w.ethnia.org
 

2008-DEC-01

.. or a geo zone >>

International Organization ANDORRA  UNITED ARAB EMIRATES  AFGHANISTAN  ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA  ALBANIA  ARMENIA  ARGENTINE  AUSTRIA  AUSTRALIA  AZERBAIJAN  BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA  BARBADOS  BENGLADESH  BELGIUM  BURKINA FASO  BULGARIA  BAHRAIN  BURUNDI  BENIN  BRUNEI DARUSSALAM  BOLIVIA  BRAZIL  BHUTAN  BOTSWANA  BELARUS  BELIZE  CANADA  CONGO-KINSHASA  CENTRAL-AFRICA  CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE  SWITZERLAND  IVORY COAST  COOK ISLANDS  CHILE  CAMEROON  CHINA  COLOMBIA  COSTA RICA  CUBA  CAPE VERDE  CYPRUS  CZECHIA  GERMANY  JIBUTI  DENMARK  DOMINICA  ALGERIA  ECUADOR  ESTONIA  ERITREA  SPAIN  ETHIOPIA  FINLAND  FIJI ISLANDS  MICRONESIA  FRANCE  GABON  GRENADA  GEORGIA  GHANA  GAMBIA  GUINEA  EQUATORIAL GUINEA  GREECE  GUATEMALA  GUINEA-BISSAU  GUYANA  HONDURAS  CROATIA  HAITI  HUNGARY  INDONESIA  IRELAND  INDIA  IRAN  ICELAND  ITALY  JAMAICA  JORDAN  JAPAN  KENYA  KYRGYZSTAN  CAMBODIA  KIRIBATI  COMOROS  SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS  SOUTH KOREA  KUWAIT  KAZAKHSTAN  LAOS  SAINT LUCIA  LIECHTENSTEIN  SRI LANKA  LIBERIA  LESOTHO  LITHUANIA  LUXEMBOURG  LATVIA  LIBYA  MOROCCO  MONACO  MOLDOVA  MONTENEGRO  MADAGASCAR  MARSHALL ISLANDS  MACEDONIA  MALI  MONGOLIA  MAURITANIA  MALTA  MAURITIUS  MALDIVES  MALAWI  MEXICO  MALAYSIA  MOZAMBIQUE  NAMIBIA  NIGER  NIGERIA  NICARAGUA  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  NEPAL  NAURU  NIUE  NEW ZEALAND  OMAN  PANAMA  PERU  PAPUA NEW GUINEA  PHILIPPINES  PAKISTAN  POLAND  PORTUGAL  PALAU  PARAGUAY  QATAR  ROMANIA  SERBIA  RUSSIA  RWANDA  SAUDI ARABIA  SOLOMON ISLANDS  SEYCHELLES  SUDAN  SWEDEN  SINGAPORE  SLOVENIA  SLOVAKIA  SIERRA LEONE  SAN MARINO  SENEGAL  SURINAM  SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE  EL SALVADOR  SWAZILAND  CHAD  TOGO  THAILAND  TAJIKISTAN  EAST TIMOR  TURKMENISTAN  TUNISIA  TONGA  TURKEY  TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO  TUVALU  TANZANIA  UKRAINE  UGANDA  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA  URUGUAY  UZBEKISTAN  HOLY SEE  SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES  VENEZUELA  VIETNAM  VANUATU  SAMOA  YEMEN  SOUTH AFRICA  ZAMBIA  ZIMBABWE 

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW Organisation

Flag or logo since 1997-04-29
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW (en) + Organisation pour l''Interdiction des Armes Chimiques : OIAC (fr) + Organización para la Prohibición de Armas Químicas : OPAQ (es) + Organizatsiya po Zaprescheniyu Himicheskogo Oruzhiya : OZHO - Организация по Запрещению Xимического Оружия : ОЗХО (ru) + Jinzhi Huaxue-Wuqi Zuzhi : JHWZ - 禁止化学武器组织 (zh) + OPCW : منظمة حظر الأسلحة الكيميائية (ar)
Emblem or Symbol

DG Rogelio Pfirter Fernandez (ar)
(since 2002-07-25)
Population:
Area:
Capital:The Hague(''s-Gravenhage)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()





