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Republic of PERU
(Lima + Cusco)


Flag or logo since 2015-01-01*
Región de ÁNCASH (es) + ANQHAS Suyu (qwh) + Ankash Suyu : ANQASH (qu) + Ankashu Jach''a Suyu : ANKASH (ay)
Emblem or Symbol*

President Francisco Sagasti
(ruler of PERU since 2020-11-17)
Capital:San Sebastian of Huaraz - (San Sebastián de Huaraz)
Official languages: Aymara (ay) . Spanish (es) . Quechua (qu) . Ancashino Quechua (qwh) .

20 Territories:

AIJA AIJA Province  (Aija)Local: Provincia de AIJA (es)  (Aija)
ANTONIO RAYMONDI ANTONIO RAYMONDI Province  (San Andres of Llamellin)Local: Provincia de ANTONIO RAIMONDI (es)  (San Andrés de Llamellín)
ASUNCION ASUNCION Province  (San Martin de Chacas)Local: Provincia de ASUNCIÓN (es)  (San Martín I Papa de Chacas)
BOLOGNESI BOLOGNESI Province  (Chiquian)Local: Provincia de BOLOGNESI (es)  (Chiquián)
CARHUAZ CARHUAZ Province  (San Pedro of Carhuaz)Local: Provincia de CARHUAZ (es)  (San Pedro de Carhuaz)
CARLOS FERMIN FITZCARRALD CARLOS FERMIN FITZCARRALD Province  (San Luis of Ichoguari)Local: Provincia de CARLOS FERMÍN FITZCARRALD (es)  (San Luis de Ichoguari)
CASMA CASMA Province  (Casma)Local: Provincia de CASMA (es)  (Casma Ciudad del Eterno Sol y del Guerrero de Sechín)
CORONGO CORONGO Province  (San Pedro of Corongo)Local: Provincia de CORONGO (es)  (San Pedro de Corongo)
HUARAZ HUARAZ Province  (San Sebastian of Huaraz)Local: Provincia de HUARAZ (es)  (San Sebastián de Huaraz)
HUARI HUARI Province  (Santo Domingo of Huari)Local: Provincia de HUARI (es)  (Santo Domingo de Huari)
HUARMEY HUARMEY Province  (Huarmey)Local: Provincia de HUARMEY (es)  (Huarmey)
HUAYLAS HUAYLAS Province  (Caraz)Local: Provincia de HUAYLAS (es)  (Caraz)
MARSHAL LUZURIAGA MARSHAL LUZURIAGA Province  (Piscobamba)Local: Provincia de MARISCAL LUZURIAGA (es)  (San Pedro y San Pablo de Piscobamba)
OCROS OCROS Province  (Ocros)Local: Provincia de OCROS (es)  (Ocros)
PALLASCA PALLASCA Province  (Santiago of Cabana)Local: Provincia de PALLASCA (es)  (Santiago de Cabana)
POMABAMBA POMABAMBA Province  (San Juan Bautista of Pomabamba)Local: Provincia de POMABAMBA (es)  (San Juan Bautista de Pomabamba)
RECUAY RECUAY Province  (Recuay)Local: Provincia de RECUAY (es)  (Recuay)
SANTA SANTA Province  (Chimbote)Local: Provincia del SANTA (es)  (Chimbote)
SIHUAS SIHUAS Province  (Sihuas)Local: Provincia de SIHUAS (es)  (Nuestra Señora de las Nieves de Sihuas)
YUNGAY YUNGAY Province  (New Yungay)Local: Provincia de YUNGAY (es)  (Nuevo Yungay)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

COMMUNIST PERU Communist Party of Peru-SHINING PATH  (Apurimac Valley)
PERU Republic of PERU  (Lima + Cusco)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMAZON AMAZON Region  (San Juan of the Frontier of the Chachapoyas)
APURIMAC APURIMAC Region  (Santiago of Abancay)
AREQUIPA AREQUIPA Region  (Arequipa)
AYACUCHO AYACUCHO Region  (Ayacucho)
AYACUCHO BASE American Airfield of AYACUCHO  (Ayacucho Airfield)
CAJAMARCA CAJAMARCA Region  (San Antonio of Cajamarca)
CALLAO CALLAO Region  (Callao)
CUSCO CUSCO Region  (Cusco)
HUANUCO HUANUCO Region  (Huanuco)
ICA ICA Region  (Ica)
JUNIN JUNIN Region  (Holy Trinity of Huancayo)
LIBERTAD LA LIBERTAD Region : The Liberty  (Trujillo)
LIMA LIMA Region  (Huacho)
LIMA METROPOLIS Special Province of the Metropolitan Municipality of LIMA  (Lima)
LORETO LORETO Region  (Iquitos)
MADRE DE DIOS MADRE DE DIOS Region : Mother of God Region  (Puerto Maldonado)
MOQUEGUA MOQUEGUA Region  (Moquegua)
PASCO PASCO Region  (Cerro de Pasco)
PIURA PIURA Region  (Piura)
PUNO PUNO Region  (Puno)
SAN MARTIN SAN MARTIN Region  (Moyobamba)
TACNA TACNA Region  (San Pedro of Tacna)
TUMBES TUMBES Region  (Tumbes)
UCUYALI UCUYALI Region  (Pucallpa)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.


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