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1961-DEC-19

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Republic of INDIA
(New Delhi)

Republic of INDIA UNO Member

Flag or logo since 1947-07-22
Republic of INDIA (en) + BHĀRAT Gaṇarājya : भारत गणराज्य (hi)
Emblem or Symbol

President Rajendra Prasad
(ruler of INDIA since 1950-01-26)
Population:
Area:
Capital:New Delhi(Naī Dillī)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Mainland:


INDIA States of INDIA  (New Delhi)

14 Federated or Constituent Mainland Divisions:

ANDHRA PRADESH ANDHRA PRADESH State  (Hyderabad)Local: ANDHRA PRADESH Rashtram : ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్ రాష్ట్రం (te)  (Haydarabad)
ASSAM State of ASSAM  (Gauhati)Local: ASOM Raashtra : অসম ৰাষ্ট্ৰ (as) + ASAMA Rajya : আসাম রাজ্য (bn) + ASOM (brx) + State of ASSAM (en)  (Gauhati)
BIHAR BIHAR State  (Patna)Local: BIHAR Rajy : बिहार राज्य (hi) + BIHAR Raajy : بہار ریاست (ur)  (Patna)
EST PUNJAB EAST PUNJAB State  (Simla + Chandigarh)Local: PURABI PANJABA Raja : ਪੂਰਬੀ ਪੰਜਾਬ ਰਾਜ (pa) + EAST PANJAB State (en)  (Simla + Chandigarh)
GUJARAT GUJARAT State  (Gandhinagar)Local: GUJARATA Rajya : ગુજરાત રાજ્ય (gu)  (Gandhinagar)
KERALA KERALA State  (Trivandrum)Local: Kēraḷa Sansthānaṁ : KERALAM - കേരള സംസ്ഥാനം : കേരളം (ml)  (Thrivandrum)
MADHYA PRADESH MADHYA PRADESH State  (Bhopal)Local: MADHIYA PRADESH Rajy : मध्य प्रदेश राज्य (hi)  (Bhopal)
MADRAS MADRAS State  (Madras)Local: CHENNAI Manilam : சென்னை மாநிலம் (ta) + MADRAS State (en)  (Madras)
MAHARASHTRA MAHARASHTRA State  (Bombay)Local: MAHARASHTRA Rajya : महाराष्ट्र राज्य (mr)  (Bombay)
MYSORE MYSORE State  (Bangalore)Local: MAHISURU Rajya : ಮೈಸೂರು ರಾಜ್ಯ (kn) + MAHISUR State (en)  (Bangalore)
ORISSA ORISSA State  (Bhubaneswar)Local: ORISHA Rajya : ଓଡ଼ିଶା ରାଜ୍ୟ (or)  (Bhubaneshwar)
RAJASTHAN RAJASTHAN State  (Jaipur)Local: RAJASTHAN Rajy : राजस्थान राज्य (raj) + RAJASTHAN Rajy : राजस्थान राज्य (hi) + RAJASTHAN State (en)  (Jaipur)
UTTAR PRADESH UTTAR PRADESH State  (Lucknow)Local: UTTAR PRADESH Rajy : उत्तर प्रदेश राज्य (hi) + UTTAR PRADESH Raajy : اتر پردیش ریاست (ur)  (Lakhnau)
WEST BENGAL WEST BENGAL State  (Calcutta)Local: Pashcima Banga Rajya : POSHCHIM BÔNGGO - পশ্চিমবঙ্গ রাজ্য (bn)  (Calcutta)



2 Assisted Entities

BHUTAN Indian Protectorate of the Kingdom of BHUTAN  (Punakha) King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk
SIKKIM Indian Protectorate of the Kingdom of SIKKIM  (Gangtok) Maharajah Sir Tashi Namgyal



