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1945-OCT-25

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COMMUNIST CHINA (Yenan) Rebellion Communist Party of CHINA : Chinese Red Army : Mao Tse-Tung the Great Helmsman
CHINA (Chungking) UNO Member National Government of the Republic of CHINA : Kuomintang Government : Chiang Kai-Shek

Other Entities with similar names

National Government of the Republic of CHINA : Kuomintang Government
(Chungking)

National Government of the Republic of CHINA : Kuomintang Government

Flag or logo since 1921-05-05*
CHUNG-HUA Min-Kuo : 中華民國 (zh) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Chiang Kai-Shek
(ruler of CHINA since 1943-08-01)
Capital:Chungking - (C''hung-C''hing)
Official languages: Chinese (zh) .

Mainland:


NATIONALIST CHINA National Government of the Republic of CHINA  (Chungking)

31 Divisions:

ANHWEI Nationalist Province of AN-HWEI  (Hwaining)Local: AN-HUEI Sheng : 安徽省 (zh)  (Huai-Ning)
CHAHAR CHAHAR Province  (Changkiakow)Local: CHA-HA''ERH Sheng : 察哈爾省 (zh)  (Chang-Chia-K''ou)
CHEKIANG CHEKIANG Province  (Hangchow)Local: CHE-CHIANG Sheng : 浙江省 (zh)  (Hang-Chou)
CHUNGKING CHUNGKING Special Municipality  (Chungking)Local: CH''UNG-CH''ING Shih : 重慶市 (zh)  (Ch''ung-Ch''ing)
FUKIEN Nationalist Province of FUKIEN  (Foochow)Local: FU-CHIEN Sheng : 福建省 (zh)  (Fu-Chou)
HANKOW HANKOW Special Municipality  (Hankow)Local: HAN-K''OU Shih  (Han-K''ou)
HOKIANG HOKIANG Province  (Chiamussu)Local: HO-CHIANG Sheng  (Chia-Mu-Ssü)
HONAN Nationalist Province of HONAN  (Kaifeng)Local: HO-NAN Sheng : 河南省 (zh)  (K''ai-Feng)
HOPEH Nationalist Province of HOPEH  (Paoting)Local: HO-PEI Sheng : 河北省 (zh)  (Pao-Ting)
HUNAN HUNAN Province  (Changsha)Local: HU-NAN Sheng : 湖南省 (zh)  (Ch''ang-Sha)
HUPEH Nationalist Province of HUPEH  (Wuchang)Local: HU-PEI Sheng : 湖北省 (zh)  (Wu-Ch''ang)
JEHOL JEHOL Province  (Hailar)Local: JE-HO Sheng : 熱河省 (zh)  (Hai-La-Erh)
KIANGSI Nationalist Province of KIANGSI  (Nanchang)Local: CHIANG-HSI Sheng : 江西省 (zh)  (Nan-Ch''ang)
KIANGSU KIANGSU Province  (Chinkiang)Local: CHIANG-SU Sheng : 江蘇 省 (zh)  (Ching-K''ou)
KWANGCHOW KWANGCHOW Special Municipality  (Canton)Local: KUANG-CHOU Shih : 廣州市 (zh)  (Kuang-Chou)
KWANGSI Nationalist KWANGSI Province  (Kweilin)Local: KUANG-HSI Sheng : 廣西省 (zh)  (Kuei-Lin)
KWANGTUNG Nationalist KWANGTUNG Province  (Kukong)Local: KUANG-TUNG Sheng : 廣東省 (zh) + GWONG-DUNG Saang : 廣東省 (zho)  (K''u-K''ung)
KWEICHOW KWEICHOW Province  (Kweiyang)Local: KUEI-CHOU Sheng : 貴州省 (zh)  (Kuei-Yang)
NANKING NANKING Special Municipality  (Nanking)Local: NAN-CHING Shih  (Nan-Ching)
NUNKIANG Nationalist Province of NUNKIANG  (Tsitsihar)Local: NEN-CHIANG Sheng : 嫩江省 (zh)  (Chi-Chi-Ha''erh)
SHANGHAI Municipal Council of SHANGHAI  (Shanghai)Local: SHANG-HAI Kung-Pu-Chiu : 上海 工部局 (zh)  (Shang-Hai)
SHANTUNG SHANTUNG Province  (Tsinan)Local: SHAN-TUNG Sheng : 山東省 (zh)  (Chi-Nan)
SHENSI Nationalist SHENSI Province  (Paoki)Local: SHAN-HSI Sheng : 陝西省 (zh)  (Pao-Chi)
SIAN SIAN Special Municipality  (Sian)Local: HSI''AN Shih : 西安市 (zh)  (Hsi-An)
SIKANG SIKANG Province  (Kangting)Local: HSI-KANG Sheng : 錫康省 (zh)  (K''ang-Ting)
SUIYUAN SUIYUAN Province  (Kweisui)Local: SUI-YUAN Sheng : 綏遠省 (zh)  (Kuei-Sui)
SUNGKIANG SUNGKIANG Province  (Mutankiang)Local: SUNG-CHIANG Sheng  (Mu-Tan-Chiang)
SZECHWAN Nationalist Province of SZECHWAN  (Chengtu)Local: SZU-CH''UAN Sheng : 四川省 (zh)  (C''heng-Tu)
TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Special Municipality  (Tientsin)Local: TIEN-CHIN Shih : 天津市 (zh)  (Tien-Chin)
TUNGAN TUNGAN Province  (Tungan)Local: TUNG-AN Sheng : 东安省 (zh)  (Tung-An)
YUNNAN Nationalist Province of YUNNAN  (Kunming)Local: YUN-NAN Sheng : 雲南省 (zh)  (K''un-Ming)


