ethnia.org
 

2020-NOV-21

Zones:

GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND  UNITED KINGDOM  United Kingdom of GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND
  
(London) - (London + Westminster) - (London)

Government of SCOTLAND

Flag or logo since 1952-02-06*
Government of SCOTLAND (en) + Govrenment o ALBA (sco) + Th'' ann an ALBA (gd)
Emblem or Symbol*

Queen Elizabeth II
(ruler of UNITED KINGDOM since 1952-02-06)
Capital:Edinburgh - (Edinburgh)
Official languages: English (en) . Scottish Gaelic (gd) . Scots (sco) .

Mainland:


SCOTLAND Government of SCOTLAND  (Edinburgh)

31 Mainland Divisions:

ABERDEEN CITY Unitary Authority of Aberdeen City : ABERDEEN CITY Council Area  (Aberdeen)Local: Unitary Authority of Aberdeen City : ABERDEEN CITY Council Area (en) + AIBERDEEN Ceety Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle Cathair OBAR DHEATHAIN (gd)  (Aberdeen)
ABERDEENSHIRE Unitary Authority of Aberdeenshire : ABERDEENSHIRE Council Area  ((Aberdeen))Local: Unitary Authority of Aberdeenshire : ABERDEENSHIRE Council Area (en) + AIBERDEENSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Siorrachdan an SIORRACHD OBAR DHEATHAIN (gd)  ((Aberdeen))
ANGUS Unitary Authority of Angus : ANGUS Council Area  (Forfar)Local: Unitary Authority of Angus : ANGUS Council Area (en) + ANGUS Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle Aonghais : AONGHAS (gd)  (Forfar)
ARGYLL AND BUTE Unitary Authority of Argyll and Bute : ARGYLL AND BUTE Council Area  (Lochgilphead)Local: Unitary Authority of Argyll and Bute : ARGYLL AND BUTE Council Area (en) + ARGYLL AN BUTE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle Earra-Ghàidheal is Bhòid : EARRA-GHAIDHEAL AGUS BÒD (gd)  (Lochgilphead)
CITY OF EDINBURGH Unitary Authority of The City of Edinburgh : CITY OF EDINBURGH Council Area  (Edinburgh)Local: Unitary Authority of The City of Edinburgh : CITY OF EDINBURGH Council Area (en) + CEETY O EDINBURGH Cooncil Aurie (sco) + Comhairle CATHAIR DÙN ÈIDEANN (gd)  (Edinburgh)
CLACKMANNANSHIRE Unitary Authority of Clackmannan : CLACKMANNANSHIRE Council Area  (Alloa)Local: Unitary Authority of Clackmannan : CLACKMANNANSHIRE Council Area (en) + CLACKMANNANSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle SIORRACHD CHLACH MHANAINN (gd)  (Alloa)
DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY Unitary Authority of Dumfries and Galloway : DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY Council Area  (Dumfries)Local: Unitary Authority of Dumfries and Galloway : DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY Council Area (en) + DUMFRIES AN GALLOWA Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle DHÙN PHRIS IS GALL-GHAIDHEALAIBH (gd)  (Dumfries)
DUNDEE CITY Unitary Authority of Dundee City : DUNDEE CITY Council Area  (Dundee)Local: Unitary Authority of Dundee City : DUNDEE CITY Council Area (en) + DUNDEE CEITIE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle BAILE DÙN DÈAGH (gd)  (Dundee)
