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1900-JAN-01

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Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS [Dutch Colonial Empire]
(Amsterdam + The Hague)

Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS [Dutch Colonial Empire]

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Koninkrijk der NEDERLANDEN (nl) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Queen Wilhelmina
(ruler of NETHERLANDS since 1900-01-01)
Capital:Amsterdam + The Hague - (Amsterdam + ''s-Gravenhage)
Official languages: Dutch (nl) .

Mainland:


HOLLAND Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS  (Amsterdam + The Hague)

10 Mainland Divisions:

DRENTHE Province of DRENTHE  (Assen)Local: Provincie DRENTHE (nl)  (Assen)
FRISIA Province of FRISIA : Province of Friesland  (Leeuwarden)Local: Provincie FRIESLAND (nl)  (Leeuwarden)
GRONINGEN Province of GRONINGEN  (Groningen)Local: Provincie GRONINGEN (nl)  (Groningen)
GUELDERS Province of GUELDERS  (Arnhem)Local: Provincie GELDERLAND (nl)  (Arnhem)
NORTH BRABANT Province of NORTH BRABANT  (Den Bosch)Local: Provincie NOORD-BRABANT (nl)  (''s-Hertogenbosch)
NORTH HOLLAND Province of NORTH HOLLAND  (Haarlem)Local: Provincie NOORD-HOLLAND (nl)  (Haarlem)
OVERYSSEL Province of OVERYSSEL  (Zwolle)Local: Provincie OVERIJSSEL (nl)  (Zwolle)
SOUTH HOLLAND Province of SOUTH HOLLAND  (The Hague)Local: Provincie ZUID-HOLLAND (nl)  (''s-Gravenhage)
UTRECHT Province of UTRECHT  (Utrecht)Local: Provincie UTRECHT (nl)  (Utrecht)
ZEALAND Province of ZEALAND  (Middelburg)Local: Provincie ZEELAND (nl)  (Middelburg)



2 Assisted Entities

BANGLI Princely State of BANGLI  (Bangli) King Dewa Gede Tangkaban V
PASIR Sultanate of PASIR [Netherlands Protectorate]  (Pasir Belengkong) Sultan Ibrahim Khaliluddin



4 Territories:

CURACAO AND DEPENDENCIES Government-General of the Dutch Colony of CURACAO AND DEPENDENCIES  (Willemstad)Local: Kolonie van CURAÇAO EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl)  (Willemstad)
LIMBURG Duchy of LIMBURG  (Maastricht)Local: Hertog van LIMBURG (nl)  (Maastricht)
NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES Government-General of the NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES  (Batavia)Local: Gouvernement-generaal van NEDERLANDS-INDIË (nl)  (Batavia)
SURINAM Colony of SURINAM [Colony of Dutch Guiana]  (Paramaribo)Local: Kolonie SURINAME (nl)  (Paramaribo)

2 Condominiums:

KULANGSU ISLAND International Concession of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)Local: Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU-INSEL (de) + International Concession of KULANGSU ISLAND (en) + Concesión Internacional de ISLA KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de l''ÎLE KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale dell''iSOLA KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU-JIMA no Kokusai Sokai : コロンス島の国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU EILAND (nl) + Concessão Internacional da ILHA KULANGSU (pt) + Kulan : Mezhdunarodnyy Kontsessiya KULANGYU OSTROVA : Международный Концессия КУЛАНГЮ ОСТРОВА (ru) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T''e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (no) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)

Dependent Protectorates:

