROVINCES AND OUDH Province of the NORTH-WESTERN PROVINCES AND OUDH  (Agra + Allahabad + Lucknow)Local: Province of the NORTH-WESTERN PROVINCES AND OUDH (en)  (Agra + Allahabad + Lucknow)
PUNJAB PUNJAB Province  (Lahore)Local: PUNJAB Province (en)  (Lahore)
TENASSERIM TENASSERIM Province  (Moulmein)Local: TENASSARIM Province (en)  (Moulmein)



13 Assisted Entities

AFGHANISTAN Emirate of United AFGHANISTAN [British Indian Protectorate]  (Kabul) Emir Abdor Rahman Khan
BARODA BARODA Residency  (Baroda) Maharajah Sir Sayajirao III Gaekwar
CENTRAL INDIA Princely States of CENTRAL INDIA Agency under British Suzerainty  (Indore) Viceroy George Curzon
DHOFAR Sheikhdom of DHOFAR under Omani Suzerainty  (Mirbat) Sheikh Ahmed Ali Al-Mashani
HUNZA British Protectorate of the Princely State of HUNZA under Kashmiri Suzerainty : Princely State of Kanjut  (Baltit) Prince Mohammad Nazim Khan
HYDEBABAD British Protectorate of the Princely State of Hyderabad Deccan : HYDERABAD Residency  (Hyderabad) Nizam Fath Jang Mahbub Sir Ali II Khan Asaf Jah VI
JAMMU AND KASHMIR British Protectorate of the Princely State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR  (Jammu + Srinagar) Regent Sir Pratap Singh
MAIMANA Uzbek Khanate of MAIMANA Province  (Maimana) Kemal Khan
MYSORE Kingdom of MYSORE Residency  (Bangalore) Maharajah Krishnaraja IV Wodeyar
NAGAR Princely State of NAGAR under Kashmiri Suzerainty  (Nagar) Prince Jafar Zahed Khan
PERSIAN GULF STATES PERSIAN GULF Residency  (Bushire) Viceroy George Curzon
RAJPUTANA RAJPUTANA Agency  (Mount Abu) Viceroy George Curzon
TANAWAL Feudal Tanawal States : Country of TANAWAL  (Amb + Darband + Phulra) Nawab Sir Mohammad Akram Khan



5 Territories in Asia:

BALUCHISTAN Princely Baloochistan States : BALUCHISTAN Agency  (Kalat)Local: BALUCHISTAN Agency (en) + BALOCHISTAN Ajensy : بلوچستان ایجنسی (ur) + BALUCHISTAN : بلوچستان (bal)  (Kalat)
BANGANAPALLE British Protectorate of the Princely State of BANGANAPALLE  (Banganapalle)Local: BANGANA PALLE State (en) + Banagānapalle : BANAGANA PALLI : బనగానపల్లె (te)  (Banaganapalli)
BENARES British Protectorate of the Kashi Kingdom of BENARES  (Benares)Local: British Protectorate of the Kashi Kingdom of BENARAS  (Benaras)
BRITISH GILGIT GILGIT British Agency  (Gilgit + Srinagar)Local: GILGIT British Agency (en)  (Gilgit + Srinagar)
DEWAS STATES Protectorates of DEWAS States  (Dewas)Local: DEWAS States (en)  (Dewas)

3 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Asia:

BHOOTAN British Indian Protectorate of the Regency of BHOOTAN Tributary of Sino-Nepalese Thibet  (Punakha + Thimphu)Local: State of BHOOTAN (en) + Druk Gyal-Khab : DRUK-YUL : འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ : འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ (dz)  (Punakha + Thimphu)
KUWAIT Protectorate of the District of KUWAIT part of Bassorah Vilayet  (Kuwait)Local: Kazan-i KUVEYT : منطقة الكويت (ota) + Qada''a AL-KUWAYT : منطقة الكويت (ar) + District of KUWAIT (en)  (Kuveyt)
SIKKIM British Protectorate of the Kingdom of SIKKIM under Tibetan influence  (Gangtok)Local: Kingdom of SIKKIM (en) + SIKKIMA Rajya : सिक्किम राज्य (np)  (Gangtok)



