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1948-OCT-15

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Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS : Dutch Colonial Empire
(Amsterdam + The Hague)

Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS : Dutch Colonial Empire

Flag or logo since 1937-02-19*
Koninkrijk der NEDERLANDEN (nl) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Queen Juliana
(ruler of NETHERLANDS since 1948-09-04)
Capital:Amsterdam + The Hague - (Amsterdam + ''s-Gravenhage)
Official languages: Dutch (nl) .

Mainland:


HOLLAND Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS  (Amsterdam + The Hague)

11 Mainland Divisions:

DRENTHE Province of DRENTHE  (Assen)Local: Provincie DRENTHE (nl)  (Assen)
FRISIA Province of FRISIA : Province of Friesland  (Leeuwarden)Local: Provincie FRIESLAND (nl)  (Leeuwarden)
GRONINGEN Province of GRONINGEN  (Groningen)Local: Provincie GRONINGEN (nl)  (Groningen)
GUELDERS Province of GUELDERS  (Arnhem)Local: Provincie GELDERLAND (nl)  (Arnhem)
LIMBURG Province of LIMBURG  (Maastricht)Local: Provincie LIMBURG (nl)  (Maastricht)
NORTH BRABANT Province of NORTH BRABANT  (Den Bosch)Local: Provincie NOORD-BRABANT (nl)  (''s-Hertogenbosch)
NORTH HOLLAND Province of NORTH HOLLAND  (Haarlem)Local: Provincie NOORD-HOLLAND (nl)  (Haarlem)
OVERYSSEL Province of OVERYSSEL  (Zwolle)Local: Provincie OVERIJSSEL (nl)  (Zwolle)
SOUTH HOLLAND Province of SOUTH HOLLAND  (The Hague)Local: Provincie ZUID-HOLLAND (nl)  (''s-Gravenhage)
UTRECHT Province of UTRECHT  (Utrecht)Local: Provincie UTRECHT (nl)  (Utrecht)
ZEALAND Province of ZEALAND  (Middelburg)Local: Provincie ZEELAND (nl)  (Middelburg)


1 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polity

DUTCH INDONESIA States of INDONESIA  (Batavia) Queen Juliana


1 Assisted Entity

TANGIER TANGIER International Zone  (Tangier) Sultan Muhammad V



3 Territories:

NETHERLANDS ANTILLES NETHERLANDS ANTILLES Overseas Province  (Willemstad)Local: Provincie van NEDERLANDSE ANTILLEN (nl)  (Willemstad)
NORTHEAST POLDER Public Body of NORTHEAST POLDER  (Northeast Polder)Local: Openbaar Lichaam NOORDOOSTPOLDER (nl)  (Noordoostpolder)
SURINAM Dutch Colony of SURINAM  (Paramaribo)Local: Kolonie van SURINAME (nl)  (Paramaribo)

1 Condominium:

VAN MOOK LINE Renville Agreement : United Nations Security Council led Committee of Good Offices : CGO  (Batavia)Local: Committee of Good Offices : CGO (en)  (Batavia)



Military entities abroad or locally shared:

DUTCH WAR GRAVES DUTCH WAR GRAVES Foundation  (The Hague)Local: OORLOGSGRAVENstichting (nl)  (''s-Gravenhage)
UNITED STATES COAST GUARD IN EUROPE United States Coast Guard Offices in Europe : USCG EUROPE  (London + Bremerhaven + Rotterdam)Local: United States Coast Guard Offices in Europe : USCG EUROPE (en)  (London + Bremerhaven + Rotterdam)


45 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
BENELUX BENELUX Customs Union  (Brussels + The Hague + Luxembourg)
CENTRAL BANK Bank for International Settlements : BIS  (Basle)
CIVIL STATUS International Commission of Civil Status : ICCS  (Strasbourg)
EUROPE Congress of Europe : International Committee of Coordination of the Movements for the European Unity : CICMUE  (The Hague)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Quebec City)
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade : GATT  (Villa Bocage)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
INTERNATIONAL TRADE International Trade Organization : ITO  (Havana)
INTERPOL INTERPOL Organization  (Saint Cloud)
IRO International Refugee Organization : IRO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IUPN International Union for the Protection of Nature : IUPN  (Fontainebleau)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
METEOROLOGY International Meteorological Organization : IMO  (Lausanne)
OEEC Organization for European Economic Cooperation : OEEC  (Paris)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PANEUROPA International Paneuropean Union : IPU  (Vienna)
PASB Pan-American Sanitary Bureau : PASB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
RHINE Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Strasbourg)
SEA Convention on the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization : IMCO  (Geneva)
SOUTH PACIFIC South Pacific Commission : SPC  (Sydney)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TRAVEL International Union of Official Travel Organizations : IUOTO  (London)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Temporary Agency  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (Paris)
UNRRA United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA  (Washington-District of Columbia)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WESTERN UNION Western Union Defence Organization : WUDO  (Fontainebleau)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
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Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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