w.ethnia.org
 

1936-MAY-05

- Zones:

Kingdom of ITALY : Fascist Italy
(Rome)

Kingdom of ITALY : Fascist Italy

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
Regno d''ITALIA : Italia Fascista (it) SDN Member
Emblem or Symbol

King Victor Emmanuel III
(ruler of ITALY since 1900-07-29)
Capital:Rome - (Roma)
Official languages: Italian (it) .

Mainland:


ITALY Kingdom of ITALY  (Rome)

18 Mainland Divisions:

ABRUZZES AND MOLISE Region of ABRUZZES AND MOLISE  (Aquila of Abruzzes)Local: Regione degli ABRUZZI E MOLISE (it)  (Aquila degli Abruzzi)
APULIA Region of APULIA  (Bari of Apulia)Local: Regione delle PUGLIE (it)  (Bari delle Puglie)
CALABRIA Region of CALABRIA  (Reggio Calabria)Local: Regione di CALABRIA (it)  (Reggio di Calabria)
CAMPANIA Region of CAMPANIA  (Naples)Local: Regione della CAMPANIA (it)  (Napoli)
EMILIA Region of EMILIA  (Bologna)Local: Regione dell''EMILIA (it)  (Bologna)
EUGANEAN VENETIA Region of EUGANEAN VENETIA  (Venice)Local: Regione della VENEZIA EUGANEA (it)  (Venezia)
JULIAN VENETY AND ZARA Region of JULIAN VENETY AND ZARA  (Trieste)Local: Regione della VENEZIA GIULIA E ZARA (it)  (Trieste)
LATIUM Region of LATIUM  (Rome)Local: Regione di LAZIO (it)  (Roma)
LIGURIA Region of LIGURIA  (Genoa)Local: Regione della LIGURIA (it)  (Genova)
LOMBARDY Region of LOMBARDY  (Milan)Local: Regione della LOMBARDIA (it)  (Milano)
LUCANIA Region of LUCANIA  (Potenza)Local: Regione di LUCANIA (it)  (Potenza)
MARCHES Region of THE MARCHES  (Ancona)Local: Regione delle MARCHE (it)  (Ancona)
PIEDMONT Region of PIEDMONT  (Turin)Local: Regione del PIEMONTE (it)  (Torino)
SARDINIA Region of SARDINIA  (Cagliari)Local: Regione della SARDEGNA (it)  (Cagliari)
SICILY Region of SICILY  (Palermo)Local: Regione della SICILIA (it)  (Palermo)
TRIDENTINE VENETIA Region of TRIDENTINE VENETIA  (Trent)Local: Regione della VENEZIA TRIDENTINA (it)  (Trento)
TUSCANY Region of TUSCANY  (Florence)Local: Regione della TOSCANA (it)  (Firenze)
UMBRIA Region of UMBRIA  (Perugia)Local: Regione dell''UMBRIA (it)  (Perugia)



6 Assisted Entities

ALBANIA ALBANIAN Kingdom  (Tirana) King Zog I Skanderbeg III
ETHIOPIA Regency of ETHIOPIA [Italian Occupation]  (Addis Ababa) Ras Imru
HOLY SEE State of Vatican City : HOLY SEE  (Vatican) Pope Pius XI
SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta + Via Condotti) Grandmaster Ludovico Chigi Albani Della Rovere
SAN MARINO Republic of SAN MARINO [Italian Protectorate]  (San Marino) Captains-Regent
TANGIER TANGIER International Zone  (Tangier) Sultan Muhammad V



5 Territories:

AEGEAN SEA ISLANDS Italian Possessions of AEGEAN SEA ISLANDS  (Rhodes)Local: Possedimenti italiani delle ISOLE DELL''EGEO (it)  (Rodi)
ITALIAN EAST AFRICA ITALIAN EAST AFRICA Colony  (Mogadishu)Local: Colonia dell''AFRICA ORIENTALE ITALIANA (it)  (Mogadiscio)
ITALIAN LIBYA United Colony of ITALIAN LIBYA  (Tripoli + Benghazi)Local: Colonia italiana di LIBIA (it)  (Tripoli + Bengasi)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession  (Tientsin Italian Concession)Local: Concessione di TIENTSIN (it)  (Tientsin)
TAVOLARA Kingdom of TAVOLARA  (The Point of the Canon)Local: Regno di TAVOLARA (it) + Rennu de TAULARA (sc)  (La Punta del Canone)

