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1968-AUG-21

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Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : USSR
(Moscow)

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : USSR

Flag or logo since 1955-08-19*
Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik : SSSR - Союз Советских Социалистических Республик : CCCP (ru) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Leonid Brezhnev
(ruler of SOVIET UNION since 1964-10-14)
Capital:Moscow - (Moskva)
Official languages: Russian (ru) .

Mainland:


SOVIET UNION Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : SSSR  (Moscow)


15 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polities

ARMENIA ARMENIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Erevan) Anton Kochinyan
AZERBAIDZHAN AZERBAIDZHANI Soviet Socialist Republic  (Baku) Vali Akhundov
BYELORUSSIA BYELORUSSIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Minsk) Pyotr Masherov
ESTONIA ESTONIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Tallinn) Johannes Kebin
GEORGIA GEORGIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Tbilisi) Vasily Mzhavanadze
KAZAKHSTAN KAZAKH Soviet Socialist Republic  (Alma-Ata) Dinmukhamed Kunayev
KIRGHIZIA KIRGHIZ Soviet Socialist Republic  (Frunze) Turdakun Usubaliev
LATVIA LATVIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Riga) Augusts Voss
LITHUANIA LITHUANIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Vilnius) Antanas Snechkuss
MOLDAVIA MOLDAVIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Kishinev) Ivan Bodiul
RUSSIA Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic : RSFSR  (Moscow) Leonid Brezhnev
TADZHIKISTAN TADZHIK Soviet Socialist Republic  (Dushambe) Dzhabar Rasulov
TURKMENIA TURKMEN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Ashkhabad) Balysh Ovezov
UKRAINE UKRAINIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Kiev) Piotr Shelest
UZBEKISTAN UZBEK Soviet Socialist Republic  (Tashkent) Sharof Rashidov


1 Assisted Entity

CZECHOSLOVAKIA CZECHOSLOVAK Socialist Republic [Soviet Union Occupation]  (Prague) Alexander Dubcek



3 Condominiums:

MOLDAUHAFEN Leased Territory of MOLDAUHAFEN  (Moldauhafen)Local: Vltavský Přístav : MOLDAUHAFEN (cs) + Zone der MOLDAUHAFEN (de)  (Moldauhafen)
SAIMAA CANAL AND MALY VYSOTSKY ISLAND SAIMAA CANAL AND MALY VYSOTSKY ISLAND leased by Finland to Russia  (Saima Canal)Local: SAIMAAN KANAVA JA RAVANSAARI Alue (fi) + SAYMENSKIY KANAL I MALYY VYSOTSKIY OSTROV Zona : САЙМЕНСКИЙ КАНАЛ И МАЛЫЙ ВЫСОЦКИЙ ОСТРОВ Зона (ru)  (Saimaan Kanava)
SUVOROV MEMORIAL Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)Local: SUWOROW-DENKMAL in der Schöllenen-Schlucht (de) + Pamyatnik Suvorov : Памятник Суворов - SUVOROV MEMORIAL : СУВОРОВ МЕМОРИАЛ (ru)  (Suworow-Denkmal)



Military entities abroad or locally shared:

LOURDES SIGINT Lourdes Signals Intelligence Station : LOURDES SIGINT Station  (Lourdes Sigint)Local: Radioelektronnyy Tsentr v LURDESE : Радиоэлектронный Центр в ЛУРДЕСЕ (ru) + Estación SIGINT LOURDES (es)  (Sigint Lourdes)
NORTHERN GROUP Soviet NORTHERN GROUP OF FORCES  (Legnica)Local: Sovetskiy SEVERNAYA GRUPPA VOYSK : Советский СЕВЕРНАЯ ГРУППА ВОЙСК (ru)  (Legnica)
RAS BANAS RAS BANAS Facility under Soviet-United Arab Republic Fishing Agreement  (Ras Banas)Local: RAS BANAS  (Ras Banas)
SOCOTRA Soviet Military Base of SOCOTRA  (Socotra)Local: Basa SOKOTRA  (Sokotra)
SOUTHERN GROUP Soviet SOUTHERN GROUP OF FORCES  (Budapest)Local: Sovet YUZHNAYA GRUPPA VOYSK : Совет ЮЖНАЯ ГРУППА ВОЙСК (ru)  (Budapest)
SOVIET BASES IN GERMANY Group of Soviet Forces in GERMANY  (Dresden)Local: Gruppa Sovetskih Voysk v GERMANII : Группа Советских Оккупационный Войск в ГЕРМАНИИ (ru) + Gruppe der Sowjetischen Streitkräfte in DEUTSCHLAND (de)  (Dresden)
SOVIET MEDITERRANEAN Soviet Naval Military Bases in Mediterranean : Soviet Mediterranean Squadron : SOVMEDRON  (Port of Alexandria)Local: SOVMEDRON  (Mina Al-Iskandarīyah)
SUVOROV MEMORIAL Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)Local: SUWOROW-DENKMAL in der Schöllenen-Schlucht (de) + Pamyatnik Suvorov : Памятник Суворов - SUVOROV MEMORIAL : СУВОРОВ МЕМОРИАЛ (ru)  (Suworow-Denkmal)


40 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ANTARCTICA Antarctic Treaty System : ATS  ((Washington-District of Columbia))
COMECON Council for Mutual Economic Assistance : CMEA  (Moscow)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
DANUBE DANUBE Commission  (Budapest)
ENCD Eighteen Nation Committee on Disarmament : ENCD  (Geneva)
FRANCO-SOVIET ALLIANCE Treaty of Friendship between France and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : FRANCO-SOVIET Alliance  (Moscow + Paris)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMCO Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization : IMCO Specialized Agency  (London)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Brussels)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization : NAFO  (Dartmouth)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons : NPNW  (New York City)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
SINO-SOVIET ALLIANCE Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship : SINO-SOVIET PACT  (Moscow)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (London + Moscow + Washington-District of Columbia)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WARSAW PACT Warsaw Treaty on Friendship Cooperation and Mutual Assistance : WARSAW TREATY Organization  (Moscow)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHALING International Whaling Commission : IWC  (Impington)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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