3 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polities

HAINAN HAINAN Special Administrative Region  (Kiungchow + Haikou) Chiang Kai-Shek
MA Three Mas of the Northwest Sultanates : MA Clique  (Sining) Ma Pu-Fang
SHANSI Autonomous Warlordship of SHANSI Province : Shansi Clique  (Taiyuan-Yangchu) Yen Hsi-Shan


1 Assisted Entity

NORTH LAOS Chinese Occupied Zone of North Laos : Kingdom of LAOS  (Luangphrabang + Vientiane) Prince Phetsarath Rattanavongga



4 Territories:

CHINESE BRITISH TIENTSIN Former British Concession of TIENTSIN  (Tientsin British Concession)Local: TIENTSIN British Concession  (Tien-Tsin)
PEIPING LEGATION QUARTER Chinese Controlled PEIPING LEGATION QUARTER  (Peiping Legation Quarter)Local: TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
SINKIANG Chinese Autonomous Province of SINKIANG  (Tihwa)Local: HSIN-CHIANG Sheng : 新疆省 (zh)  (Ti-Hua)
TAIWAN Government-General of TAIWAN  (Taipeh)Local: T''AI-WAN Tsung Cheng-Fu : 台灣總政府 (zh)  (T''ai-Pei)

4 Condominiums:

JAPANESE TIENTSIN Chinese Administration of the Former Japanese Concession of TIENTSIN  (Amatsu)Local: TIEN-TSIN Jih-Tsu-Chieh : 天津日租界 (zh) + AMATSU Sokai : 天津の 租界 (ja)  (Amatsu)
KOWLOON WALLED CITY Chinese Claimed KOWLOON WALLED CITY  (Kowloon Walled City)Local: KOWLOON WALLED CITY Area (en) + GAU LUNG ZAAI SENG : 九龍寨城 (zho)  (Kowloon Walled City)
PRATAS ISLANDS Territory of PRATAS ISLANDS [Nominally part of Kwangtung Province and Mandated by the United Nations]  (Tungsha)Local: Territory of PRATAS ISLANDS (en) + TUNG-SHA Ch''iun-Tao : 東沙群島 (zh)  (Tung-Sha)
TAIWAN AREA Independent Customs Territory under the jurisdiction of United States Military Government on Japanese soil with Administrative Authority for the Military Occupation delegated to the Chinese Nationalists : TAIWAN AREA  (Taipeh)Local: Independent Customs Territory under the jurisdiction of United States Military Government on Japanese soil with Administrative Authority for the Military Occupation delegated to the Chinese Nationalists : TAIWAN AREA (en)  (T''ai-Pei)



Military entity abroad, special or locally shared:

TAIWAN AREA Independent Customs Territory under the jurisdiction of United States Military Government on Japanese soil with Administrative Authority for the Military Occupation delegated to the Chinese Nationalists : TAIWAN AREA  (Taipeh)Local: Independent Customs Territory under the jurisdiction of United States Military Government on Japanese soil with Administrative Authority for the Military Occupation delegated to the Chinese Nationalists : TAIWAN AREA (en)  (T''ai-Pei)


24 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
CTO Communications and Transit Organisation : CTO  (Geneva)
EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Quebec City)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
ICJ International Court of Justice : WORLD COURT  (The Hague)
IGCR High Commission for Refugees : Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees : IGCR  (Berne)
IHB International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB Specialized Agency  (Monaco)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
LNHO League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO  (Geneva)
LON League of Nations Secretariat : LON  (Geneva)
OIC Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PCNB Permanent Central Narcotics Board : PCNB  (Geneva)
PICAO Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization : PICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
TELECOMMUNICATION International Telecommunication Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO [continuing the League of Nations]  (London)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
UNRRA United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA  (Washington-District of Columbia)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.


Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

PRATAS ISLANDS Territory of PRATAS ISLANDS [Nominally part of Kwangtung Province and Mandated by the United Nations]  (Tungsha)
TAIWAN AREA Independent Customs Territory under the jurisdiction of United States Military Government on Japanese soil with Administrative Authority for the Military Occupation delegated to the Chinese Nationalists : TAIWAN AREA  (Taipeh)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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