6 Condominiums:

ILLUBABOR ILLUBABOR Province  (Gorie)Local: ILLUBABER Gizati : ኢሉባቦር ግዛት (am) + Provincia di ILLUBABOR (it)  (Gore)
KULANGSU ISLAND International Settlement of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU Internationalen Abwicklungs (de) + KULANGSU International Settlement (en) + Institución Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Établissement international de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Istituzione Internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + Kokusai Kikan KORONSU : 国際機関コロンス (ja) + KULANGSU Internationale Schikking (nl) + Instituição Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KU-LANG-YÛ Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 鼓浪嶼公共租界 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)Local: Ausländische Siedlungen von PAKHOI (de) + Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI (en) + Établissements étrangers de PAK-HOI (fr) + Insediamenti Stranieri di PAKHOI (it) + Assentamentos Estrangeiros de PAKHOI (pt) + PEI-HAI-te Tìng-Chü Tien : 北海的定居點 (zh)  (Pak-Hoi)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)Local: Ambassade de France en Italie : PALAIS FARNÈSE (fr) + Ambasciata di Francia in Italia : PALAZZO FARNESE (it)  (Palazzo Farnese)
PEIPING LEGATION QUARTER Joint Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEIPING LEGATION QUARTER  (Peiping Legation Quarter)Local: Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEIPING LEGATION QUARTER (en) + Commission administrative du Quartier Diplomatique à Peiping : QUARTIER DES LÉGATIONS DE PEIPING (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)

Dependent Protectorates:

ADI KAIEH ADI KAIEH Residency  (Adi Kaieh)Local: Residenza di ADDI CAIEH (it)  (Addi Caieh)
ADI UGRI ADI UGRI Residency  (Adi Ugri)Local: Residenza di ADDI UGRI (it)  (Addi Ugri)
AFGOY AFGOY Residency  (Wanla Weyn)Local: Residenza di AFGOI (it)  (Uanlo Uen)
AFMADU AFMADU Residency  (Afmadu)Local: Residenza di AFMADÙ  (Afmadù)
AGORDAT AGORDAT Residency  (Agordat)Local: Residenza di AGORDAT (it)  (Agordat)
ALULA ALULA Residency  (Alula)Local: Residenza di ALULA (it)  (Alula)
ASMARA ASMARA Residency  (Asmara)Local: Residenza di ASMARA (it)  (Asmara)
ASSABA ASSABA Residency  (Assaba)Local: Residenza di ASSABA (it)  (Assaba)
AUDEGLE AUDEGLE Residency  (Audegle)Local: Residenza di AUDEGLE  (Audegle)
BAIDOA BAIDOA Residency  (Isha Baidoa)Local: Residenza di BAIDOA  (Iscia Baidoa)
BALAD BALAD Residency  (Balad)Local: Residenza di BALAD  (Balad)
BARDERA BARDERA Residency  (Bardera)Local: Residenza di BARDERA (it)  (Bardera)
BARENTU BARENTU Residency  (Barentu)Local: Residenza di BARENTÙ (it)  (Barentù)
BELEDWEYN BELEDWEYN Residency  (Beledweyn)Local: Residenza di BELET UEN  (Belet Uen)
BENDER KASSIM BENDER KASSIM Residency  (Bender Kassim)Local: Residenza di BENDER CASSIM  (Bender Cassim)
BRAVA BRAVA Residency  (Brava)Local: Residenza di BRAVA (it)  (Brava)
BULOBARDE BULOBARDE Residency  (Bulobarde)Local: Residenza di BULO BURTI  (Bulo Burti)
BURHAKABA BURHAKABA Residency  (Burhakaba)Local: Residenza di BUR ACABA  (Bur Acaba)
CANDALA CANDALA Residency  (Candala)Local: Residenza di CANDALA  (Candala)
DANTE DANTE Residency  (Dante)Local: Residenza di DANTE (it)  (Dante)
DECAMERE DECAMERE Residenty  (Decamere)Local: Residenza di DECAMERÈ (it)  (Decamerè)
DINSOR DINSOR Residency  (Dinsor)Local: Residenza di DINSOR  (Dinsor)
DUSA MARREB DUSA MARREB Residency  (Dusa Marreb)Local: Residenza di DUSA MAREB  (Dusa Mareb)
ELBUR EL BUR Residency  (Elbur)Local: Residenza di EL BUR  (El Bur)
ELDHER ELDHER Residency  (Eldher)Local: Residenza di EL DERE  (El Dere)
EYL EYL Residency  (Eyl)Local: Residenza di EIL  (Eil)
GAROWE GAROWE Residency  (Garowe)Local: Residenza di GAROE  (Garoe)
GELIB GELIB Residency  (Jilib)Local: Residenza di GELIB  (Gelib)
ITALA ITALA Residency  (Itala)Local: Residenza di ATALA  (Itala)
KEREN KEREN Residency  (Keren)Local: Residenza di CHEREN (it)  (Cheren)
KISMAYO KISMAYO Residency  (Kismayo)Local: Residenza di CHISIMAIO (it)  (Chisimaio)
LUGH FERRANDI LUGH FERRANDI Residency  (Lugh Ferrandi)Local: Residenza di LUGH FERRANDI  (Lugh Ferrandi)
MARGHERITA MARGHERITA Residency  (Margherita)Local: Residenza di MARGHERITA  (Margherita)
MASSAWA MASSAWA Residency  (Massawa)Local: Residenza di MASSAUA (it)  (Massaua)
MERCA MERCA Residency  (Merca)Local: Residenza di MERCA (it)  (Merca)
MOGADISHU MOGADISHU Residency  (Mogadishu)Local: Residenza di MOGADISCIO  (Mogadiscio)
NAKFA NAKFA Residency  (Nakfa)Local: Residenza di NACFA (it)  (Nacfa)
OBBIA OBBIA Residency  (Obbia)Local: Residenza di OBBIA (it)  (Obbia)
ODDUR ODDUR Residency  (Oddur)Local: Residenza di ODDUR (it)  (Oddur)
ROCCA LITTORIO ROCCA LITTORIO Residency  (Rocca Littorio)Local: Residenza di ROCCA LITTORIO (it)  (Rocca Littorio)
TESSENEY TESSENEY Residency  (Tesseney)Local: Residenza di TESSENEI (it)  (Tessenei)
THIO THIO Residency  (Thio)Local: Residenza di THIÒ (it)  (Thiò)



