- Zones:

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Abu Dhabi + Al Karama)  UNO Member State of United Arab Emirates : UAE : President Sheikh Zayed II bin Sultan Al Nahyan
ARAB UNION (Tripoli + Cairo + Damascus)  De facto Semi-Independent Union of Arab Republics : Federation of ARAB Republics : Guide Muammar Gaddafi
EGYPT AND SYRIA (Cairo + Damascus)  De facto Semi-Independent Union of EGYPT AND SYRIA : President Anwar El-Sadat
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh)  UNO Member Kingdom of SAUDI ARABIA : King Khalid

Other Entities with similar names

(Cairo) - (Cairo + Damascus) - (Damascus) -


Flag or logo since 1976-08-01
Al-Muttahiddah MISR WAS-SURIYAH : اتحاد مصر وسوريا (ar) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol

President Anwar El-Sadat
(ruler of EGYPT since 1970-09-28)

President Hafez Al-Assad
(ruler of SYRIA since 1971-02-22)
Capital:Cairo + Damascus - (Al-Qahirah + Dimashq Ash-Sham)
Official languages: Arabic (ar) .


EGYPT AND SYRIA Union of EGYPT AND SYRIA  (Cairo + Damascus)

3 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polities

ARAB UNION Union of Arab Republics : Federation of ARAB Republics  (Tripoli + Cairo + Damascus) Guide Muammar Gaddafi
EGYPT Arab Republic of EGYPT  (Cairo) President Anwar El-Sadat
SYRIA SYRIAN Arab Republic  (Damascus) President Hafez Al-Assad

3 Governments in Exile

COMMUNIST PALESTINE Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine : DFLP  (Damascus) Nayef Hawatmeh
PALESTINIAN FRONT Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command : PFLP-GC  (Al-Rihanen) Ahmed Jibril
PATANI PATANI United Liberation Organization  (Damascus) Kabir Abdul Rahman

Military entities abroad or locally shared:

SOVIET MEDITERRANEAN Soviet Mediterranean Squadron : SOVMEDRON  (Port of Alexandria)Local: SOVMEDRON  (Bur Iskandarīyah)
TIYAS TIYAS Military Airbase  (Tiyas)Local: Qaeidat at-TIYAS al-Jawiyat al-Askaria : قاعدة التياس الجوية العسكرية (ar)  (Tiyas)

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

EGYPT Arab Republic of EGYPT  (Cairo)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ALEXANDRIA PORT Soviet Base of ALEXANDRIA PORT  (Port of Alexandria)
HALAIB TRIANGLE Sudan Government Administration Area of HALAIB TRIANGLE  (Halaib)
SOVIET MEDITERRANEAN Soviet Mediterranean Squadron : SOVMEDRON  (Port of Alexandria)
UNEF Buffer Zones of Sinai Peninsula : United Nations Emergency Force : UNEF  (Ismailia)


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .

  Creative Commons License Licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License