3 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


BRITAIN COLONIES BRITAIN COLONIES of the British Empire : British Imperial Federation  (Westminster)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Convention : International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)




Other Current States within the 2019's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

JAMMU AND KASHMIR British Protectorate of the Princely State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR  (Jammu + Srinagar)
BARODA BARODA Residency  (Baroda)
CENTRAL INDIA Princely States of CENTRAL INDIA Agency under British Suzerainty  (Indore)
HYDEBABAD British Protectorate of the Princely State of Hyderabad Deccan : HYDERABAD Residency  (Hyderabad)
MYSORE Kingdom of MYSORE Residency  (Bangalore)
RAJPUTANA RAJPUTANA Agency  (Mount Abu)


Other Current Entities within the 2019's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

BHADERWAH BHADERWAH Estate  (Bhaderwah)
CHINENI CHINENI Estate  (Chineni)
JAMMU JAMMU Division  (Jammu)
KASHMIR KASHMIR Division  (Srinagar)
SIKKIM British Protectorate of the Kingdom of SIKKIM under Tibetan influence  (Gangtok)
STOK Ladakhi STOK Estate Vassal of Jammu and Kashmir  (Stok)
ZANGLA ZANGLA Kingdom  (Zangla)
ZANSKAR AND PADUM ZANSKAR AND PADUM Kingdom  (Padum)
ALWAR ULWAR Agency : Alwar Agency  (Ulwar)
ANGEDIVA ISLAND Enclave of the Governorate of ANGEDIVA ISLAND  (Anjediva)
BAGHELKHAND Agency of BAGHELKHAND Group of States  (Rewah + Satna)
BANSWARA British Protectorate of the Princely State of BANSWARA  (Banswara)
BARAUNDHA Princely State of Pathar Kachhar : BARAUNDHA State  (Baraundha)
BARODA-GAEKWAR British Protectorate of the Gaekwar Princely State of BARODA  (Baroda)
BHAISAUNDA Chaube Jagir State of BHAISAUNDA  (Bhaisaunda)
BHARATPORE British Protectorate of the Princely State of BHARATPORE  (Deeg)
BHOPAL BHOPAL Agency  (Bhopal)
BHOPAL STATE British Protectorate of the Princely State of BHOPAL  (Bhopal)
BHOPAWAR BHOPAWAR Agency  (Bhopawar)
BIKANER BIKANER Agency  (Bikaner)
BUNDELKHAND BUNDELKHAND Agency  (Nowgong)
BUNDI British Protectorate of the Princely State of BUNDI  (Bundi)
CHANDERNAGORE French Settlement of CHANDERNAGORE  (Chandernagore)
DADRA Enclave of DADRA Parish  (Dadra)
DAMAO Governorate of the Portuguese Colony of DAMAO  (Damao)
DHAR British Protectorate of the Princely State of DHAR  (Dhar)
DHOLPUR British Protectorate of the Princely State of DHOLPUR  (Dholpur)
DIU Governorate of the Portuguese Colony of DIU ISLAND  (Diu)
DUNGARPUR British Protectorate of the Princely State of DUNGARPUR  (Dungarpur)
EASTERN CENTRAL INDIA Eastern States of CENTRAL INDIA Agency  (Rewah)
EASTERN RAJPUTANA STATES EASTERN RAJPUTANA STATES Agency  (Bharatpore)
FRENCH INDIA French Settlements in INDIA  (Pondicherry)
GOA Governorate of the Portuguese Colony of GOA  (New Goa)
GWALIOR GWALIOR Residency  (The Residency of Gwalior)
GWALIOR-SCINDIA British Protectorate of the Princely Scindia State of GWALIOR  (Laskar)
HARAOTI AND TONK HARAOTI AND TONK Agency  (Deoli)