184 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

ANDORRA (Andorra The Old) Coprince Joan Enric Vives Sicilia
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Abu Dhabi) President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) President Hamid Karzai
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Saint John''s) Queen Elizabeth II
ALBANIA (Tirana) President Bamir Topi
ARMENIA (Erevan) President Serge Sarkisyan
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Heinz Fischer
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
AZERBAIJAN (Baku) President Iham Aliyev
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (Sarajevo) President Nebojsha Radmanovich
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BENGLADESH (Dhaka) President Iajuddin Ahmed
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Albert II
BURKINA FASO (Ouagadougou) President Blaise Compaore
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Georgi Parvanov
BAHRAIN (Manamah) King Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah
BURUNDI (Bujumbura) President Pierre Nkurunziza
BENIN (Porto Novo + Cotonou) President Yayi Boni
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM (Bandar Seri Begawan) Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Evo Morales
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
BHUTAN (Thimphu) King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuk
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Seretse Ian Khama
BELARUS (Minsk) President Alexander Lukashenko
BELIZE (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
CONGO-KINSHASA (Kinshasa) President Joseph Kabila
CENTRAL-AFRICA (Bangui) President Francois Bozize
CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville) President Denis Sassou-Nguesso
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Pascal Couchepin
IVORY COAST (Yamoussoukro + Abidjan) President Laurent Gbagbo
COOK ISLANDS (Avarua) Queen Elizabeth II
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Michelle Bachelet
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Paul Biya
CHINA (Beijing) Hu Jintao
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Alvaro Uribe
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Oscar Arias Sanchez
CUBA (Havana) Supreme Leader Fidel Castro
CAPE VERDE (Praia) President Pedro Pires
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Dimitris Christofias
CZECHIA (Prague + Brno) President Vaclav Klaus
GERMANY (Berlin + Bonn + Karlsruhe) Bundespresident Horst Koehler
JIBUTI (Jibuti) President Ismail Omar Guelleh
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
DOMINICA (Roseau) President Nicholas Liverpool
ALGERIA (Algiers) President Abdelaziz Bouteflika
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Rafael Correa Delgado
ESTONIA (Tallinn + Tartu) President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
ERITREA (Asmara) President Isaias Afewerki
SPAIN (Madrid) King Juan Carlos I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) President Girma Wolde-Giorgis
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Tarja Halonen
FIJI ISLANDS (Suva) President Ratu Josefa Iloilo
MICRONESIA (Palikir) President Manny Mori
FRANCE (Paris) President Nicolas Sarkozy
GABON (Libreville) President Omar Bongo Ondimba
GRENADA (Saint George''s) Queen Elizabeth II
GEORGIA (Tbilisi) President Mikheil Saakashvili
GHANA (Accra) President John Kufuor
GAMBIA (Banjul) President Yahya Jammeh
GUINEA (Conakry) President Lansana Conte
EQUATORIAL GUINEA (Malabo) President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
GREECE (Athens) President Karolos Papoulias
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Alvaro Colom
GUINEA-BISSAU (Bissau) President Joao Bernardo Vieira
GUYANA (Georgetown) President Bharrat Jagdeo
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela) President Manuel Zelaya Rosales
CROATIA (Zagreb) President Stipe Mesich
HAITI (Port Au Prince) President Rene Preval
HUNGARY (Budapest) President Laszlo Solyom
INDONESIA (Jakarta) President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
IRELAND (Dublin) President Mary McAleese
INDIA (New Delhi) President Pratibha Patil
IRAN (Tehran) Leader Ayatollah Sayyed Mohammed Ali Khamenei
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Olafur Ragnar Grimsson
ITALY (Rome) President Giorgio Napolitano
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
JORDAN (Amman) King Abdullah II
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Akihito
KENYA (Nairobi) President Emilio Mwai Kibaki
KYRGYZSTAN (Bishkek) President Kurmanbek Bakiyev
CAMBODIA (Phnom Penh) King Norodom Sihamoni
KIRIBATI (South Tarawa) President Anote Tong
COMOROS (Moroni) Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS (Basseterre) Queen Elizabeth II
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul) President Lee Myung-Bak
KUWAIT (Kuwait City) Emir Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah
KAZAKHSTAN (Astana) President Nursultan Nazarbayev
LAOS (Vientiane) Choummaly Sayasone
SAINT LUCIA (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
