ethnia.org
 

1956-JAN-01

Zones:


FRENCH SUDAN (Bamako)  French Overseas Territory of FRENCH SUDAN :
SUDAN (Khartoum) De facto Independent Republic of THE SUDAN : Sovereignty Council

Other Entities with similar names

Republic of THE SUDAN
(Khartoum)

Republic of THE SUDAN

Flag or logo since 1956-01-01
Jumhuriyat AS-SUDAN : جمهورية السودان (ar) + Republic of THE SUDAN (en) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol

Sovereignty Council
(ruler of SUDAN since 1956-01-01)
Capital:Khartoum - (Al-Khartum)
Official languages: Arabic (ar) . English (en) .

Mainland:


SUDAN Provinces of SUDAN  (Khartoum)

9 Federated or Constituent Mainland Divisions:

BAHR EL GHAZAL BAHR EL GHAZAL Province : Directorate of Bahr El Ghazal  (Wau)Local: Mudiriyah BAHR EL-GHAZAL : مديرية بحر الغزال (ar) + Mudirate of BAHR EL GHAZAL (en)  (Wāw)
BLUE NILE BLUE NILE Province : Blue Nile Directorate  (Wad Medani)Local: Mudiriyah AN-NIL AL-AZRAQ : مديرية النيل الأزرق (ar) + Mudirate of BLUE NILE (en)  (Wad Madani)
DARFUR DARFUR Province : Directorate of Darfur  (El Fasher)Local: Mudiriyah DAR FUR : دار فور‎ مديرية‎ (ar) + Mudirate of DAR-FUR (en)  (Al-Fashir)
EQUATORIA EQUATORIA Province : Equatoria Directorate  (Juba)Local: Mudiriyah AL-ISTIWA''IYAH : الاستوائية (ar) + Mudirate of EQUATORIA (en)  (Juba)
KASSALA KASSALA Province : Kassala Directorate  (Kassala)Local: Mudiriyah KASSALA : مديرية كسلا (ar) + Mudirate of KASSALA (en)  (Kassala)
KHARTOUM KHARTOUM Province : Directorate of Khartoum  (Khartoum)Local: Mudiriyah AL-KHARTUM : مديرية الخرطوم (ar) + Mudirate of KHARTOUM (en)  (Al-Khartum)
KORDOFAN KORDOFAN Province : Kordofan Directorate  (El Obeid)Local: Mudiriyah KURDUFUN : مديرية كردفان (ar) + Mudirate of KORDOFAN (en)  (Al-Ubayyid)
SHAMALIYAH NORTHERN Province : Shamaliyah Directorate  (Dongola)Local: Mudiriyah ASH SHAMALIYAH : مديرية الشمالية (ar) + Mudirate of NORTHERN (en)  (Dunqulah)
UPPER NILE UPPER NILE Province : Upper Nile Directorate  (Malakal)Local: Mudiriyah A''ALI AN-NIL : مديرية أعالي النيل (ar) + Mudirate of UPPER NILE (en)  (Malakal)




4 Condominiums:

BLUE LINE AREA Blue Line Area in CENTRAL ELEMI Triangle  (Liwan)Local: Blue Line Area in CENTRAL ELEMI Triangle (en) + Eradhi ELEMI AL-WASTA ASH-SHAMAL : شمال إيليمي المنطقة الوسطى (ar)  (Liwan)
ELEMI TRIANGLE Kenyan Administration of ELEMI TRIANGLE Zone  (Kamachia)Local: ELEMI TRIANGLE Zone (en) + Eradi ILEMI : أراضي يليمي (ar)  (Kamachia)
GAMBELA Ethiopian Administration of GAMBELA Enclave  (Gambela)Local: GAMBĒLA Wereda : ጋምቤላ ወረዳ (am) + GAMBELA Enclave (en)  (Gambëla)
HALAIB TRIANGLE Disputed Region of HALAIB TRIANGLE  (Halaib)Local: Mutallat HALA''IB : مثلث حلايب (ar)  (Halai''b)



4 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN NATURE Convention Relative to the Preservation of Fauna and Flora in their Natural State : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERPOL INTERPOL Organization  (Saint Cloud)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)



Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BIR TAWIL TRIANGLE Egyptian Area of BIR TAWIL TRIANGLE administered by Red Sea Governorate  (Bir Tawil)
- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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