(Baghdad) - (Arbel) - (Arbel)

ARBEL Governorate

Flag or logo since 2005-06-14
Parêzgeha HEWLÊR : پارێزگای ھەولێر (ku) + Muhafazah ARBIL : محافظة أربيل (ar)
Emblem or Symbol

President Barham Salih
(ruler of IRAQ since 2018-10-02)

President Nechirvan Barzani
(ruler of KURDISTAN since 2017-11-01)
Capital:Arbel - (Hewlêr)
Official languages: Arabic (ar) . Kurdish (ku) .

10 Territories:

ARBEL ARBEL District  (Arbel)Local: Qadha ARBIL  (Hewlêr)
ARBEL PLAIN ARBEL PLAIN District  (Qushtapa)Local: Qadha DEŞTÊ HEWLÊRÊ : Dashty Hawler  (Qushtappa)
CHOMAN CHOMAN District  (Choman)Local: Qadha ÇOMAN  (Çoman)
KHABAT KHABAT District  (Khabat)Local: Qadha XEBAT  (Xebat)
KOYA KOYA District  (Koy Sanjaq)Local: Qadha KOYE  (Koye)
MAKHMUR MAKHMUR District  (Makhmur)Local: Qezayê MEXMÛR  (Mexmûr)
MERGASUR MERGASUR District  (Mergasur)Local: Qadha MÊRGESOR  (Mêrgesor)
RAWANDUZ RAWANDUZ District  (Rowanduz)Local: Qadha REWANDUZ  (Revandüz)
SHAQLAWA SHAQLAWA District  (Shaqlawa)Local: Qadha ŞEQLAWE  (Şeqlawe)
SORAN SORAN District  (Diana)Local: Qadha SORAN  (Diyana)

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

IRAQ Republic of IRAQ  (Baghdad)
KURDISTAN KURDISTAN Regional Government  (Arbel)
TURKMENLAND Iraqi National Turkmen Party for an autonomous IRAQI TURKMEN Region  ((Tell Afar))

Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMERICAN BASES IN IRAQ American Bases in IRAQ  (Habbaniyah Station + Al-Taqadoum)
ANBAR ANBAR Governorate  (Ramadi)
BABEL BABEL Governorate : Babylon Governorate  (Hillah)
BAGHDAD BAGHDAD Governorate  (Baghdad)
BASHIQA BASHIQA District : Shabaki Region  (Bashiqa)
BASSORAH BASSORAH Governorate  (Bassorah)
CHAMMAL-IRAQ French Forces of the Chammal Operation in IRAQ  (Kuwait Base)
DAHUK DAHUK Governorate  (Dahuk)
DHI QAR DHI QAR Governorate  (Nasiriyah)
DIYALA Semi-Autonomous Region of DIYALA Governorate  (Bakuba)
HALABJA HALABJA Governorate  (Halabja)
HASHED AL-SHAABI Committee of the Popular Mobilization Forces : HASHED AL-SHAABI  ((Najaf))
HAWIJA HAWIJA District  (Hawija)
KADISIYAH KADISIYAH Governorate  (Diwaniyah)
KERBALA KERBALA Governorate  (Kerbala)
KIRKUK KIRKUK Governorate  (Kirkuk)
MAYSAN MAYSAN Governorate  (Amara)
MUTHANNA MUTHANNA Governorate  (Samawah)
NAJAF NAJAF Governorate  (Najaf)
NATO-IRAQ NATO Mission Iraq : NMI  (Forward Operation Base Union Three)
NINEVEH NINEVEH Governorate  (Mosul)
QODS-IRAQ QODS Force and Iranian Bases and Facilities in Iraq  (Al-Rashid + Samarra + Camp Speicher)
SALADIN Semi-Autonomous Region of SALADIN Governorate  (Tikrit)
SINJAR SINJAR District  (Sinjar)
SULEIMANIA SULEIMANIA Governorate  (Suleimania)
UNAMI ZONE United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq : UNAMI  (Camp Liberty)
WASIT WASIT Governorate  (Kut El Amara)
ZLICAN Turkish Camp ZLICAN  (Zlican)
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Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.


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