34 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN NATURE Convention Relative to the Preservation of Fauna and Flora in their Natural State : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ATCCT Advisory and Technical Committee for Communications and Transit : ATCCT  (Geneva)
CENTRAL BANK Bank for International Settlements : BIS  (Basle)
DANUBE International Danube Commission : European Commission of the Danube : ECD  (Galatsi)
EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GENOA AGREEMENT GENOA Economic Agreement on the Global Monetary Order  (Genoa)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
ICAN International Commission for Air Navigation : ICAN  (Paris)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
INTERNATIONAL POLICE International Criminal Police Commission : ICPC  (Vienna)
LEAGUE OF NATIONS League of Nations Covenant : LON  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Paris)
LNHO League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO  (Geneva)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
NANSEN REFUGEES Nansen International Office for REFUGEES under the Authority of the League of Nations  (Berne)
OIC Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PANEUROPA International Paneuropean Union : PANEUROPA  (Vienna)
PCIJ Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ  (The Hague)
PCOB Permanent Central Opium Board : PCOB  (Bangkok)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
REFUGEES FROM GERMANY High Commission for REFUGEES JEWISH AND OTHER coming from Germany  (Berne)
ROMAN CATHOLICISM ROMAN CATHOLIC Church  (Vatican)
STANDARDS International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations : ISA  (New York City + Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATION International Telecommunication Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)



Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

FRENCH ESTABLISHMENT IN LORETO Pious French Establishment in Loreto : National Chaplaincy of France in LORETO  (National Chaplaincy of France in Loreto)
HOLY HOUSE OF LORETO Papal Basilica of Major Sanctuary of THE HOLY HOUSE OF LORETO  (Holy House of Loreto)
HOLY SEE IN THE REST OF ITALY Properties of HOLY SEE IN THE REST OF ITALY  (Saint Francis of Assisi)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)
SAINT ANTHONY OF PADUA Pontifical Basilica of SAINT ANTHONY OF PADUA  (Saint Anthony of Padua)
SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI Major Papal Basilica of SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI  (Saint Francis of Assisi)
SAINT ROSARY OF POMPEII Pontifical Basilica of the Major Sanctuary of the Holy Virgin of the SAINT ROSARY OF POMPEII  (Saint Rosary of Pompeii)
VILLA MEDICI French Academy in Rome : French Possession of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-APR-24.