Zones: Timeline

Turkish Empire : OTTOMAN STATE [Allied Occupation]

Turkish Empire : OTTOMAN STATE [Allied Occupation]

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Devlet-i Âliye-i OSMÂNIYYE : دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه (ota) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Sultan Mehmet VI Vahidettin
(ruler of OTTOMAN TURKEY since 1918-07-03)
Capitals & administrative places*: (Constantinople)
Official & national languages: Ottoman Turkish (ota) .


OTTOMAN TURKEY TURKISH Empire  ((Constantinople))

4 Divisions:

ASIA MINOR Region of ASIA MINOR  (Cotyaeum)Local: KÜÇÜK ASYA Bölgesi : منطقه کوچک آسیا (ota)  (Kütahya)
DAHUK DAHUK District  (Dahuk)Local: DOHUK  (Dohuk)
RUMELIA Region of RUMELIA : European Turkey  (Kirk Kilise)Local: RUMELIA Bölgesi : منطقه رومالیا (ota)  (Kirkkilise)
TURKISH ARMENIA Region of TURKISH ARMENIA  (Erzerum)Local: Vilâyat-ı Sitte : TÜRK ERMENISTAN - فيلايات-ı سيت (ota)  (Erzurum)

4 Assisted Entities

ASSYRIA ASSYRIAN Independent State  (Qodchanis) Catholicos Shimun XXII Paulos
KARS KARS National Council : South-Western Caucasus  (Kars) Cihangirzade Ibrahim Bey
PONTUS Hellenic Autonomous State of PONTUS  (Amisos + (Trebizond)) Metropolitan Chrysanthus
TUNISIA Regency of TUNIS [French Protectorate of the Autonomous Tunisian Beylicate under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Tunis) Muhammad V An-Nasir Bey

6 Territories:

DER-AZZOR Sanjak of ZOR : Mutesarifate of Zor  (Deir Ez-Zor)Local: Sanjak-i DEYR-I-ZOR : Mutasarrıflığı ZOR : متصرفية الزور (ota) + Mutasarifiya Es-Sor : Senjak ED-DEIR-ES-SOR : دير الزور-سور سنجق (ar)  (Der-Ez Zor)
HANISH ISLANDS HANISH ISLANDS Group  (Hanish Al-Kebir)Local: HANIŞ Adaları (ota)  (Haniş Al-Kebir)
IZMIDT Autonomous Sanjak of IZMIDT  (Izmidt)Local: Sancağ-ı İZMID : سانجاك إزميت (ota)  (İzmid)
LOWER YEMEN Ottoman Vilayet of YEMEN  (Sana)Local: Vilâyet-i YEMEN : ولايت یمن (ota) + Wilayat AL-YAMAN : ولاية اليمن (ar)  (Sana)
MEDINA Sanjak of MEDINA [Enclave of the Ottoman Vilayet of Hejaz]  (Medina The Radiant)Local: Sanjak-i MEDINE-I-MÜNEVVERE : سانجاكي مديني-مونفيفيري (ota) + Sanjaq AL-MADINAH AL-MUNAWWARAH : سنجق المدينة المنورة (ar)  (Medine-i-Münevvere)
MOCHA Ottoman Enclave of MOCHA District  (Mocha)Local: MOCHA  (Mocha)

10 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

KARS KARS National Council : South-Western Caucasus  (Kars)
PONTUS Hellenic Autonomous State of PONTUS  (Amisos + (Trebizond))

Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ADRIANOPLE Vilayet of ADRIANOPLE [Allied Occupation]  (Adrianople)
CHATALJA Autonomous Sanjak of CHATALJA  (Chatalja)
CILICIAN ARMENIA British-French Occupied CILICIA AND UPPER MESOPOTOMIA Region : Cilician Armenia  (Adana)
CONSTANTINOPLE Vilayet of CONSTANTINOPLE [Allied Occupation]  (Constantinople)
DARDANELLES Autonomous Sanjak of DARDANELLES  (Hellespont)
HAKKIARI Sanjak of HAKKIARI  (Qodchanis)
IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS Greek Administration of IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS  (Panagia Palomeni + Tenedos)
MARASH Autonomous Sanjak of MARASH  (Marash)
SKUTARI SKUTARI District  (Skutari)
SMYRNA British Occupied Sanjak of SMYRNA  (Smyrna)
STRAITS ZONE ZONE OF THE STRAITS Allied Occupied Demilitarized Area  (Thessalonica + Constantinople)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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