- Zones:

COMMUNIST CHINA (Yenan)  Rebellion Communist Party of CHINA in Second United Front Alliance with Kuomintang : Chinese Red Army : Chang Wen-Tien
CHINA-NANKING (Nanking)  De facto Semi-Independent Reformed National Government of the Republic of China : NEW CHINA : Liang Hung-Chih
CHINA-PEKING (Peking)  De facto Semi-Independent Provisional National Government of the Republic of CHINA : Wang Ko-Min
CHINA (Chungking)  SDN Member National Government of the Republic of CHINA : Kuomintang Government : Lin Sen

Other Entities with similar names

(Tokyo) - (Nanking) -

Reformed National Government of the Republic of China : NEW CHINA

Flag or logo since 1937-12-14
CHUNG-HUA Min-Kuo Wei-Hsin Cheng-Fu : 中華民國維新政府 (zh) + CHŪKA Minkoku Ishin Seifu : 中華民国維新政府 (ja) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol

Emperor Hirohito
(ruler of JAPAN since 1926-12-25)

Liang Hung-Chih
(ruler of CHINA-NANKING since 1938-03-28)
Capital:Nanking - (Nan-Ching)
Official languages: Japanese (ja) . Chinese (zh) .


NEW CHINA Reformed National Government of the Republic of CHINA  (Nanking)

8 Mainland Divisions:

ANHWEI Japanese Occupied Province of ANHWEI  (Hwaining)Local: ANKI-Shō : 安徽省 (ja) + AN-HUEI Sheng : 安徽省 (zh)  (Huai-Ning)
CHEKIANG Japanese Occupied Province of CHEKIANG  (Hangchow)Local: CHE-CHIANG Sheng : 浙江省 (zh) + SETSUKŌ-Shō : 浙江省 (ja)  (Hang-Chou)
HUPEH Japanese Occupied Nationalist Province of HUPEH  (Wuchang)Local: HU-PEI Sheng : 湖北省 (zh) + KOHOKU-Shō : 湖北省 (ja)  (Wu-Ch''ang)
KIANGSU KIANGSU Province  (Chinkiang)Local: CHIANG-SU Sheng  (Ching-K''ou)
NANKING NANKING Special Municipality  (Nanking)Local: NAN-CHING Shih  (Nan-Ching)
SHANGHAI Japanese Occupied Chinese City of SHANGHAI  (Shanghai)Local: SHANG-HAI Ch''eng-Shih : 上海 城市 (zh) + SHIYANHAI Chi : 上海市 (ja)  (Shang-Hai)
SHANTUNG Japanese Occupied Province of SHANTUNG  (Tsinan)Local: SHAN-TUNG Sheng : 山東省 (zh) + SANTŌ-Shō : 山東省 (ja)  (Chi-Nan)
TSINGTAO Japanese Occupied TSINGTAO Special Municipality  (Tsingtao)Local: CH''ING-TAO Shih : 青岛市 (zh)  (Ch''ing-Tao)

3 Territories:

QUEMOY ISLANDS Japanese Occupied QUEMOY ISLANDS  (Chinsheng)Local: CHIN-MEN Tao : 金門島 (zh) + KINMON-tō : 金門島 (ja)  (Chin-Sheng)
SWATOW Japanese Occupied SWATOW Region  (Swatow)Local: SHAN-T''OU  (Shan-T''ou)
WEIHAIWEI Japanese Occupied WEIHAIWEI Special Administrative Region  (Weihaiwei)Local: WEI-HAI-WEI T''e Pieh Hsing Cheng Ch''ü : 威海衛特別行政區 (zh) + IKAIEI Tokubetsu Gyōsei-ku : 威海衛特別行政区 (ja)  (Wei-Hai-Wei)

2 Condominiums:

KULANGSU ISLAND International Settlement of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU Internationalen Abwicklungs (de) + KULANGSU International Settlement (en) + Institución Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Établissement international de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Istituzione Internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + Kokusai Kikan KORONSU : 国際機関コロンス (ja) + KULANGSU Internationale Schikking (nl) + Instituição Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KU-LANG-YÛ Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 鼓浪嶼公共租界 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
SHANSI Japan Occupied Autonomous Warlordship of SHANSI Province : Shansi Clique  (Taiyuan-Yangchu)Local: SHAN-SI Sheng : 陝西省 (zh) + SENSEI-Shō : 山西省 (ja)  (Yang-Ch''ü)

