KAZAKHSTAN (Alma-Ata aDe facto Independent Republic of KAZAKHSTAN : President Nursultan Nazarbayev
INDEPENDENT STATES (Minsk) De facto Semi-Independent Commonwealth of Independent States : CIS : President Boris Yeltsin

Other Entities with similar names

Republic of KAZAKHSTAN
(Alma-Ata a)

Republic of KAZAKHSTAN

Flag or logo since 1991-12-10*
QAZAQSTAN Respublïkası : ҚАЗАҚСТАН Республикасы (kk) + Respublika KAZAKHSTAN : Республика КАЗАХСТАН (ru) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

President Nursultan Nazarbayev
(ruler of KAZAKHSTAN since 1989-06-22)
Capitals & administrative places*: Alma-Ata a
a administrative, national or political capital (also ruler's residence)
Official & national languages: Kazakh (kk) . Russian (ru) .



19 Regionalized Divisions:

AKTIUBINSK AKTIUBINSK Oblast  (Aktiubinsk)Local: AKTYUBI Oblast : АКТЮБИ Облысы (kk) + AKTYUBINSKAYA Oblast´ : АКТЮБИНСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Aktyubi)
ALMA-ATA ALMA-ATA Oblast  (Alma-Ata)Local: ALMA-ATA Oblys : АЛМА-АТА Облысы (kk) + ALMATINSKAYA Oblast´ : АЛМАТИНСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Alma-Ata)
CHIMKENT CHIMKENT Oblast  (Chimkent)Local: ÇIMKENT Oblys : Чимкентская облысты (kk) + CHIMKENTSKAYA Oblast´ : ЧИМКЕНТСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Chimkent)
DZHAMBUL DZHAMBUL Oblast  (Dzhambul)Local: DZHAMBUL Oblys : ДЖАМБУЛ Облысы (kk) + DZHAMBULSKAYA Oblast´ : ДЖАМБУЛСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Dzhambul)
DZHEZKAZGAN DZHEZKAZGAN Oblast  (Dzhezkazgan)Local: ZHEZKAZGHAN Oblys : ЖЕЗҚАЗҒАН Облысы (kk) + DZHEZKAZGANSKAYA Oblast´ : ДЖЕЗКАЗГАНСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Dzhezkazgan)
GURYEV GURYEV Oblast  (Aterau)Local: GWREV Oblys : ГУРЬЕВ Облысты (kk) + GURYEVSKAYA Oblast´ : ГУРЬЕВСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Atirau)
KARAGANDA KARAGANDA Oblast  (Karaganda)Local: KARAGANDINSKAYA Oblast´ : КАРАГАНДИНСКАЯ Область (ru) + KARAGANDA Oblys : ҚАРАҒАНДA Облысы (kk)  (Karaganda)
KOKCHETAV KOKCHETAV Oblast  (Kokchetav)Local: KOKSHETAV Oblys : КӨКШЕТАУ Облысы (kk) + KOKSHETAVSKAYA Oblast´ : КОКШЕТАВСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Kokshetav)
KUSTANAI KUSTANAI Oblast  (Kustanai)Local: KUSTANAY Oblast : ҚУСТАНАЙ Облысы (kk) + KUSTANAYSKAYA Oblast´ : КУСТАНАЙСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Kustanay)
MANGISTAU MANGISTAU Oblast  (Aktau)Local: MANGYSTAU Oblys : МАҢҒЫСТАУ Облысы (kk) + MANGISTAUSKAYA Oblast´ : МАНГИСТАУСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Aqtau)
PAVLODAR PAVLODAR Oblast  (Pavlodar)Local: PAVLODAR Oblys : ПАВЛОДАР Облысы (kk) + PAVLODARSKAYA Oblast´ : ПАВЛОДАРСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Pavlodar)
RED HORDE KYZYL-ORDA Oblast [Red Horde]  (Kyzyl-Orda)Local: KYZYLORDA Oblast : ҚЫЗЫЛОРДА Облысы (kk) + KYZYLORDINSKAYA Oblast´ : КЫЗЫЛОРДИНСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Kyzylorda)
SEMEY SEMEY Oblast  (Semipalatinsk)Local: SEMEY Oblys : СЕМЕЙ Облысы (kk) + SEMIPALATINSKAYA Oblast´ : СЕМИПАЛАТИНСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Semipalatinsk)
TALDY-KURGAN TALDY-KURGAN Oblast  (Taldy-Kurgan)Local: TALDYKORGAN Oblys : ТАЛДЫҚОРҒАН Облысы (kk) + TALDY-KURGANSKAYA Oblast´ : ТАЛДЫ-КУРГАНСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Taldy-Kurgan)
TSELINOGRAD TSELINOGRAD Oblast  (Tselinograd)Local: CELINOGRAD Oblys : ЦЕЛИНОГРАД Облысы (kk) + TSELINOGRADSKAYA Oblast´ : ЦЕЛИНОГРАДСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Tselinograd)
TURGAI TURGAI Oblast  (Arkalyk)Local: TORGHAY Oblys : ТОРҒАЙ Облысы (kk) + TURGHAYSKAYA Oblast´ : ТУРГАИйСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Arkalyk)
URALSK URALSK Oblast  (Uralsk)Local: ORAL Oblys : ОРАЛ Облысы (kk) + URAL´SKAYA Oblast´ : УРАЛЬСКАЯ Область (ru)  (Ural´sk)

1 Condominium:

BAGUS Disputed Territory of BAGUS  (Bagus Village)Local: BAGYS Awılı : БАГУС Aуылы (kk) + Derevnya BAGUS : Деревня БАГУС (ru) + BAGUS Qishloq (uz)  (Bagys)

3 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

ALL-EUROPE Transition to ALL-EUROPEAN Structures  (Moscow)
ENERGY Organization of the Energy Charter Conference : ECC  (The Hague)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BAGUS Disputed Territory of BAGUS  (Bagus Village)
BALKHASH STATION Sary Shagan Radar Node : BALKHASH Radar Station  (Sary Shagan)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-APR-27 ~ .