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1921-MAR-13

- Zones:

Kingdom of ITALY
(Rome)

Kingdom of ITALY

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
Regno d''ITALIA (it) SDN Member
Emblem or Symbol

King Victor Emmanuel III
(ruler of ITALY since 1900-07-29)
Capital:Rome - (Roma)
Official languages: Italian (it) .

Mainland:


ITALY Kingdom of ITALY  (Rome)

17 Mainland Divisions:

ABRUZZES AND MOLISE Region of ABRUZZES AND MOLISE  (Aquila of Abruzzes)Local: Regione degli ABRUZZI E MOLISE (it)  (Aquila degli Abruzzi)
APULIA Region of APULIA  (Bari of Apulia)Local: Regione delle PUGLIE (it)  (Bari delle Puglie)
BASILICATA Region of BASILICATA  (Potenza)Local: Regione della BASILICATA (it)  (Potenza)
CALABRIA Region of CALABRIA  (Reggio Calabria)Local: Regione di CALABRIA (it)  (Reggio di Calabria)
CAMPANIA Region of CAMPANIA  (Naples)Local: Regione della CAMPANIA (it)  (Napoli)
EMILIA Region of EMILIA  (Bologna)Local: Regione dell''EMILIA (it)  (Bologna)
EUGANEAN VENETIA Region of EUGANEAN VENETIA  (Venice)Local: Regione della VENEZIA EUGANEA (it)  (Venezia)
LATIUM Region of LATIUM  (Rome)Local: Regione di LAZIO (it)  (Roma)
LIGURIA Region of LIGURIA  (Genoa)Local: Regione della LIGURIA (it)  (Genova)
LOMBARDY Region of LOMBARDY  (Milan)Local: Regione della LOMBARDIA (it)  (Milano)
MARCHES Region of THE MARCHES  (Ancona)Local: Regione delle MARCHE (it)  (Ancona)
PIEDMONT Region of PIEDMONT  (Turin)Local: Regione del PIEMONTE (it)  (Torino)
SARDINIA Region of SARDINIA  (Cagliari)Local: Regione della SARDEGNA (it)  (Cagliari)
SICILY Region of SICILY  (Palermo)Local: Regione della SICILIA (it)  (Palermo)
TRIDENTINE VENETIA Region of TRIDENTINE VENETIA  (Trent)Local: Regione della VENEZIA TRIDENTINA (it)  (Trento)
TUSCANY Region of TUSCANY  (Florence)Local: Regione della TOSCANA (it)  (Firenze)
UMBRIA Region of UMBRIA  (Perugia)Local: Regione dell''UMBRIA (it)  (Perugia)


1 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polity

HOLY SEE Vatican City State : HOLY SEE  (Vatican) Pope Benedictus XV


6 Assisted Entities

ALBONA ALBONA Republic : Miners Rebellion of the Labin Republic  (Albona) Ante Ciliga
KALAFO Sultanate of KELAFO [Nominally part of Italian Somaliland]  (Mustahil) Sultan Olol Dinle
MAJERTEENIA Italian Protectorate of the Harti Sultanate of MAJERTEEN  (Bargal + Alula) Sultan Uthman III bin Mahamud
OBBIA Italian Protectorate of the Sultanate of OBBIA  (Obbia + Gallacaio) Sultan Ali Yusuf Kenadid
SAN MARINO Republic of SAN MARINO [Italian Protectorate]  (San Marino) Captains-Regent
TRIPOLITANIA TRIPOLITANIAN Republic  (El Azizia) Ahmad Tahir al-Murayyid



8 Territories:

CNIDIA PENINSULA Italian Occupied Territory of CNIDIA PENINSULA  (Reshadiye)Local: Territorio italiano della PENISOLA DI CNIDIA (it)  (Reshadiye)
DALMATIA Civil Commission for DALMATIA  (Zara)Local: Commissariato Civile della DALMAZIA (it)  (Zara)
DODECANESE ISLANDS Italian Territory of DODECANESE ISLANDS  (Rhodes)Local: Territorio di DODECANESO (it)  (Rodi)
ERITREA Italian Colony of ERITREA  (Massawa)Local: Colonia italiana dell''ERITREA (it)  (Massaua)
ITALIAN NORTH AFRICA Italian Territories of NORTH AFRICA  (Tripoli)Local: Territori italiani del AFRICA SETTENTRIONALE (it)  (Tripoli)
ITALIAN SOMALIA Crown Colony of ITALIAN SOMALIA  (Mogadishu)Local: Colonia della SOMALIA ITALIANA (it)  (Mogadiscio)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession  (Tientsin Italian Concession)Local: Concessione di TIENTSIN (it)  (Tientsin)
JULIAN VENETY Italian Commission of JULIAN VENETY  (Trieste)Local: Commissariato della VENEZIA GIULIA (it)  (Trieste)