LIECHTENSTEIN (Vaduz) Prince Hans-Adam II
SRI LANKA (Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte + Colombo) President Mahinda Rajapaksa
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Letsie III
LITHUANIA (Vilnius) President Valdas Adamkus
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Henri
LATVIA (Riga) President Valdis Zatlers
LIBYA (Tripoli) Guide Muammar Gaddafi
MOROCCO (Rabat) King Muhammad VI
MONACO (Monaco) Prince Albert II
MOLDOVA (Chisinau) President Vladimir Voronin
MONTENEGRO (Podgoritsa + Cetinje) President Filip Vujanovich
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Marc Ravalomanana
MARSHALL ISLANDS (Dalap-Uliga-Darrit on Majuro) President Litokwa Tomeing
MACEDONIA (Skopje) President Branko Crvenkovski
MALI (Bamako) President Amadou Toumani Toure
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) President Nambaryn Enkhbayar
MAURITANIA (Nouakchott) General Mohammed Ould Abdelaziz
MALTA (Valletta) President Edward Fenech-Adami
MAURITIUS (Port Louis) President Sir Anerood Jugnauth
MALDIVES (Male) President Mohamed Nasheed
MALAWI (Lilongwe) President Bingu wa Mutharika
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Felipe Calderon
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur + Putrajaya) Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
MOZAMBIQUE (Maputo) President Armando Guebuza
NAMIBIA (Windhoek) President Hifikepunye Pohamba
NIGER (Niamey) President Mamadou Tandja
NIGERIA (Abuja) President Umaru Yar''Adua
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Daniel Ortega
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Beatrix
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) President Ram Baran Yadav
NAURU (Yaren + Aiwo) President Marcus Stephen
NIUE (Alofi) Queen Elizabeth II
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
OMAN (Muscat) Sultan Qaboos bin Said
PANAMA (Panama City) President Martin Torrijos Espino
PERU (Lima + Cusco) President Alan Garcia
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PHILIPPINES (Manila + Quezon City + Pasay City) President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Asif Ali Zardari
POLAND (Warsaw) President Lech Kaczynski
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Anibal Cavaco Silva
PALAU (Ngerulmud in Melekeok) President Tommy Remengesau Jr
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Fernando Lugo
QATAR (Doha) Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifah Al Thani
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Traian Basescu
SERBIA (Belgrade) President Boris Tadich
RUSSIA (Moscow + Saint Petersburg) President Dmitry Medvedev
RWANDA (Kigali) President Paul Kagame
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Abdullah
SOLOMON ISLANDS (Honiara) Queen Elizabeth II
SEYCHELLES (Port Victoria) President James Michel
SUDAN (Khartoum) President Omar Al-Bashir
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Sellapan Ramanathan Nathan
SLOVENIA (Ljubljana) President Danilo Turk
SLOVAKIA (Bratislava) President Ivan Gasparovic
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) President Ernest Bai Koroma
SAN MARINO (San Marino) Captains-Regent
SENEGAL (Dakar) President Abdoulaye Wade
SURINAM (Paramaribo) President Ronald Venetiaan
SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE (Saint Thomas) President Fradique de Menezes
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Elias Antonio Saca Gonzalez
SWAZILAND (Mbabane + Lobamba) King Mswati III
CHAD (Ndjamena) President Idriss Deby
TOGO (Lome) President Faure Gnassingbe
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TAJIKISTAN (Dushanbe) President Emomali Rakhmonov
EAST TIMOR (Dilly) President Jose Manuel Ramos-Horta
TURKMENISTAN (Ashgabat) President Arkadag Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov
TUNISIA (Tunis) President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
TONGA (Nukualofa) King George Tupou V
TURKEY (Ankara) President Abdullah Gul
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) President George Maxwell Richards
TUVALU (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti) Queen Elizabeth II
TANZANIA (Dar Es Salaam + Dodoma) President Jakaya Kikwete
UKRAINE (Kiev) President Viktor Yushchenko
UGANDA (Kampala) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President George Walker Bush
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Tabare Vazquez
UZBEKISTAN (Tashkent) President Islam Karimov
HOLY SEE (Vatican) Pope Benedictus XVI
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Hugo Chavez
VIETNAM (Hanoi) Nong Duc Manh
VANUATU (Port Vila) President Kalkot Mataskelekele
SAMOA (Apia) Tupuola Tufuga Efi
YEMEN (Sanaa) President Ali Abdullah Saleh
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein + Johannesburg) President Kgalema Motlanthe
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Rupiah Banda
ZIMBABWE (Harare) President Robert Mugabe



Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ
   
Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .


  Creative Commons License Licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.