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Kingdom of KANEM-BORNU

Kingdom of KANEM-BORNU

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Imbraturiat KANYM-BURNU : إمبراطورية كانيم-بورنو (shu) + Sultanat KANEM-BORNOU : سلطنة كانم برنو (kr) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Sultan Rabeh Fadlallah
(ruler of KANEM-BORNU since 1900-01-01)
Capital:Dikwa - (Dikwa)
Official languages: Kanuri (kr) . Shuwa Arabic (shu) .



7 Federated Divisions:

BEDDE BEDDE State  (Gashua)Local: Mai BÀDE : باده (bde)  (Gashua)
BORNU Kingdom of BORNU  (Dikwa)Local: Shehu BORNU : شيهو بورنو (knc)  (Dikwa)
GUMMEL Hausa State of the Emirate of GUMMEL  (Gummel)Local: Masarautar na GUMEL : ماساروتار نا غوميل (ha)  (Gumel)
KANEM KANEM Kingdom  (Mao)Local: KANEM : كانم (kbl)  (Mao)
LOGONE-BIRNI Bornuan Territory of Kussur : LOGONE-BIRNI Sultanate  (Kussur)Local: Sultanat LONGONE-BIRNI (kot)  (Qussur)
MANDARA MANDARA Sultanate  (Mora)Local: Saltanat WANDALA : سالتنات واندالا (mfi)  (Mora)
NJIMI Kanuri Chiefdom of NJIMI  (Njimi)Local: NDJMI : دجيمي (bms)  (Ndjimi)

1 Territory:

DAZA Senussi Tubu Confederation of GORANES  (Faya)Local: Teda DAZA (dzg)  (Faya)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BAGHIRMI Sultanate of BAGHIRMI [French Protectorate of the Baghirmi Kingdom]  (Massenya)
TIBESTI Kingdom of the Teda Confederation of TIBESTI  (Zouar)
WADAI Sultanate of WADAI  (Abesher)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ADRE Masalit Territory of ADRE  (Adre)
BONGOR BONGOR Vicinity  (Bongor)
CHAHI Teda Kingdom of NORTH-EAST TIBESTI  (Bardai)
DORE Tupuri Kingdom of DORE  (Dore)
GUETTY Teda Kingdom of SOUTH-WEST TIBESTI  (Zouar)
KORBOL Chiefdom of the Canton of KORBOL  (Korbol)
LERE Mundang Kingdom of LERE  (Lere)
LOGON LOGON Territory  (Lai)
MANI-ILIN MANI-ILIN Vicinity  (Mani-Ilin)
MAYO BINDER Lamidate of MAO BINDER  (Binder)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.


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