9 Territories in Asia:

ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS Union Territory of ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS  (Port Blair)Local: Union Territory of ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS (en) + ANDAMAAN AUR NIKOBAAR DVEEPASAMOOH Kendrashaasit Pradesh : अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीपसमूह केंद्र शासित प्रदेश (hi)  (Port Blair)
DADRA AND NAGAR HAVELI Occupied Union Territory of DADRA AND NAGAR HAVELI  (Silvassa)Local: Union Territory of DADRA AND NAGAR-HAVELI (en) + DADRA ANI NAGAR HAVELI Kendra Shasit Pradesh : दादरा आणि नगर हवेली केंद्र शासित प्रदेश (hi) + DADRA ANI NAGAR HAVELI Kēndraśāsita Pradēśa : दादरा आणि नगर हवेली केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (mr) + DADARA AUR NAGARA HAVELI Kēndraśāsita Pradēśa : દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી કેન્દ્રશાસિત પ્રદેશ (gu)  (Silvassa)
DELHI DELHI Union Territory  (Delhi)Local: DELHI Union Territory (en) + DILLĪ Kendrashaasit Pradesh : दिल्ली केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (hi)  (Dillī)
GOA DAMAO AND DIU India Occupied Military Province of GOA DAMAO AND DIU  (Panjim)Local: Military Province of GOA DAMAO AND DIU (en) + GOVA DAMAN AUR DEEAEEYOO ke Sainy Prant : गोवा दामा और डीआईयू के सैन्य प्रांत (hi)  (Panjim)
HIMACHAL PRADESH HIMACHAL PRADESH Union Territory  (Simla)Local: HIMACHAL PRADESH Union Territory (en) + HIMACHAL PRADESH Sangh Shasit Pradesh : हिमाचल प्रदेश संघ शासित प्रदेश (hi)  (Simla)
LACCADIVE AMINDIVE AND MINICOY ISLANDS LACCADIVE AMINDIVE AND MINICOY ISLANDS Union Territory  (Kavaratti)Local: LACCADIVE AMINDIVI AND MINICOY ISLANDS Union Territory (en) + LAKSHADVEEP Kendrashaasit Pradesh : लक्षद्वीप केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (hi)  (Kawaratti)
MANIPUR Union Territory of MANIPUR  (Imphal)Local: Union Territory of MANIPUR (en) + MANIPUR Kendrashasit Pradesh : मनीपुर केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (hi)  (Imphal)
NAGALAND NAGALAND Union Territory  (Kohima)Local: NAGALAND Union Territory (en)  (Kohima)
TRIPURA TRIPURA Union Territory  (Agartala)Local: TRIPURA Union Territory (en)  (Agartala)

3 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Asia:

CHUSHI GANGDRUK Tibetan Guerilla of CHUSHI GANGDRUK  (Mustang Base)Local: Mdo stod CHU BZHI SGANG DRUG Bod kyi bstan srung dang blangs dmag : མདོ་སྟོད་ཆུ་བཞི་སྒང་དྲུག་བོད་ཀྱི་བསྟན་སྲུང་དང་བླངས་དམག་(bo)  (Mustang Base)
FRENCH INDIA India Occupied Territories of FRENCH INDIA High Commission  (Pondicherry)Local: Territoires de l''INDE FRANÇAISE (fr) + PHRENCH BHARAT ke Pradeshon : फ्रेंच भारत के प्रदेशों (hi) + FRENCH INDIA High Commission (en)  (Pondichéry)
JAMMU AND KASHMIR Indian State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP at Srinagar]  (Jammu + Srinagar)Local: State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR (en) + JAMMU O-KASHMIR : مقبوضہ کشمیر (ur) + Riyasat JAMMU O KAHSMIR : جۄم تٕ کٔشېر (ks)  (Jammu + Srinagar)




1 Government in Exile

TIBET IN EXILE Government of TIBET in Exile : Central Tibetan Administration of His Holiness the Dalai Lama  (Dharamsala) Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso



37 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN NATURE Convention Relative to the Preservation of Fauna and Flora in their Natural State : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ASIA-AFRICA Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee : AALCC  (New Delhi)
COLOMBO PLAN COLOMBO PLAN for Co-operative Economic Development in South and South-East Asia  (Colombo)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
COMMONWEALTH THE COMMONWEATH of Nations  (Westminster)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade : GATT  (Villa Bocage)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HYDROGRAPHY International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB  (Monaco)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMCO Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization : IMCO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Saint Cloud)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Brussels)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Jakarta + New York City)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WFP Temporary United Nations World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)



Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

SIKKIM Indian Protectorate of the Kingdom of SIKKIM  (Gangtok)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ANGEDIVA ISLAND Governorate of ANGEDIVA ISLAND  (Anjediva)
FRENCH INDIA India Occupied Territories of FRENCH INDIA High Commission  (Pondicherry)
JAMMU JAMMU Division  (Jammu)
JAMMU AND KASHMIR Indian State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP at Srinagar]  (Jammu + Srinagar)
KARIKAL India Occupied Territory of KARIKAL  (Karikal)
KASHMIR VALLEY KASHMIR VALLEY Division  (Srinagar)
LADAKH LADAKH Division  (Leh)
MAHE India Occupied Territory of MAHE  (Mahe)
PONDICHERRY India Occupied Territory of PONDICHERRY  (Pondicherry)
YANAON India Occupied Territory of YANAON  (Yanaon)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.