w.ethnia.org
 

1946-JUL-01

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Communications and Transit Organisation : CTO Organisation

Flag or logo since 1946-04-20
Communications and Transit Organisation : CTO (en) + Organisation pour la Communication et le Transit : OCT (fr) + Organización para la Comunicación y de Tránsito : OCT (es)
Emblem or Symbol

Alexander Loveday (uk)
(since 1939-04-01)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Geneva(Genève)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()





42 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) King Mohammad Zahir Shah
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Juan Peron
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) King George VI
BELGIUM (Brussels) Regent Prince Charles
BULGARIA (Sofia) Kimon Georgiev
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Gualberto Villarroel
CANADA (Ottawa) King George VI
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Karl Kobelt
COLOMBIA (Bogota) Alberto Lleras Camargo
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague) President Edvard Benes
CUBA (Havana) President Ramon Grau San Martin
DOMINICAN (Ciudad Trujillo) President Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra
LATVIA IN EXILE (London) President Bishop Jazeps Rancans
EGYPT (Cairo) King Farouk I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) Emperor Ras Tafari Haile Selassie I
FREE ESTONIA (London) August Torma
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Juho Kusti Paasikivi
FRANCE (Paris) Georges Bidault
GREECE (Athens) Regent Archbishop Damaskinos
EIRE (Dublin) President Sean Thomas O''Kelly
INDIA (New Delhi + Simla) Viceroy Archibald Wavell
IRAQ (Baghdad) King Faysal II
IRAN (Tehran) Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President William Tubman
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duchess Charlotte
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Manuel Avila Camacho
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY (Oslo) King Haakon VII
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) King George VI
PANAMA (Panama City) President Enrique Adolfo Jimenez Brin
FREE POLAND (London) President Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Oscar Carmona
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav V
SIAM (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TURKEY (Ankara) President Ismet Inonu
CHINA (Nanking) Chiang Kai-Shek
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) King George VI
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Juan Jose de Amezaga
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) Marshal Josip Broz Tito
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town) King George VI
LITHUANIA IN EXILE (Rome) Stasys Lozoraitis Senior



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.