6 Condominiums:

KULANGSU ISLAND International Settlement of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU Internationalen Abwicklungs (de) + KULANGSU International Settlement (en) + Institución Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Établissement international de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Istituzione Internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + Kokusai Kikan KORONSU : 国際機関コロンス (ja) + KULANGSU Internationale Schikking (nl) + Instituição Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KU-LANG-YÛ Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 鼓浪嶼公共租界 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)Local: Ausländische Siedlungen von PAKHOI (de) + Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI (en) + Établissements étrangers de PAK-HOI (fr) + Insediamenti Stranieri di PAKHOI (it) + Assentamentos Estrangeiros de PAKHOI (pt) + PEI-HAI-te Tìng-Chü Tien : 北海的定居點 (zh)  (Pak-Hoi)
PEKING LEGATION QUARTER Joint Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER (en) + Commission administrative du Quartier Diplomatique à Pékin : QUARTIER DES LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)
STRAITS ZONE ZONE OF THE STRAITS Allied Occupied Demilitarized Area  (Constantinople)Local: ZONE OF THE STRAITS Demilitarized Area (en) + Aire démilitarisée de la ZONE DES DÉTROITS (fr)  (Constantinople)
WESTERN ANATOLIA Italian Zone of Influence in WESTERN ANATOLIA  (Koniah)Local: Sfera di influenza italiana in ANATOLIA OCCIDENTALE  (Konya)

Dependent Protectorates:

ADI KAIEH ADI KAIEH Residency  (Adi Kaieh)Local: Residenza di ADDI CAIEH (it)  (Addi Caieh)
ADI UGRI ADI UGRI Residency  (Adi Ugri)Local: Residenza di ADDI UGRI (it)  (Addi Ugri)
AGORDAT AGORDAT Residency  (Agordat)Local: Residenza di AGORDAT (it)  (Agordat)
ASMARA ASMARA Residency  (Asmara)Local: Residenza di ASMARA (it)  (Asmara)
ASSABA ASSABA Residency  (Assaba)Local: Residenza di ASSABA (it)  (Assaba)
BARENTU BARENTU Residency  (Barentu)Local: Residenza di BARENTÙ (it)  (Barentù)
DECAMERE DECAMERE Residenty  (Decamere)Local: Residenza di DECAMERÈ (it)  (Decamerè)
KEREN KEREN Residency  (Keren)Local: Residenza di CHEREN (it)  (Cheren)
MASSAWA MASSAWA Residency  (Massawa)Local: Residenza di MASSAUA (it)  (Massaua)
NAKFA NAKFA Residency  (Nakfa)Local: Residenza di NACFA (it)  (Nacfa)
TESSENEY TESSENEY Residency  (Tesseney)Local: Residenza di TESSENEI (it)  (Tessenei)
THIO THIO Residency  (Thio)Local: Residenza di THIÒ (it)  (Thiò)



2 Governments in Exile

MONTENEGRO IN EXILE Kingdom of MONTENEGRO IN EXILE  (San Remo) King Michael Petrovich-Njegosh
SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta + Via Condotti) Grandmaster Count Galeas von Thun and Hohenstein



33 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AERIAL NAVIGATION International Air Convention relating to the regulation of AERIAL NAVIGATION  (Paris)
AFRICAN WILDLIFE Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals Birds and Fish in Africa : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ALLIED POWERS ALLIED Entente Powers : Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control  (Sevres)
AMBASSADORS Conference of AMBASSADORS of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Paris)
ATCCT Advisory and Technical Committee for Communications and Transit : ATCCT  (Barcelona)
BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Saint Germain in Laye)
CTW Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW  (New York City)
DANUBE Inter-Allied DANUBE Commission : International Danube Commission  (Paris)
EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)
ELECTROTECHNICAL International Electrotechnical Commission : IEC  (London)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HPIO Hygiene Permanent International Organization : HPIO  (London)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Geneva)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
INTERNATIONAL POLICE International Congress of POLICE  (Monaco)
IOC International Opium Convention : IOC  (The Hague)
LATIN UNION Latin Monetary Union : LMU  (Paris)
LEAGUE OF NATIONS League of Nations Covenant : LON  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Paris)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
NAVAL CONFERENCE London NAVAL Conference  (London)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
ROMAN CATHOLICISM ROMAN CATHOLIC Church  (Vatican)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)



Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

FRENCH ESTABLISHMENT IN LORETO Pious French Establishment in Loreto : National Chaplaincy of France in LORETO  (National Chaplaincy of France in Loreto)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)
TAVOLARA Kingdom of TAVOLARA  (The Point of the Canon)
VILLA MEDICI French Academy in Rome : French Possession of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-APR-24.