ethnia.org
 

1994-MAY-03

Zones:

FRANCE  CHAD 
  
(Paris) - (Ndjamena) -

Republic of CHAD

Flag or logo since 1959-11-06
Jumhūriyyat TSHĀD : جمهورية تشاد (ar) + République du TCHAD (fr) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol

President Francois Mitterrand
(ruler of FRANCE since 1981-05-21)

President Idriss Deby
(ruler of CHAD since 1990-12-02)
Capital:Ndjamena - (N''Djamena)
Official languages: Arabic (ar) . French (fr) .

Mainland:


CHAD Republic of CHAD  (Ndjamena)

15 Mainland Divisions:

BATHA BATHA Prefecture  (Ati)Local: Préfecture du BATHA  (Ati)
BILTINE BILTINE Prefecture  (Biltine)Local: Préfecture de BILTINE  (Biltine)
BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture  (Faya-Largeau)Local: Préfecture du BORKOU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI (fr) + Aaholu BŪRKŪ INNĪDĪ TIBASTĪ : محافظة منطقة بوركو إنيدي (ar)  (Faya-Largeau)
EASTERN LOGONE EASTERN LOGONE Prefecture  (Doba)Local: Préfecture du LOGONE ORIENTAL (fr) + Muhafazah LŪQŪNI Š-ŠARQĪ : محافظة لوقون الشرقي (ar)  (Doba)
GUERA GUERA Prefecture  (Mongo)Local: Préfecture du GUÉRA  (Mongo)
KANEM KANEM Prefecture  (Mao)Local: Préfecture du KANEM  (Mao)
LAKE LAKE Prefecture  (Bol)Local: Préfecture du LAC  (Bol)
MAYO-KEBBI MAYO-KEBBI Prefecture  (Bongor)Local: Préfecture du MAYO-KEBBI  (Bongor)
MIDDLE SHARI MIDDLE SHARI Prefecture  (Sarh)Local: Préfecture du MOYEN-CHARI  (Sarh)
NDJAMENA NDJAMENA City Prefecture  (Ndjamena)Local: Préfecture de la Ville de N''DJAMENA (fr) + Madinat NIJĀMĪNĀ : مدينة نجامينا (ar)  (N''Djamena)
SALAMAT SALAMAT Prefecture  (Am Timan)Local: Préfecture du SALAMAT  (Am-Timan)
SHARI-BAGHIRMI SHARI-BAGHIRMI Prefecture  (Massenya)Local: Préfecture du CHARI-BAGUIRMI  (Massenya)
TANDJILE TANDJILE Prefecture  (Lai)Local: Préfecture de la TANDJILÉ  (Laï)
WADDAI WADDAI Prefecture  (Abeche)Local: Préfecture du OUADDAÏ (fr) + Muhafazah WADDĀY : محافظة من الواداي (ar)  (Abéché)
WESTERN LOGONE WESTERN LOGONE Prefecture  (Mundu)Local: Préfecture du LOGONE OCCIDENTAL (fr) + Muhafazah LŪQŪNI L-ĠARBĪ : محافظة مقاطعة لوقون (ar)  (Moundou)




1 Condominium:

AOZOU STRIP AOZOU STRIP Territory  (Aozou)Local: Aradi QITA AWZU : أراضي قطاع أوزو (ar) + Territoire de la BANDE D''AOUZOU (fr)  (Aozou)



Military entity abroad or locally shared:

EPERVIER French Elements in CHAD : Epervier Operation Bases  (Sergent Chief Adji Kossei Airbase)Local: Éléments français au TCHAD (fr)  (Base Aérienne Sergent Chef Adji Kosseï)


52 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN BANK African Development Bank : AFDB  (Abidjan)
AFRICAN CARIBBEAN AND PACIFIC STATES African Caribbean and Pacific Group of States : ACP STATES  (Brussels)
AFRICAN NATURE African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources : CONVENTION ON CONSERVATION  (Algiers)
AFRICAN UNITY Organization of African Unity : OAU  (Addis Ababa)
AIPO African Intellectual Property Organization : AIPO  (Yaounde)
ASECNA Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar : ASECNA  (Dakar)
CENTRAL AFRICA Treaty for the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa : EMCCA  (Ndjamena)
CENTRAL AFRICAN STATES Economic Community of Central African States : ECCAS  (Libreville)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FRANCOPHONE STATES Agency for Cultural and Technical Co-operation : ACCT  (Paris)
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade : GATT  (Villa Bocage)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTELSAT International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : INTELSAT  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
ISESCO Islamic Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : ISESCO  (Rabat)
ISLAM Organization of the Islamic Conference : OIC  (Jedda)
ISLAMIC BANK Islamic Development Bank : IDB  (Jedda)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LAKE CHAD BASIN Lake Chad Basin Commission : LCBC  (Ndjamena)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Jakarta + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
OHADA Organisation for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa : OHADA  (Port Louis)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
TOURISM World Tourism Organization : WTOO  (Madrid)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)



Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AOZOU STRIP AOZOU STRIP Territory  (Aozou)
- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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