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1919-MAY-26

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Empire of Greater Japan : Great Empire of JAPAN
(Tokyo)

Empire of Greater Japan : Great Empire of JAPAN SDN Member

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
Dai NIPPON Teikoku : 大日本帝國 (ja)
Emblem or Symbol

Emperor Yoshihito
(ruler of JAPAN since 1912-07-30)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Tokyo(Tōkyō)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Mainland:


JAPAN Home Islands of the Great Empire of JAPAN  (Tokyo)

8 Mainland Divisions:

CHUBU CHUBU Region  (Nagoya)Local: CHŪBU-Chihō : 中部地方 (ja)  (Nagoya)
CHUGOKU CHUGOKU Region  (Hiroshima)Local: CHŪGOKU-Chihō : 中国地方 (ja)  (Hirosima)
KANSAI KANSAI Region : Kinki Region  (Osaka)Local: KINKI-Chihō : Kansai-Chihō - 関西地方 : 近畿地方 (ja)  (Osaka)
KANTO KANTO Region  (Tokyo)Local: KANTŌ-Chihō : 関東地方 (ja)  (Tōkyō)
KARAFUTO KARAFUTO Prefecture : South Sakhalin  (Toyohara)Local: KARAFUTO-Ken : 樺太犬 (ja)  (Toyohara)
KYUSHU KYUSHU Region  (Fukuoka)Local: KYŪSHŪ-Chihō : 九州地方 (ja)  (Hukuoka)
SHIKOKU SHIKOKU Region  (Matsuyama)Local: SHIKOKU-Chihō : 四国地方 (ja)  (Matsuyama)
TOHOKU TOHOKU Region  (Sendai)Local: TŌHOKU-Chihō : 東北地方 (ja)  (Sendai)



1 Assisted Entity

TRANSBAIKAL COSSACKIA TRANSBAIKAL COSSACK Host  (Chita) Ataman Grigory Semionov



1 Territory in Americas:

HOKKAIDO HOKKAIDO Agency  (Sapporo)Local: HOKKAIDŌ-Chō : 北海道庁 (ja)  (Sapporo)

11 Territories in Asia:

CHOSEN Japanese annexed Territory of Korea : Japanese Government-General of KOREA  (Seoul)Local: CHOSEN-Sotoku : 日本統治時代の朝鮮 (ja)  (Keijō)
FORMOSA ISLAND Colonial Government of FORMOSA  (Taihoku)Local: TAIWAN Sōtoku : 臺灣總 (ja)  (Taihoku)
JAPANESE CHUNGKING Japanese Concession at CHUNGKING  (Chungking Japanese Concession)Local: CHUNGCHING  (Chungching)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)Local: FŪTSUO-no Joho : 福州の譲歩 (ja)  (Fūtsuo)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)Local: HANGCHOU  (Hangchou)
JAPANESE HANKOW Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)Local: NIHON HANKOU  (Nihon Hankou)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)Local: SUCHOU  (Suchou)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)Local: AMATSU Nihon-no Jiyouho : 天津日本の譲歩 (ja)  (Amatsu)
KIAOCHOW BAY Japanese Military Governorate of KIAOCHOW BAY  (Tsingtao)Local: KŌSHŪWAN Soshaku-Chi : 膠州湾租借地 (ja) + CHIAO-CHOU WAN Chü-Chieh-Ti : 胶州湾租借地 (zh)  (Chintao)
KWANTUNG Japanese Civil Administration of KWANTUNG Leased Territory  (Port Arthur)Local: KANTO Shiyuu : 関東州 (ja)  (Ryojun)
SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILWAY ZONE South Manchuria Railway Company : SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILWAY ZONE  (Dairen)Local: MINAMI MANSHU TETSUDO Kabushiki-gaisha : みなみ まんしゅ てつど かぶしきーがいしゃ (ja)  (Dairen)

7 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Asia:

CHINA EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE Inter-Allied and White Russian Administration of the China Eastern Railway Zone : CER  (Kharbin)Local: KITAISKO-VOSTOCHNAYA ZHELEZNAYA Doroga : КИТАСКО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ ЖЕЛЕЗНАЯ Дорога (ru) + TŌSHIN TETSUDŌ Chiku : 東清鉄道地区 (ja) + CHINESE EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE Inter-Allied Technical Board (en)  (Kharbin)
KHABAROVSK Occupied Territory of KHABAROVSK  (Khabarovsk)Local: KHABAROVSK Krai : ХАБА́РОВСКИЙ Край (ru)  (Khabarovsk)
KULANGSU ISLAND International Settlement of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU Internationalen Abwicklungs (de) + KULANGSU International Settlement (en) + Institución Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Établissement international de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Istituzione Internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + Kokusai Kikan KORONSU : 国際機関コロンス (ja) + KULANGSU Internationale Schikking (nl) + Instituição Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KU-LANG-YÛ Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 鼓浪嶼公共租界 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
MANCHULI MANCHURIA Settlement  (Manchuria)Local: MANCHZHURIYA  (Manchzhuriya)
MARITIME SIBERIA Allied Occupied Territory of Maritime Siberia : MARITIME Oblast  (Vladivostok)Local: PRIMORSKAYA Oblast : ПРИМОРСКАЯ Oбласть (ru)  (Vladivostok)
PEKING LEGATION QUARTER Joint Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER (en) + Commission administrative du Quartier Diplomatique à Pékin : QUARTIER DES LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Anglo-American led International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)

3 Territories in Oceania:

PARECE VELA ISLANDS Distant Bird Island : PARECE VELA ISLANDS  (Parece Vela)Local: Okinotori-Shima : OKINOTORISHIMA - 沖ノ鳥島 (ja)  (Okinotorishima)
SOUTHERN ISLANDS Japanese Occupied Territory of SOUTHERN ISLANDS  (Koror + Saipan)Local: NAN''YŌ-Guntō : 南洋群島 (ja)  (Korōru + Saipan)
VOLCANO ISLANDS VOLCANO ISLANDS Settlements  (East Iwo Jima)Local: KAZAN Rettō : 火山列島 (ja)  (Higashi Iōjima)



21 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ALLIED POWERS ALLIED Entente Powers : Supreme War Council  (Versailles)
AMBASSADORS Council of AMBASSADORS  (Paris)
ANGLO-JAPANESE ALLIANCE ANGLO-JAPANESE Alliance  (London)
CTW Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW  (New York City)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Christiania)
LEAGUE OF NATIONS Paris Peace Conference : LEAGUE OF NATIONS Covenant  (London + Versailles)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Paris)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
NAVAL CONFERENCE London NAVAL Conference  (London)
NAVIGATION International Congress of Navigation : ICN  (Petrograd)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPIUM International Opium Convention : IOC  (The Hague)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
SHINTOISM Way of Gods : SHINTOISM  (Ujiyamada)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)




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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). From 2019, the maps use my presentation style of the country's short name within its long name.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages currently forgotten.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnologic data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.