AMBOINA Residency of AMBOINA [Dutch Colony of Moluccas]  (Amboina)Local: Nederlandse Kolonie van Molukken : Residentie van AMBON (nl)  (Ambon)
ASAHAN Dutch Protectorate of the Sultanate of ASAHAN  (Kisaran)Local: Kesultanan ASAHAN  (Kisaran)
BAGELEN Residency of BAGELEN  (Purworedjo)Local: Residentie BAGELEN (nl)  (Poerworedjo)
BALI AND LOMBOK Dutch Colonial Government of the Empire of BALI AND LOMBOK  (Klungkung)Local: Gouvernement BALI EN LOMBOK (nl)  (Kloengkoeng)
BANCA AND DEPENDENCIES Residency of BANCA AND DEPENDENCIES  (Pangkal Pinang)Local: Residentie BANGKA EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl)  (Pangkal-Pinang)
BANTAM Residency of BANTAM  (Serang)Local: Residentie BANTEN (nl)  (Serang)
BANYUMAS Residency of BANYUMAS  (Banyumas)Local: Residentie BANJOEMAS (nl)  (Banjoemas)
BASUKI Residency of BASUKI  (Basuki)Local: Residentie BASOEKI (nl)  (Basoeki)
BATAVIA Residency of BATAVIA  (Batavia)Local: Residentie BATAVIA (nl)  (Batavia)
BENCOOLEN Residency of BENCOOLEN  (Bencoolen)Local: Residentie BENGKOELEN (nl)  (Bengkoelen)
BILLITON Residency of BILLITON  (Tanjung Pandan)Local: Residentie BELITOENG  (Tandjoeng Pandan)
BIMA Dutch Protectorate of the Sultanate of BIMA  (Bima)Local: Kesultanan BIMA  (Bima)
CHERIBON Residency of CHERIBON  (Cheribon)Local: Residentie CHERIBON (nl)  (Cheribon)
DELI Dutch Protectorate of the Sultanate of DELI  (Medan)Local: Kesultanan DELI  (Medan)
DJAPARA Residency of DJAPARA  (Japara)Local: Residentie DJAPARA (nl)  (Djapara)
EAST COAST OF SUMATRA Residency of EAST COAST OF SUMATRA  (Medan)Local: Residentie OOST-KUST VAN SOEMATRA (nl)  (Medan)
JAVA Residencies of JAVA [Dutch Colony of Java]  (Batavia)Local: Residenties van JAVA (nl)  (Batavia)
KEDIRI Residency of KEDIRI  (Kediri)Local: Residentie KEDIRI (nl)  (Kediri)
KEDOO Residency of KEDOO  (Magelang)Local: Residentie KEDOE (nl)  (Magelang)
KERAWANG Residency of KERAWANG  (Purwakarta)Local: Residentie KERAWANG (nl)  (Poerwakarta)
KUBU Dutch Protectorate of the Princely State of KUBU  (Sungai Raya)Local: Kerajaan KOEBOE  (Sungai Raya)
KUTEI Dutch Protectorate of the Sultanate of KUTEI  (Tangga Arung)Local: Sultanaat KOETEI KARTANEGARA (nl) + Kasultanan KOETAI KARTANEGARA (ms)  (Tangga Aroeng)
LAMPUNG DISTRICTS Residency of LAMPUNG DISTRICTS  (Tanjung-Karang Teluk-Betung)Local: Residentie LAMPOENGSCHE DISTRICHEN (nl)  (Tandjoeng-Karang Teloek-Betoeng)
LANGKAT Dutch Protectorate of the Sultanate of LANGKAT  (Tanjung Pura)Local: Kesultanan LANGKAT  (Tandjoeng-Poera)
LINGGA RIOW AND DEPENDENCIES Sultanate of LINGGA RIOW AND ITS DEPENDENCIES  (Daik + Tanjung Pinang)Local: Kroning van LINGGA RIAU EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl)  (Daik + Tandjoeng Pinang)
MADIUN Residency of MADIUN  (Madiun)Local: Residentie MADIOEN (nl)  (Madioen)
MADURA Residency of MADURA  (Pamekasan)Local: Residentie MADOERA (nl)  (Pamekasan)
MENADO Residency of MENADO  (Menado)Local: Residentie MENADO (nl)  (Menado)
PAKALONGAN Residency of PAKALONGAN  (Pakalongan)Local: Residentie PAKALONGAN (nl)  (Pakalongan)
PALEMBANG Residency of PALEMBANG  (Palembang)Local: Residentie PALEMBANG (nl)  (Palembang)
PASURUWAN Residency of PASURUWAN  (Pasuruwan)Local: Residentie PASOEROEAN (nl)  (Pasoroean)
PONTIANAK Dutch Protectorate of Kadriah Sultanate : Sultanate of PONTIANAK  (Pontianak)Local: Kasultanan Kadriah : Kasultanan POENTIANAK (ms) + Sultanaat POENTIANAK (nl)  (Poentianak)
PROBOLINGGO Residency of PROBOLINGGO  (Probolinggo)Local: Residentie PROBOLINGGO (nl)  (Probolinggo)
REMBANG Residency of REMBANG  (Rembang)Local: Residentie REMBANG (nl)  (Rembang)
SAMARANG Residency of SAMARANG  (Samarang)Local: Residentie SAMARANG (nl)  (Samarang)
SAMBAS Dutch Protectorate of SAMBAS Sultanate  (Sambas)Local: Kasultanan SAMBAS  (Sambas)
SIAK SERI INDRAPURA Dutch Protectorate of the Princely State of SIAK SERI INDRAPURA LAND OF GRACE  (Siak Seri Indrapura)Local: Kesultanan SIAK SRI INDERAPURA DARUL RIDZUAN  (Siak Seri Indrapura)
SINTANG Dutch Protectorate of the Princely State of SINTANG  (Sintang)Local: Kerajaan SINTANG  (Sintang)
SURABAJA Residency of SURABAJA  (Surabaia)Local: Residentie SOERABAJA (nl)  (Soerabaia)
TEGAL Residency of TEGAL  (Tegal)Local: Residentie TEGAL (nl)  (Tegal)
TERNATE Residency of TERNATE [Dutch Colony of Moluccas and New Guinea]  (Ternate)Local: Nederlandse Kolonie van Molukken en Nieuw-Guinea : Residentie TERNATE (nl)  (Ternate)
TERNATE ISLAND Dutch Protectorate of the Sultanate of TERNATE  (Ternate)Local: Kesultanan TERNATE : كسولتانن ترنتاي (ms) + Sultanaat TERNATE (nl)  (Ternate)
TIMOR AND DEPENDENCIES Residency of TIMOR AND DEPENDENCIES  (Kupang)Local: Residentie TIMOR EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl)  (Koepang)
TRUMON Dutch Protectorate of the Princely State of TRUMON  (Trumon)Local: TROEMON  (Troemon)



14 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GREAT POWERS Treaty of MADRID  (Madrid)
HAGUE CONVENTION Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes : Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Berne)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
METEOROLOGY International Meteorological Organization : IMO  (Geneva)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RHINE Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Mannheim)
SANITARY International SANITARY Confererence  (Paris)
SEA International Marine Conference : IMC  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Convention : International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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