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Republic of PERU
(Lima + Cusco)


Flag or logo since 2019-05-06*
Región de CAJAMARCA (es) + Qasamarka Suyu : KASHAMARKA (qu) + CAJAMARCA (agr) + QAJAMARKA Jach''a Suyu (ay)
Emblem or Symbol*

President Francisco Sagasti
(ruler of PERU since 2020-11-17)
Capital:San Antonio of Cajamarca - (San Antonio de Cajamarca)
Official languages: Aguaruna (agr) . Aymara (ay) . Spanish (es) . Quechua (qu) .

13 Territories:

CAJABAMBA CAJABAMBA Province  (Cajabamba)Local: Provincia de CAJABAMBA (es)  (Cajabamba)
CAJAMARCA CAJAMARCA Province  (San Antonio of Cajamarca)Local: Provincia de CAJAMARCA (es)  (San Antonio de Cajamarca)
CELENDIN CELENDIN Province  (Celendin)Local: Provincia de CELENDÍN (es)  (Celendín)
CHOTA CHOTA Province  (Chota)Local: Provincia de CHOTA (es)  (Chota)
CONTUMAZA CONTUMAZA Province  (Contumaza)Local: Provincia de CONTUMAZÁ (es)  (Contumazá)
CUTERVO CUTERVO Province  (Cutervo)Local: Provincia de CUTERVO (es)  (Cutervo)
HUALGAYOC HUALGAYOC Province  (Bambamarca)Local: Provincia de HUALGAYOC (es)  (Bambamarca)
JAEN JAEN Province  (Jaen Bracamoros)Local: Provincia de JAÉN (es)  (Jaén de Bracamoros)
SAN IGNACIO SAN IGNACIO Province  (San Ignacio of the Frontier)Local: Provincia de SAN IGNACIO (es)  (San Ignacio de la Frontera)
SAN MARCOS SAN MARCOS Province  (San Marcos)Local: Provincia de SAN MARCOS (es)  (San Marcos)
SAN MIGUEL SAN MIGUEL Province  (San Miguel of Pallaques)Local: Provincia de SAN MIGUEL (es)  (San Miguel de Pallaques)
SAN PABLO SAN PABLO Province  (San Pablo)Local: Provincia de SAN PABLO (es)  (San Pablo)
SANTA CRUZ SANTA CRUZ Province  (Santa Cruz of Succhabamba)Local: Provincia de SANTA CRUZ (es)  (Santa Cruz de Succhabamba)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

COMMUNIST PERU Communist Party of Peru-SHINING PATH  (Apurimac Valley)
PERU Republic of PERU  (Lima + Cusco)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMAZON AMAZON Region  (San Juan of the Frontier of the Chachapoyas)
ANCASH ANCASH Region  (San Sebastian of Huaraz)
APURIMAC APURIMAC Region  (Santiago of Abancay)
AREQUIPA AREQUIPA Region  (Arequipa)
AYACUCHO AYACUCHO Region  (Ayacucho)
AYACUCHO BASE American Airfield of AYACUCHO  (Ayacucho Airfield)
CALLAO CALLAO Region  (Callao)
CUSCO CUSCO Region  (Cusco)
HUANUCO HUANUCO Region  (Huanuco)
ICA ICA Region  (Ica)
JUNIN JUNIN Region  (Holy Trinity of Huancayo)
LIBERTAD LA LIBERTAD Region : The Liberty  (Trujillo)
LIMA LIMA Region  (Huacho)
LIMA METROPOLIS Special Province of the Metropolitan Municipality of LIMA  (Lima)
LORETO LORETO Region  (Iquitos)
MADRE DE DIOS MADRE DE DIOS Region : Mother of God Region  (Puerto Maldonado)
MOQUEGUA MOQUEGUA Region  (Moquegua)
PASCO PASCO Region  (Cerro de Pasco)
PIURA PIURA Region  (Piura)
PUNO PUNO Region  (Puno)
SAN MARTIN SAN MARTIN Region  (Moyobamba)
TACNA TACNA Region  (San Pedro of Tacna)
TUMBES TUMBES Region  (Tumbes)
UCUYALI UCUYALI Region  (Pucallpa)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.


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