EAST AYRSHIRE Unitary Authority of East Ayrshire : EAST AYRSHIRE Council Area  (Kilmarnock)Local: Unitary Authority of East Ayrshire : EAST AYRSHIRE Council Area (en) + AEST AYRSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle SIORRACHD INBHIR ÀIR AN EAR (gd)  (Kilmarnock)
EAST DUNBARTONSHIRE Unitary Authority of East Dunbartonshire : EAST DUNBARTONSHIRE Council Area  (Kirkintilloch)Local: Unitary Authority of East Dunbartonshire : EAST DUNBARTONSHIRE Council Area (en) + AEST DUNBARTANSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle Siorrachd DHÙN BHREATAINN AN EAR (gd)  (Kirkintilloch)
EAST LOTHIAN Unitary Authority of East Lothian : EAST LOTHIAN Council Area  (Haddington)Local: Unitary Authority of East Lothian : EAST LOTHIAN Council Area (en) + Eist Lowden Cooncil : AEST LOWDEN (sco) + Comhairle LODAINN AN EAR (gd)  (Haddington)
EAST RENFREWSHIRE Unitary Authority of East Renfrewshire : EAST RENFREWSHIRE Council Area  (Giffnock)Local: Unitary Authority of East Renfrewshire : EAST RENFREWSHIRE Council Area (en) + Eist Renfrewshire Cooncil : AEST RENFREWSHIRE (sco) + Comhairle SHIORRACHD RINN FRIÙ AN EAR (gd)  (Giffnock)
FALKIRK Unitary Authority of Falkirk : FALKIRK Council Area  (Falkirk)Local: Unitary Authority of Falkirk : FALKIRK Council Area (en) + FAWKIRK Cooncil Aurie (sco) + Comhairle na h-EAGLAISE BRICE (gd)  (Falkirk)
FIFE Unitary Authority of Fife : FIFE Council Area  (Glenrothes)Local: Unitary Authority of Fife : FIFE Council Area (en) + FIFE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle FÌOBHA (gd)  (Glenrothes)
GLASGOW CITY Unitary Authority of Glasgow City : GLASGOW CITY Council  (Glasgow)Local: GLASGOW CITY Council (en) + GLESGA CEETIE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle BAILE GHLASCHU (gd)  (Glasgow)
HIGHLAND Unitary Authority of The Highland : THE HIGHLAND Council Area  (Inverness)Local: Unitary Authority of The Highland : THE HIGHLAND Council Area (en) + Comhairle na Gàidhealtachd : A'' GHÀIDHEALTACHD (gd) + HIELAND Cooncil Aurie (sco)  (Inverness)
INVERCLYDE Unitary Authority of Inverclyde : INVERCLYDE Council Area  (Greenock)Local: Unitary Authority of Inverclyde : INVERCLYDE Council Area (en) + INVERCLYDE Cooncil Area (sco) + Comhairle INBHIR CHLUAIDH (gd)  (Greenock)
MIDLOTHIAN Unitary Authority of Midlothian : MIDLOTHIAN Council Area  (Dalkeith)Local: Unitary Authority of Midlothian : MIDLOTHIAN Council (en) + MIDLOWDEN Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle MEADHAN LODAINN : Lodainn Mheadhanach (gd)  (Dalkeith)
NORTH AYRSHIRE Unitary Authority of North Ayrshire : NORTH AYRSHIRE Council Area  (Irvine)Local: Unitary Authority of North Ayrshire : NORTH AYRSHIRE Council (en) + NORTH AYRSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle SÌORRACHD INBHIR ÀIR A TUATH (gd)  (Irvine)
NORTH LANARKSHIRE Unitary Authority of North Lanarkshire : NORTH LANARKSHIRE Council Area  (Motherwell)Local: Unitary Authority of North Lanarkshire : NORTH LANARKSHIRE Council (en) + NORTH LANRIKSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle SIORRACHD LANNRAIG A TUATH : Shiorrachd Lannraig a Tuath (gd)  (Motherwell)