INDORE INDORE Residency  (Indore)
INDORE-HOLKAR British Protectorate of the Holkar Princely State of INDORE  (Indore)
JAIPUR JAIPUR Residency  (Jaipur)
JAISALMER British Protectorate of the Princely State of JAISALMER  (Jaisalmer)
JAORA British Protectorate of the Princely State of JAORA  (Jaora)
JASO Princely State of JASO  (Jaso)
JHALAWAR British Protectorate of the Princely State of JHALAWAR  (Jhalawar)
JODHPUR British Protectorate of the Princely State of JODHPUR  (Jodhpur)
KAMTA-RAJAULA Chaube Jagir State of KAMTA-RAJAULA  (Kamta-Rajaula)
KARIKAL French Settlement of KARIKAL  (Karikal)
KEROWLEE British Protectorate of the Princely State of KEROWLEE  (Kerowlee)
KISHANGARH British Protectorate of the Princely State of KISHANGARH  (Kishangarh)
KOTAH British Protectorate of the Princely State of KOTAH  (Kotah)
KOTAH-JHALAWAR KOTAH-JHALAWAR Agency  (Kotah)
KOTHI Princely State of KOTHI  (Kothi)
MAHE French Settlement of MAHE  (Mahe)
MAHISUR Princely State of the Kingdom of MYSORE  (Bangalore)
MAIHAR Princely State of MAIHAR  (Maihar)
MALWA MALWA Agency  (Mandsour + Neemuch)
MEWAR MEWAR Residency  (Udaipur)
MINICOY ISLANDS MINICOY ISLANDS Group  (Minicoy)
NAGAR-AVELY NAGAR AVELY County  (Silvassa)
NAGODH Princely State of NAGODH  (Nagodh)
ORCHA Princely State of ORCHA  (Orcha)
PAHRA Chaube Jagir State of PAHRA  (Pahra)
PALDEO Chaube Jagir State of PALDEO  (Paldeo)
PANTH-PIPLODA PANTH-PIPLODA Estate  (Kharua)
PARTABGARH British Protectorate of the Princely State of PARTABGARH  (Partabgarh)
PIPLODA Dependency of PIPLODA State  (Piploda)
PONDICHERRY French Settlement of PONDICHERRY  (Pondicherry)
PORTUGUESE INDIA Governorate-General of the Portuguese State of INDIA  (New Goa)
RATLAM British Protectorate of the Princely State of RATLAM  (Ratlam)
REWAH British Protectorate of the Princely State of REWAH  (Rewah)
SEROHI British Protectorate of the Princely State of SEROHI  (Serohi)
SHAHPURA Estate of SHAHPURA State  (Shahpura)
SHAILANA Princely State of SHAILANA  (Shailana)
SITAMAU Princely State of SITAMAU  (Deven)
SOHAWAL Kingdom of SOHAWAL  (Sohawal)
TARANGAGADH TARANGAGADH Agency  (Reni)
TARAON Chaube Jagir State of TARAON  (Taraon)
TONK British Protectorate of the Princely State of TONK  (Tonk)
UDAIPUR-MEWAR British Protectorate of the Princely State of UDAIPUR-MEWAR  (Udaipur)
ULWAR British Protectorate of the Princely State of ULWAR : Princely State of Alwar  (Ulwar)
WESTERN CENTRAL INDIA Western States of CENTRAL INDIA Agency  (Indore)
WESTERN RAJPUTANA STATES WESTERN RAJPUTANA STATES Agency  (Dungarpur)
WESTERN RAJPUTANA STATES WESTERN RAJPUTANA STATES Residency : Marwar  (Jodhpur)
YANAON French Settlement of YANAON  (Yanaon)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). From 2019, the maps use my presentation style of the country's short name within its long name.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages currently forgotten.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnologic data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.