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United Mexican States : MEXICO
(Mexico City)

Free and Sovereign State of CHIAPAS

Flag or logo since 1998-01-07*
Estado Libre y Soberano de CHIAPAS (es)
Emblem or Symbol*

President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
(ruler of MEXICO since 2018-12-01)
Capital:Tuxtla Gutierrez - (Tuxtla Gutiérrez)
Official languages: Spanish (es) .

10 Territories:

CENTRAL CHIAPAS CENTRAL Region of Chiapas  (Tuxtla Gutierrez)Local: Región CENTRO de los Chiapas (es)  (Tuxtla Gutiérrez)
CHIAPAS FRONTIER FRONTIER Region of Chiapas  (Comitan of Dominguez)Local: Región FRONTERIZA de Chiapas (es)  (Comitán de Domínguez)
CHIAPAS HIGHLANDS HIGHLANDS Region of Chiapas  (San Cristobal de Las Casas)Local: Región de LOS ALTOS de Chiapas (es)  (San Cristóbal de Las Casas)
CHIAPAS JUNGLE JUNGLE Region of Chiapas : Selva Region  (Palenque)Local: Región de la SELVA de Chiapas (es)  (Palenque)
CHIAPAS SIERRA SIERRA Region of Chiapas  (Motozintla of Mendoza)Local: Región SIERRA de Chiapas (es)  (Motozintla de Mendoza)
FRAILESCA FRAILESCA Region  (Villa Corzo)Local: Región FRAILESCA (es)  (Villa Corzo)
ISTHMUS-COAST ISTHMUS-COAST Region  (Arriaga)Local: Región ISTMO-COSTA (es)  (Arriaga)
NORTH CHIAPAS NORTH Region of Chiapas  (Amatan)Local: Región NORTE de Chiapas (es)  (Amatán)
SOCONUSCO SOCONUSCO Region  (Tapachula)Local: Región SOCONUSCO (es)  (Tapachula)
ZAPATISTAS Rebel Autonomous Municipalties of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation : ZANL  (San Andres Larrainzar)Local: Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional : EZLN (es)  (San Andrés Larráinzar)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

MEXICO United Mexican States : MEXICO  (Mexico City)
POPULAR MEXICO Popular Revolutionary Army : PRA  (Popular Revolutionary Army Guerrilla)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AGUASCALIENTES Free and Sovereign State of AGUASCALIENTES  (Aguascalientes City)
CAMPECHE Free and Sovereign State of CAMPECHE  (San Francisco of Campeche)
CHERAN Autonomous Communal Government of CHERAN  (Cheran)
CHIHUAHUA Free and Sovereign State of CHIHUAHUA  (Chihuahua)
COAHUILA OF ZARAGOZA Free and Sovereign State of COAHUILA OF ZARAGOZA  (Saltillo)
COLIMA Free and Sovereign State of COLIMA  (Colima)
DURANGO Free and Sovereign State of DURANGO  (Victoria of Durango)
GUANAJUATO Free and Sovereign State of GUANAJUATO  (Guanajuato)
GUERRERO Free and Sovereign State of GUERRERO  (Chilpancingo of the Bravo)
HIDALGO Free and Sovereign State of HIDALGO  (Pachuca of Soto)
JALISCO Free and Sovereign State of JALISCO  (Guadalajara)
JALISCO CARTEL Cartel of Jalisco New Generation : CJNG  ((Guadalajara))
LOWER CALIFORNIA Free and Sovereign State of LOWER CALIFORNIA  (Mexicali)
MEXICO CITY Autonomous Territory of MEXICO CITY  (Mexico City)
MEXICO STATE Free and Sovereign State of MEXICO : Edomex  (Toluca of Lerdo)
MICHOACAN OF OCAMPO Free and Sovereign State of MICHOACAN OF OCAMPO  (Morelia)
MORELOS Free and Sovereign State of MORELOS  (Cuernavaca)
NAHUAS OF THE UPPER BALSAS NAHUAS OF THE UPPER BALSAS Peoples Council  (Tepecoacuilco of Trujano)
NAYARIT Free and Sovereign State of NAYARIT  (Tepic)
NEW LEON Free and Sovereign State of NEW LEON  (Monterrey)
OAXACA Free and Sovereign State of OAXACA  (Oaxaca of Juarez)
PUEBLA Free and Sovereign State of PUEBLA  (Heroic Puebla of Zaragoza)
QUERETARO Free and Sovereign State of QUERETARO  (Santiago of Queretaro)
QUINTANA ROO Free and Sovereign State of QUINTANA ROO  (Chetumal)
SAN LUIS POTOSI Free and Sovereign State of SAN LUIS POTOSI  (Saint Louis Potosi)
SINALOA Free and Sovereign State of SINALOA  (Culiacan)
SINALOA CARTEL Pacific Cartel of Guzman-Loera Organization : SINALOA CARTEL  (Culiacan)
SONORA Free and Sovereign State of SONORA  (Hermosillo)
TABASCO Free and Sovereign State of TABASCO  (Villahermosa)
TAMAULIPAS Free and Sovereign State of TAMAULIPAS  (Victoria City)
TLAXCALA Free and Sovereign State of TLAXCALA  (Tlaxcala of Xicotencatl)
YUCATAN Free and Sovereign State of YUCATAN  (Merida)
ZACATECAS Free and Sovereign State of ZACATECAS  (Zacatecas)
ZETAS Cartel of THE ZETAS  (New Laredo)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.


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