Zones: Timeline

Libyan Kingdom : Kingdom of LIBYA
(Tripoli + Benghazi + El Beida + Tobruk)

Libyan Kingdom : Kingdom of LIBYA

Flag or logo since 1951-12-24*
Al-Mamlaka al-LIBIYA : المملكة الليبية‎ (ar) + Regno di LIBIA (it) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

King Idris I
(ruler of LIBYA since 1951-12-24)
Capital:Tripoli + Benghazi + El Beida + Tobruk - (Tarābulus + Binġāzī + Al-Bayda´ + Tubruq)
Official languages: Arabic (ar) . Italian (it) .


LIBYA LIBYAN Kingdom  (Tripoli + Benghazi + El Beida + Tobruk)

10 Divisions:

BENGHAZI BENGHAZI Governorate  (Benghazi)Local: Muhafazah BINGHAZI : محافظة بنغازي (ar)  (Binghazi)
DERNA DERNA Governorate  (Derna)Local: Muhafazah DARNAH : محافظة دارنا (ar)  (Darnah)
JEBEL AL GHARBI JEBEL AL GHARBI Governorate  (Gharyan)Local: Muhafazah AL-JABAL AL-GHARBI  (Gharyan)
JEBEL EL AKHDAR JEBEL EL AKHDAR Governorate  (El Beida)Local: Muhafazah AL-JABAL AL-AKHDAR  (Al-Bayda´)
KHOMS KHOMS Governorate  (Khoms)Local: Muhafazah AL-KHUMS : محافظة الخمس (ar)  (Al-Khums)
MISRATA MISRATA Governorate  (Misrata)Local: Muhafazah MISRATAH : محافظة مصراته (ar)  (Misratah)
SABHA SABHA Governorate  (Sabha)Local: Muhafazah SABHAH : محافظة سبها (ar)  (Sabhah)
TRIPOLI TRIPOLI Governorate  (Tripoli)Local: Muhafazat TARĀBULUS : صفحة طرابلس (ar)  (Tarābulus)
UBARI UBARI Governorate  (Ubari)Local: Muhafazah AWBARI : محافظة أوباري (ar)  (Awbari)
ZAWIYAH ZAWIYAH Governorate  (Zawiyah)Local: Muhafazah AZ-ZAWIYAH : محافظة الزاوية (ar)  (Az-Zawiyah)

1 Government or Movement in Exile

FREE CHAD National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT  (Nyala) Abba Siddick

32 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AFRICAN UNITY Organization of African Unity : OAU  (Addis Ababa)
ARAB LEAGUE League of Arab States : ARAB LEAGUE  (Cairo)
ARAB UNITY Council of Arab Economic Unity : CAEU  (Cairo)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (Algiers)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Saint Cloud)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
MAGHREB Maghrebi Permanent Consultative Committee : CPCM  (Tunis)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Cairo + New York City)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne + Grenoble)
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries : OPEC  (Vienna)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium : ITSC  (Washington-District of Columbia)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children´s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

EL ADEM Royal Air Force Station EL ADEM  (El Adem)
WHEELUS WHEELUS Army Air Field  (Wheelus)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.


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