w.ethnia.org
 

1913-JUL-29

.. or a geo zone >>

JEBEL SHAMMAR  OTTOMAN TURKEY 
  
(Hail) - (Constantinople) -

Confederation of JEBEL SHAMMAR under Ottoman Suzerainty De facto Semi-Independent

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
Imarat JABAL SHAMMAR : إمارة جبل شمر (ar) + CEBEL ŞAMMAR Emirliği (ota)
Emblem or Symbol

Emir Saud II bin Abdul Aziz Al Rashid
(ruler of JEBEL SHAMMAR since 1908-09-14)

Sultan Mehmet V Reshat Gazi
(ruler of OTTOMAN TURKEY since 1909-04-27)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Hail(Hãil)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Mainland:


JEBEL SHAMMAR Confederation of JEBEL SHAMMAR  (Hail)

1 Federated or Constituent Mainland Divisions:

HAIL Rashidite Emirate of HAIL  (Hail)Local: Imarat Al-Rashid : Imartan HA''IL : إمارة حائل - إمارة آلرشيد (ar) + HAYIL Emirliği (ota)  (Hãil)



1 Assisted Entity

JOWF Anizah Emirate of JOWF  (Jowf-Amir) Emir Anizah



1 Territory in Asia:

NEFUD Amarat Territory of THE NEFUD  (Arar)Local: Sahra AN-NAFUD : صحراء النفود (ar)  (''Ar''ar)





Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

GHATGHAT Sultanate of GHATGHAT  (Alghat)
JOWF Anizah Emirate of JOWF  (Jowf-Amir)
MURRA Emirate of MURRA Tribe in Yemeni Empty Quarter  (Al Murrah)
NAJRAN Muslim Principality of NAJRAN under Yemeni Suzerainty  (Aba As-Saud)
NEJD Saudi Emirate of NEJD  (Riyadh)
WASHM Ikhwan Principality of WASHM  (Al Artaweeiyah)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ASIR Idrisid Emirate of ASIR  (Sabyah)
DAWASIR VALLEY DAWASIR VALLEY Region  (Khamaseen + Nowaima)
HASA Oasis Region of Hasa : Mutesarifate of HASA  (Qateef)
HEJAZ Vilayet of the HEJAZ  (Mecca + Taif)
HOLY CITY OF MECCA Sanjak of MECCA : Autonomous Sharifate of The Honored Holy City of Mecca  (Mecca)
MEDINA THE RADIANT Independent Sanjak of MEDINA THE RADIANT  (Medina The Radiant)
SOUTHERN BORDER SOUTHERN BORDER Area  (Khafji)
TIRAN AND SANAFIR ISLANDS TIRAN AND SANAFIR ISLANDS Group  (Tiran)
UPPER ASIR Sanjak of UPPER ASIR  (Abha)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.