ORKNEY ISLANDS Unitary Authority of Orkney Islands : ORKNEY ISLANDS Council Area  (Kirkwall)Local: Unitary Authority of Orkney Islands : ORKNEY ISLANDS Council (en) + Comhairle ARCAIBH (gd) + ORKNEY Cooncil (sco)  (Baile na h-Eaglais)
PERTH AND KINROSS Unitary Authority of Perth and Kinross : PERTH AND KINROSS Council Area  (Perth)Local: Unitary Authority of Perth and Kinross : PERTH AND KINROSS Council (en) + PAIRTH AN KINROSS Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle PHEAIRT AGUS CEANN ROIS : Siorrachd Pheairt is Cheann Rois (gd)  (Perth)
RENFREWSHIRE Unitary Authority of Renfrewshire : RENFREWSHIRE Council Area  (Paisley)Local: Unitary Authority of Renfrewshire : RENFREWSHIRE Council (en) + RENFREWSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle SHIORRACHD RINN FRIÙ : Siorrachd Rinn Friù (gd)  (Paisley)
SCOTTISH BORDERS Unitary Authority of The Scottish Borders : SCOTTISH BORDERS Council Area  (Newtown Saint Boswells)Local: Unitary Authority of The Scottish Borders : SCOTTISH BORDERS Council (en) + THE MAIRSHES Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle an Crìochan : NA CRÌOCHAN (gd)  (Newtown Saint Boswells)
SHETLAND ISLANDS Unitary Authority of Shetland Islands : SHETLAND ISLANDS Council Area  (Lerwick)Local: Unitary Authority of Shetland Islands : SHETLAND ISLANDS Council (en) + Comhairle SEALTAINN (gd) + SHETLAND Cooncil (sco)  (Lerwick)
SOUTH AYRSHIRE Unitary Authority of South Ayrshire : SOUTH AYRSHIRE Council Area  (Ayr)Local: Unitary Authority of South Ayrshire : SOUTH AYRSHIRE Council (en) + SOOTH AYRSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle SIORRACHD INBHIR ÀIR A DEAS (gd)  (Ayr)
SOUTH LANARKSHIRE Unitary Authority of South Lanarkshire : SOUTH LANARKSHIRE Council Area  (Hamilton)Local: Unitary Authority of South Lanarkshire : SOUTH LANARKSHIRE Council (en) + SOOTH LANRIKSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle Siorrachd Lannraig a Deas : SHIORRACHD LANNRAIG A DEAS (gd)  (Hamilton)
STIRLING Unitary Authority of Stirling : STIRLING Council Area  (Stirling)Local: Unitary Authority of Stirling : STIRLING Council Area (en) + STIRLIN Cooncil Aurie (sco) + Comhairle SHRUIGHLEA (gd)  (Stirling)
WEST DUNBARTONSHIRE Unitary Authority of West Dunbartonshire : WEST DUNBARTONSHIRE Council Area  (Dumbarton)Local: Unitary Authority of West Dunbartonshire : WEST DUNBARTONSHIRE Council (en) + WAST DUNBARTONSHIRE Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle SIORRACHD DHÙN BHREATAINN AN IAR (gd)  (Dumbarton)
WEST LOTHIAN Unitary Authority of West Lothian : WEST LOTHIAN Council Area  (Livingston)Local: Unitary Authority of West Lothian : WEST LOTHIAN Council (en) + WAST LOWDEN Cooncil (sco) + Comhairle LODAINN AN IAR (gd)  (Livingston)
WESTERN ISLES Unitary Authority of Eilean Siar : OUTER HEBRIDES ISLANDS Council Area  (Stornoway)Local: Unitary Authority of Na h-EILEANAN SIAR (en) + Comhairle nan EILEAN SIAR (gd) + Wastren Isles Cooncil : OOTER HEBRIDES (sco)  (Steòrnabhagh)