1 Organisation (or Grouping) of membership (selective)


Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CHANAN Autonomous Government of SOUTH CHAHAR Province : Chanan Province  (Kalgan)
CHINA National Government of the Republic of CHINA : Kuomintang Government  (Chungking)
CHINA-PEKING Provisional National Government of the Republic of CHINA  (Peking)
COMMUNIST CHINA Communist Party of CHINA in Second United Front Alliance with Kuomintang : Chinese Red Army  (Yenan)
INNER MONGOLIA Independent Principality of MENGKUKUO : Inner Mongolia Federation  (Huhehot)
MA Three Mas of the Northwest Sultanates : MA Clique  (Sining)
MANCHURIA Great Manchu Empire : MANCHUKUO  (Hsinking)
SINKIANG Pro-Soviet Warlordship of the Autonomous Province of SINKIANG  (Tihwa)
TIBET Kingdom of TIBET  (Lhasa)
TSINPEI Pro-Japanese North Shansi Government : TSINPEI Government  (Ta-T''ung)
YUNNAN Autonomous Warlordship of YUNNAN Province : Yunnan Clique  (Kunming)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AIGUN Soviet Union Concession of AIGUN  (Aigun)
AMERICAN TIENTSIN American Naval Base of TIENTSIN  (Tientsin American Base)
AMOY Japanese Occupied Enclave of AMOY  (Siming)
BRITISH FOOCHOW British Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow British Concession)
BRITISH SHAMEEN Japanese Occupied British Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen)
BRITISH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN British Concession  (Tientsin British Concession)
CHAHAR CHAHAR Province  (Changpeh)
CHANGSHA Japanese Concession at CHANGSHA  (Changsha Concession)
CHEKIANG Province of CHEKIANG  (Wenchow)
CHINA EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE Manchu Administration of the China Eastern Railroad Zone : CER  (Kharbin)
CHIUNGYA Hainan Soviet : CHIUNGYA Soviet  (Haikou)
CHUNGKING CHUNGKING Special Municipality  (Chungking)
CHWANPIEN CHWANPIEN Special Administrative District  (Dardo)
DAIREN DAIREN Special Municipality  (Port Arthur)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment of Odent in CHUNGKING  (Odent)
FRENCH HANKOW French Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow French Concession)
FRENCH SHAMEEN French Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen French Concession)
FRENCH SHANGHAI Municipal Council of the French Concession of SHANGHAI  (Shanghai French Concession)
FRENCH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN French Concession  (Tientsin French Concession)
FUKIEN Nationalist Province of FUKIEN  (Foochow)
GOLOK GOLOK Prefecture : Ngolok Tribal Region in Rebellion  (Machin)
HONG KONG British Crown Colony of HONG KONG  (Victoria City)
HONGKEW Japanese District of HONGKEW  (Hongkew)
HSIKING HSIKING Special Municipality  (Hsiking)
HSINGAN Japanese Residency of HSINGAN Province  (Khailar)
HSINKING HSINKING Special Municipality : New Capital  (Hsinking)
HUHEHOT Special Municipality of HUHEHOT  (Huhehot)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession  (Tientsin Italian Concession)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANKOW Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE KHARBIN Japanese Concession of KHARBIN  (Kharbin Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)
JIRIM JIRIM League  (Tungliao)
JOSUTU Tumed JOSUTU League  (Chaoyang)
JUU UDA JUU UDA League  (Chihfeng)
KANSU KANSU Province  (Lanchow)
KHARBIN KHARBIN Special Municipality  (Kharbin)
KHINGAN KHINGAN League  (Wangyehmiao)
KULANGSU ISLAND International Settlement of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)
KWANGCHOW Japanese Occupied Province of Kwangtung : KWANGCHOW Special Municipality  (Canton)
KWANGCHOWAN Leased Territory of KWANGCHOWAN  (Fort Bayard)
KWANGTUNG Nationalist KWANGTUNG Province  (Kukong + Meikiang)
KWANTUNG KWANTUNG Leased Territory  (Port Arthur)
LAPA AND MONTANHA Portuguese Occupied Islands of LAPA AND MONTANHA  (Montanha)
MACAO MACAO Overseas Colony of Portugal  (Macao)
MUKDEN MUKDEN Special Municipality : Shenyang  (Mukden)
NATIONALIST HUPEH Nationalist Province of HUPEH  (Enshi)
NINGSIA NINGSIA Province  (Yinchuan)
ORDOS ORDOS League : Yikochao Autonomous Banner  (Ordos)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)
PAOTOW PAOTOW Special Municipality  (Paotow)
PEKING LEGATION QUARTER Chinese Controlled Joint Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER  (Peking Legation Quarter)
PRATAS ISLANDS Japanese Naval Station of PRATAS ISLANDS  (Tungsha)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SHANSI Japan Occupied Autonomous Warlordship of SHANSI Province : Shansi Clique  (Taiyuan-Yangchu)
SHENSI Nationalist SHENSI Province  (Paoki)
SILINGOL SILINGOL League  (Silinhot)
SZECHWAN Nationalist Province of SZECHWAN  (Chengtu)
TAIWAN Government-General of TAIWAN : Colonial Government of Formosa part of Japan Empire  (Taihoku)
TEHUNG TEHUNG Region  (Kanfang)
TIENTSIN Japanese Occupied TIENTSIN Special Municipality  (Tientsin)
TSIHSI Japanese Colony of TSIHSI  (Tsikuan)
TSINGHAI Sultanate of TSINGHAI Province  (Sining)
ULANCHAB ULANCHAB League  (Wulanhua)
YUYANG YUYANG Special District : Eighth Administrative Region of Szechwan  (Yuyang)
- -
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

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