w.ethnia.org
 

1921-FEB-12

.. or a geo zone >>


TURKEY (Angora)  Rebellion TURKISH Grand National Assembly : Mustafa Kemal Pasha
OTTOMAN TURKEY ((Constantinople))  PCA MemberDe facto Independent Allied Occupied OTTOMAN Sultanate : Turkish Sultanate : Sultan Mehmet VI Vahidettin

Other Entities with similar names

Allied Occupied OTTOMAN Sultanate : Turkish Sultanate
((Constantinople))

Allied Occupied OTTOMAN Sultanate : Turkish Sultanate

Flag or logo since 1920-04-23
Sultanlık OSMANLI : عثمانلى دولتى (ota) PCA MemberDe facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol

Sultan Mehmet VI Vahidettin
(ruler of OTTOMAN TURKEY since 1918-07-03)
Capital:(Constantinople) - ((Konstantiniyye))
Official languages: Ottoman Turkish (ota) .

Mainland:


OTTOMAN TURKEY OTTOMAN Sultanate : Turkish Sultanate  ((Constantinople))

1 Mainland Divisions:

ANATOLIA Region of ANATOLIA  (Soghut)Local: ANADOLU Bölgesi : منطقه آناتولی (ota)  (Söğüt)



1 Assisted Entity

ADJARIA Independent Republic of ADJARIA  (Batumi) Sultan Mehmet VI Vahidettin



5 Territories:

ARDAHAN Turkish Occupied ARDAHAN Region  (Ardahan)Local: ARDAHAN  (Ardahan)
EASTERN ARMENIA Turkish Occupied Territory of EASTERN ARMENIA  (Gumri)Local: ERMENISTAN  (Gumri)
HANISH ISLANDS HANISH ISLANDS Group  (Hanish Al-Kebir)Local: HANIŞ Adaları (ota)  (Haniş Al-Kebir)
WESTERN ARMENIA Region of WESTERN ARMENIA  (Kars)Local: BATI ERMENISTAN Bölge  (Kars)
ZAZAKISTAN Alevi Rebellion of ZAZAKISTAN  (Kodjgiri)Local: Kürdistan Teali Cemiyeti : ZAZAISTAN  (Koçgiri)

5 Condominiums:

ASSYRIA British Zone of Influence in ASSYRIA  (Qudshanis)Local: ASUR Bölgesi (ota) + ASSYRIA Zone (en) + ĀTĀRĀYĒ : ܥܕܬܐ (syc)  (Kocanis)
EASTERN ANATOLIA French Zone of Influence in EASTERN ANATOLIA  (Sebaste)Local: Zone de l''ANATOLIE ORIENTALE (fr) + Bölge DOĞU ANADOLU (ota)  (Sivas)
PONTO-ARMENIA Armenian Zone of Influence of PONTO-ARMENIAN Federation  (Erzerum)Local: PONTOS-ERMENISTAN  (Erzurum)
UPPER MESOPOTAMIA Region of UPPER MESOPOTAMIA  (Urfa)Local: YUKARI MEZOPOTAMYA''NIN Bölge (ota) + Région de HAUTE-MÉSOPOTAMIE (fr)  (Urfa)
WESTERN ANATOLIA Italian Zone of Influence in WESTERN ANATOLIA  (Koniah)Local: Sfera di influenza italiana in ANATOLIA OCCIDENTALE  (Konya)



9 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)



Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

PONTUS Autonomous Republic of PONTUS within a Ponto-Armenian Federation  (Amisos + (Trebizond))
TURKEY TURKISH Grand National Assembly  (Angora)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ADALIA Italian Occupation of ADALIA  (Adalia)
ALEXANDRETTA Sanjak of ALEXANDRETTA  (Antioch)
CHATALJA Autonomous Sanjak of CHATALJA  (Chatalja)
CNIDIA PENINSULA Italian Occupied Territory of CNIDIA PENINSULA  (Reshadiye)
CONSTANTINOPLE Allied Occupied Vilayet of CONSTANTINOPLE  (Constantinople)
DARDANELLES Autonomous Sanjak of DARDANELLES  (Hellespont)
EASTERN ANATOLIA French Zone of Influence in EASTERN ANATOLIA  (Sebaste)
EASTERN THRACE EASTERN THRACE Prefecture  (Adrianople)
FRENCH CILICIA French Administration of CILICIA  (Adana)
HAKKIARI Sanjak of HAKKIARI  (Qudshanis)
IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS Greek Administration of IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS  (Panagia Palomeni + Tenedos)
KURDISTAN French Zone of Influence of the Autonomous KURDISH State  (Diarbekir)
MARASH Autonomous Sanjak of MARASH  (Marash)
PONTO-ARMENIA Armenian Zone of Influence of PONTO-ARMENIAN Federation  (Erzerum)
SHIRNAK SHIRNAK Area  (Shirnak)
SKUTARI SKUTARI District  (Skutari)
SMYRNA Greek High Commission of SMYRNA  (Smyrna)
STRAITS ZONE ZONE OF THE STRAITS Allied Occupied Demilitarized Area  (Constantinople)
UPPER MESOPOTAMIA Region of UPPER MESOPOTAMIA  (Urfa)
WESTERN ANATOLIA Italian Zone of Influence in WESTERN ANATOLIA  (Koniah)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.