.. or a geo zone >>

(Riyadh + Mecca) - (London + Westminster) -

Kingdom of Hejaz and Sultanate of Nejd and Dependencies : HEJAZ AND NEJD SDN Observer

Flag or logo since 1926-01-08
Mamlakat al-Ḥijāz wa-Salṭanat Najd - AL-ḤIJĀZ WA NAJD : مملكة الحجاز وسلطنة نجد (ar)
Emblem or Symbol

Sultan Abdul Aziz bin Saud
(ruler of HEJAZ AND NEJD since 1902-01-15)

King George V
(ruler of UNITED KINGDOM since 1910-05-06)
Capital:Riyadh + Mecca(Ar-Riyadh + Makkah al-Mukarramah)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


HEJAZ AND NEJD Kingdom of Hejaz and Sultanate of Nejd and Dependencies : HEJAZ AND NEJD  (Riyadh + Mecca)

3 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polities

HASA AND QATIF Najdi Dominion of the Eastern Province of HASA AND QATIF  (Dammam) Sultan Abdul Aziz bin Saud
HEJAZ Kingdom of HEJAZ  (Mecca) Sultan Abdul Aziz bin Saud
NEJD Sultanate of NEJD  (Riyadh) Sultan Abdul Aziz bin Saud

2 Assisted Entities

NAJRAN Najdi Protectorate of the Muslim Principality of NAJRAN under Yemeni Suzerainty  (Aba As-Saud) Prince Ali II bin Muhsin bin Husayn
WASHM Ikhwan Principality of WASHM  (Al Artaweeiyah) Prince Faysal II Al-Dewish

3 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Asia:

EMPTY QUARTER British Zone of Influence of the Najdi EMPTY QUARTER  (Al Murrah)Local: EMPTY QUARTER Zone (en) + Ar-RUB AL-KHALI : الربع الخالي (ar)  (Al-Murrah)
KUWAITI-NEJDI NEUTRAL ZONE KUWAITI-NEJDI NEUTRAL ZONE Area  (Khafji)Local: KUWAITI-NEJDI NEUTRAL ZONE Area (en) + KUWAYTI-AL-NAJDI Al-Mintaqah Mahaadh : كويتية النجدي المنطقة المحايدة (ar)  (Al-Khafji)
NEJD-IRAQI NEUTRAL ZONE Co-Administration of NEJD-IRAQI NEUTRAL ZONE  (Uqayr)Local: Co-Administration of NAJD-IRAQI NEUTRAL ZONE (en) + HUDUD NAJDI-IRAQI : المنطقة المحايدة نجد عراقي (ar)  (Uqair)

2 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

HASA AND QATIF Najdi Dominion of the Eastern Province of HASA AND QATIF  (Dammam)
HEJAZ Kingdom of HEJAZ  (Mecca)
LOWER ASIR Idrisid Emirate of ASIR  (Sabyah)
NAJRAN Najdi Protectorate of the Muslim Principality of NAJRAN under Yemeni Suzerainty  (Aba As-Saud)
NEJD Sultanate of NEJD  (Riyadh)
WASHM Ikhwan Principality of WASHM  (Al Artaweeiyah)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

EMPTY QUARTER British Zone of Influence of the Najdi EMPTY QUARTER  (Al Murrah)
JOWF Anizah Emirate of JOWF  (Jowf-Amir)
UPPER ASIR Najdi Protectorate of UPPER ASIR  (Abha)


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .

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