3 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


BRITISH ISLES British-Irish Council : BIC  (Edinburgh)
OLD ALLIANCE Old Alliance : AULD ALLIANCE between France and Scotland  (Saint Germain in Laye)
PRESBYTERIANISM Church of Scotland : THE KIRK  (Edinburgh)



* The emblems shown for the sub-territories may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND United Kingdom of GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND  (London)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ABERCORN Dukedom of ABERCORN  (Baronscourt)
ARRC Headquarters Allied Rapid Reaction Corps : ARRC  (Imjin Barracks-Innsworth)
BEAUFORT Dukedom of BEAUFORT  (Badminton)
BEDFORD Dukedom of BEDFORD  (Woburn)
BERKSHIRE Royal County of BERKSHIRE  (Reading)
BRANDON Dukedom of BRANDON  (Brandon)
BRITISH-AMERICAN BASES American use of British Royal Air Force Bases : BRITISH-AMERICAN BASES  (Alconbury + Mildenhall + Croughton + Lakenheath + Menwith Hill)
CAMBRIDGE Dukedom of CAMBRIDGE  (Kensington)
CINQUE PORTS Ward of THE CINQUE PORTS  (Hastings + New Romney + Hythe + Dover + Sandwich + Winchelsea + Rye + Seaford)
CITY OF LONDON Corporation of THE CITY OF LONDON  (London)
CORNWALL Duchy of CORNWALL  (Truro)
CUCKFIELD Independent State of CUCKFIELD  (Cuckfield)
DEVONSHIRE Dukedom of DEVONSHIRE  (Exeter)
DOGGER BANK DOGGER BANK Area  (-)
EAST MIDLANDS EAST MIDLANDS Councils  (Nottingham)
EAST OF ENGLAND EAST OF ENGLAND Local Government Association  (Bury Saint Edmunds)
ENGLAND Country of ENGLAND  (London + Westminster)
FORVIK Sovereign State of FORVIK  (Forvik)
GLOUCESTER Dukedom of GLOUCESTER  (Gloucester)
GRAFTON Dukedom of GRAFTON  (Grafton Regis)
GREATER LONDON GREATER LONDON Authority  (London)
GREENWICH Royal Borough of GREENWICH  (Woolwich)
ISLE OF WIGHT Ceremonial County of ISLE OF WIGHT  (Newport)
ISLES OF SCILLY ISLES OF SCILLY Council  (Hugh Town)
KENNEDY MEMORIAL John Fitzerald Kennedy Memorial at Runnymede : KENNEDY MEMORIAL Trust  (Runnymede)
KENSINGTON AND CHELSEA Royal Borough of KENSINGTON AND CHELSEA  (Kensington)
KENT Dukedom of KENT  (Kensington + Westminster)
KINGSTON UPON THAMES Royal Borough of KINGSTON UPON THAMES  (Kingston upon Thames)
LANCASTER Duchy of LANCASTER  (Lancaster)
MANCHESTER Dukedom of MANCHESTER  (Manchester)
MARCOM Allied Maritime Command : MARCOM  (Northwood)
MARLBOROUGH Dukedom of MARLBOROUGH  (Woodstock)
NORFOLK Dukedom of NORFOLK  (Norwich)
NORTH EAST ENGLAND Association of NORTH EAST Councils  (Newcastle upon Tyne)
NORTH WEST ENGLAND NORTH WEST Regional Leaders Board  (Saint Helens)
NORTHERN IRELAND Country of NORTHERN IRELAND  (Belfast)
NORTHUMBRIA Dukedom of NORTHUMBERLAND  (Alnwick)
RICHMOND Dukedom of RICHMOND  (Westhampnett)
RUTLAND Dukedom of RUTLAND  (Bottesford)
SAINT ALBANS Dukedom of SAINT ALBANS  (Saint Albans)
SEALAND Principality of SEALAND  (Fort Roughs)
SOMERSET Dukedom of SOMERSET  (Maiden Bradley)
SOUTH EAST ENGLAND SOUTH EAST ENGLAND Councils  (Guildford)
SOUTH WEST OF ENGLAND SOUTH WEST Councils  (Taunton)
SUSSEX Dukedom of SUSSEX  (Westminster)
SUTHERLAND Dukedom of SUTHERLAND  (Trentham)
UNITED IRELAND Pro-Irish Continuity Army Council : Continuity Irish Republican Army : CIRA  (Limerick + Cira)
WALES Government of WALES  (Cardiff)
WELLINGTON Dukedom of WELLINGTON  (Wellington)
WEST MIDLANDS WEST MIDLANDS Councils  (Birmingham)
WESTMINSTER Dukedom of WESTMINSTER  (Westminster)
WINDSOR AND MAIDENHEAD Royal Borough of WINDSOR AND MAIDENHEAD  (Maidenhead)
YORK Dukedom of YORK  (York)
YORKSHIRE AND HUMBER Local Government YORKSHIRE AND HUMBER  (Wakefield)
- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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